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June 11, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-06-11

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See Editorial Page

Cj . 4c

41itr t a1T

:4I 'itl

Mostly clear skies,
few showers Sunday

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom





'U'English Department Assumes New Diret


Unlike areas within the physical
sciences, changes within English
departments have been essentially
subtle, taking place gradually and
quietly over a number of years.
'Today, however, the results
wrought by modifications and si-
lent transitions have given a new
direction to a traditional study.
"The teaching of literature,"
Prof. Warner G. Rice, chairman of
the University's English depart-
ment, points out, "is not very old.
It has only lately become a separ-
ate discipline." He observed that
thirty years ago the study of
literature was included in the
broad study of philology which
encompassed grammer, criticism,
and literary and linguistic history
as well.
Previously, Rice notes, philolo-
gists utilized a chronological ap-

proach to English studies, tracing
historical sources and cultural de-
velopments of a particular litera-
ture through extended periods of
time. Now, however, many scholars
have shifted to concentrating on
modern literature. "We are work-
ing contemporaneously across lit-
eratures rather than chronologi-
cally through a single literature,"
Rice said.
Pointing to the general change
in emphasis in the humanities
from the historical, developmental,
and genetic to the statistical and
descriptive, Rice commented that
a connection with the past in the
study of literature appears to
many less usable and has become
for many less meaningful.
Literature, Rice continued, had
been regarded as "a guide to life,
denoting modes of action and
thinking and being for many an
economical means of extending

one's own personal experiences."
But here again the nation has
lately been altered.
Rice explained that literature as
a representative of experience has
largely been discarded in favor of
literature as a structural thing.
The search has become one of
trying to find a pattern rather
than a philosophical or moral con-
cept. "We are describing literature
more," Rice observed, "and asking
question such as 'How is this work
put together? On what is its
structure built'?"
With the switch to the descrip-
tive and statistical in literary pur-
suits has come the beginnings of
computerization. Rice referred to
the descriptive study stylistics to
illustrate the role which the com-
puter will have in university Eng-
lish departments.
"Stylistics is concerned With
features of language within a

particular author's works -in-
stances of a certain type of vo-
cabulary or phrasing, etc.," Rice
said. "To compile an accurate
work such as this involves count-
ing." In the past the task has been
long and tedious requiring several
years to a lifetime of work.
Often volumes were concluded
on the basis of a partial count
which cast doubt on its accuracy.
Now, =however, the whole project
can be set before a computing
team and completed in a matter
of weeks. Not only will the com-
puter count," says Rice, "but it
will sort and re-sort results in
various ways."
Advances such as these are forc-
ing colleges and universities
across the country to examine and
up-date their English departments.
Rice commented that the Uni-
versity's department must decide
"which developments to recog-

nize and continue." "We must
deploy our strengths and get new
people in areas where techniques
have changed," Rice said.
"The kind of people-professors
-added to the department in the
future is far more important than
the sheer number," Rice indicated.
Again Rice cited advancements,
this time in linguistics, to show
the direction changes in the de-
partment's needs were taking. Like
literature, the study of linguistics
has become independent of its
parent, philology, and established
itself as a singular academic dis-
cipline. The University has been
a pioneer in the development of
linguistics which is concerned with
the origin, structure, and modifi-
cation of language alone.
"Linguistics," Rice explained, "is
currently being applied to com-
position. If it proves to be an
effective aide in the teaching and

writing of effective prose, the de-
partment will undoubtedly be add-
ing more people trained in lin-
guistics during the next few
Linguistics isialso creating new
grammars applicable in connection
with remedial courses. Ultimately
Rice sees uses for it in the teach-
ing of criticism. Poetry, for ex-
ample, may eventually be analyzed
through linguistic analyses.
"We want to make the new
knowledge effective within the
University's English department,"
Rice said. "We want people cap-
able of teaching modern methods
and techniques. We are prepared
now for instructing graduate stu-
dents who may want to use com-
puters for compiling theses ma-
terials." And the department will
are aware of computer possibilities.
Prof. Rice commented too on

the changing professional goals of
undergraduate students within the
English department. He noted that
this fall about half the. under-
graduates concentrating in Eng-
lish will also be seeking a second-
ary education teaching certificate
from the department along with
their Bachelor of Arts degrees.
"Training teachers," he observ-
ed, is not like training scholars."
More federal aid is available for
such practical endeavors than for
the intensified study of literature
alone. Here, too, people with spe-
cial educational training are
Rice summarized the changing
atmosphere within the English de-
partment by commenting that
"new areas are opening which we
never con idered before. We must
now decide which will be the most
far reaching and exploit those."

'U' President
Draft Law
Calls System A
Poor Mobilization of
American Youth
CARBONDALE, Ill.-University
President Harlan Hatcher ques-
tioned whether the proposal to re-
quire two years of universal na-
tional service by American youth
is "a legitimate approach to our,
problem or in keeping with our
American tradition and experi-
In an address prepared for com-
mencement at Southern Illinois
University last night, Hatcher
said re-examination of the situ-
ation has been brought about by
Viet Nam,
Concerning Viet Nam, he said,
"the issues are dim, they are con-
fused, they are ill-defined, they
are not shared by other nations,
and they become more unconvinc-
ing as our leadership tries to sim-
plify and explain them in black
and white good-guy, bad-guy
Selective Service, said Hatcher,
was born in national emergency.
"It is not," he said, "to be used as
a punishment for boys who like
to wear beards or who declare
'A their protests against the confu-
sion of the age,"
Ill-Planned Mobilization
"Neither," maintained Hatcher,
"is it an excuse for ill-planned
mobilization of American youth
for two years of 'non-traditional
military projects or missionary
tours in social work or religious
The concept of universal na-
tional service, said Hatcher, with
priority to military service but in-
cluding various forms of civilian
service "exalts government and its
military arm" and sounds "omin-
ous echoes of 1984."
The many problems which need
solution at home and abroad,
Hatcher declared, require exact-
ing skills and arduous training
and are "not the kind of problem
that can be solved by the Selective
Service mobilization concept." He
equated this with the belief that
"the state is created to be served
by young people and not to be
the servant. It is the end, not the
Rejects Arbitrary Draft
Hatcher rejected this method
as not appropriate for America.
He said, "A young man or woman
in America should be able to
choose his role on the basis of
his sense of satisfaction and tal-
ent, with some held from tests,
counselors, parents, and peers ...
The workings of this kind of sys-
tem, properly applied, will do more
to accomplish the needed work of
the nation than arbitrary draft
for two years of the lives of our
young people."
As for the nation's military re-
quirements, he said, they "should
be scaled to meet our defense
needs, not to police the world or
fight in Viet Nam jungles while
the people whom we want to help
engage in suicidal strife or a kind
of North-South civil war.
Hatcher advocated a profes-
sional military with the same dig-


e SiWigau ail


Late World News
appeared yesterday to have emerged as a likely successor to
Mao Tze-tung for leadership of the Peking regime.
This was indicated in an article stressing that to be a good
Marxist one must "place Mao Tze-tung's thought right in the
forefront in all work and absorb comrade Lin Piao's very im-
portant instructions on the living study and application of
Chairman Mao's works."
The appearance of Lin's name together with Mao-a rare
event-was important.
LANSING -P)-THE STATE BOARD OF Education called a
meeting yesterday to develop a program to assist school people
in better understanding the amended labor mediation act.
"We will ask the universities to help us develop a series of
workshops and other programs aimed at giving school boards,
administrators and teachers a fuller understanding of the law,"
said Ira Polley, state superintendent of public instruction.
Polley said the advice from the experts will include such
fields as the collective bargaining process and the human skills
needed for effective employe-management relations.
Experts from the University, Michigan State University and
Wayne State University Labor Relations Institutes have agreed
to take part in the program, Polley said.
A LEGISLATIVE PROPOSAL to create a state-supported
Osteopathic College failed last night, 54-38. The Legislature vot-
ed to reconsider the hotly-debated motion in a session June 21.
The measure would have created a fourth state-supported medical
school and was heavily attacked by both the existing state medi-
cal schools and by the State Board of Education.
4 4 4 4
major revisions in the Michigan Higher Education Assistance
Authority Act, including power to guarantee 100 instead of 80
per cent of student loans.
The measure, which goes into effect immediately, also gives
the authority permission to make loans to persons attending
trade, technical, nursing or other non-degree schools. The bill
allows contracts with credit unions, insurance companies and
pension funds as additional lending institutions and also pro-
vides for administration of a new undergraduate scholar award
program and the use of federal funds.
'i, * *
SEVENTY PRESIDENTS, DEANS AND other administrators
will attend the 12th annual Institute on College and University
Administration at the University June 20-24, under the auspices
of the Center for the Study of Higher Education.
Purpose of the institute is to provide present and prospective
administrators an opportunity to study some of the basic pro-
grams of college and university administration, says Prof. William
W. Jellema, director of the institute.
The institute will be geared to the theme, "Freedom and
Authority in Administration."
conducted a protest yesterday against the college's cooperation
with Selective Service regulations by filing a final grade of A
for each of their 200 students.
However, four of them backed down and announced they
would provide information on the students' actual classroom
performance if he refused to accept the uniform grades.
They altered their plans, they explained, because failure
by the department chairman to recognize the grades might
"jeopardize" the students and deny them "fair treatment."

Must Lower
Budget Costs
Insufficient State
Allotments Require
Low Equipment Costs
The $5$ million allocation of
state funds given to the University
by the State Legislature yesterday
has been labeled insufficientrby
University officials.
University offiicals went before
the House Ways and Means Com-
mittee, which held hearings on the
bill, to request a $4 million in-
crease in operating funds, last
The Legislature refused to give
the University this increase over
the Senate appropriation, and
now administrators are faced with
the tremendously difficult task of
deciding where to cut the Univer-
sity budget.
Budget Deficiences
Marvin Niehuss, executive vice-
president, said yesterday that the
House appropriation will leave
"deficiencies" in budget areas in
the face of an expected 9.9 per
cent enrollment increase.
"It will be a very tight budget,"
Niehuss said. "If we do what we
feel we have to do in raising
salaries and wages" equipment
purchases will have to .be cut back
to an inadequate position.
In a recent interview,, Niehuss
explained that rising costs of the
University are hard to cut. He
noted that the University has al-
most exhausted cut-backs in non-
teaching areas.
The funds for the planned ex-
pansion of the Center for Re-
search on Learningand Teaching
were also withheld from the House
Few Alternatives
James Lesch, assistant to the
vice-president for academic af-
fairs, explained that the Univer-
sity is left with few alternatives if
it plans even minor expansion of
the Center. "We will either have .
to look to outside funds, other
general funds, federal funds, or
turn to the other schools included
in the program for additional
money." He stressed that no de-
cision has yet been made on the
In other legislative action yes-
terday, Michigan State's proposed
law school was at first authorized,.
and then eliminated from the
Higher Education Bill through
floor action.


The University Activities Center's Summer Uprising got under way yesterday with a "hatchet hunt" on the diag and a dance contest
(pictured above.) It will continue today with a canoe race and a car rally.
University Receives $ ilio ,n
Federal Construction Grant

The Office of Education in
Washington yesterday granted the
University $1 million for construc-
tion of a new literary college of-
fice and classroom building. But
the State Legislature failed to pass
the University's request for the
remainder of the necessary funds,
so the building will be delayed at
least one more year.

The $4 million project is de-
signed to relieve increasingly se-
vere classroom and office over-
crowding in the literary college.
However, funds requested by
the University for new construc-
tion projects, falling under the
category of planning money, were
not granted by the legislature be-
cause of the continuing dispute
over provisions of Public Act 124.

Teacher's Strike Creates
Problem for Labor Board

LANSING (4) - Gov. George
Romney yesterday asked the Leg-
islature to appropriate an addi-
tional $100,000 to the State Labor
Mediation Board.
Romney said the money was
needed urgently by the board to
cope with new problems arising
-from teacher-school board dis-
putes, including a rash of strikes.
The special request was made
in a letter to Lt. Gov. William
Milliken and Speaker of the House

Joseph Kowalski (D-Detroit).
Copies also were sent to chair-
men of the House and Senate
money committees.
Romney said the request was
made as an outcome of his meet-
ing Tuesday with representatives
of teacher organizations, school
boards and school administrators.
He said the additional money
would be used for hiring media-
tors, elections officers and fact-

PA 124 stipulates that funds
and plans for new construction
projects must be submitted to the
state controller's office and to
state architects. University offi-
cials contend that such interven-
tion by state offices would con-
stitute a violation of the constitu-
tional autonomy traditionally pos-
sessed by the state's universities.
The issue is still undecided but
is expected to be resolved in a
court test.
Great Disappointment
Dean William Haber of the lit-
erary college expressed great dis-
appointment at the new delay in
starting the building.
Noting that the literary college
has added between 150 and 180
new faculty members in the past
three years, Haber warned that
"we'veused up whatever slack
remained" in the utilization of
class and office space.
Among the results of the con-
tinuing delay in construction of
new facilities will be increasing
use of unfavorable hours for class-
es in the fall, doubling up of office
space for faculty and the possible
division of additional classroom
buildings to create more office
Haber noted that last semester
127 classes were held during the
noon hour. This number is ex-
pected to rise in the fall, along
with additional use of 5 p.m.and
evening class hours.
Favorable Outlook
In the long run, the outlook for
space and facilities in the literary
college is favorable because of the
p 1 a n n e d new classroom-office

quest, John-McKevitt, assistant to
the vice-president for business and
finance reported.
He noted that nearly all the
funds are earmarked for projects
which have already been started.
Planning money for new projects
was not granted because of the
dispute over PA 124. Construction
money for projects already under
way is not affected by the hassle.
Most of the capital outlay funds
granted were for Medical School
buildings, but money was also ear-
marked for the School of Dent-
istry, University Hospital improve-
ments, and heating plant con-
struction. The University had re-
quested $16.2 million for the total
capital outlay appropriation.

'U' And City Officials Meet,
Discuss, Common Problems


4-Day Riots Quelled at Southern Illinois

University vice-presidents met
informally with Ann Arbor City
Council and city administrators
Tuesday night to discuss problems
of common interest to the Univer-
sity and the city and how they
can open better channels of com-
Vice-President. for Student Af-
fairs Richard Cutler, who termed
the meeting "successful," said that
University development, particul-
arly North, Campus, enrollment
and parking were the chief topics
of discussion.
North Campus

ments are of great concern to the
city for they will to a large ex-
tent determine the type and ex-
tent of problems the city and
University will have to cope with
in the future. However, it is im-
possible for the University to pre-
dict future enrollment figures,
Cutler said, because "we just
don't know."
The perennial parking problem
was also discussed, Cutler contin-
ued, including the possibilities and
implications of a shuttle service
to North Campus.
General Meeting
Cutler emphasized that the

Special To The Daily
CARBONDALE, Ill.-Four days
of student rioting Sunday night

tear-gas Tuesday to disperse the
Last weekend's hot weather and
the tensions of final exams were

toward these spring high-jinx but
this went beyond that. This ele-
ment of students must be removed
because it is not compatable with

were equipped with hard plastic
riot helmets and patrolled the
groups of two to five men per car.
Bill Winstead, a specially depu-


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