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February 18, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-02-18

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

r

1an
.sk Force
Essential

on

lans Pr
Congo I
.- : . .-

For Crisis,
Ceylon, Liberia, UAR
Submit Resolution;
Soviet Veto Feared
UNITED NATIONS (IP) - Three
Asian-African nations put before'
the United Nations Security Coun-
cil yesterday their plan for peace
in. the Congo-including use of
force if necessary by UN troops to
stop civil war.
But the threat of a Soviet yeto
hung over the plan, and there
were reports the United States
was dissatisfied with some of its
wording.
This raised the prospect of an-
,other emergency session of the
General Assembly on the Congo
before the regular session resumes
in less than three weeks.
Africans Support'
Ceylon, Liberia and the United
Arab Republic submitted the res-
olution, described by one African
delegate as having the support of'
all Asian-Africans "from leftist
Guinea to pro-western Tunisia."
In addition to authorizing use
of force if needed to halt civil
war, the resolution urges:
1. Taking of measures for im-
mediate withdrawal and evacua-
tion from the Congo of all Belgian
and foreign mercenaries.
2. Halting by all states of de-
parture of such personnel to the
Congo.
3. Immediate and impartial in-
vestigation into the death of for-
mer Congo Premier Patrice Lum-
umba.
Would Convene Parliament
It urges also the immediate
convening of the Congo Parlia-
ment, and the reorganization of
all Congo armed units.
Nowhere in the resolution does
the name of Secretary-General
I)ag Hanmarskjold or Congo
'President Joseph Kasavubu ap-
pear.
A United States spokesman said
there would be no comment until
after the resolution is studied. But
'informed sources said the United
States wanted the resolution to
make clear Hammarskjold's con-
tinued .authority in the UN Congo
operation, and also to provide that
Kasavubu be consulted on reor-
ganization of the Congo army.
Some Asian-African diplomats
said this would make a Soviet
veto inevitable, and they expressed
hope the United States would not
press the point.
Any mention of Hammarskjold
or Kasavubu was regarded as cer-
tain to cause a Soviet veto in
view of Moscow's demand that
Hammarskjold be fired.

. UN HUDDLE -Dag Hammarskjold, United Nations secretary
general confers with Omar Loutfi, the chief UN delegate from
the United Arab Repubile, during yesterday's meeting of the
Security Council to debate the Congo crisis.
NEW APPROACH:
M.ay. Ask Guarantele
fLasNurlt

esent
oUN
Factions Vie
For Control
Of Province
Lumumba Aide
Unseated in Kivu
LEOPOLDVILLE M - Patrice
Lumumba's lieutenants are locked
in a desperate struggle for power
among themselves and anarchy
reigns in the one-third of the
Congo they control, intelligence
reports said yesterday.
Anicet Kashamura, a close ad-
viser of the dead ex-premier, has
been dethroned as head of Kivu
province and taken by army escort
to 'Stanleyville, the rebel capital,
diplomatic advices said. He was
considered number two behind
Communist-backed rebel Premier
Antoine Gizenga. But Gzenga
himself is reported to be in peril.
Report Beatings
Refugees reaching neighboring
Ruanda-Urundi from Kivu said
Kashamura was beaten before his
arrest. They told of terror rsing
in Bukaviu, Kivu capital, with one
priest beheaded and other whites
molested by unruly rebel soldiers
and young nationalists.
Reports reaching Leopoldville
said Kashamura was taklen to
Stanleyville after a falling out
with his provincial deputy, Ber-
nardin Diaka.
There was speculation, however,
that Kashamura, who - considers
himself a socialist, was too soft
to play the hard Communist-style
role expected of him in Kivu.
Shaky Position
Gizenga, whose army put Kas-
hamura in power in Kivu earlier
this month, was believed to be in
a shaky position because of his
lack of a personal political follow-
ing in Oriental.
One claimant mentioned in in-
telligence reports for Lumumba's
chair of authority is Bernard Sal-
umu, anti-Western commissioner
of Stanleyville. Some ministers in
President Jean Foster Manzikala's
Oriental provincial government
also have been mentioned.
One high western diplomat said
the whole picture of rebel chaos
and confusion would be changed
overnight if the leftist succeed in
gaining the support of Sudan. This
would open a road for arms and
supply shipment to the-rebels from
their friends in the United Arab
Republic.

LONDON (A' -- The United
States, Britain and other nations
are considering a declaration
spelling out their resolve to safe-
guard the unity, independence
and neutrality of Laos.
Diplomatic authorities, report-
ing this. yesterday, said the dec-
laration would list principles and
methods by which a new Laotian
peace settlement could be achiev-'
ed '
May Neutralize.
The definition of Western poli-
cy, now under high-level study,
is understood to imply a readiness
to join in an East-West guaran-
tee of Laotian neutrality on the
Austrian model; once peace is re-
stored to the Indochinese king-'
dom. The Big Four in 1955 signed
a pact formally underwriting Aus-
trian neutrality.
Informants said the idea and
contents of the declaration have
emerged from the new approach
to the Laotian crisis formulated by
President John F..Kennedy's ad-
ministration. The new approach
has been the subject of intensive
consultation 'with Britain and
other interested countries and has
won full support from Prime Min-
ister Harold Macmillan's govern-
ment.
The declaration may have been
held up and perhaps even discuss-
ed with Moscow through diplo-
matic channels.

But the Russians have thus far
failed to reply to an urgent Brit-
ish proposal for quick reestablish-
ment of the Indian-Canadian-Pol-
ish truce mission, which had been
devised as an essential first step
toward ending the fighting in.
Laos.
More than that, the West has
received clearcut indications, from
the Russians informally and from
Red China publicly, that the Brit-
ish proposal as it stands will not
be accepted. Instead the Commu-
nist bloc seems bent on insisting
that an international conference
be called first in order to give the
peace mission new orders.
King Savang Vathana of Laos
will make an extraordinary appeal
to the world Sunday, the govern-
ment announced yesterday. In-
formed sources said he probably
will ask foreign nations to halt
what his government calls outside
interference in this jungle king-
dam's civil war, and appeal to all
Laotians to unite under his royal
banner.

World News Roundup
BRUSSELS (P)-The Liberal ministers in Premier Gaston Eyskens'
coalition cabinet handed in their resignation yesterday, threatening
the life of the government.
The Liberals-actually conservatives-stood fast with 'Eyskens'
Social Christians throughout the general strikes with which the So-
cialist opposition paralyzed Belgium through late December and early
January. But the coalition. split on the very object of the Socialists'
wrath, the rigid economy program that Eyskens pushed through
Parliament.
Eyskens confirmed to newsmen a Liberal party report that the
Liberal ministers' resignation had been presented to King Baudouin.
But he sii i had nt vet -hn~n

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