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May 28, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-05-28

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See Editorial Page




Fair today,
cooler this evening

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom


Professorial Salary Level Jumps to New


AP News Analysis
WASHINGTON - College pro-
fessors may not be in the indus-
trial tycoon class in salaries yet,
but they are moving up.
Although there still are some
"poverty cases" on the higher ed-
ucation scene, generally things are
getting rosier every year for col-
lege and university faculties.
There have been a couple of re-.
cent appointments in New York
state that even a tycoon might
blink at in surprise.
The legislature has established
some special chairs for both state
and private universities that carry
a $100,000 annual price tag. It
wanted to provide an "apex of
excellence" for the state educa-
tional tructure.

Not all of this is salary. The
professor must use it for travel,
staff and research assistants.
Dr. C. N. Yang, Chinese-born
Nobel Prize-winning physicist, was
named to one of these professor-
ships at the State University at
Stonybrook. In his case, the per-
sonal salary component has been
reported to be $45,000 a year.
Arthur Schlesinger Jr., who won
the Pulitzer Prize for his "A
Thousand Days" portrait of the
years he spent in the White House
with the late President John F.
Kennedy, has just signed a con-
tract for the $100,000 Albert
Schweitzer Chair in Humanities
at City University of New York.
These are exceptional cases, but

the over-all picture isn't bad
The recent annual salary sur-
vey of the American Association
of University Professors showed
that Harvard University again led
the nation with an annual average
salary for all fulltime faculty
members of more than $17,500 a
That average includes not only
full professors, but associates, as-
sistants and instructors.
Ranking second was the Uni-
versity of Chicago, in the $16,000
to $16,500 class. And right behind
them at the same level was Par-
sons College of Fairfield, Iowa.
Parsons? Yes, indeed. This once-
floundering college had 212 stu-
dents and paid its professors an

average of $3,600 a year when a
new president took over in 1955.
Now it ranks with the top institu-
tions of the country in salaries.
Parsons' president, Millard G.
Roberts, has a motto: "Buy a good
faculty. This costs money. Pay
it. This means raiding other facul-
ties. Do it."
That, in a nutshell, is why col-
lege salaries are rising. The com-
petition is fierce for distinguished
scholars. Institutions that have
them want to keep them. The pro-
fessor, especially if he is an out-
standing one, is operating in a
seller's market.
The association study, based on
figures voluntarily supplied by 905
universities and colleges, showed
an average yearly salary of $9,816

for all faculty members combined.
This is a nine-month salary for
the academic year and does not
reflect what other income a teach-
er might earn in summer employ-
ment, consulting fees and so on.
Perhaps more significant, the
association said this was 7.6 per
cent higher than in the previous
year-a rate of climb high enough
for the first time to achieve a
doubling of faculty salaries in a
In a separate study, the Na-
tional Education Association re-
ported a median salary for full-
time teachers in colleges and uni-
versities of $9,081 - an 11.2 per'
cent jump from two years ago.
A median is different from an
average. It means that there are

as many salaries above that figure
as there are salaries below it. In
a large sample, however, the med-
ian and average are usually close.
This survey showed that women,
who make up nearly 20 per cent
of the faculties included, made a
much lower median salary-$7,732.
It said one reason for this was
that there are more women in the
lower ranks than at the full pro-
fessor level. Another is that one-
fourth of the women are employed
in the Southeast, where salaries
are lower than the national
The professors' association study
also took note of this regional
differential, but said the gap has
been d e c 1 i n i n g "significantly"
since 1960.

The association had a section
on "cases of poverty" too. And it
said since all the figures in its
study are voluntarily submitted
these may not include the nation's
most improverished colleges.
One identified only as a church-
related liberal arts college in the
Midwest paid its full professors
$6,300 a year on the average.
Another, a predominantly Negro
church-related institution, had
one-third of. its fulltime faculty
on the instructor level and aver-
aging less than $4,300 a year.
It said its examples "should
suffice to correct the impression
that all academic incomes are now
approaching reasonably adequate

SHA Begins Summer Drive
To Register Student Voters


By NEAL BRUSS 'Association City Planning Chair-: Hollinshead's figures were de-
University students and their man. rived from election work sheets.
families comprised a third of Ann Figures taken from election vote tallies, and the student
Arbor's voters registered in the totals indicated that nearly all of directory.
March campaign, according to the newly-registered voted in the The second ward had the high-
Neill Hollinshead, Student Housing April election. est percentage of student regis-
___________________________ trants at 53 per cent. The first
-___ 7ward followed with 43 per cent.
Third ward totals indicated 32
per cent of the registrants were
students. In the fourth ward, 28
d 41" per cent were students.
In the largely nonstudent fifth
ward, students comprised over 12'
per cent of the registrants.
SHA is currently organizing a
summer registration drive. "We
were hurt last March when stu-
dents were declared ineligible be-
- ---- -~~-~cause they were not in Ann Arbor
Soverthe summer. By staging a
registration campaign in the sum-
Late World ews mer, we believe we can get theI
MIAMI, FLA. (P)-HAVANA RADIO quoted Fidel Castro last mot eliible students registered,"'
night as saying that rather than give ground at Guantanamo Hollinshead said.
Bay, "what we are going to do is immediately put the revolution- The summer campaign is ex-
ary armed forces and all our people in a state of alert" lpected to begin during the first
weiek in June. It wtill be centered
The Cuban prime minister added in a fiery statement "we ondoor-to-door canvassingt tle-
hope the government of the United States and the assassins who phone contacts and mailings to
rule that country. if they have it in mind, will decide to attack eligible students.
our country at once." A fall campaign is also being
The statement was a denunciation of the U.S. Defense De- organized. Through this program,.
partment's account of a U.S. sentry's shooting of a Cuban soldier SHA hopes to contact students as
at the Guantanamo Bay U.S. Naval Base boundary. The account they come through registration.
was completely false, the statement said. The fall campaign will be or-j
ganized with IBM locator cards
programmed for all students over
A STUDENT DISCIPLINARY BODY placed on probation 21. SHA officials hope to contact
yesterday 36 demonstrators found guilty of violating Stanford all eligible students during the fall
University's fundamental standard of student conduct in a semester.
48-hour sit-in protest against Selective Service tests held at The newly-organized SHA es-
Stanford last weekend. tablished a voter registration cam-
paign in March as its first major
The Stanford student judicial council ordered the group project. Students were urged to
placed on probation through the spring of 1967. It also required attempt to pass residence require-
that the demonstrators meet in seminars to discuss their views ments.
with faculty and administrators at least four times a quarter The drive was hobbled by the
during their probation. failure of the Michigan Secretary
of State's office to provide a re-
REP. JOHN E. MOSS (D-CALIF) has urged Lt. Gen. Lewis vised definition of residence re-
B. Hershey to order draft boards to cease "arbitrary and un- quirements as expected.
authorized censorship" and make available for publication the Students stated their qualifica-
names of draftees. . tions to City Clerk's officials and
were aided in clarifying their posi-
"Your office has been unable to cite specific statutory author- tion by the City Attorney's staff
ity for the withholding of the names of registrants ordered to and several volunteer organiza-
report for induction," Moss told the general. tions.

Rush Calls 4
Pledges Efforts
To Effect East-West
R approchement
6WASHINGTON 1P) -Secretary
of State Dean Rusk said yester-
day the United States plans to
keep its large military forces in
Germany and voiced hope for
"solid progress" soon in revamp-
ing NATO after France's pullout.
America's European allies have
been told "our forces will remain
there as long as they are needed
and wanted," Rusk reported at a
news conference preceding his de-
parture next week for a North At-
lantic Treaty Organization minis-
ters meeting at Brussels June 6-8.
Rusk sought again to minimizeI
the practical effects of the civil'
turmoil in South Viet Nam, saying THOUGH STEEPED IN URBAN
it has had no major impact on national issues in his senatorial
the campaign against the guerril- Anatol Rapaport of the Mental I
With 1U.5. commitments growing'
in Viet Nam and continuing else-
where, and with NATO disarray Gva a
from French withdrawal from its
integrated military setup, substan-
tial sentiment has developed in
Congress for a reduction In the
225,000-man U.S. force in West-{ H arm s J
ern Europe under NATO.
NATO Objectives
Rusk said NATO has in the By NEAL BRUSS
past and should in the future look U.S. senatorial candidate Jerome
for settlements with the Commu- p. Cavanagh called for "a new
nist countries, and he named Ger- policy of realism" in international
man reunification as the No. 1 affairs last night, speaking in a
European problem between the meeting sponsored by Ann Arbor's
cold war adversaries. Council for Democratic Directions.
He expressed a desire to get on The Detroit mayor, recently re-
with settlement of East-West turned from a two-week trip to
problems like disarmament "even Europe, said the major domestic
though the Viet Nam situation Is issues of the United Statesarei
still unresolved" and is "serious urban issues. However, he express-
and dangerous." be ner v the American po
On other areas of the world, sitioncin Souteast Asa and its
Rusk predicted further nuclear effect of removing national re-
testing by Red China and said he sffecesofremoving os
favors policing by an international sources from solving domestic
group to insure Cambodia's neu- poblems.
trality and independence. Speaking to over 200 in the Ann
CambodianSituation /aArbor Community Center, Cava-
bnagh recommended that "we seek
His remarks on Cambodia came _ ..
in reply to a question about a
by Army Maj. Gen. Stanley R. II U
statement made earlier in the day yAm a.Gn tne .N am- . Proj ee
Larsen that there is evidence thate
namese troops are massed in Cam-1
upt six regs ints of NorthVt F or iM aster E~
bodia, presumably for a drive into
South Viet Nam.
Rusk said he knew nothing of By JOIIN MEREDITI
this report. Larsen's comments
were later disputed by a Defense The State Board of Education
Department statement. recently named Dr. Harold T.
Speaking on U.S. flights over Smith of Kalamazoo to be Project
Communist territory, Rusk said Director for development of a
U.S. pilots operating over Viet Nam
"have instructions not to intrude" State Plan for Higher Education.
into Communist air space. Smith has been Economic Pro-
He said that according to re- gram Director of the Upjohn In-
ports of the pilots, they have not stitute since 1957 and prior to
violated Chinese air space, al- that was a professor and later
though he said he thought there vice-president of Kalamazoo Col-
had been an instance in which a lege for 11 years.
navigational error had resulted in
an intrusion. T he education plan is expected
Rusk declined to be drawn into to be ready in its final form early
a discussion of Chinese charges in 1967, according to board mem-
two weeks ago that U.S. planes ber Charles Morton. Discussed by
had shot down a Chinese fighter educators for almost a decade, the
plane over Chinese territory. idea behind a master plan for
Criticizes Committee post-secondary education is to
Rusk strongly criticized the establish uniform guidelines which
Senate Foreign Relations Commit can be applied to individual policy
tee, headed by Sen. J. W. Fulbright decisions relating to Michigan's
(D-Ark), for voting new restric- rapidly expanding systen of high-
tions on the U.S. foreign aid pro- er education.
gram. Branch Controversy
He disclosed that the U.S. has For example, a state plan with
protested to Cuba over a Monday an explicit policy on the proper
incident in which, the Pentagon role of branch colleges would have
said, six Cuban soldiers slipped beo anchcllegwould have
fi~ flip,,TTR Vnx1 Rnn a1 lira,_ ibeen applicable two springs ago

-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
affairs, Detroit Mayor Jerome P.- Cavanagh (left) discussed inter-
campaign appearance in Ann Arbor. He was introduced by Prof.
Health Research Institute at the Ann Arbor Community Center,
cviSays War
iom-e Refo rm

to create in Viet Nam a neutral
buffer state, that we seek and
guarantee the conduct of free
elections, that a cease fire would
be practical to help carry out these
elections, that the new govern-
ment develop ways to settle its
differences directly with the Viet
Cong and that a massive aid pro-
gram should follow the settle-
UN Seat for China
Cavanagh said, "We must offer
Red China a seat among the great
powers as a permanent member of
the United Nations Security Coun-
cil. We must make the offer even
though China may turn us down
or ask for impossible conditions."
Cavanagh was quizzed by a
ulucaliion Pan

panel of four Council members.+
He stressed in the dialogue that he
did not believe America has tried
to use "political skills" in settling
Vietnamese problems.
When asked about possible
changes in Selective Service pro-'
cedures, Cavanagh said that pres-
ent procedures are "basically in-
equitable" and are "administered
He expressed favor with pro-
posals that would give draftees the
option of serving in domestic pro-
grams. One of these could be
"service among the poor in Watts."
He also stressed that the. choice of
service should be guaranteed to
the draftee.
However, Cavanagh explained
that current criticism of draft
policy wa sa symptom of an under-
lying problem, the war in Viet
New 'Balance of Power'
The "new policy of realism in
international affairs" Cavanagh
spoke of centered on American

Reject Ky's
Peace Move
General Also Meets
With Military Leader
Who Opposes Him
SAIGON (R) - Premier Nguyen
Cao Ky extended a peace feeler
yesterday to the Buddhists .and
conferred under United States
auspices with the chief.of his mil-
itary foes, Lt. Gen. Nguyen Chanh
Thi. Monks rejected the peace
feeler. Secrecy veiled results of
the conference.
Elsewhere in the kaleidoscope of
crisis that the military govern-
ment hopes now to end without
further recourse to arms:
-Tear gas and warning shots
from Vietnamese marines sup-
pressed rioting by a howling mob
of 2,000 or 3,000 antigovernment,
anti-American demonstrators who
marched in torch-lit procession
from a rally at the Buddhist In-
stitute in Saigon.
-Civil authority collapsed In
Hue,. a stronghold of Buddhism
and rebellion 400 miles north of
Saigon. The mayor, Lt. Col. Phan
Van Khoa, who is also governor
of Thua Thien Province, pulled out
with 1,000 loyal troops and set up
headquarters at Hung Thuy, five
miles away. Forty-five American
and other foreign nationals also
quit the city. Others took shelter
at the guarded U.S. Military As-
sistance Command compound.
-Operating far from the cen-
ters off unrest, Vietnamese troops
reported killing 94 Viet Cong and
capturing 50 in a series of brisk
fights Thursday in the Mekong
River delta. Government losses in
one case, a defensive action
against about 600 raiders, were
called heavy. Elsewhere the war
continued at a relatively ordinary
Premier Ky and his chief mil-
itary rival held their hush-hush
meeting at U.S. Marine headquar-
ters at Chu Lai, 340 miles north-
east of Saigon and 52 miles south
of Da Nang, where government
forces crushed a Buddhist-led up-
rising Monday. A U.S. plane
brought Thi in from Hue.
It was the military junta's dis-
missal of Thi March 10 as com-
mander of the 1st Corps area,
the five northern provinces of
South Viet Nam, that set off the
current uproar for quick restora-
tion of the civilian rule which
Ky had promised in late 1967.
The two look much alike. The
resemblance between the premier
and his archrival is so close that
foreigners frequently c o n f u s e
Ky Gestures
Before leaving Saigon to take
personal charge of damping down
the remaining embers of revolt in
the north, Ky had made a gesture
of peace to the Buddhist hierarchy.
He ordered down the triple
fences of barbed wire with which
security forces blocked the en-
trances to Saigon's main pagoda
four days ago, after anti-Ameri-
can rioting set off by the shooting
of a Vietnamese soldier by a U.S.
Army private.
Ky said this was to permit the
faithful access to the shrine dur-
ing celebrations, already begun, of
Buddha's birthday in June.
Ky the Buddhist
At a news conference in Da
Nang, Ky again emphasized that
he is a'Buddhist. He said it is un-
reasonable to say he opposes

and the Legislature and the dis- authorities recogiing a new ba-
tinctive roles to be played by the ance of power created by a pro-
liferation of states armed with
three major state universities, nuclear weapons. "We must begin
smaller state institutions, private to deal with our enemies as well
schools and community and tech- as our friends," he said.
nicl clleesin xpadig Mchi ICavanagh commented that here
nical colleges in expanding Michi- are "riots in both Watts and Da
gan's educational facilities. Nang." He felt that necessary
Assistants to Director funds for solving domestic prob-
Smith, as project director wi~ll lems were being curtailed for the
workmcloslyh. itaastre rdingecrm-Viet war and other foreign ex-
work closely with a steering coi- penditures. He cited that while
mittee in coordinating work on several European nations have
the plan. The upper echelon of sednguroramiy s esv
planners will be assisted by task cut spending for military purposes
forces of experts and five advisory to boost domestic spending, the
groups, representing college presi- verse.
dents, faculty, the Legislature, "Therse are boundaries to the
business and professional interests miracles we can perform at
and secondary educators. home," he said, as he stressed
Finally, the planners will avail "the urgency of our problems at
themselves of the recently expand- home." These arise out of four
ed staff of the state education revolutions, "the urbanization rev-
department. olution, the population revolution

Smith said he would draw heav-
ily on the recommendations of the
John Dale Russel and Citizens
Committee studies. The Russel
Study was made for the State
Legislature from 1957 to 1961,
while the Citizens Committee

which compounds the problems,
the civil rights revolution which
gives them a sense of urgency,
and the explosion of science and
technology which is drastically af-
fecting the way each of us lives
and works."
Cites Detroit's Methods

~K" ~ -

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