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May 04, 1966 - Image 9

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-05-04

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North Vietnamese Control of War
Seems Greater and More Evident

Rep. Robert Griffin Appears Most Likely
Choice To Fill McNamara s Senate Seat

By The Associated Press
SAIGON-Strategists in North
Viet Nam appear to be exerting
more control than ever over Com-
munist conduct of the war in
South Viet Nam.
While Hanoi's active role long'
has been accepted as a fact of life,
4 there is a feeling in high places
there that the Viet Cong and its
political arm, the National Lib-
eration Front, are being shunted
aside more and more.
Some evidence of this is seen in
numbers themselves.
There's a belief in Saigon that
infiltration of regular North Viet-
namese forces into South Viet
Nam this month may total 7000
men. Estimates of the monthly
rate have been put at 5500 since
the first of the year, an increase
of 1000 men a month over pre-
vious months.
Help from North
American authorities say they
are reasonably certain that more
than 20,000 North Vietnamese have
entered South Viet Nam since Jan.
1ito loin the fight.
Other evidence of increasing
r control from the north is found in
reports, that it is becoming more
difficult to distinguish now be-
tween regular North Vietnamese
units and Viet Cong main-force
The North Vietnamese are
known to be meeting attrition in
their ranks by bringing in local
' recruits. The Viet Cong are known
to be including more and more
North Vietnamese in their lineups
as the war goes on and losses
There have been reports some
high North Vietnamese officers
have moved in for on-the-spot,
high-level commands. These have

not been confirmed. There ap-
pears, however, to be little doubt
that the voice of Hanoi is be-
coming louder up and down the
Loss Rate
The loss rate among Communist
forces killed and captured in the
south is put at 12,000 to 15,000
men a month.
Despite this rate and the grow-
ing punishment from U.S. firepow-
er, American officials say there
seems to be no shortage of man-
power from North Viet Nam. Most
captives are found to range from
19 to 24, a span considered to be
the ideal military age.
There are signs some of the
North Vietnamese are being re-
cruited indiscriminately, trained
hastily, and rushed to the south,
but for the present there seems
to be enough of them.
Intensive efforts are being made
to arm the Communist main forces
with heavy weapons to make them
more of a match for U.S. units.
Despite the logic in this, it has
its disadvantages.
Once equipped with such arma-
ment, the Communist units be-
come less mobile and have greater
difficulty in concealing themselves.
There have been increasing cases
in which crew-served weapons have
been found abandoned.
So far the Communists have no
helicopters or other aircraft in
the south to help them put their
operational tactics on the same
basis as those of the allies.
'Monsoon Offensive'
However, it is believed that the
next few weeks will find the Com-
munists trying for what are term-
ed "substantial initiatives" during
the so-called monsoon offensive.
A major effort may be made in

the central highlands after the
rains begin in the latter half of
May. Hanoi long has held that the
key to control of the military situ-
ation in Viet Nam is in the high-
Although "monsoon offensive"
long has been an accepted term in
the Viet Nam war, there are those
who feel too much significance
is attached to the effect of the
rains. They point out that in
earlier years the Communists
have launched major offensives in

the dry season as well as in the
American officers concede that
the monsoon brings periods when
there is difficulty in delivering
bombs on target and helicopter
operations may at times be hamp-
The monsoon in Viet Nam, how-
ever, is not a 24-hour blanket of
rain, day in and day out. And
when it is wet and muddy. it is
wet and muddy for soldiers on
both sides.

Reserve Volunteers
Behind in Training

Mao Probably Sick

000 young men who volunteered1
for the Army Reserve in the past1
year-and thereby became draft-'
exempt-have received no military
training, senators have been told.]
The big backlog in Reserve
training is expected to continue
for some time, Lt. Gen. John L.
Throckmorton testified. But he7
said it is caused and justified by
the vast expansion in training of
active-duty soldiers needed in Viet
Throckmorton's secret testimo-
ny, released in censored form re-
cently by the Senate Armed Serv-
ices preparedness subcommittee,
was in large part a defense of7
Pentagon manpower policies by
the recently installed chief of the
Army's Reserve and National
Guard Section.
Opposes Merger
Sen. John Stennis (D-Miss),
subcommittee chairman, opposes
Defense Department plans for,
merging the Army's Reserve and
National Guard forces, and he en-
gaged in exchanges with Throck-
morton over this program.
Throckmorton, a former deputyJ
Army commander in Viet Nam,,
stoutly backed the plan of Secre-
tary of Defense Robert S. McNa-
mara to reshuffle the Army's Re-
serve by giving high priority to a{
small number of selected divisions
and units, chiefly National Guard,
and using the Army Reserve as a
manpower pool.
President Johnson's defense1
budget for the next fiscal year
would lump the Army, Guard and
Reserve funds together and carry
out the merger Congress rejected
last year.
"I feel the reorganization plan
will result in improved readiness,
improved conditions in the Reservej
components, and I would strongly
recommend that the Congress ap-
propriate the money in accord-
ance with the proposals submit-
ted in our budget," Throckmorton
Stennis said it would "be a
mistake to abolish all the Reserve
units in the Army" and relegate
it to status of a manpower pool.
It is common knowledge, Sten-
nis said, that the initial Penta-
gon plan was "to eliminate the
National Guard instead of the Re-
serve" but congressional support
for the Guard was too strong.

The general answered affirma-
tively when asked by Sen. Leverett
Saltonstall (R-Mass) if he thought
"the Reserve and National Guard
are being operated to the greatest
possible advantage in view of the
rather strenuous conditions in Viet
Nam and elsewhere in the world."
Under questioning, Throckmor-
ton said the backlog in the Re-
serve training prograni had result-
ed from the heavy input of
draftees and volunteers for reg-
ular Army duty.
These active-duty forces and the
high-priority Reserve units got
first call on crowded Army train-'
ing spaces, he explained, adding
that the Reserve training backlog
would be handled later.
Questions Policy
Stennis asked why Army Re-
serve training units had not been
called to active duty to help with
the training.
He charged that 'a substantial
part of this training now being

LANSING (P)-Republican Rep
Robert P. Griffin appears the
most likely candidate to succeed
thle late Sen. Patrick McNamara
(D-Mich) in a six-month appoint-
ment that could improve his
chances to a full Senate term.
Michigan political leaders from
Republican Gov. George Romney
on down had refused to speculate
publicly on the governor's pending
appointment before funeral rites
for McNamara, a Senate veteran
who died Saturday.
House Member
But the strongest logic points to
Griffin, a five-term House mem-
ber and co-author of the Lan-
drum-Griffin Labor Act.
He was chosen 11 weeks ago by
Republican leaders as their pre-
ferred candidate for the seat Mc-
Namara planned to vacate at the
end of this term.
And so far, there has been no in-
dication anyone else is being ser-
iously considered to fill the vacant
Senate seat.
Romney might, however, decide
to appoint an interim senator who
would not run for election in No-
Best bet for this type of ap-
pointment could be Michigan State
University President John Han-
Some top Republicans had eval-
uated Hannah last year as the
party's best Senate candidate for
1966 but he rejected their over-
tures. At least one party source
said there conceivably could be a
fresh attempt to get Hannah to
run from the stronger incumbent
Theother two possible but ex-
tremnely remote moves Romney
could make would. be to appoint
no one to the vacancy or to name
He is expected to run for a
third term as governor, however

.vents him from using an incumb-
ency designation on the ballot.
Indications are that if Griffin
is named, it will not be until at
least Saturday and more likely not
until May 16.
Viet Trip
Griffin is scheduled to leave Fri-
day with a House of Representa-
tives group to visit Viet Nam. If
he were named senator before the
group left, he would lose his jus-
tification for making the trip since
he -would not be a member of the
House. He's due back May 16.
A trip to Viet Nam would be an
obvious campaign asset for Grif-
Griffin's situation is like that of

CHAPMAN COLLEGE, located in Orange, California, one aft
the oldest colleges in the West, is accepting applications for admis.
sion for two 107-day semesters for the fal of 1966 and the spring
of 1967 aboard Holand-America Line's s.s''Ryndam. This is the
second year of operation of Chapman College's floating canpm.
Outstanding college and university students are invited to spend these semes-
ters at sea, enrolled for 12-15 units of credit, applicable toward the Bachelor
of Arts, Bachelor of Scienice and Bachelor of Music degrees, or 9-12 uiita
toward the Master of Arts degree.
Onboard, students will experience a situation of intense academic concen-
tration, supplemented by personal meetings ashore with men who are the
world's leaders, monuments which are the world's heritage, and people whom.
apparent differences often prove to hide human similarities.
College classes will be held during 56 class days at sea in mpdern, air
conditioned classrooms and laboratories equipped with all facilities necessary
for course work offered.

former presidential Press Secre-
tary Pierre Salinger. He was the
Democratic candidate for the U.S.
Senate seat from which Califor-
nia's Clair Engle planned to re-
Engle died, and, Salinger was
appointed to 'the remaining
months of the term. But he lost
the November election.
Separate Race
Whomever Romney appoints will
serve only until the November
election. The balance of McNa-
mara's term-about seven weeks
-will. then be filled at that
election in a separate race paral-
lel to the contest for the six-year

Read and Use
Daily Classified

Deadline for filing for e]
is not until June 14.
Contenders for the sever
term will almost certainly 1
same as those for the six
Conceivably in a very close
tion, one man could win th
en-week vacancy and his.o
ent the six-year term.
One Democratic leader
tained that giving Griffin t
cumbency advantage would
no difference in November
the odds are that Romney
challenge this theory.

done by those divisions that are and even a chance for an instant
supposed to be fighting divisions Senate seat is not expected to
could have been done through your change his course.
Army Reserve units." Underdog
Saltonstall told Throckmorton Griffin has been seen as an
"the whole background of your underdog to either former Gov. G
statement has the feeling that we Mennen Williams or Detroit May-
are degrading the whole idea of or Jerome Cavanagh, principal
the Ready Reserve and National contenders for the Democratic
Guard." - nomination.
"I regret that the statement But an incumbent position could
gave that impression because I provide Griffin with additional op-
had no intention of doing so portunity to speak and be heard-
the general answered. by the voters. Michigan law pre-


ITINERARIES:Fall 1966 Semester
leaves New York October 20, duration.
107 days; to Lisbon, Barcelona, Marseille,
Civitavecchia (Rome). Piraeus (Athens),
Istanbul, Alexandria (Cairo), Port Said,
Suez, Bombay, Colombo, Port Swetten-
ham (Kuala Lumpur), Bangkok, Hong
Kong, Kobe,Yokohama (Tokyo), Hawaii,
arriving Los Angeles February 4, 1967.

Spring 1967 Semester leavesLosAngeles
February 7, duration 107 days; to La
Guaira (Caracas), Port of Spain (iiw
dad), Salvador, Montevideo, Buenos
Aires, Rio De Janeiro, Lagos, Dakar,
Casablanca, Cadiz, Lisbon, Rotterdaim
(inland to France, Belgium and theNeth-
erlands), Copenhagen, London, Dublin
(overland to),Galway,arriving NewYart
City May25,1967.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Experts on
China suggested Monday that Mao
Tze-tung undoubtedly has been ill
for several months and may be
near the end of his long reign.
The Chinese Communist party
boss has been missing from public
view for five months, notably Pe-
king's big May Day celebration last
Illness, U.S. experts now believe,
provides the only rational expla-
asnation for Mao's prolonged "in-
visibility" and the secrecy with
which other officials have sur-
rounded his whereabouts. The ex-
perts assume that he is still alive
because they see no logical need
for the other Chinese leaders to
prolong the mystery when he dies.
4 Physical Breakdown
They also think it likely that he
has suffered a physical breakdown
-perhaps a crippling stroke, an
enfeebling disease, or a severe
Leadership changes which would
result from Mao's departure from
active direction of Chinese Com-
munist affairs give special sig-
nificance to recent efforts by
Johnson administration leaders to
redefine U.S. policy toward the
Peking regime.
Vice President Hubert Hum-
phrey, Secretary of State Dean
Rusk-and presumably President
Johnson-are known to believe
that some day a new generation
of Communist Chinese leaders
might decide to ease relations with
Washington, and Rusk and Hum-
phrey have tried to indicate that
Washington would be receptive.
U.S. officials are confident that
when Mao yields power the suc-
cession will pass to a longtime
close associate, Liu Shao-chi, pres-
ident of China, who will try to
carry on the major lines of Chi-
nese policy as Mao laid them
Liu is already so old, however,
that his own direction of China's
power structure will inevitably be
limited and eventually he and the

other men who have served Mao
must give way to a new genera-
It is that generation to which
Humphrey and Rusk and other
officials look for change. Shifts
in U.S. policy are concerned more
with the immediate tactical prob-
lems of fighting against the seat-
ing of Red China in the United
Nations or satisfying administra-
tion critics than with a serious
effort to alter U.S.-Chinese rela-
tions, although that isan element.
So long as the war in Viet Nam
goes on, U.S. officials rule out any
probability of an easing of rela-
tions with Red China, regardless
of what happens to Mao.
They do not, however, feel the
same way about the Sino-Soviet
split. It could get worse if Mao re-
linquished power, or the post-Mao
leadership might decide for prac-
tical reasons to restore some mea-
sure of cooperation. The Soviets
are still holding the door open for
them, apparently being as puzzled
as Washington officials about
China's future course.

ADMISSION: Students admitted-to the program must meet regular admisso quatiff-
cations of Chapman College and upon fulfilling its requirements will receive grades md
credits in accordance with its regularly established standards.
For a catalog listing courses for both the Fall and Spring semesters along wl sntm,
tuition and in-port program costs, fill in the information below and mail it toe

If you're in
the bottom 10%
of your
laynage ,class,
we want you.
We'll talk with you and repeat words to you and
listen to you and read with you and write with you
and drill you and be patient with you.
And when we're through with you, you may be in
the top ten per cent.
School of languages
2990 West Grand Blvd.
Detroit, Mich.
Tel. 872-5535

["F ----"-*-------"------ ---- -- - - -
Director of Admissions
Chapman College, Seven Seas Division
Orange, California 92666
a(La st) (First)
Telephone Age
The Ryndam is under Netherlands registry

Freshman 1
Junior Q
senior 0





Take your good time
going home.



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Favorite Tour * Fiesta Tour
Comprehensive Tour
Holiday Tour
Extensions to Greece & Israel
35 TO 64 DAYS from J

Discovery Tour *

Explorer Tour
42 TO 56 DAYS from $77
* excluding trans-Atlantic transportation
or Form your Own Group
Ask for Plans and Profitable
Organizer Arrangements


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w # Q O + i "


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you don't have such a card, it's a snap to get one-provided you're under 22
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