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May 10, 1961 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-05-10

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LANSING UNEQUIPPED
TO RUN UNIVERSITIES
See Page 4

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COOLER
High-58
Low--40
Partly cloudy with diminishing
northwest winds

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXI, No. 156 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 10, 1961 FIVE CENTS

EIGHT PAGES

.IFC DelaysActiont
OnBias Statement
By DAVID MARCUS
Interfraternity Council Executive Committee last night delayed
action on a bias claus statement to allow for reconsideration of the
resolution's wording.
Seeing no opposition to the statement's general contents, which
asks cooperation toward the eventual end of racial and religious
prejudice in local fraternities, IFC President Robert Peterson, '62,
-1predicted eventual passage of a

State

Senate

Defeats

Proposal

For. Continui-ng

Nuis~

4)

Yost To Alter
Daily Motion
By BARBARA WASH
At the Student Government
Council meeting this evening,
James Yost, '63, plans to submit a
different motion concerning The
Michigan Daily.
Yost said that in his earlier
motion, "the wording left much to
be desired." Although the Council
members criticized last week's
Daily motion as too vague, Yost
said he did not intend to "cite
specific examples" in the new mo-
tion.
"This.will not be the same mo-
tion," he said. However, Yost was
not sure whether he would reword
the old motion or substitute a new
motion. If he does substitute a
differen motion, he plans to "at-
tack the issue from another
angle," Yost explained.
A motion will be introduced to-
night by Kenneth McEldowney,
1'62, concerning the residence hall
non-academic confidential reports.
McEldowney's motion will ask
SGC to be "sharply critical" of
the confidential nature of the re-
ports. He said that their being
confidential hinders effective
counseling and provides the stu-
dent with little check against un-
fair or inadequate evaluations.
McEldowney said that the actual
content of the forms "leaves much
to be desired."
Moch's proposal, which requests
SGC approval of the residence hall
reports, is modeled on a motion
passed by IQC supporting the
forms. "I think as far as residence
hall evaluations go, IQO's opinion
should be held important," Moch
said.
Compensation
Plan Revised
For Jobless
LANSING W--For the second
time, the House of Representatives
yesterday approved a plan making
major revisions in the state un-
emplbyment compensation law.
The measure, an amendment to
a comparatively minor bill, went
once more to the Senate, where it
got sidetracked in the labor com-
mittee last month,
Straight Vote
Again, it cleared the House on
a straight party-line vote, 56-53.
The bill would increase jobless
pay taxes on employers by more
than $25 million a year and pro-
vide cost-of-living increases rang-
ing from $2 to $4 a week for cer-
tain unemployed workers.
Democrats waged another los-
ing fight to strike a provision
which provides for cancelling out
of $163 million in "negative bal-
ances" chalked up by employers
whose payments into the jobless
pay fund are less than unemploy-
ment compensation paid to their
jobless employes.
Unsuccessful Move
Democrats also tried unsuccess-
fully to throw out an amendment
that would nullify the effect of
the State Supreme Court's famed
Ford-Canton decision.
'The ,court held that Ford Motor
Co. employes. could collect unem-
ployment compensation when they
were laid off as a result of a
strike at a Ford plant in Canton,
0.
Bill on Rights
Lacks Support

WASHINGTON (P)-The John
F. Kennedy administration took no
position yesterday on civil rights
legislation introduced by Demo-
crats in Congress.
White House Press Secretary
Pierre Salinger said measures pre-
sented by Sen. Joseph S. Clark of
Pennsylvania and Rep. Emanuel
Celler of New York "are not ad-
ministration-backed bills."
Salinger said the bills were "in-

reworded resolution.
Most change would involve
strengthening, revision or deletion
of various minor points, he said.
Final Adoption
Once approved by the executive
committee the resolution would go
before the Fraternity President's
Assembly for final adoption.
Peterson noted that the state-
ment is basically a reiteration of a
September, 1959, statement which
called for "local autonomy in the
matter of the bases for the selec-
tion of members.
"The 1959 statement has been
largely forgotten," Peterson said.
New Statement
"This new resolution should
serve as a statement of IFC policy
to the fraternities and the whole
campus.
"Our view is definitely not an
obstructionist one," he said.
Ruling Recognized
The new ruling differs from the
old one in its recognition of the
Student Government Council rul-
ing on discrimination and its call
for cooperation with the Com-
mittee on Membership Selection,
Peterson said.
He added that it is only to be
construed as a general statement
of policy rather than an opinion
on any specific case which may
arise in the future.
"The Membershrip Committee
has not issued any blanket state-
ments on waivers or any specific
cases. Each of these, as they arise,
must be considered individually,"
he added.
Individual Case
"Any action must depend on the
individual case rather than any
hypothetical set of incidents."
He noted that locals, with strong
Southern chapters or "strong in-
terests in the national" may take
years "to make a dent in national
policy or to be able to show any
concrete progress."
The resolution will be reworded
and presented at the next execu-
tive committee meeting and will, if
approved, probably be presented to
the FPA at the beginning of the
fall semester.
In other action, the committee
considered the petition of Evans
Scholars for admission to Inter-
fraternity Council with colony
status.
Council Plans
Cuba Invasion
NEW YORK () - The Cuban
Revolutionary Council which spon-
sored the unsuccessful April 17
anti-Castro invasion of Cuba said
last night it was making new pre-
parations in its fight against the
Cuban Castro government.
Dr. Jose Miro Cardona, presi-
dent of the council, issued a state-
ment accusing Prime Minister
Fidel Castro of using Soviet tanks
and planes to defeat the invasion.
The statement did not detail
the exact plans of the council but
strongly implied there would be a
resumption of underground sabo-
tage and military activity.
Miro Cardona called on all Cu-
bans to unite and stop haggling
over the causes of the invasion
failure.

Q uestion
Judiciary
Procedure
BY MICHAEL HARRAH
Joint Judiciary Council is test-
ing a new procedure for selecting
applicants for its positions, but
apparently some question has
arisen regarding the legality of
this action.
Joint Judie Chairman Charles
Gessner, '61, contends that he in-
augurated the procedure on an
experimental basis, intending to
petition Student. Government
Council next fall, if and when the
procedure proved satisfactory aft-
er being reviewed by both Joint
Judic and SOC.
SOC President Richard Nohl,
'61BAd, has questioned the legal-
ity of Gessner's move, however,
doubting whether this is in fact
a power of the chairman included
in the Joint Judic by-laws. Nohl
said he wondered if this might
not be a change in the Joint Ju-
dic constitution.
Amendments
Constitutional changes for Joint
Judie must be approved by both
SOC and the University Subcom-
mittee on Discipline; changes in
the by-laws must be cleared only
by the subcommittee.
The new procedure involved
screening the several applicants
for Joint Judic to reduce the num-
ber to be interviewed to a quantity
that might be more expediently
handled, Gessner said.
He pointed out that there had
been some complaint from the
officers of SOC concerning the
length of time it would take to
interview all the applicants (35),
and so he acted under his inter-
pretation of the by-laws and re-
duced the number to be inter-
viewed to 16.
Previously all applicants were
interviewed by a joint committee
consisting of three officers from
both Joint Judic and SOC.
Joint Group
The joint committee did meet
this year, as previously, to choose
among the applicants who passed
screening.
Gessner cited section eight of
the Joint Judic by-laws : "Peti-
tions to the interviewing board
from those students interested in
securing an appointment to the
Council shall be received accord-
ing to the arrangements made by
the chairman of the interviewing
board (in this case, Gessner) ."
He said that he understood a
motion would be introduced at
SOC tonight to turn down the
appointments for the five open
Joint Judic posts. SOC has the
power to review these appoint-
ments.
He said he understood that there
was no objection to the people
involved or to the actual method
of the screening, but that the pre-
cedent being set was questionable.

DETROIT ADDRESS:
Nixon Criticizes Kennedy Act

ince Taxes
Swainson Withdraws
Objection to Levies
Telephone, Telegraph, Cigarette
Revenues To Expire in June
By HARRY PERLSTADT
The State Senate yesterday defeated a Democratic sponsored
bill to extend $19 million in nuisance taxes on communications and
cigarettes beyond the June 30 expiration date.
The proposal came after Gov. John B. Swainson changed his
view on the nuisance taxes- yesterday afternoon. "In light of the
fact and while there is still time to act, I would encourage increased
appropriations for public schools,"

By GLORIA BOWLES
Special To The Daily
DETROIT-In a speech before
the Detroit Press Club, an after-
noonpress conference and an
evening Republican fund raising
event, former vice-president Rich-
ard M. Nixon criticized the job
President John F. Kennedy is do-
ing in Washington.
At the Press Club, Nixon lashed
out at Kennedy's recent appeal for
self-restraint or self-censorship of
the news.
"The kindest judgement that
can be made about this scheme is
that it obviously was not thought
through by the White House
staff," Nixon said.
Profound Misunderstanding
"The whole concept of a return
to secrecy in peacetime demon-
strates a profound misunderstand-
ing of the role of a free press as
opposed to that of a controlled
press."
Nixon added that it is the iob
of the working press to decide
what coverage is fair and unfair.
But. Nixon said, "when something
is news, it is in the national in-
terest to publish it."
"Kennedy's remarks will in-
evitably encourage government'of-
ficials to further withhold infor-
mation to which the public is
entitled. The plea of security could
well become a cloak for errors,
misjudgments and other failings
of government," he said.
Resort to Secrecy
'Already in its own short lie,
this administration has provided
enough samples of doubtful resort
to secrecy to have prompted a
formal inquiry from the American
Society of Newspaper Editors."
Nixon said.
"Few Americans would argue
with the President's assessment of
the dangers facing the nation. But
if these dangers are increased by
the publication ofacertain kinds of
stories, then obviously something
more is needed than the Presi-
dent's appeal for self-restraint."
"Kennedy appeared to blame the
press for recent Cuban events. But
if a bad reporting job was done,
was it entirely the fault of the
press? Can it not be said that
there was a deliberate intent to
mislead? And how can the press
be expected to get the truth when
anonymous administration spokes-
men keep - contradicting each
other?" asked Nixon.
Blueprint for Cuba
"First," said Nixon, " we should
not openly interfere in Cuba and
go in and overthrow Castro. Such
interference without provocation
would be an act of vengeance, and
only holds us up to ridicule and
disgust."
But, said Nixon, our policy should
"begin by recognizing the fact that
Castro is a hopeless captive of
the Communists and that this
beachhead is a potential danger
for the Americas and the United
States."

-AP wirephoto
VIEWS KENNEDY-Former Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
discussed the progress of the John F. Kennedy administration in
Detroit yesterday.
MILITARY CONSTRUCTION:
Senate Approves Funds
For Defense Programs
WASHINGTON (M-The Senate yesterday passed a $879,684,750
military construction bill geared to give the administration the speed-
up it requested in bases for the missile and Polaris submarine
programs.
The House has passed its own version of the authorization bill.
Differences will be worked out by a conference committee.
Approval was by voice vote, after the bill had been buffeted for
hours in a hot debate over its proposed $33 million, drastically reduced
program of family housing -for

personnel at military bases.
A voice vote defeated an amend-
ment by Sen. A. S. Mike Monroney
(D-Okla), calling for 12,234 addi-
tional units of family housing in-
stead of the 2,000 units the bill
now would authorize: The admin-
istration had remained outwardly
neutral in this fight.
As it passed, over vigorous pro-
test from Monroney and others,
the bill would call a halt to the
Capehart military housing pro-
gram, under which homes for mili-
tary personnel have been built for
years by private enterprise.
The construction bill authorizes
programs, but seperate legislation
is needed to provide the money.
The differences between the
House and Senate versions are
material, with the housing section
apparently the most controversial.
The House had voted for the 12,234
units of privately constructed
housing which the Senate rejected.
The Senate - approved housing
would be built with direct appro-
priations.

i

Pledge Subs
For NATO
OSLO () - President John F.
Kennedy's administration, yester-
day pledged five Polaris-carrying,
nuclear submarines for defense of
Europe as part of an American bid
to beef up the defense of the At-
lantic alliance.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk at
the same time advised foreign
ministers of the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization (NATO) that
the United States:
1) Intends to keep its five divi-
sions, plus supporting units, in
mainland Europe indefinitely.
2) Intends to retain effective
nuclear striking power in the
NATO area for American and Al-
lied use.
3) Wants its European allies to
catch up on their conventional
force target of 30 divisions-now
3 years behind schedule at a level
of about 20 divisions.
Subs Launched
The move by the Secretary of
State was disclosed by American
sources. It was understood the sub-
marines will become available in
1963. American naval sources here
said 14 nuclear submarines have
been launched. Five are opera-
tional.
Noreaction of the NATO coun-
cil was reported although it is
known the new United States com-
mittment cheered the allies when
they first got informal work of it
some weeks ago.
But any elation they felt was
offset partly by the implications
of the American call for more men
with better guns on the ground.
The general trend detected by ex-
perienced officials was a wish to
go on relying mainly on nuclear
rather than conventional power.
Talks Revitalized
Disclosure of the United States
offer revitalized the three - day
meeting of foreign ministers whose
talks had reflected gloom over the

higher education, mental health
and to assure an ordered salary
increase for employees of the
state," he said.
Improved Budget
"If such an improved budget
can be deemed only through limit-
ed extension of 1959 levy on tele-
phone and telegraph service and
on cigarettes, I would not standt
in the way," Swainson said. 3
Swainson, however. stressed that
he thought that his budget recom-
mendations are attainable withoutt
any new taxes or extension of
present taxes.l
The extension, had it passed,
would have granted $3.5 million to
higher education and $1.5 milliont
to mental health.t
Some Good
University Vice-President Mar-
vin L. Niehuss said that the pro-1
posed increase, although it rtill
fell short of Swainson's recom-
mendation, would have done some
good.f
"There is a very remote possibil-i
ity for an addition to the budgt
if' both parties wanted it en-
larged. But amending the bill at3
this time in its passage would be
highly unusual, Niehuss said.
Sen. Stanley G. Thayer (R-Ann
Arbor) had tried three weeks ago
to get a similar extension to raise
appropriations without success.
"The Democrats knew they would
have no Republican votes on the
floor. The governor made a very;
corageous statement when he knew
there would be no increase in ap-
propriations this year," he said.'
Wait for Passage
Republican majority leader
D. Beadle of St. Claire said. that
the governor had waited until the
appropriations bills were all passed
before making a "grandstand
play."
Both the House and the Senate
have passed appropriations bills.
The Senate is currently consider-
ing minor changes of provisions in
the bill which the House added
during the past week.
Swainson had asked $37.1 mil-
lion for the University which is
$6.8 million less than the Univer-
sity Regents thought necessary.
The proposed $3.5 million additin-
would have had to be split among
the nine state colleges and univer-
sities.
House Passes
Military Bill;
Extends Time
WASHINGTON MP) - A general
school aid bill carrying more mon-
ey than President John F. Kenne-
dy requested was approved yes-
terday by a House education sub-
committee:
By a strict party-line vote of
4-3, with Democrats in the ma-
jority, the controversial bill clear-
ed its first hurdle on what is ex-
pected to be a tough obstacle
course in the House.
The subcommittee added $200
million to Kennedy's three-year
grant program of $2.3 billion for
public school construction and
teachers' salaries.
It also rejected Kennedy's re-
quested cut of $75 million a year
in the existing program of federal
aid to school districts close to large
federal installations.
The resulting bill amounts to
$3.3 billion, three-year program to
aid public elementary and high

Press Views
Censorship
WASHINGTON W - Repre-
sentatives of the American press
told President John F. Kennedy
yesterday there is no need for any
censorship of the news - either
government or voluntary - at this
time.
In a speech to the American
Newspaper Publishers Association
11 days ago, Kennedy called for
some form of self-censorship in
face of the Communist threat to
the nation's security.
He said the press should "heed
the duty of self-restraint" in a
time of peril.
Clarify Speech
Representatives of the press
asked Kennedy to clarify his
speech, and he conferred with
them for more than an hour yes-
terday.
After the conference, a spokes-
man for the press, Felix R. Mc-
Knight. said "The President as-
sured the group that the admin-
istration intends to continue its
policy of free access to the news
and that no form of restriction is
contemplated or suggested."
McKnight is president of the
American Society of Newspaper
Editors and Executive, Editor of
the Dallas Times Herald. In re-
sponse to questions, he gave news-
men some idea of the views ex-
pressed by the press represen-
tatives in the conference with
Kennedy.
Not Necessary
- McKnight said he did not be-
lieve the world situation had
reached the point where it was
necessary to set up machinery to
censor information that appears
in newspapers.
Would, it be necessary for the
press to set up some kind of self-
censorship if the government does
not establish censorship machin-
ery?
"Not at this time," McKnight
replied.
Additional Restraint
He said also there was no deed
now for additional self-restraint
on the part of newspaper editors.
"I think there is already one,"
he continued. "Any responsible
editor faces that same news judg-
ment every day."
McKnight said only "a declara-
tion ofnational emergency or
something of that kind" would
make it necessary to create ma-
chinery to censor news.
Restrictive Machinery
Newsmen asked McKnight if
Kennedy had agreed with the press
representatives that there was no
need now for some kind of restric-
tive machinery.
McKnight replied only that the
President suggested they continue
to study the problem. The group
plans to meet with Kennedy again
in a few months.
Meanwhile, former Vice-Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon sharply
criticized Kennedy for his plea for
self-restraint by the press.
Group Interns
Congo Leader
LEOPOLDVILLE, The Congo M
The Congolese government last
night issued an act of interment

CREATIVE ARTS FESTIVAL:
Modern Poetry Reflects Today's Life

By RISA AXELROD
"Poetry has always tried to find the forms of value which expresses
the relationship between the constancy of the internal needs of men
and the ever-changing impingements from the external world," poet
and critic John Ciardi believes.
Ciardi, an alumnus of the University and winner of the Hopwood
Award for Poetry in 1939, will read his own poetry at 7:30 p.m. today
in the Union Ballroom as a feature attraction of the Creative Arts
Festival.
"The artist has always tried to draw a psychic profile of his time,
but today it is harder to find the answers than ever before," he says.'
Complex Age
"We are living in a complex age of explosion where discontinuity
has taken the place of certainty. The poet can no longer bring his
poems to definite conclusions, for there are no definite answers in the
the universe.
"There are plenty of answers, I suppose, but the artist cannot live
an answered life. The minute he answers one question he produces
many others which cannot be solved.j
"There has been a revolution and nations are obsolete barriers to

7' 1

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