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April 27, 1961 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-04-27

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MUG ACTION
INDEFENSIBLE
See Page 4

SirA6

47a ii4

PARTLY CLOUDY
.High-5 7
L-ow-40
Chance of scattered,
light showers

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXI, No. 145 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1961 FIVE CENTS

EIGHT PAGES

President Asks Ban
On NDEA Affidavit
Calls for Expansion of 1958 Act;
Strengthening of Teachers, Schools
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON (M)-President John F. Kennedy suggested yes-
terday that loan applicants under the National Defense Education Act
no longer be required to sign the controversial affidavit denying
membership in subversive organizations, but that a loyalty oath should
be retained.
In his message to Congress, Kennedy called for a renewal of the
act on a greatly expanled basis, urging that key features passed as an
jemergency measure in 1958 under the shadow of the first Soviet Sput-
nik be made permanent. It is due to expire in June, 1962.
He also requested changes designed to strengthen the teaching
profession at all levels, to increase the number of students and insti-
ttutions participating, and to im-

SGC Raps
Loyalty Oath,.
Disclaimer
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
Student Government Council
last night passed without dissent
a motion by Kenneth McEldown-
ey, '62, opposing the loyalty oath
and disclaimer affidavit provisions
of the National Defense Education
Act.
The motion directs the SGC
president to forward the 13th Na-
tional Student Association Con-
gress resolution on the loyalty
pledges along with the Council's
previous declarations in this area
to high government and Univer-
sity officials as well as to all cam-
pus residence units.
SGC voiced its opposition to the
oath and the affidavit in 1958
shortly after the NDEA plan was
announced.
The NSA resolution objects to
the oath and affidavit (which for-
bid any person belonging to or
sympathizing with any organiza-
tion working for the violent over-
throw of the government from re-
ceiving an NDEA loan) on four
main grounds.
First, the restrictions apply to
personal belief, which it is illegal
to control. Second, they represent
a type of federal control which
is to be avoided. Third, they dis-
criminate against 'students and
faculty members, and fourth, sub-
versives would have no qualms
about lying in the oath and affi-
davit.
Thus, McEldowney pointed out
the only applicants who would not
accept NDEA aid on the basis of
the oath and affidavit are those
who object conscientiously to be-
ing considered "guilty of subver-
sion until proved innocent."
Copies of the actions will be
sent to all Michigan representa-
tives and senators in Congress;
President John F. Kenndy; the
House Committee on Education
and Labor; the United States Na-
tional Student Association; Uni-
versity President Harlan Hatcher
and other persons and organiza-
tions that Council members might
recommend.
House Group
Approves' '
Housing Units
A project outlay of $2,691,165 for
the University's proposed new
housing units yesterday gained ap-
proval from the state House Ways
and Means Committee.
At this stage of planning, the
proposed residence halls would
house about 500 students in units'
of approximately 30 each. They are
to be self-liquidating (financed by
student rents and fees).
Land costs, as stipulated by the
committee, are not to exceed $191,-
165. Vice-President for Student
Affairs James A. Lewis reports
that sites in the Oxford Rd.-Ged-
des Ave. area are now under con-
sideration by University planners.
Dean of Women Deborah Bacon
said that the first such residences
would house women. Later units
may be constructed for men.
Miss Bacon also said that, under
present plans, the new housing will
function under a cooperative sys-
tem with a possibility of installing
suite arrangements for groups of
about four with some cooking
facilities.
Rocket Contractor
Criticizes Unions

prove physical fitness.
No price tag was put on the
new program, for which $440 mil-
lion has been appropriated so far.
Kennedy suggested funds for the
various activities under the Act be
determined by annual appropria-
tions.
Kennedy said it has worked well.
He sent along a letter from Secre-
tary of Welfare Abraham A. Ribi-
coff proclaiming it "a highly suc-
cessful Act." The President added,
however, that a need for strength-
ening United States education re-
mains.

Us*o
Claim Pathet
Relaunching
Offensives
VIENTIANE () - The United
States Air Force opened an arms
airlift to Laotian government
troops yesterday after Vientiane
officials charged the pro-Com-
munist rebels had launched at-
tacks on all fronts.
Despite talk of an imminent
cease-fire, a government commu-
nique said the Pathet Lao rebels
had struck in five areas, creating
a grave situation.'
Washington made clear arms
will continue to pour in to royal
Laotian army forces until a cease-
fire is established and verified.
Begin Operation Hotshot'
United States Air Force planes
were pressed into the airlift for
the first time since 1959. Six big
C-130 turboprop transports be-
gan "Operation Hotshot," a sup-
ply flight from the Philippines to
Vientiane. Previously civilian-
owned C-46's with only one-fourth
the c-130 payload had been fly-
ing in arms.
Both the government and Prince
Souphanouvong, Pathet Lao lead-
er, accepted a British-Soviet
cease-fire appeal Tuesday but
neither side proposed a date to
lay down arms.
They left that to future nego-
tiations, yet to be arranged. West-
ern observers in Vientiane doubt
a cease-fire can be reached and a
coalition government formed be-
fore the May 12 Geneva confer-
ence, called to settle this southeast
Asian kingdom's future.
Evidence Concern
The stepped-up United States
airlift was viewed in Vientiane as
evidence Washington is concerned
about the royal army's ability to
withstand rebel attacks until the
cease-fire. Western sources con-
firmed serious clashes at several
points in the last two days.
Officers who arrived with the
C-130's at Vientiane airport said
the airlift has been scheduled for
at least three more days.
Fight Key Battles
Reliable sources said the gov-
ernment has its best troops com-
mitted on the frant about 80 miles
north of Vientiane, just south of
Vang Vieng, and in two key battles
near the royal capital of Luang
Prabang farther north.
Royal troops north of Vientiane
have stopped a rebel drive south-
ward, these sources said, and tak-
en the offensive on a limited
scale.
Five Protest
Hodges Dinner
COLUMBIA, S.C. ()-Five Ne-
groes who were refused tickets to
a Democratic dinner where Com-
merce SecretaryLuther Hodges
was to speak, picketed the hotel
where the party was held last
night.
Hodges made his speech as
scheduled, but later issued a state-
ment saying the question of a
segregated or non - segregated
meeting was not mentioned when
he agreed to address the dinner.

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

wsU
GOP
Republicans
Plan To Fight
Senate Bills
Special to The Daily
LANSING - House Republicans
announced their opposition to two
key proposals in the Senate ap-
proved tax bill yesterday, and
agreed to stand behind Senate
appropriation bills.
The Republicans, meeting in
closed caucus, followed the advice
of Rep. Rollo G. Conlin (R-Tip-
ton), chairman of the taxation
committee, in a decision to bury
the two central bills of the Senate-
approved tax package.
One bill would have allowed
local governments, with voter ap-
proval, to levy a personal income
tax up to one per cent. The other
would have wiped out the personal
property tax and replaced it with
specific levies of $9 per $1,000 of
original cost of inventory.
Oppose Republicans
Rep. Edward Michalski (D-
Detroit) said the Democrats were
opposed to the Republican policy
of "seeking additional revenues by
nuisance taxes, rather than rev-
enue taxes.
"These tax proposals were in-
troduced late in the session and we
just haven't had time to study
them properly," Rep. Wilfred G.
Bassett (R-Jackson), speaker pro
tem, commented.
The Republicans also advocated
approving the present Senate ap-
propriation bills, with only one
change-an increase in the budget
for Michigan State University's
Oakland County Branch.
Lower Budget
This increase, which would be
subtracted from the university s
main campus budget, would enable
the MSU-O branch to expand its
facilities. The Senate-proposed
MSU-O increase of $13,000 would
not enable it to expand its cur-
riculum to include classes at the
junion year level next year.
Michalski said the Democrats
would request added House ap-
propriations, on the basis of ex-
pected revenues. "The Republicans
are basing their actions on an ex-
pected annual revenue of $462
million, while the Governor's bud-
get message predicted $447 mil-
lion revenue for the coming year."
Ask More Money
"We are asking for higher ap-
propriations based on expected
revenues, rather than continuation
of nuisance taxes, because vich
taxes should be an emergency,
rather than a permanent. features
of the economy."

Ref uses
Opposes

Fee
Nei

CONSUMER FINANCES:
Survey Reveals Conservati

By GAIL EVANS
A hesitant attitude toward
present business conditions still
prevails according to the "1960
Survey of Consumer Finances,"
a report to be released today by
the University's Survey Re-
search Center.
Since 1956, most families have
have taken a more conservative
attitude toward installment
buying, holding this type of debt
to approximately ten per cent
of personal income.
Findings in the 1960 Survey
indicate that families with an
income range from $5,000 to
$10,000 make the most use of
installment credit.
Only 12 per cent of American
families had debts exceeding 20
per cent of their income last
year. These high debt ratios
were concentrated in young
families who expect higher in-
comes in the future.
Report Attitudes
The SRC study reported that
the prevalent attitude that
"business is not good" and
"people aren't buying" has re-
sulted in a conservative attitude
toward the use of the Install-
ment plan and the hesitancy in
consumer demand for houses
and cars since the 1958 reces-
sion.
The survey, headed by Prof.
George Katona, an SRC Pro-
gram Director, hopes to pro-
mote a better understanding of
the American economy through
studies of consumer behavior.
The book presents a compila-
tion of raw materials on the dis-
tribution of incomes, assets,
and debts.
"What matters most for pol-
icy makers in business and gov-
ernment is how things have
changed and will change -
rather than how they are-and
what factors are responsible for
the changes," the book points
out.

pens Airlift to Laotian Troops

*

PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY
...NDEA program
MUG:
Petitoners
Complain
Three students claimed they
were asked to leave the Michigan
Union Grill last night for circu-
lating petitions protesting the
MUG's newly-installed juke box.
Robert Moss, '62, Christine Con-
rad, '63, and Terell Rodefor, '61,
said Union Night Supervisor
James Hilton requested their de-
parture as they stood by the juke
box passing the petition.
Hilton said they were only asked
to move away from the immediate
area of the machine to allow peo-
ple to play it, and were at no time
ordered from the MUG.
He noted that other persons
had circulated petitions through-
out the day and had not been
asked either to stop or leave.
Union President Paul Carder,
'62, affirmed the right to petition
so long as "there is no disturbance
created or MUG patrons are not
annoyed by the people circulating
them."

CONSULTS SOURCES-Prof. George Katona pauses i
search to explain the importance of the new book by ti
Research Center. He stressed that the report containedi
total of data collected over a number of years."

SRC investigators studied the
sale of durable goods-automo-
biles and houses. These studies
revealed that two out of three
American families have install-
ment debts, mortgages or non-
installment credit.
Although attitudes toward
personal finances are on the
upswing, predictions for future
business conditions - depend on
whether "consumers will be
pleased with the price tags
which they find on the things
they buy and business activity
will be maintained at a suffi-
cient pace to prevent further

layoffs, a shortening o
hours and other di
ments with personal fi
Display Intere
Consumers have dis
interest in buying at
able price. Thirty pe
the people planning to
a new automobile inte
a compact car to save
In conducting thi
SRC has used three b
of inquiry. The firste
the relationshipa
trends between incom
set and between debts
jor purchases.

Raises;
Taxes.
Wayne States
Fsm Possibilities
Of Austerity
University To Testify
In Committee Today
By RALPH KAPLAN
special to The Daily
LANSING-In statements simi
lar to those adopted by University
Regents last Friday, Wayne State
University President Clarence E.
Hilberry yesterday announced his
opposition to tuition increases for
WSU, and expressed the hope that
the House would increase the WSU
budget recommended by the Sen-
ate.p
Hilberry said that if a tight ap-
propriation is passed, the univer-
sity would have the choice be-
tween reducing overall program
quality or sharply curtailing en-
rollment.
WSU's Board of Governors had
requested a $19.4 million budget,
which was cut to $16.8 million in
Gov. John B. Swainson's budget
recommendations and $15.6 mil-
lion by the Senate, $200,000 less
than last year's budget.
'U' Officials To Testify
n his re- University officials will be the
he Survey last to testify' before the House
the "sum Ways and Means Committee to-
day. The committee must present
its recommendations to the House
f working by Friday, the last day when bills
sappoint- may be reported on the House
nances." floor,
%t The Senate has recommended a
st budget of $35.4 million for, the
played an University, an increase of $147,000
a reason- over last year. The Regents re-
r cent of quested $43.9 million and Gov.
purchase John B. Swainson recommended
nd to buy $37.1 million.
money. Approve Budget
as surveyThe Senate approved a higher
asic types education budget of $109.2 million,
nd time $7.8 million less than Gov. Swain-
e and as- son's recommendation of $117
and ma million.
House Republicans, who cau-
cused yesterday, agreed to support
the Senate's appropriations bills
as they stand now and fight ef-
forts to raise them. The House
has 56 Republicans, as opposed to
1 o~aj 54 Democrats.
K *One possibility for raising the
higher education appropriation, a
ach 5 special session of the Legislature
which could be called by Gov.
Swainson, was ruled out by Swain-
± .ove son's press secretary Ted Ogar
yesterday. Ogar said there had
4')-The de- been no consideration given to
terday from calling of a special session "at
1ll about po- this time."
garding last Prior to the Republican caucus,
strations. Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-An
rry J. Neu- Arbor) said, "Unless Gov. Swain-
ermit John son presses strongly for continua-
College stu- tion of the nuisance taxes (which
nd again on expire July 1), the Senate ap-
mony would propriations are likely to pass.
Need Stronger Backing
tures during "House Republicans will not
iriefly Tues- take the risk of favoring increas-
n told him ed appropriations, unless the Gov-
chaumleffel ernor indicates they will get
He couldn't stronger backing than Senate Re-
name. publicans received for their ef

forts.
ch, Uior- "
chn "These meager appropriations
of hitting would never have passed the Sen-
ofhitting ate if the governor had not or-
sown club. dered Democrats to oppose con-
atfin thef tinuation of the present nuisance
atching the taxes."
"Operation __xe_.
about it in Party Leaders
out only in
to attorney /
to To Meet Here
grew out of Students will have an oppor-
st hearings tunity to meet Republican and
rn-American Democratic leaders in the Michi-
gan Citizenship Clearing House's
-- "Party Leaders Day" today.

ELICITS VARIED COMMENTS*

Controversial Juke Box Moves i

By JEFFRE
In an atmosphere of mixed em(
day installed a juke box in the Unior
"The installation is part of ou
to the campus and to reach a gre
Administrative Vice-President Mich
The action came as a result
Union's facilities committee. Unior
that this committee was empowered
to enact any measures they found n
The installation was not and did not
Cites Campu,
Balgley said that although the
Union was not finalized, there was
box in the MUG. In addition to
campus sentiment for the move. The
been installed on a permanent basis.
Feeling about the innovation in
sition to mild acceptance. Extremi
note taped to the box which read, '

J0
;r
I
Ae

Stanford Student Group
Votes To Censure Editor
By FRED RUSSELL KRAMER
Maynard Parker, editor of the Stanford Daily censured by the
Stanford student legislature this week for irresponsibly "leaking
news" about business in an executive session of the' group, said late
last night he would repeat his action if he felt that students
should be informed of the proceedings.
He does not think, however, that the legislature will meet again in
"'such a session. Parker is an ex
officio member of the body.
Motion Illegal
A motion which would enable
the legislature to remove the edi-
tor of the newspaper by a two-
thirds vote was declared illegal in
a special session of the legislature
Y HEUER Monday.
ations, the Michigan Union yester- According to Jerry Rankin, man-
Grill, aging editor of the paper, the mo-
riverll . tion was declared void on the
roverall effort to improve service grounds that a ruling which says
ater number of students," Union all proposed amendments must be
ael Balgley, '62, said. checked for "form and style" with
of a recommendation from the the heads of the law school and
. President Paul Carder, '62, said the political science department
by the Union Board of Directors was not adhered to.
ecessary to improve Union service. Rankin feels this is an indica-
have to be approved by the Board. tion that "common sense has fin-
s Sentiment ally won out." He noted that the
survey on student opinion of the legislature probably wouldn't have
surentun itallinifor ajuhe been able to pass the motion if it
comment in it calling for a juke came to a vote."
this, he said there was general
juke box is not "on trial," but has Criticized Legislature
Previous to the censure, the
Stanford Daily had often criticized
the MUG ran from violent oppo- the legislature's apparent apathy
e opposition was expressed by, a and its "unfortunate tendency to
If this .. . thing improves atmos- attempt to go into executive ses-

HUAC:
Juge B
Meisenblg
Defense
SAN FRANCISCO (
fense was blocked yes
calling a witness to te
lice conversations red
May's city hall demon
Superior Judge Ha
barth refused to p
Burke, Sacramento (
dent, to take the sta
the ground his testi
be hearsay.
Burke, who took pic
the tumult, testified b
day that a policema
patrolman Ralph E. S
hurt his head in a fall.
recall the policeman's
Robert J. Meisenba
sity of California stu
trial on charges
Schaumleffel with his
Burke said he identi
ficer last night after ,
controversial f i1 m
Abolition."
But he couldn't tell
court. The story came
arguments of defers,
Jack Berman trying t
witness.
The demonstrations
demonstrations again
here by the House U
Activities Committee.

7 7 a....... ....,....>..

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