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July 14, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-07-14

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See Editorial Page

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Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
Tuskegee: Problems Prevent Necessary

'an ges

Special To The Daily
Third of a Four-Part Series
Tuskegee Institute faces some
serious problems which seem to
effectively block attempts to bring
its policies and its campus in line
with the rapidly-changing require-
ments of its students.
Shortage of well-qualified per-
sonnel, lack of adequate funds and
equipment, and a scarcity of alter-
natives for many students combine
to prevent the changes which
would bring to Tuskegee the stim-
ulating intellectual and social at-

mosphere -so essential to learning. schools are the oldest and most
Besides these factors, which are firmly established. Courses in edu-
somewhat external to the Institute cation, food administration and
however, there are several aspects clothing and design are also of-
of the problem which are insepa- fered.
rable from its history, its campus, Booker T. Washington, the
and the students themselves. founder of the Institute, advocat-
For instance, Tuskegee was es- ed a policy of co-operation and
tablished as a technical and voca- conciliation toward the white

personal initiative were never a
part of the Tuskegee tradition.
The tradition of the "Tuskegee
Family"-still a part of every ma-
jor speech by the Institute's presi-
dent-in which the students are
children, is apparent in the strong
emphasis on religion, the exten-
sive social regulation and a pro-
pensity for making moral judg-
ments on the part of the admin-
In addition to the difficulty of
overcoming the strong conserva-
tive traditions that dominate the
Institute is the near impossibility
for students to maintain contact

with the outside world.
The campus itself is only a few
miles from the town of Tuskegee,
but this town has no movie the-
atre (the one that was there
closed after the passage of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964) and no
good restaurants or departmert
stores; it offers no stimulation or
entertainment, so students are
forced to rely on what they can
find on campus.
The nearest city, Montgomery,
is over 40 miles away, and even
there the facilities which welcome
Negroes are extremely limited.
Most students cannot afford to do

much traveling, so tile isolation
of the campus is really quite ef-
At the Institute itself, there are
movies shown in the gym every
Friday and Saturday night, sev-
eral lectures, debates or discus-
sions each week and regular
dances or "soul sessions" about
every other weekend.
But the large number of stu-
dents simply standing around
central campus on weekend nights,
gathered in small groups outside
the Union or near the fountain,
testify to the limited interest in
these attractions.

A third factor, and possibly the
most important, is the background
of the students themselves. They
lack the social, cultural and edu-
cational preparation needed to
motivate them to improve life at
the Institute.
Apathy goes deeper than mere
discontent with the college; it is
a result of generations of the
Negro being kept "in his place," of
growing up in a home where there
were no books, where neither par-
ent was educated and the values
were always shaped by material
insecurity and fear of the white

This is the most serious problem
of all, and until it is overcome
little can be done. There are a few
small groups of students who
would like to take some action,
institute new programs, protest
some administrative policies and
broaden the scope of intellectual
activity. But these students can
accomplish little without the sup-
port of many students, and at
Tuskegee, concrete support is hard
to find.
If it could be foundi, it would be
a major step toward improvement
of the educational experience
available at the Institute.

tional school to give Negro stu-
dents an opportunity to equip
themselves for occupations which
were open to them at the turn of
the century.
Although the Institute now has
a college of arts and sciences. the
agricultural, veterinary and trade

community, and the qualities
stressed for students were dili-
gence, dependability, trustworthi-
ness and respect for authority. Al-
though these are admirable quali-
ties, other traits such as original-
ity, independence, ability to or-
ganize and take responsibility, and

'U' Denies
It Sereens
Placemient Director
Says CIA Receives
No Special Treatment
Evart W. Ardis, director of the
Bureau of Appointments, took is-
sue yesterday with a statement
of the Central Intelligence Agency,
by Rex Grieves, personnel director
that the University screens stu-
dents for interviews with the CIA.
Ardis denied the statement of
the CIA official, made by Grieves,
that "The University and Michi-
gan State University do a good job
of screening students in advance."
Grieves made the comment after
noting that the Big Ten institu-
tions provide many employes for
the CIA.
University policy, according to
Ardis, is not to screen applicants
for any recruiting organization.
Equal Treatment
He said the CIA comes to his
office like any other business and
lists its requirements for prospec-
tive employes. These are then
posted in the Daily Official Bul-
letin, which appears in The Daily.
The appointments bureau insists
that all employment notices in
the bulletin include the name of
the employer, along with all neces-
sary requirements and time of
The requirements for the CIA
junior officer training programI
are that the applicant has a
Bachelor's Degree (a masters if
the recruitee is a woman) a B
average, knowledge of a foreign
language and countryand is be-
tween the ages of 21-35.
CIA Recruiters
If the applicant has these quali-
fications the bureau will set a time
for the CIA recruiter here, John
* F. Forrester, to interview him. The
University offers no more assist-
ance than to provide the room for
the interview and space in its bul-
letin for the recruiting anchor.
Ardis said that Forrester has
told him that the students he has
interviewed here have been among
the best he has seen in the coun-
try. But, Ardis stressed, this is not
because the University has in-
tentionally screened these people
for the CIA's benefit; the only
screening was done by the Office
of.Admissions whendthese people
were accepted as undergraduate
Ardis said that the CIA recruit-
ers usually come in October and
There are no concrete figures
on the actual numbers of students
the CIA has recruited because the
CIA cannot tell the placement
office which students have been

m~iegarn IailV




ff~t i 11r' 1/ A wwI Kr

Late World News
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO-Disturbances erupted late last night about three
miles apart as Negro gangs tossed rocks and started fires
on Chicago's west side.
Violence in a near southwest side Negro neighborhood, which
had been quelled earlier by a massed police drive and a rain-
storm, erupted again as youths smashed windows and threw
homemade bombs into buildings.
GRENADA, MISS.-City police arrested 35 Negro pickets
who were parading through downtown streets yesterday
drumming up support for an economic boycott against white
"It was not an orderly picket," said City Prosecutor Bradford
Dye. "We charged them with obstructing traffic."
The pickets, most of them teenagers. squatted quietly on the
hot sidewalk near the curb while awaiting the arrival of a police
bus that carted them off to jail.
FEDERAL JUDGE EDWARD McLEAN dismissed a suit by
two University students seeking to have their local draft
boards return them to deferred student status yesterday in New
York, the Associated Press reported.
Judge McLean ruled he had no jurisdiction in the matter of
Peter Wolff, Grad, and Richard Shortt.
The two students had their 2-S classitication changed to
1-A some weeks after they took part in the sit-in protesting
U.S. policy in Viet Nam on Oct. 15 here.
* * *
ARDNER ACKLEY. top economic adviser to President
'Johnson, will spe~ak on "Thy se of Economic Knowl-
edge" at the first August Commencement of the University.
On leave from the University to serve as chairman of the
President's Council of Economic Advisers, he will address the
1966 summer class at 2 p.m. Sunday, August 7, in Hill Auditorium.
Ackley, University professor of economics and department
chairman, has been a consultant to numerous government
agencies, foundations and research organizations.
A Citation of Honor and a Honorary Degree will be presented
by the Regents during the Commencement festivities. An
estimated 1750 students will be graduated in the first August
ceremony for the University, now on a year-round academic
THE MIDLAND PLANT of the Dow Chemical Corp. will be
picketed by 50 members of the Ann Arbor chapter of
Students for a Democratic Society on Aug. 6 because the cor-
poration manufactures napalm, a jellied gasoline used in Viet
Nam, an SDS spokesman announced yesterday.
The spokesman, Peter Steinburger, chairman of SDS, said the
group will probably be joined by pickets from the Detroit
Committee to End the War in Viet Nam.
Representatives of Dow Chemical said they will take no action
to prevent the demonstration. "We endorse a citizen's right to
legal and peaceful demonstrations against actions with which
he does not agree," the company said.
GOV. GEORGE ROMNEY has approved more than $886.1
million in education spending for the current fiscal year,
his office announced yesterday in Lansing the Associated Press
The $586.8 million school aid bill and the $229.3 million
higher education measure were among 10 bills signed into law
late yesterday.
They represented the bulk of the $974.5 million general fund
budget for the 1966-67 fiscal year, which began almost two
weeks ago.

edical School Expansion
-. (State Board

-Associated Press
The military government of South Viet Nam announced yesterday that Dr. Nguyen Lun Vien, left, a civilian has been added to the
cabinet as second deputy premier in charge of social and cultural affairs.
City Planning Cn
3ReviewNew Housing ProposalN

ro Consider
Committee Presently
Studying Michigan's
Health Care Facilities
Michigan State University yes-
terday requested the State Board
>f Education to approve expansion
>f MSU's new two-year medical
school to a four-year, degree-
ranting program.
The request came in the form of
i letter from MSU President JQh
Hannah to the board, saying the
MSU trustees instructed him to
ask approval of a 'full degree pro-
gram in human medicine"
The two-year MSU College of
Human Medicine will open this
fall with a class of about 25 stu-
lents. Original approval of the
controversial college came before
the board began operating, but the
school needs board approval to
Request To Be Studied
According to Dr. Leon Fill,
hairman of the board's medical
education subcommittee, the re-
quest will be studied by the State
Board of Higher Education and
will be referred to the board's
committee on education for health
The issue of establishing a two-
year medical school at MSU re-
mained in the talking stages for
several years until the Legislature
gave its consent. Last November
the board decided not to take a
position on the question because
the Legislature had already acted
upon it, though Board President
Thomas Brennan indicated at that
time that the board planned to
consider budgeting of the MSU
Brennan commented last night
that he does not know what the
expansion decision will be be, but
said the committee report will
weigh heavily.
Study reports during 1962-63
had backed an 18-month medical
program at MSU while shying
away from a two-year course cur-
riculum because it would appear
as a commitment for future es-
tablishment of a full medical
Hatcher, Hannah Feud
In 1964 President Hannah and
University President H a rl1a n
Hatcher became involved in a
heated exchange during which
Hatcher charged MSU with try-
ing to get a head start in the race
to become the site of a third med-
ical school in Michigan. The state
currently has only two colleges
which grant the medical doctor
degree-at the University and at
Wayne State University.
Further expansion of medical
facilities at the University and at
Wayne were suggested by Gov.
George Romney's "blue ribbon" Ci-
tizens Committee on Higher Edu-
cation in the spring of 1965. The
committee recommended that such
action precede the establishment
of another medical school.
Fill said "the committee is now

State Survey Shows Cavanagh
Far Behindin Primar Fight
By The Associated Press --but an Associated Press state- Cong and that a massive aid pro-
DETROIT - Viet Nam is sup- wide survey of voters and poli- gram follow the settlement."
posed to be the main issue in ticians indicates that while there Williams adopts the Adminis-
Michigan's U.S. Senate Demo- is much concern about Viet Nam, tration position in general and1
cratic primary election. no one knows what to do and few says "the harsh reality of Viet
But complexities and confusion voters know what the candidates Nam is that peace is not possible
of the war, voter apathy and -a want to do. without both a firm military de-
lack of other issues have left the Viet Issue fense and imaginative peace ef-
Aug. 2 election a contest of per- Viet Nam "seems to be an fort."
sonalities. As of now, former Gov. issue," said Sixth District Chair- Unsuccessful Debate Effort
G. Mennen Williams seems heav- man Rod Riggs of Jackson "But Cavanagh has sought unsuc-
i1v forer +o in rDer n tr+ni .1.C cessfully to promote a face-to-face

A City-University housing pro-
.posal presented to the Ann Arbor
City Council by the Student Hous-
ing Association earlier this week
has been referred for further
SHA representatives are expect-
ed to meet with members of the
City Planning Commission and
the Department for Building and
Safety on revisions of a housing
code and a review of a currently
in-progress density study.
SHA had prepared a report en-
titled "Integrated City-University
Housing Program," which was sub-
stituted by a shorter statement
calling for the review of density
and building codes. The longer re-
port, prepared after numerous
consultations with architects, out-
lined what is perhaps the most
radical proposal to be set forth
by SHA.
Suggest U' Acquire Land
In a few lines at the end of the
report, it was suggested that the
University acquire land "through
use of its eminent domain privi-
leges." The report continued that
"Through private investment with
lease-back arrangements, the Uni-
versity could expand its building
program without maintaining an

city's R4 Multiple Family Densityi
study. The study, which should be
completed by the Planning Comn-
mission within the next few weeks,
is expected to recommend the re-
duction of the density of new con-
struction on the central campus
That recommendation was con-
sidered because of concern over
the lack of open space with the
rash of new construction built to
meet the needs of an ever-increas-
ing student population.
SHA representative Tom Van
Lente, '67, said that his organi-
zation had hoped to recommend

that density limitations be upped
rather than decreased. The city's
R4 study would have limited the
amount of land allowed for build-
ing to 15 per cent, while the SHA
would like to see that percentage
increased beyond the present 70
per cent level.
Review Building Code
SHA also has asked that the
present Ann Arbor building code,
which it calls "outdated," be re-
viewed and include more stringent
requirements on soundproofing,
fireproofing and the general qual-
ity of the interior of buildings.

City Clerk John Bentley said
that the Planning Commission has
begun a study of the housing code
"for some time" and that both the
results of this review and a report
on the R4 density study are ex-
pected to be presented before
Council within a few weeks.
Councilman James Riecker (R-
Second Ward) said that he was
pleased to see SHA's concern with
housing problems, and that he, inI
talks with the group's members,
had tried to "set them out on a
path of coming up with specific

'Undercover Agents To Combat
Use of LSD on College Campus

Collegiate Press Service
WASHINGTON - A special
corps of undercover agents is go-
ing into action on college cam-
puses and elsewhere to combat the
illicit manufacture, sale and use
of the mind-expanding drug LSD,
the Food and Drug Administra-
tinn has revealed.

drug that can precipitate serious
psychiatric illness or even suicide,"
he added.
Goddard said that no one real-
ly knows how widespread the cur-
rent LSD fad is. "You hear loose
talk about 30 per cent of college
students using LSD, but I know of
no reliable data on the extent of

dangerous publicity that others
have put forth advocating the use
of the drug for mystical experi-
ence," Dr. Goddard said.
He revealed that special inves-
tigators are in training now at the
University of California at Berke-
"We now have 60 men working


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