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February 22, 1961 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-02-22

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BUREAUCRACY
AND STUDY
See Page 4

Lw6

Il att~l

PARTLY CLOUDY
High--0
Continued mild
through Thursday

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXI, No. 98

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1961

FIVE CENTS

SIx I

'U' BAND PERFORMS:
Tour Opens in Moscow

MOSCOW ') - The University
1band, using a pumber of borrowed
instruments, opened an eight-week
tour of the Soviet Union last night
with a warmly received concert at
Moscow's Sports Palace.
The audience couldn't get enough
of Gershwin tunes.
The Soviet news agency Tass
[ hailed the concert and said "this
sensitive, fluid and disciplined stu-
dent orchestra is well on a par
with many professional groups as
regards the standard of perform-
ance."
About 6,000 Muscovites-mostly
young people -attended but the
turnout was about 10,000 short of
filling the hangar-like sports pal-
ace.
The tour was to have opened
last night but bad weather delayed
the band's arrival. Several band
members felt the postponement
was partly to blame for the rela-
tively light attendance.
The best liked selections were
"Summertime," from "Porgy and
Bess," and a medley from "My
Fair Lady.";
Selections by American com-
posers such as Robert Russell Ben-
nett received only polite applause,
as did pieces by the Italian Verdi
and the Russians Rimsky-Korsa-
kov and Prokofleff.
Conductor William D. Revelli
got warm applause when he
thanked the audience and said
"music is the greatest instrument
in the world for peace."
When the two-hour concert
ended, several thousand persons
crowded around the bandstand,
obviously hoping for some Ameri-
can numbers. Several in the audi-
ence kept shouting "Gershwin."
Revelli responded with several
mild marches and the Internation-
ale. Demands for Gershwin tunes
continued and the crowd moved
away only when the Russian mas-
ter of ceremonies shouted, "It's
over."

Katanga
Against
Ask Troops sourT
In UN Plan PO
For Congo SUMTER,
of Negro stu
went to jail
U.S. Backs Directive testing segre
sda shop
To Avert Civil War S umter op C
UNITED NATIONS (')-Secre- "I'm not
tary-General Dag Hammarskjold have," a pol
yesterday called for more United about 50 de
Nations troop to carry out a new
Security Council peace plan aimed
at averting civil war in the Congo.
Hammarskjold welcomed the ai
plan - sponsored by the United
Arab Republic, Ceylon and Liberia A fire a
-as giving a stronger and clearer taurant la
mandate for the much-criticized Abor's fir
UN Congo operations. The United rescue.
States backed the resolution. Many Three p
diplomats were encouraged by the two waitre
fact that the Soviet Union with- burns, and
held a threatened veto and simply destroyed t
abstained. little other
Bow to Pressure began whe
The Russians bowed to Asian- waiter, tri
African pressure after they found cohol on th
no support for a Soviet demand he used thl
for the liquidation of the UN Con- the wrong
go operation and the dismissal of seemed u
Hammarskjold as secretary-gen- this), for1
eral. causing hi
Soviet delegate Valerian A. Zorin against th
insisted that the three-nation reso- There vw
lution gave Hammarskjold no new condition o
instructions, but neither the sec-
retary - general nor the Western
powers accepted this interpreta- COMPL
tion. C M L
Hammarskjold, in remarks to
the council, spoke of the "new, Say
duties that would be required of
the United Nations force in the .To
Forces Dwindle
His appeal came as he struggled Adv
to hang onto the forces he has at
present. The force has dwindledA
from a high of nearly 20,000 men A letter
to about 17,000, with other sizable Universitys
contingents scheduled to with- the Ann A
draw in the next two weeks. without que
The main task 'facing the UN of an apart
force is to place a buffer between the fact ti
the troops of the Soviet-backed words "Whi
Stanleyville regime and two main before the m
opposing forces, those of the Ka- city Huma
tanga government and those of Sion.
President Joseph Kasavubu, com- John Vee
manded by Maj. Gen. Joseph Mo- News "did n
butu. from placin
they had ev
IBM Falters; fact that th
stated to t
tent to per
Delays Rush tnto r
columns to
tory qualifi
Panhellenic Association rush sible, he fel
processing was held up for three "lack of gc
hours yesterday when a power the Commis
failure halted operation of the matter.
IBM 704 computer Panhel is using. Rev. Heni
The cards being processed were the executi
lists of which rushees would at- Commission,
tend which of the second set of ranging a m
parties held last night and tonight. the News w
As a result of the delay, lists were discuss the
not delivered to the sorority give the Ne
houses until the first parties were every benefi
already in progress. matter," he
Although the power failure mission will
slowed down the procedure, the until the re
cards were at no point disarranged. are known.

o 's

lobilize

Its

Congo Comman

Force

HERN DEMONSTRATORS:
lice Arrest Negro Students

BAND MEMBERS IN RUSSIA-Although they were much dlelayed
the University symphony orchestra at last arrived in Russia.
Mere Don Sinta, '61M, is shown taking a picture of other mem-
bers of the orchestra in front of St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow.
From the left are Tom Gaskill, '62M; Kurt Newmann, orchestra
manager; Mary Waitkus, '61M; Larry Livingstone, '64M; Eugene
Gonzalez, '61M; George Etheridge, '64M; and Sinata.

S. C. (A) - Dozens
dents, singing hymns,
1 yesterday for pro-
gation in a drug store,
and city library in
sure how many we
ice sergeant said after
monstrators had been
rbecue?
4 the Rubaiyat Res-
ast night sent Ann
emen rushing to the
eople-a waiter and
sses - suffered mild
a wall calendar was
otally, but there was
damage. The trouble
n L. G. Fenerly, the
ed to pour the al-
e shish-kebab. Either
he wrong mixture or
amount, (firemen
enable to determine
the food flared up,
lm to throw the stuff
e calendar.
vas no report on the
f the shish-kebab.
AINT:
s News'
k Biased
ertising
of complaint from a
student stating that
Arbor News accepted
stion his advertisement
ment for rent despite
hat it contained the
te only" was brought
nonthly meeting of the
n Relations Commis-
nstra, '61E, said the
nothing to dissuade me
g the ad even though
very opportunity to do
ed that, in view of the
e News had previously
he commission its in-
suade the users of its
eliminate discrimina-
ers as rapidly as pos-
t the News showed a
ood faith" and asked
sion to investigate the
ry Lewis, chairman of
ve committee of the
, said that he is ar-
meeting of officials of
with his committee to
matter. "We want to
ws every opportunity,
t of the doubt in this
commented. The Com-
1 refrain from action
sults of that meeting

arrested for breach of the peace.
"They're still bringing them in."
Some of those arrested were
among hundreds of students from
Morris College who tried to march
on downtown Sumter.
Seven other Negro students,
from Benedict College, were ar-
rested in a demonstration at Co-
lumbia, S. C., and one of several
white teen-agers who snatched
anti-segregation signs from Negro
pickets at Tallahassee, Fla., was
taken in custody by a juvenile of-
ficer. The white boy was released
on indefinite probation.
At Opelika, deep in Alabama's
Agree, on Aid
For Jobless
WASHINGTON (P)-The House
Ways and Means committee
reached tentative agreement yes-
.terday on President John F. Ken-
nedy's top priority legislative pro-
posal-additional benefits for the
long-time unemployed who have
used up their insurance rights.
Aides said final committee ac-
tion is expected today on a bill to
make almost $1 billion available
for extra unemployment payments
for up to 13 weeks.
To finance the program, how-
ever, the committee is substitut-
ing for the Kennedy administra-
tion proposal a method preferred
by most Republicans and business
spokesmen who appeared before
the group.
The committee, meeting all day
behind closed doors, was under-
stood to have agreed on an in-
crease in the unemployment insur-
ince tax rate, limited to two
years. The tax, now 3.1 per cent,
would go up to 3.4 or 0.5 per cent,
depending on final studies of the
amount needed. Kennedy proposed
maintaining the present rate, but
extending the base on which it is
applied from $3,000 to $4,800 per
employe.
Although in either case the cost
of the emergency extra payments
would be met by stepping up a
tax paid by employers, business
witnesses objected strongly to the
increase in the tax base.

"black belt," the United States
Justice Department sought to
prove in a Federal court trial that
Negroes were systematically kept
from voting in Macon county. The
county has a ratio of six Negro
residents to each white person,
but registered white voters out-
number Negro voters 2-1.
A Negro minister was arrested
for refusing to leave a railroad
station restaurant for white people
in Atlanta and at Nashville, Tenn.,
27 college students-including one
white girl-won dismissal on a
technicality after their arrest for
a theatre stand-in demonstration.
In the Sumter demonstrations,
Negro leaders charged that a Ne-
gro girl was knocked douvn by a
policeman and injured, but a doc-
tor who. examined her said he
found no evidence of any injury.
Forty young Negroes took part
in three lunch counter sit-ins dur-
ing the Columbia demonstration.
A student leader said anti-segre-
gation protests there would con-
tinue indefinitely.
At Dtock Hill, S. C., eight Ne-
groes jailed in/earlier demonstra-
tions were taken off their bread
and water diet in solitary con-
finement after agreeing to return
to work in the York county prison
camp.
At Lynchburg, Va., four Negroes
were arrested and charged with
trespassing after a sit-in demcn-
stration at a drug store lunch
counter.
Senate Voids
License Fee
LANSING (1P) - The state Sen-
ate, amid angry name-calling,
passed a bill yesterday repealing
the law which requires collection
of 35 cents from motorists for re-
flectorized license plates.
The vote was 24-7 on the meas-
ed from Salisbury, his capital, that
The bill makes no provision for
returning the estimated $300,000
already collected by the state
since the law went into effect last
spring.
There has been no money allo-
cated to pay for the reflectorized
plates. Motorists, as a result, have
protested that they are paying for
something they don't, receive.

SGC
PRiots Film
Post oned
The planned showing of the
film "Operation Abolition" at to-
night's Student Government Coun-
cil meeting has been cancelled,
Council Executive Vice-President
Per Hanson, '62, announced last
night.
Hanson said that he had been
Informed by the group at Wayne
State University that owns the
film and had planned to bring it
up for the showing tonight that
they would be unable to do so.
Gregg Nigosian, spokesman for
the group, said that the difficulty
was only in providing transporta-
tion for a member to bring the
film to the University.
To Expedite Approval
A motion will be presented to
the Council tonight by the execu-
tive committee regarding, the ac-,
tivities section of the University
regulations booklet.
"The major purpose of this mo-
tion is to facilitate approval of
student sponsored events and
clarify the procedures involved,"
John Feldkamp, '61, chairman of
the Council, said.
The change in the regulations
means that the Council as a whole
will not act on calendaring of
student events except for events
referred to the Council by James
A. Lewis, vice-president for Stu-
dent Affairs.
Two Other Motions
The Council will also decide on:
two motions that have previously
been considered in committee as
a -whole since they are expressions
of student opinion.
One is a motion by Seasonwein
which would amend the University
regulations on membership lists to
require organizations to list their
officers and faculty advisor with
the Office of Student Affairs but
not their members, as is present-
ly required. The motion would give
organizations the option of con-
firming their membership require-
ment of twenty or more by either
a notarized statement or a mem-
bership list.
The other motion, proposed by
Daily Editor Thomas Hayden, '61,
condemns use of evaluation forms
by the chemistry department for
students in University chemistry
courses.

TRANSJT II-B:
U.S. Orbits Satellites;
May Aid in Navigation
WASHINGTON (P)-A pair of satellites launched from Cape
Canaveral on a single booster rocket are in orbit, the Defense De-
partment announced early today.
The double-header space rocket carrying the Navy's Transit III-B
satellite and a smaller hitchhiking vehicle was fired aloft at 10:45
p.m. (EST) last night.
The brief announcement by the Defense Department said that re-
ports received from various trackin gstations showed the satellites
were orbiting.
The Defense Department said that details of how high and along
what path the satellites were traveling wdtuld be announced later to-
day, after computations had been made.
The principal passenger on the rocket was the Navy's 250-pound
Transit III-B navigation satellite. Riding as a "hitchhiker" was a
54-pound sphere--nicknamed Lof-

Leader Cals
For Military
President Tshombe
Denounces Decision
Of Security Council
ELISABETHVILLE (')-Pre
dent Moise Tshombe yesterd
ordered all able-bodied Katanga
mobilized against the United 19
tions Congo command's newly-w
authority to use force to preve
civil war.
Blacks and whites alike of t
secessionist province got their
ders by radio, as they did li
August when Tshombe used t
threat of bloodshed to stall t
entry of a UN vanguard for
week_
In bitter reaction to the Secur
Council's newest decision the.
gro leader called UN troops er
mies and told a news conferer
that UN experts are men "wh
incapacity h'a been demc
strated." He said he is prepared
close the border.
Not Informed
But he side-stepped a quest
whether he would try to disa
UN detachments already ga
soned within Katanga, saying:
,have not .officially been infor$
of the Council resolution."
The Council authorized the Cc
go command, headed by IrIsh
Gen. Sean Mac~eown, to use fOs
if necessary to put down the thi
of war among rival Congolese fs
tions.
That command, reduced by I
recall of Moroccan and Uni
Arab Republic detachments
about 17,500 effectives, has. be
under orders to shoot only in .se
defense.
Troops Engaged
Tshombe's troops at the momi
are campaigning to drive re
Baluba tribesmen from north
Katanga. Farther north, a co:
sion threatens between Congo r
tional and Lumumbist, armies.
Tshombe also rejects a part
the resolution calling for wi
drawal from the Congo of
Belgian military and political a
visers. Such an exodus would st
his administration and army
key men. He said the Belgians1
have to stay, even if Belgium
ders them home.
Perhaps 200 00 men in the 20
bracket could be mustered fr
the copper-rich province's 1,250,
people, of whom 15,000 are B
gians. But only a relative hand
showed up for drill and weap
In the August call-up.
Civil Molbilizaton
"I mean by mobilization, A
of all civil mobilization,"Tsh='
said. "That means everybody I
to 'remain at his post, what"e'
instructions from a foreign po
may be."
Tshombe said there is a po
bility civilians will be drafted ix
the state police. He added il
service in the armed forces offer
chance of satisfying the wishes
"a great Number of foreign
(who) have asked for Kata
nationality."
Tshombe announced he has
vited the heads of all Congol
regimes to a parley in Gen
March 6 and "it is inadmissa
for the United Nations to interf
in Congo affairs at the very D
ment we are trying to find a so
tion."
Among others he named Co
President Joseph Kasavubu, Pr
dent Albert Kalonji of the So
Kasai Mining State and Anto
Gizenga of the Communist-bad
Stanleyville Lumumbist regime.
UN headquarters in Leopo

ville, 950 miles northwest of, t
city, pursued efforts to keep 1
peace in the wake of the dep
tation and execution of six Cc
golese politicians.
'U' Teacher Givei
Fellowship Grant
WASHINGTON (P)--Two Mi

ti-to study the passage through
the ionosphere of low frequency
and lightning-created radio sig-
nals.
The two-stage Thor-Able-Star
rocket blazed skyward at 10:45
p.m. EST with the two satellites
cradled in its nose. Both were
aimed at circular orbits about 575
miles above the earth.
The 80-foot Air Force rocket
left a fiery trail in the dark sky
as it lifted smoothly from its pad
(See earlier story Page 2)
and raced toward the southeast,
disappearing from sight about
three minutes after launch.
The doubleheader satellite tech-
nique was pioneered last June
when a . Thor-Able-Star hoisted
Transit II-A and a radiation study
satellite into successful orbits.
An attempt to orbit Transit III-
A and another radiation satellite
failed last Nov. 30 when the Thor-
Able-Star exploded, showering
rocket fragments on eastern Cuba
and setting off international rep-
ercussions.
.British Move
on New Polity
'For Rhodesia
LONDON (AM - The British an-
nounced yesterday their resolve to
impose a new constitution to give
Negroes in Northern Rhodesia
more self-rule.
Tho nrono cthreateied to get

U.S. Consults
Asia Neutrals
WASHINGTON (M)-The United
States yesterday sought speedy
formation of a neutral commission
by three Southeast Asian countries
as a first step in halting the fight-
ing in Laos.
United States officials said in-
tensive consultations are underway
with a number of governments.

House Rules CommitteeE
Postpones Crucial Votes
WASHINGTON (M)-The House Rules Committee yesterday put
off showdown votes on proposals to permit broadcasting of House
committee sessions, to create a Congressional fuels study committee
and to permit joint sponsorship of House bills.
It may act on all three at a session called for today.
Chairman Howard W. Smith (D-Va) said action was postponed
because Rep. Martha W. Griffiths (D-Mich) and Rep. Homer Thorn-
berry (D-Tex) could not be present. Mrs. Griffiths is sponsor of one

4
JAPANESE STUDENT COMMENTS:
Calls Japan Youth 'Communistic'
e~t--

By PAT GOLDEN
A visiting Japanese student
leader said last night that the
Japanese national student asso-
ciation (Zengakuren) is Commun-
istic, but not controlled by the
Communist party.
Masa Nishihara, former presi-'
dent of a student press agency in
Japan, pointed out a three-way
split in the Zengakuren which
places the controlling main stream
to the left of the Japanese Com-
munist Party and violently op-
posed to it.
"The Zengakuren's executive
committee and many local leaders
are Trotskyites, who feel the party
is moving too slowly. They openly
advocate revolution and oppose
peaceful coexistence."
Two Rich Branwsh

that as a union the Zengakuren
can issue executive orders for stu-
dent action.
Mandates Mobilize
A Zengakuren mandate, working
through campus student govern-
ment bodies, can mobilize -all
Japanese students for a demon-
stration or strike. Although par-
ticipation is still voluntary, most
students usually support demon-
strations. USNSA passes resolu-
tions on issues which concern stu-
dents, but does not have the power
to incite student action.
"Japanese students don't! have
the American concept of non-
violent demonstration. Most of
them, especially the main stream,
think aiction is ineffective unless
it is violent.

the United States, but "we must
remember that racial prejudice is
a world problem. I cannot blame
the American southerners for their
position. They just don't realize
how fast the world is changing."
He said the student movement
in the south is effective, but not
all students are aroused. In Japan
students are more politically so-
phisticated. While-they might not.
express they views individually,
they will turn out for mass action.
Americans seem to have the
opposite orientation: they may
privately express convictions which
they will not act upon. He said
there may be more pressure here
to keep ideas on an individual
level.
Nishihara recalled that he had
sent for a Czechoslovakian maga-

of the radio-television: Proposals
before the committee. Thornberry,
a Rules Committee member, is op-
posed to the fuels study measure.
In yesterday's session, commit-
tee members expressed doubts
about various proposals to allow
radio and television coverage of
proceedings of the House and its
committees.
Rep. Clarence J. Brown (R-
Ohio) said he was concerned about
the possibility that one viewpoint
might be presented, adding "that
has been done." There was a dan-
ger, he said, of "a very clever se-
lection of what would be put on
the air."
Rep. William M. Colmer (D-
Miss) replied that the same ar-
gument could be applied to press
coverage of House actions, with
newsmen selecting what they want
to write.
Rep. George Meader (R-Mich)
is one sponsor of a proposal to
permit each House committee to
decide if and when its proceedings
would be broadcast, and under
conditions. Television and radio,.

I .. .

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