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May 27, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-05-27

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See Page 4

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom


Scattered showers
in afternoon, evening.


Xl, No. 172




1 I

rrest 20
Eu Korean
lunta Act
Seize Wealthiest.
Of Rhee Regime
SEOUL (P)-The South Korean
Ilitary junta' early this morning
fested about 20 leading busi-
nssmen for allegedly making ii-
gal. fortunes during the regime
r ousted President Syngman
Lee Pyung-Chul, considered
outh Korea's wealthiest busi-
essman, was visiting in Japan
ad thus escaped arrest, sources
%id. He left South Korea shortly
efore the military coup two weeks
go. Lee owns several big con-
rns, including a sugar refinery
ad.a flour mill.
No specific charges against the
'rested were made public by the
iiltary junta.
The former regime of Premier
>hn M. Chang earlier this year
assed a law designed to punish
ersons who had made illicit for-
nes under the Rhee regime.
A special enforcement commit-
se was activated in April, but no
uisinessmen were arrested by the
hang government under the pun-
hment law.
dd Support
Co Protest
Voice Political Party has added
s support to the proposed Lan-
ing demonstration by the Citizens
>r the Support of Higher Educa-
on, Kenneth McEldowney, '62,
-chairman of Voice, said last
Speaking for the executive com-
tittee, McEldowney said that the
earness of finals would prevent
ny formal organization being set
p to aid in planning.
Focus Attention
"As the motion on the inade-
uate appropriations passed by
tudent. Government Council last
Lonth focused the attention of
he campus on the problem with
he Legislature, so this demonstra-
on will help in focusing the at-
mtion of the entire state and
ation," McEldowney said.
Other student groups seemed
,s enthusiastic about the project.
Ibron A. Kruggel, '2, frmer
tatr chairman of the Student
[ichigan Education Association,
arned "the action is good as
ing as it doesn't become uncon-
YAF Opposed
William Sikkenga, '63, former
resident of the local unit of
oung Americans for Freedom,
uggested that methods used in
he pastdhave proved "more than
"The financial situation is re-
rettable, but I don't see any
ause to revert to methods that
ould seem to detract from the
ignity of the facuty," he added.
The Citizens for the Support of
igher Education has planned a
otorcade and an orderly demon-
ration in Lansing June 8 to pro-
st the recent budget cut by the
ate Legislature.

Kennedy Plans
For Vienna Talk,
Kennedy 'Determined To Resist'
Freedom's Opposition at Meetings
WASHINGTON (P)-President John F. Kennedy said last night he
is going to Vienna to tell Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev that the
United States is "determined to resist all those who seek the destruc-
tion of freedom."
Kennedy said this determination is matched only by America's
desire for peace.
"The silent guest at every conference table," Kennedy said, "will
be the freedom of man."
Speaks to Democrats
The President addressed a' Democratic party fund raising dinner
tonight, but largely in nonpolitical terms. In a talk to nearly 6,000
-party members, he bore down,

Paris Talks
West Berlin
PARIS (IP) -Divided Berlin
looms as the most immediate prob-
lem when French President
Charles de Gaulle and President
John F. Kennedy meet Wednesday
in a search for Western unity on
world coiflicts.
With Kennedy scheduled to meet
Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev in Vienna after his Paris visit,
Berlin is virtually certain to head
the agenda here.
Bolstering this belief is wide-
spread conviction that Soviet ef-
forts to oust the Western powers
from Berlin may reach a critical
stage before the year ends.
No opposition
There is reason to believe that
de Gaulle was advised well in ad-
vance of the Kennedy-Khrushchev
meeting and expressed no opposi-
tion, despite the fact that its in-
clusion on Kennedy's first trip to
Europe as President tends to dilute
the impact of the first de Gaulle-
Kennedy meeting,
But, it also gives the French
President an opportunity to offer
counsel, or restate the French posi-
tion on staying in Berlin.
Discussion of Berlin is sure to
bring up West Germany's desire
for its own nuclear armament. The
West Germans feel they are the
first line of defense against the
military might of the Soviet Union.
Geographically this is true, but
long-range missiles now lay West
Germany and its allies alike open
to concerted attack.
De Gaulle is striving to provide
Prance with its own nuclear weap-
ons and has made progress.
May Announce
Stevenson Tour
By The Associated Press
President John F. Kennedy met
with United States Ambassador
to the United Nations Adlai E.
Stevenson yesterday and talked
over the possibility that Stevenson
would go Lon a goodwill mission to
South America..
Although no formal announce-
ment came out of the meeting
observers expect Kennedy to con-
firm Stevenson's tour within a
couple of days.
Stevenson toured Latin America
as a private citizen last year and
was well received.

instead, on the journey he under-
takes Tuesday that will carry him
to Paris, to Vienna and to London.
Meanwhile, Khrushchev left
Moscow today on a whistle-stop-
ping trip which will carry him to
meet Kennedy in Vienna. He told
those who saw him off: "I hope
everything will go well."
The Soviet Foreign Ministry an-
nounced beforehand that Khrush-
chev would be making a series of
speeches in the Ukraine and
Czechoslovakia en route to Vienna.
was on the rise.
'Liberty' Grows
But Kennedy said he believed
they will say that the dominating
factor of the years from 1945 to
1961 "will be that liberty grew
and spread around the world." He
goes to Europe, he said, with con-
fidence in that thought.
Kennedy said that he believes
that meetings such as those he has
arranged with Khrushchev "can

LID Finds
Welch Said in Group
Affiliated with PIC
A co-chairman of the Political
Issues Club, a professedly liberal
group was suprised yesterday to
learn that Robert Welch Jr., the
founder and head of the ultra-
conservative John Birch Society,
is a member in good standing of
their affiliate group, the League
for Industrial Democracy.
Welch 'joined LID in 1958 and
has paid his annual dues each
year through 1961, the New York
Times reported yesterday.
Welch said he did not have the
slightest idea whether he belonged
to the League, but he said it was
possible he did,
Membership Form
A League director produced the
original membership application
form containing Welch's name and
"There could not be a more
distinct opposition in our points
of view," Robert Ross, '63, PIC
co-chairman said.
PIC is the local chapter of Stu-
dents for a Democratic Society
which is the student affiliate of
May Expel Welch
A League spokesman said it was
possible that Welch might be ex-
pelled from the organization un-
der a clause in the constitution
which provides for the expulsion
of a member "for an act of bad
faith" injurious to the organiza-
Ross said that the groups are
based upon a constant questioning
of the goals and processes of a
democratic society. "We know-
ingly accept no members with,
totalitarian beliefs on either the
left of the right," he said.
Ross also said that Welch's
membership is "very understand-
able." These people often send in
membership blanks as a matter
of course in order to receive a
group's publications.


Claims I
k Truce



-AP Wirephoto
WITH AN EYE TO THE FUTURE-This group of young men and women were among the thousands
taking examinations for the Peace Corps yesterday. Although this group is in San Francisco, the
tests were administered all across the nation, including many given in Ann Arbor to University
Volunteers Take Corps Tests



Twenty-two University Peace
Corps volunteers were among some
3,500 taking the first in a series
of examinations for the corps.
They took a grueling six and
one-half hour examination test
designed to help select those who
will lend their talents to support
and aid underdeveloped nations,
Richard Blake, examination ad-
ministration administrator, said

''Professors Criticize
Bill on Science Academy
University faculty members have described the national science
academy proposed in a House of Representatives bill as unnecessary,
overly expensive and unlikely to be approved by Congress.
"It would be much better for the government to give substantial
aid to the present universities," Prof. Algo D. Henderson, director
of the Center for Study of Higher Education, said.
The bill, sponsored by Rep. Victor L. Anfuso (D-NY) is being
considered by the House Committee on Science and Aeronautics. It

to meet Kennedy
play a real and helpful role in the
quest for peace."
To the West, he said, the meet-
ings in Vienna will symbolize the
unity of the Western world. To
Khrushchev, they will symbolize
America's intention to leave no
pathway to peace unexplored.
Seeks Insight
"Thus I go to Europe," Kennedy
said, "seeking not solutions to all
our problems but insight to condi-
tions that guide our destinies."
Former President Harry S. Tru-
man said it is comforting to see
that the issues confronting us are
being met with courage and deci-
And in Vienna, Austrian Presi-
dent Adolf Schaerf said "we hope
the Kennedy and Khrushchev
meeting brings about a change for
the better in world politics."

After the tests, Robert Sargent
Shriver, Jr., Peace Corps direc-
tor, issued' a statement saying the
turnout "clearly shovfs the high
quality of the men and women who
wish to serve .
Reach Goal
"We have said that we would
have 500 to 1,000 people overseas
this year," he added. "There is no
doubt that we will reach that
goal," the Associated . Press re-
ported Shriver as saying.
A second general examination,
this one for those who plan to
teach overseas at the secondary
level will be offered on both June
3 and 5. Peace Corps volunteers
have the option of taking this
test on either date, so that there
be no conflicts with their Uni-
versity examination schedules.
No Cutoff
Peace Corps officials say that
there is no such thing as a pass-
ing score on these tests. Instead
they will be evaluated to discover
those who have the particular
skills needed on specific projects.
This group of tests are the first
in a series. Persons who are in-
GOP Attacks
Kennedy's Job
WASHINGTON () -- Republi-
cans tagged President John F.'
Kennedy's domestic programs last
night as "pie-in-the-sky" and said
his foreign policies have driven
United States prestige to a new
GOP National Chairman Thrus-
ton B. Morton and the national
committee's& "Battle Line" publi-
cation fired double-barreled blasts
at Kennedy's proposals to Con-
gress Thursday and his support of
the Cuban tractors-for-prisoners
fund raising campaign.

terested in applying for the Peace
Corps may submit their applica-
tions to the national offices in
Washington, D.C. and be sched-
uled for one of the later testing
Probably more than half the 7,-
000 who asked for applications
showed up yesterday morning.
Three Countries
So far, the 'Peace Corps has
agreements with the Philippines,
Colombia and Tanganyika.
Officials say they also are ne-
gotiating with Ghana, Nigeria,
India, Pakistan, Burma, Malaya
and Thailand.
Johns Hopkins
Asked To End
Research Job
BALTIMORE (,)-Johns Hop-
kins University confirmed yester-
day that it is being relieved of
managing the Operations Research
Office at Bethesda, Md., by the
Ellis A. Johnson, director of the
research organization, said a dis-
agreement between the Army and
the university about the prepara-
tion of certain research programs
at ORO led to the Army's deci-
"The Army and the university
could not agree on the details of
the Army's desire to manage
ORO's research in detail, and to
limit the scope of the research
itself," said Johnson.
"The university took the atti-
tude," he said, "that research
should be conducted on the basis
of letting the chips fall where
they may.
Johnson said the Army had
"demanded" his dismissal, but
that the University refused.

Says Troops
Violate Pacet
Pathet Lao Denies
Charges; Protests
Western Aggression
GENEVA (A-The United States
yesterday accused the Communist-
led Pathet Lao rebels of repeatedly
and willfully violating the cease-
fire in Laos, and demanded a halt.
The Pathet Lao denied the
charge and accused United States
officers of fomenting disorders in
The United States delegation is-
sued a statement to the stalled
14-nation Laotian conference de-
nouncing the Pathet Lao and
enumerating what it said were at
least 30 truce violations by the
rebels dating back to May 13.
Continue War
The statement said Path et Lao
troops are continuing the civil
war in cynical disregard of the
cease-fire agreement.
Phoumi Vongvichit, Pathet Lao
delegation head, called the Ameri-
can charges pure falsehood.
He told newsmen ''that Unte4
States officers have parachuted
pro-West royal Laotian and Thai-
land soldiers behind Pathet Lao
lines and masterminded repeated
cease-fire violations.
Ask Real Truce
The United States statement
urged the conference to get busy
hammering out a real truce in.
Laos to replace what many West-
ern delegations regard as an in-
effective paper cease-fire now in
There waf.' no explict threat of
a United States withdrawal from
the conference, but this implica-
tion was plain:
The United States delegation is
not prepared to sit in Geneva in-
definitely while Pathet Lao ar-
tillery and rebel infantry units
whittle away at territory held by
the pro-Western royal Laotian
Fighting Continues
Fighting was continuing in Laos.
Associated Press correspondent
Rene-Georges Inagakivaited.pro-
government Meo tribesmen In Pa
Dong, 100 miles north of Vien-
tiane, and found an artillery duel
in progress.
A spokesman for the Interna-
tional Control Commission, charg-
ed with supervising the cease-
fire, said there was "heavyfight-
ing" at Pa Dong but gave no
details. He denied reports of heavy
fighting near the royal capital of
Luang Prabang.
JACKSON () - Five of 27
"Freedom Riders" who were
jailed in their protest against
segregation in Mississippi post-
ed bond--three late last night
-and were released from jail.
The three, who were not
identified immediately, posted
bond and prepared to fly from
See earlier story, Page 3

Con-Con Delegates Agree on Position
Favoring Independent State Colleges

Texas GOP
Leads in Race
For Senate
DALLAS (A') - Republican col-
lege professor John G. Tower, who
said he has never supported a
liberal cause, shook the Texas'
Democratic Party early this morn-
ing as he increased his lead in a
special United States Senate elec-
The election of Tower, who has
never held public office, would put
a Republican from Texas in the
Senate for the first time in the
20th century.
In returns at 2 a.m. Tower had
444,386 votes to 436,210 for Wil-
liam A. Blakley, conservative
Democrat who is now interim
Senator by appointment. Tower
had 50.46 per cent of the ballots
out of the estimated one million
votes cast.
Bob Johnson, head of the Texas
election bureau, said "we'll just
have to let the figures speak for
themselves." He said he would not
predict the outcome on the basis
of the midnight vote count.
The 35-year-old Tower cam-
paigned hard against the President
John F. Kennedy administration's
new frontier with the help of Sen.
Barry Goldwater, (R-Ariz) and
GOP national committeeman
Thruston Morton, Kentucky.
Republicans were jubilant at
the showing of Tower against the
ranks of the state Democratic
party's major leaders.

calls for an institute that would
give both graduate and under-
graduate training in science and
Consider Youths
Applicants 17 to 25 years old
would be considered.
Vice-President for Research
Ralph A. Sawyer said that, as
chairman of the governing board
of the American Institute of
Physics, he had filed a statement
with the chairman of the House
committee about the bill.
The statement called such an
institute unnecessary and said
that scientists can be better train-
ed in our existing universities.
May Die in Committee
Sawyer said that he does not
think the bill will get out of com-
mittee, because it does not have
much support in the House.
Prof. Henderson objected to fie
portion of the bill that would re-
quire a set period of government
service from graduates of the
He addedthat the academy
would not have trouble getting
good faculty members because the
federal government pays well, but
it would have to take teachers
away from the established univer-
Prof. Merritt M. Chambers com-
mented that if the academy gives
a free college education, as the
military academies do, it would
have no trouble finding a large
number of applicants.
Request Probe
Of Police bias



.iversity students, professors,
ers and county clerks are all
nig bids to attend the Con-
ional Convention this fall in
e major issues and reforms
ntly sought are a proposed
year gubernatorial term, a
on of the state judicial sys-
abolition of constitutionally
narked" state revenues and
of most interest to theaca-
c community is the consti-
nal status of the state's col-
and universities.
chael Gillman, '61, a political
ce major and member of the
d in Control of Student Pub-

sities were to be brought under a
single board such as the Board
of Education, its academic pro-
gress would be hindered and part
of its uniqueness lost.
Faces Former Clerk
Gillman, 22 years old, faces a
former county clerk, 72 years old,
in his primary race. "The con-
vention won't lack for experienced
men," Gillman said when asked
about his age.
Jasper B. Reid. Spec, a Republi-
can is running from Oakland
County's Third District. Reid is
president of the Interdisciplinary
Scholars' Council, a new graduate
student group. ,
No Specifics
The group is considering the
in,,,e, i m ,nn icrh; .-rni,,. '. n t.. -.I

the constitutionality of the uni-
versities as one such exception.
Prof. Eugene Sutter of Eastern
MichigangUniversity's political
science department, running from
the Second Representative Dis-
trict, said he "always thought that
the University's constitutional sta-
tus protected it from partisan poli-
"The University particularly
needs such protection," he said.
Two other Con-con candidates
agreed that the universities should
remain autonomous.
Expect No Change
Alan Grossman, a Saline at-
torney, does not expect the con-
vention to reduce University au-'
tonomy by placing all Michigan
institutions of higher learning un-
rArn "A Qfn .s a +a rill'.nn -4'. n arri-.-

Intentional Atomic War S
But Conventional Battle iV

University. faculty members yes-
terday agreed in general that
there would probably be no in-
tentional nuclear war in the near
future, with some claiming that
one might start from a limited,
conventional war.
"It's ancient history that we're
not going to have an all-out nu-
clear war," Martin C. Needler of
the political science department
But Prof. Irving A. Leonard of
the history department believes
that the line between conventional

Although people are obviously
aware of the possibility of atomic
warfare, it remains a remote pos-
sibility like disease or death,
which most prefer not to con-
Cites Dulles' Policy
Needler cited former Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles as be-
ing "the massive retaliation man."
But, headded, even Dulles real-
ized that all-out nuclear war was
Prof. Leonard explained that

aid Unlikely,
light Expand
the Middle East-in the Congo?-
Yes. Around the fringes of China?
Missiles- have been and may,
again be used effectively, he ex-
plained. The fact that we didn't
use gas in World War II, although
both sides had it, cannot be com-
pared to a restraint in the use of
He cited this parallel as a "com-
mon error" in military thinking.
"Gas was not an accurate weap-
on," Prof. Bretton said. "The dan-

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