THE MICHIGAN DAILY SN
RTS AND LETTERS:
1893 Error Helps 'Festival'
Student's Rocket Design
Uses Detonation Waves
By RISA AXELROD
If it hadn't been for a misunder-
standing, a premature statement
and an economy measure, May
Festival might never have come
into existence, University Musical
Society President Charles A. Sink
The Society, organized in 1879,
presented five concerts per season
for 11 consecutive years. In 1890,
and for the next three years, the
Society -decided to bring the Bos-
ton Symphony Orchestra to play a
climax performance to its Choral
In the fall of 1893, however,
after announcing that the Boston
Symphony would again appear, the
board. of directors discovered that
the orchestra would not be able to
Following much discussion, for
"in those days there weren't many
touring orchestras," the Society
elected to bring the Boston Festi-
val Orchestra to Ann Arbor.
"A good, but not well-known
orchestra," Sink says, the Boston
Festival Orchestra was booked to
play three concerts instead of one.
This was done to draw in larger
box-office receipts in order to pay
for the traveling expenses of the
And so, in the spring of 1894
when the three concerts were pre-
sented, and called the May Festi-
val, a tradition was born that has
continued for 68 consecutive years.
Sink recalls the story he was
told of this first May Festival.
ACWR To Ratify
Members of Americans Com-
mitted to,- World Responsibility
will meet tomorrow at 7:30 p.m.
in Rm. 3G of the Union to ratify
their constitution and elect next
"In those days there weren't
many big events, and widespread
publicity throughout the state of
Michigan brought out-of-towners
into Ann Arbor in crowds."
"Travel, of course, was consider-
ably slower than now, but the rail-
roads ran special trains with spe-
cial rates to accommodate people
coming to the Festival."
The Festival was held in Univer-
sity Hall, a building which stood
where Angell Hall stands today
and which seated approximately
"The festival drew many more
people than had been anticipated
and the hall was packed to ca-
pacity until people overflowed into
corridors and lobbies."
In 1910 the fire department de-
clared University Hall unsafe for
the large crowds that filled its
auditorium during the Festival.
Arthur Hill, then a member of
the Board of Regents, realized the
need for a larger auditorium.
A few years, later, when Hill
died, he left $200,000 to construct
a building which would house fes-
tivals and other University func-
It was decided that the new
auditorium should seat approxi-
mately 4,500 persons and as a re-
sult the University had to secure
$150,000 more in order to begin
Before the new building had been
dedicated, in the spring of 1913,
its auditorium was initiated with
the May Festival of that year.
"In moving the concert to Hill
Auditorium, nobody, in the most
optimistic mood, thought we would
fill it up," Sing, then executive
secretary of the Musical Society,
"I ordered tickets for the whole
building anyway. I never will for-
get that time. We sold 2,000 sea-
son tickets and later people came
from everywhere to buy individual
concert tickets to fill the auditor-
ium to capacity."
"People said it was just because
the auditorium was new and
everyone wanted to see it, but from
that time on every festival has
sold to capacity."
Since that eventful year of 1913
the number of concerts per year
has increased from three to six.
In addition, the size of the stage
has been increased, and the organ
has been rebuilt, allowing greater
numbers of performers to appear
on stage at once.
Many prominent musicians and
orchestras have appeared in the
festival over the years. The Phila-
delphia Orchestra has appeared
every year since 1936.
"Performers are always im-
pressed by both the auditorium
and the quality of the audiences
before whom they play," Sink says.
"Although we like to think that
the May Festival provides enter-
tainment, its prime purpose is to
expose students who come here
from varied communities, to good
"Students are especially respons-
ive to the perfection which the
composer and the performer has
been striving towards."
Folk Dancers, Meeting, Constitution-
al Amendments will be voted on, Danc-
ing &. Instruction, May 9, 7:30 p.m.,
Community Center. For transportation
call NO 3-2085 after 5:30 p.m.
Gamma Delta,. Lutheran Student
Club, Supper, Rev. Aurich will speak
about Walther, May 7, 6 p.m., 1511
Graduate Outing Club, Canoeing with
instructions, May 7, 2 p.m., Rackham
Bldg., Huron St. entrance.
* * *
Hillel.Fdn., Supper Club, Followed by
Social. Dancing, May 7, 6 p.m., G1ick
* * *
La Sociedad Hispanica, Tertulia, May
8, 3-5 p.m., 3050 FB.'
Lutheran Stud. Assoc., May 7, 7 p.m.,
Hill & Forest. Speaker: Dr. R. W.
Heyns, Dean, College of LSA,."Religion
Wesley Fdn., "If God is God, Then is
He Good; If God is Good, Then is He
God?", 10:15 a.m., Pine Rm.; Fellow-
ship Supper, 5:30 p.m., Film, "The
Sound of a Stone," 7 p.m., Wesley
Lounge; May 7; Film: "Family Living,"
May 8, 7:30 p.m., 1st Meth. Church,
TRIO-Angel Reyes, Gui Mourbaerts, Dudley Powers
May Festival ToClose
Gary L. Cosens, Grad, has de-z
veloped the theoretical design of
a new rocket engine that utilizes
detonation waves to burn fuels
faster at higher temperatures and
produce considerably more thrust
than current engines.
For years, engineers have had to
contend with these waves in rocket
engines. When they occur at ran-
dom because of design defects,
their extra heat can literally slice
the engine apart like a cutting
But in Cosens' engine, fuel is
oxidized in a detonation tube, and
the resulting wave travels in a
circular path around the combus-
This produces enough thrust so
that a rotating detonation engine
with the same power as the Atlas'
300,000 pounds thrust would be
only one-third the size of the Atlas
Cosens used data on detonation
waves obtained by Prof. William B.
Sommers of the aeronautical and
astronautical engineering depart-
ment, who did the research for his
doctoral thesis with support of the
Institute of Science and Technol-
"One big advantage of this en-
gine is that you would be able to
'size' the system," Cosens said. It
is not possible with current en-
gines to design for a particular
The engine would also be
cheaper, because it would require
a shorter development time.
He said that a vehicle with this
engine could be guided by varying
the pressure within the engine by
a slight amount rather than hav-
ing to turn the engine. In other
words, the rocket would turn be-
cause the engine would "push
harder" on one side than the other.
Cosens predicted that if research
and development projects were run
simultaneously, the rotating deto-
nation engine could be made op-
erational in two years.
Gothic Film Society
(dir. by Doyzhenko,
(Charlie Chaplin and
Fatty Arbuckle, U.S.A., 1914)
Monday, May 8, at 8 P.M.
in Rackham Amphitheatre.
Only those holding member-
ship. subscriptions are admit-
ted. Subscriptions to the two~
remaining films of the series
cost $1.00. For further in-
formation, call NO 2-6685
or NO 2-9359.
TONIGHT at 9
TH E SWAAN
with Grace Kelly, Alec Guinness,
SHORT: PUCE MOMENT
The May Festival will close to-
day with two concerts. William
Warfield, baritone, will sing the'
lead in Mendelssohn's "Elijah,"
assisted by the Choral Union and,
the Philadelphia Orchestra at
2:30 p.m. in Hill Aud.
Pianist Eugene Istomin will
play an all-Rachmaninoff concert
at 8:30 p.m.
The Northwestern University
Trio is slated to present a public
concert at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday in
Rackham Lecture Hall.
The program will include "Trio
in E major K 542" by Mozart,
"Trio in A minor" by Ravel, and
"Trio in B major Op. 8" by
Continuing his discussion of
"The Plays of Shakespeare," Prof.
Arthur Eastman of the English de-
partment will speak on Henry IV,
Part I at noon today on WWJ.
'U' TO sponsor
Beginning tomorrow through
Friday, more than 200 civic,
school, and industrial leaders will
visit the University Medical Cen-
ter as part of National Hospital
Chairman of the Hospital Week
activities is Robert W. Spencer,
an administrative resident.
The guests will have lunch at
the hospital and then tour select-
ed areas in the Medical Center.
Mayors, police and fire chiefs
and civil defense directors will
visit the emergency suite and the
areas equipped to monitor and
treat radiation accidents. They
will examine the Medical Center's
preparedness to handle major dis-
Principals and administrators
of public and parochial schools in
Washtenaw county will tour the
teaching facilities in the hospi-
These special programs will re-
place the usual "public open
house" which has been held each
year at the Hospital.
The problem of guilt as seen in
children, criminals and all people
is the subject of a discussion on
the University Television series
"Understanding Our World."
The discussion by a psycholo-
gist, a psychiatrist and a lawyer,
will take place at 9 a.m. today on
5:20 - 7
m HIR I N Y
from 1 P.M
"A JOLLY GOOD SHOW INDEED"-Time Magazine
~" Brood Humors"
TEK~ Tw"-N Y Tms
gJff ROBJ~iSN fWIIR1RG6[S" O RMERN
:25 and 9:25
THE OLD MAN
AND THE SEA
Steve Allen Jayne Meadows
Walter Winchell Mamie Van Doren
1961 ANN ARBOR DRAMA SEASON
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. . . It's 9:30!
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Men's Glee Club
COUNTER SALE OF SEASON TICKETS
5 Plays * Recent Broadway Comedy and Dramatic Hits 5 Weeks
FAYE EMERSON and JOHN BARAGREY in "The Marriage-Go-Round"-May 16-20
NANCY KELLY in "The Bad Seed"-May 23-27
ALBERT DEKKER in "A Touch of the Poet"-May 30-June 3
LARRY PARKS and BETTY GARRETT in "Send Me No Flowers"-1June 6-0
DONALD COOK in "The Pleasure of His Company"-June 13-17
Season Ticket Prices
Thurs. Eves. $15, $13, $11. Fri. and Sat. Eves. $17,
Thurs. and Sat. Mats. $12, $9
Box Office Hours: 10 A.M.-5 P.M.
Single Tickets Do Not Go On Sale Until May 12
LYDIA MENDELSSOHN THEATRE
Saturday, May 13
Tickets available at Ad. Bldg. Ticket Window
~Q. 00A XA 00 PKA