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February 21, 1961 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-02-21

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4

KNOWLEDGE
NOT 'FREE'
See Page 4

Y

Sirt x

~Iaii4

CLOUDY, WARMER
High-4
Low-25
Chance of rain with
clearing in afternoon.

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

LXXI, No. 97

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1961

FIVE CENTS

SI PA

FIVE CENTS

OA-Y PK

Ln

luestion Phi Delts'
l~embership Policy
'U' Students Claim Continued Bias
In Spite of Revised National Clause
By MICHAEL OLINICK
Local and national officers of Phi Delta Theta yesterday labelled
rue a charge of continued discriminatory membership selection
cesses.
The accusation came from three University students who said
actually "no change in admission policy of the fraternity" was
le in 1954 when the Phi Delts dropped an "Aryan blood" criterion
membership.
The students, Steven Agard, Grad, Joseph Baker, '62L, and David
gener, Grad, were Phi Delts at Swarthmore College when the
_*chapter there was expelled from
the national.
Their chapter had issued an ul-
timatum that it would disaffiliate
with the national if discriminatory
practices were not ended by Sep-
tember 1, 1958. The expulsion came
three days after that date. At the
Phi Delt convention in 1954, "so-
cially acceptable" was made the
requirement f o r membership.
Klingener said that this term was
still defined to exclude Negroes,
Orientals and Jews when his
chapter was expelled.
'Not Aware'
"These men were not fully
aware of the events of the last
convention," Duane' Wasmuth,
'62E Phi Delt president here, said
last night. He explained that the
membership clause had been re-
interpreted at the convention in
September, 1960.
"Since the minutes are not yet
fully completed, I can not say how
it was changed. The letter, how-
ever, is not wholly true." -
Phi Delt's executive secretary,
Robert Miler, of Oxford, Ohio, said
last night he believed "Their let-
ter is no longer truthful, though
at one time it was accurate."

Kennedy

Asks

Education Aid

With

Provision

for

Colleges

UN CouHncil
Passes Plan'
For.,Congo
Authorizes Force
To Prevent Warfare
UNITED NATIONS (JP) - The
United Nations Security Council
early today approved a broad
Asian-African peace plan for the
Congo-including use of force by
UN troops if needed to prevent
civil war.
It acted shortly after rejecting
overwhelmingly a Soviet resolu-
tion demanding the dismissal of
Dag Hammarskjold as Secretary-
General and an end to the UN!
operation in the Congo.
By a vote of nine to zero with
two abstentions the Council ap-
proved a United States-backed
See Earlier Story, Page 3
resolution submitted by the United
Arab Republic, Liberia and Ceylon
on behalf of a large segment of
Asian-African nations.
The abstainers were the Soviet
Union and France. A veto would
have certainly brought an emer-
gency session of the General As-
sembly on the Congo.
The three-nation resolution also
authorized the taking of immediate
measures for withdrawal of all
Belgian and foreign military per-
sonnel and missionaries from the
Congo.
Labor Chiefs
.Plan Parleyse
On .Recession,
MIAMI BEACH (I)-Leaders of
organized labor decided yesterday
to sponsor a series of "Get-Amer-
ica-to-Work" conferences culmi-
nating with a rally in Washington
to pinpoint the plight of the un-
employed.
The AFL-CIO executive council
approved plans for the conference
as proposed by the United Auto
Workers union. The meetings are
designed to bring together labor,
business, civic and political groups
to consider steps to spur economic
recovery.

DECISION MAKIN4
Millett Ci
By FRED KRAMER
"The individualnot an electron-
ic computer; is still the key to the
decision - making process," Presi-
dent John D. Millett, of Miami
University, said last night at a
meeting of the University chapter
of the American Society for Pub-
lic Administration.
Millett noted that "not all de-
cisions can be reduced to a math-
ematical model. For'instance, how
can our concept of excellence in
education ever be reduced to such
a model?"
He. also noted, that computer
programs do not take into con-
sideration problems of policy but
deal only with those of manage-
ment. Machines cannot take into
account the institutional context.
Power Structure
Many people overlook an in-
stitution's organizational tradi-
tions and power structure. Mach-
ines are unable to consider the dif-
ferences between public and pri-
vate administration, he continued.
"Business administrators func-
tion in an environment of private
legal responsibility, while public
administrators function in an en-
vironment of political responsibil-
ity. In public administration you
have only what the authority ofu
the law gives you while in private
admnistration you have all that
the authority of the law does not
deny you.''
Increase Role
However, regardless of the draw-
backs of administration by ma-
chines, they will be playing an
increasing role in the future. Mil-
lett said that in military adminis-
tration the method of operations
anaylsis, used in World War IIf
to choose which targets should
be bombed, has been replaced by1
machine selection of targets based
on a mathematical model.
Questions as to whether urban
concentrations should be given
preference to military targets
must still be decided by humans
administrators, he continued.
Millett explained that the in-t
crease of computer administration,
especially in everyday decisions,2
might result in an elite of admin-
istrators who feed important poli-t
cy decisions into the computer.
Since minor administrators
would be eliminated by machines,
the elite would become an un-
checked and powerful group.

tes Individual's Role

.roposes $5.7 Billio.
Long-Range Progran
Advocates Public School Support
For Building, Teachers' Salaries
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-President John F. Kennedy yesterda
proposed to Congress a $5.7 billion educational aid progra
Which included federal scholarships, loans for college an
university classroom construction and a continuation of loar
for dormitory building.
His proposals, which will be spread over the next foi
years, also advocated government grants to state publ
schools for classroom con- ;

MICHIGAN'S COLE
.. tries for rebound'

Iowa Edges
'M' ;Quintet

By CLIFF MARKS
The ball wouldn't go into the
basket for Michigan last night as
Iowa cooly converted six free
throws in the final two and one-
half minutes to hand the Wolver-
ines their second straight close
defeat, 50-46at Yost Field House.
As was the case against second
place Purdue (8-2) Saturday,
Michigan saw its hopes for a sec-
ond Big Ten victory dashed in the
final minutes as third-place Iowa
(7-2)hdumped Michigan (1-8) in-
to the cellar. (Both Michigan
State and Wisconsin won their
second conference games last
night.)
Iowa was leading 45-43 when
sparkplug Matt Syzkowny made
two charity tosses after drawing
a foul from Michigan's pressing
zone defense. The Wolverines had
a chance to narrow the gap again,
to two points, but a missed layup
practically sealed their doom as
Iowa's leading scorer Don Nelson
added two more foul shots. Nel-
son , matched his 22.0 average,
scoring 11 in each half.
Iowa had begun slowing the al-
ready deliberate action down with
six minutes left and the score 41-
37. After John Tidwell made it
41-39, the Hawks went into a
semi-deep freeze, then a stall, to
protect the lead, which reached
50-43.
Typical of their aggressive play
throughout, the Wolverines came
back to make the final difference
only four, and they were sending
a futile flurry of shots goalward
as the final buzzer found the
players in a mad scramble.
See IOWA, Page 6;

Under Fire
The fraternity's membership
practices came under fire last
week when a national council of
Phi Delt officers ordered the Lake
Forest College chapter to depledge
a Jewish student.
"The case at f.ake Forest is not
a matter-of the student being Jew-
ish, but rather a matter of this
student not being able to com-
pletely accept Christianity and, as
far as we know, not being a mem-
ber of any Christian church," John
Shepman, a member of the council,
explained.
Jewish Student
Miller claimed that the depledg-
ing came "not because he was
Jewish, but because there was a
question of whether he believed in
God or not. There are no atheists
or agnostics in our fraternity."
Asked if a Jewish student who
believed strongly in Judaism could
become a Phi Delt, Miller said,
"Such a student would probably
not have chosen Phi Delt. I don't
know what would happen if one
did. We've never faced that situa-
tion.'

-Daily-Larry Vanice
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SEMINAR - Miami University's
President John D. Millett last night viewed "The New Science of
Decision-Making."
SOUTHERN STUDENTS:
Negro Prisoners Plce
On Bread, Water Diet
By The Associated Press
Eight Negro students jailed in a Rock Hill, S. C., sit-in demon-
stration have been placedon bread and water in solitary confinement
for what prison officials called a sit-down and refusal to work.
Charles C. Maloney, superintendent of the nearby York County
Prison Camp, said, "We will let them out when they show us they
are ready to go to work and obey orders."
Maloney confirmed yesterday the students from Friendship Col-
lege at Rock Hill had been in solitary since Friday. They were among
11 jailed recently when they refused to post $100 bail each pending
appeal on conviction of trespass during a variety store sit-in,
The Rev. C. A. Ivory, president of the York county chapter of
the NAACP, said one student was tranferred to the York County
Jail for making a motion ,toward

CONSTITUTION:
Pollock Advocates Convention

v

By CAROLINE DOW

Voters Select
Remant, Eley
In City Contest
In yesterday's primary election,
Ann Arbor voters from the first
ward chose Democrat Lynn W.
Eley and Republican Harry K.
Remnant to run for the council
seat of the retiring Republican.
Harold J. McKercher in the April
third election.
Democrats voted 318 for Eley to
212 for his opponent, Wallace W.
Franklin. On the Republican tick-

Prof. James K. Pollock, chair-
man of the political science de-
partment, called for an "inggest
into an outmoded constitution" at
a Citizens for Michigan meeting
last night in the Ann Arbor Public
Library.
Prof. Pollock called for passage
of con-con explaining that, since
the 1907 constitutional convention,
few major changes had been made
while the state had advanced and
changed tremendously.
Cites Changes
Changes in population growth
and distribution, the industrial-
rural balance, the powers and
duties of government, regulation
and law enforcement and the
place of state government in the
federal structure make the re-
examination of the state constitu-
tion necessary, he, said.
Since the depression of the
1930's government has become "a
service institution, no longer to
be feared" and with the growth
of service the budgets and com-
plexities of administration have
quadrupled, Prof. Pollock said.
Also since the Depression, the
federal government has been gain-
ing influence and now employs
more individuals in Michigan than,
the state government.
Outmoded Constitution
State limitations-an outmoded

new administration is considering
an urban affairs cabinet postion.
"I am in favor of -an inquest of
how to adapt to these changes
which are whittling away the con-
trol that the original constitution
gave to the satte," Prof. Pollock
said.
Attacks System
Prof. Pollock then directly at-
tacked the "expensive, inefficient
and irresponsible" sprawling sys-
tem of the executive branch, say-
ing that the state itself did not
know whether it had 122 or 147
separate agencies in the executive
system. Prof. Pollock quoted for-

mer Governor G. Mennen Williams
as being constantly concerned
about the sprawling executive
branch and never knowing every-
thing that went on.
He saw no reason for the elec-
tion of the auditor general and
judges,tas they shouldebe inde-
pendent of politics. He favored
the short ballot and the abolish-
anent of the spring election and
said the bi-cameral structure of
the legislature was inefficient and
aided buck-passing. He suggested
consideration of the Nebraska uni-
cameral system as it was success-
ful.

J
.1
3
E
r
4
t

a prison official. The others began'
a fast and also protested whatj
they called overwork.
In another development at
Greenville, southeastern regional
NAACP leaders completed a four-.
day meeting by calling on Negroes
to stop buying from those who
don't give them equal job oppor-
tunities.
In addition, Clarence Mitchell,
Washington director, told the clos-
ing session the NAACP is consid-
ering whether to establish a $10
million fund through private and
group contributions to meet the
'conomic challenges of discrimina-
tion.
Catholics in Georgia and South
Carolina were informed that pa-
rochial schools will be desegregat-
ed not later than the public schools
in their respective dioceses.
The policy was enunciated in
pastorial letters issued by three
southern bishops.
In Atlanta hundreds of adult
Negroes staged a rally in the
Wheat Street Baptist Church in
support of about 78 students ar-
rested in sit-in demonstrations.
The students are remaining in
jail rather than post bond.
The meeting originally was
scheduled to be held around the
county jail but was shifted to the
church when city officials said it
might upset prisoners.
Hlotel Refuses,
Negro Doctors
Lunch Service
ATLANTA RI) -- Eight Negro
doctors attending the Atlanta
Graduate Medical Assembly at the
Biltmore Hotel were arrested yes-
erday when they tried to eat at
he hotel's segregated cafeteria.
One other Negro doctor left

Band Lands,
In Moscow
Three airlines, two stops, and
60 hours later, the University Sym-
phony Band, under the direction
of Prof. William D. Revelli of the
music school, finally arrived in
Moscow for its first leg of the
four month tour of Russia, East-
enm Europe and the Near East,
but they were too late for the
first concert.
Delayed here and there since
Saturday morning by a series of
mishaps, the band arrived to find
the opening concert at the Mos-
cow Sports Palace-scheduled for
yesterday--postponed for 24 hours,
Saturday morning, the band's
scheduled departure time from
Detroit, it arrived at the airport
to find its plane grounded as a
result of an airline flight en-
gineers' wildcat strike.
The Federal Mediation Board
and President John F. Kennedy
had called the strikers back to
work but to no avail.
The band was thus delayed some
13 hours, until the union agreed
to allow the airline to fly them
out on two twin-engine planes-
which don't need flight engineers.
The planes were ordered down
from Montreal, but they were late
in departing the Canadian city
because of fog. Once in Detroit,
the planes withpassengers were
again delayed by fog on their
departure for New York.
In New York, the band was put
aboard a charter of a foreign air-
carrier, thus avoiding the strike
difficulties, and, after another fog
delay, were flown to London,
where they again changed planes,
continuing to Moscow aboard a
Russian jet.
TZ> 1 Tib

struction and/or teachers' sal-
aries. Kennedy described his
bill to Congress, which has
never passed a general aid to
education law, as "an essen-
tial though modest contribu-
tion."
Limit Funds
Republicans called the Admin-
istration bill excessive and Senate
Minority Leader Everett M. Dirk-
sen (R-Ill) countered with a $2
billion aid program over a four-
year period, which would limit
funds to school classroom con-
struction only for states on a
matching basis.
The President's plan stressed:
1) College scholarships awarded
over a five-year period, averaging
$700 per year, with an additional
$350 stipend going to colleges and
universities for each scholarship to
meet actual costs. The scholar-
ship program, which could- range
up to $1,000 depending on need,
would begin with 25,000 grants a
year, increasing to 37,500 in the
second year and 50,000 from then
on. Cost: $1.5 billion.
College Classrooms
2) New long-term, low-interest
loans for the building of college
classrooms, laboratories and other
educational facilities. For each of
five years,' $300 , million would be
authorized.
3) Continued loans for college
dormitory construction for five
years, costing $250 million annual-
ly,
4) Grants to states for class-
room construction and/or teach-
er salaries, depending upon the
wishes of 'the state. Each state
would receive at least $15 per pu-
pil in average daily public school
attendance, the average being
$19.75 in the first year. The aver-
age payments, based on a formula
using a state's total personal in-
come divided by the number of
students compared with the cor-
responding national totals, would
increase to $22.04 the second year,
then to $24.22 for the third and
last year. Total cost: $2.3 billion.
'U' Offizcials
Consider Plan
Of School Aid
University officials commented
on the aid to education plan pro-
posed by President John F. Ken-
nedy, pinpointing the use now
made of federal funds and possible
future additions.
In the area of construction,
Vice-President for Business and
Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont ex-
plained that the University has re-
ceived outright grants from the
federal government for laboratory
facilities in mental health and
biological fields, but no outright
loans or grants for academic fa-
cilities, such as classrooms and
salaries.
Pierpont cited the problem of
finding resources to repay the
loans as a "major consideration"
in seeking them for expansion.
Assistant Dean of Men John M.
Hale explained that almost all
University dormitory construction
since West Quadrangle had been
financed by federal loans because
of the low interest rate. -
Assistant Dean of Men Ivan
Parker said that at the present

Deans Visit
Dorm Talk
On Clothin
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
No action resulted from las
night's meeting of the Alice Lloy
Hall inter-domitoy council o
dress regulations with Assistan
Deans of Women Elsie R. Fulle
and Catherina Bergeon.
The meeting was called to giv
the deans and the council an op
portunity to exchange views on th
Lloyd council proposal which call
for permission to wear slacks tI
breakfast and lunch (except fo:
Sunday) and to Friday an& Satur
day night dinners.
All Lloyd residents were sup
posed to vote on the revision las
Wednesday, but the election wa
cancelled by the Lloyd hous
mothers after consultation wit]
the Dean of Women's Office.
Expresses Desire
Mrs. Fuller expressed a desir
to postpone action on specifi
rules until a committee, to b
composed of representatives from
the Dean of Women's office, th
residence halls staff, house presi
dents and members of Assembl
Dormitory Council, has a chanc
to discuss "the overall philosoph
of the dormitories which will serve
as a larger frame of reference int
which dress regulations fit."
Members of the council believe
general philosophy would be valu
able, but say it is necessary to bey
gin with specifics. The council's
philosophy, submitted to house
mothers for written commen
along with the proposed change
states that a pride in personal ap
pearance should regulate dress.
Council members argue stha
since many women wear slacks t
classes, they will be better groomed
at lunch if they are permitted t
wear the slacks than if they
changed hurriedly into a P-tanar
unwashed, unironed "dinner dress'
to comply with regulations.
'PNor Judgment'
Mrs. Fuller said the council ha
showed "poor judgment" in 4ro.
posing to submit the changes t
an all-dormitory vote. "You (thi
council members) as representa":
tives of the other women in th
dorm, are responsible for helping
to establish and enforce the regu
lations," she said.
A follow up meeting of th
deans, the house directors an
council members will be held with
in the week.
Witnesses Cite
Discrimination
In Registering
OPELIKA, Ala. ()- Testimon3
from federal witnesses yesterda3
pictured sharp contrasts in vote
registration requirements for white
and Negro persons in Macoi
County.
An admittedly illiterate white
woman told of a voter registrat
going to her home and signing hei
up, while Negroes with high school
diplomas-one with three years of
college-testified they made re-

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