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April 12, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-04-12

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Seventy-First Year
th Wil Preval" ,
litorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Revolution inlEngineering
Education Causes Reaction

ULTY OBSOLESCENCE in the engineer-
college is responsible for the school's
quate curriculum.
hnical specialization has led to a situation.
an engineering professor teaches one or
urses in his own particular field. Because
a narrowness of the subject matter he is
ften the only faculty member qualified to
rt the material. In time, however, the sub-'
natter he has taught for perhaps a decade
become obsolete. If "his" course is cut
the curriculum he would, in many cases,
ave a broad enough background or out-
o teach the new course that would replace
Id one. Faced with this problem, it is no
er that so mans of the school's finest fac-
nembers resist changes in the curriculum.
iough this problem exists to some degree
ghout the University,.it is most acute in
ngineering college. This is due to the in-
ing emphasis on the role of the profes-
I engineer as opposed to the role of the
Ical engineer.
i REASONS for this changing emphasis
.n readily be seen in the following exam-
John Gear attends the University's schoolt
gineering and becomes an expert in the
-date rocket propulsion field. John Gear
sates with honors and finds that all the
JHIGAN STATE University's new closed-
ystem dormitory, planned to include class-
a and faculty quarters in addition to the
student living facilities seems to be go-
m little far with protecting the student
the world.
ere would seem to be no benefit derived
placing all these in one building except
questionable one of keeping the students
er away from the remainder of the cam-
the town, and the world than at present.
rally, this purpose will hardly be achieved
is the dorm is co-educational, and this
it be considered a benefit.
COURSE, (on the benefit side?) students
won't have as much chance of being ex-
I to that dangerous Communist propa-
ia which might warp and twist their little

special techniques he learned in school have
been superseded by new techniques recently
developed by government-sponsored research.
His field of specialization now useless, John
Gear becomes a second rate engineer. Even,
though he graduated with honors, he never
' becomes the first rate engineer that his apti-
tude would permit.
Hence, the rapid pace of modern engineering
has necessitated a curriculum whereby the stu-
dent receives a broad, general education em-
phasizing basic science and important prin-
ciples. If John Gear had received this type of
education (the education of a professional en-
gineer) he would have ,had the background to
adapt to the rapid changes in the new society.
Realizing this problem, the Engineering
Council for Professional Development (the or-
ganization that accredits the engineering col-
lege) suggested in last year's appraisal of the
school that many of the how-to-do-it (cook
book) courses be dropped from the present
curriculum. In their place they suggested the
.addition of more courses in the basic sciences
and urged the inclusion of more "thinking"
courses in the humanities and social sciences.
faced -with a revolution in educational prin-
ciples. .A revolution which necessitates the
elimination of highly specialized courses from
the undergraduate curriculum. A revolution
which' might necessitate the release of many
faculty members. A revolution which has
created a faculty reaction .which is causing our
school to become a second rate engineering
With these facts in mind, it is possible to look
at the "problems" of engineering English and
compromise curriculums in a new light. For
indeed there is no problem at all. For example,
the only problem with engineering English is
that the vast majority of engineering English
professors fear a loss of position if a new cur-
riculum were to be established.
WCE FACULTY obsolescence is overcome,
"the engineering college will break out of
its cocoon. It will no longer crawl. Metamor-
phosis complete, the school will be able to reach
the heights of excellence attained by only the
very best engineering colleges.
But the winter is not yet over and the fac-
ulty is resisting the inevitable change. Per-
haps the University's administration can wait
for retirement, but can the students?

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The follow-.
ing Is a press release from the De-
partment of Justice.)
been charged with pressuring
Chrysler dealers by forcing ille-
gal agreements regarding the -sale
of certain compact cars and not
Chrysler Corporation, third -
largest American automobile man-
ufacturer, was accused by the
Department of Justice of apply-
ing illegal pressure against Chry-
sler dealers, who also sell cars
made by the Studebaker-Packard
Corporation, the nation's smallest
car manufacturer.
Attorney General Robert F. Kn-
nedy announced the filing of a
civil antitrust action in United
States District Court in Fort
Wayne, Indiana, against Chrysler
and its subsidiary, Chrysler Mo-
tors Corporation.
THE COMPLAINT charged that
Chrysler unlawfully has required
retail dealers to give up franchises
for other cars-particularly Stu-
debaker-Packard-in violation of
section 1 of the Sherman Anti-
trust Act and section 3 of the
Clayton Act, Mr. Kennedy said.
The principal makes involved
in the complaint are Studebaker-
Packard's Lark, a compact car,
and Chrysler's Valiant comp ct,
put into production in the fall of
1959. A number of Chrysler
product dealers sold the Lark be-
fore Chrysler went into the com-
pact 'car field.
After the Valiant became avail-
able, Chrysler representatives "on
numerous occasions" told dealers
that they could not sell the Val-
iant unless they stopped selling
Larks, Mr. Kennedy said.,
* . *
THE COMPLAINT asserted that
"a substantial number" of dealers
entered into agreements or under-
standings to cease selling Larks
and that such agreements or un-
derstandings are unlawful, Mr.
Kennedy said.
The asserted agreements or un-
derstandings began at 'least a
year ago, the complaint charged.
These agreements, the complaint
charged, "have the effect of les-
sening competition" and "caus-
ing substantial injury to Stude-
baker-Packard Corporation by de-
priving that company of a sub-
stantial number of dealer out-
The complaint asked the court
for temporary and permanent

Daily Staff Writer
PITTSBURGH-The experience
of the University of Pittsburgh
with its full-year calendar, the
trimester, can answer questions
about the University's plans for a
full-year schedule of its own, and
consequent problems.
The trimester, the quarter sys-
tem and the regular semester with
beefed-up summer session are the
most prominent full-year plans
extant. Even if the University
adopts one of the latter two, many
of the same things will be done=
as would have with a trimester.
Hence the relevance of Pitt's
Pitt is in many respects mark-
edly different than the University,
must often be accepted with heavy
qualification. Here are the ques-
tions and the answers of Edison
H. Montgomery, director of Pitt's
Office of Institutional Planning:
Does trimester save money?
Yes, Montgomery says, mostly in
capital costs but also in other
areas. Utilization of existing. plant
is stepped up as much as 50 per
cent,: knocking down unit costs.
Needs for plant expansion are also
Montgomery's arithmetic for the
latter: if under best conditions
a college on the semester expands
its plant by X amount, it will only
have to expand 40 per cent as
much to accommodate the same
number of students if it has tri-
on the other hand, if more
faculty members have to be hired
-which is happening at Pitt-
extra expenditures may be required
for offices and particularly for
laboratories. Also, Maintenance
costs are higher for buildings in
use than those not in use.
Unit costs of administration are
also cut with full-year program-
ming. Montgomery says only $ 15,-
000 has been spent this year for
extra administrative personnel-
records clerks and temporary em-
ployes of the Dean of Students.
Pitt considers it saves money as
its administrators work harder to
accommodate extra jobs caused
by the third term. r
Faculty are also "stretched"
somewhat further under trimester,
Montgomery says, bringing up
questions about faculty status and
activity under a full-year calendar.
Pitt faculty with regard to salary,
teaching load, amount of vaca-
Pitt faculty are paid at a rate
per calendar year. If they teach
three terms, they get 100 per cent
of this amount, if two terms, 75
per cent, if one term, 37.5 per cent.
Montgomery says Pitt can't de-
fend its schedule "rationally," but
has simply set it this way, which
has proved satisfactory.
A "historical justification" is
used: In the shift from semester
to trimester, a professor teaching
two terms works seven and one-
half months, instead of nine, jus-
tifying the 75 per cent rate. But
if a professor teaches all three
trimesters, his work time only goes
from 9 to 11 months, up 22 per
cent, so he is given less of an
increment in pay than if he work-
ed, say, two trimesters instead of
Faculty members are never forc-
ed to teach three terms at Pitt,
though many do. Montgomery says
it is impossible to discover a pat-
tern of interest in third term
teaching. As many men are inter-
ested in third term teaching as
Some departments have diffi-
culty in getting enough teachers

for the third term, others are "em-I
barrassed" by too many people.
Montgomery does note that too
many people are teaching the
third term for the second year in
a row, giving, them six consecutive
teaching sessions. "This is prob-
ably a little heavy," he says,:
though he adds that some men can
handle it if they desire..
At Pitt, the deans are looked:
upon as personnel administrators
who should weigh the work loade
capacities of their staffs and who
can detect faculty fatigue and
suggest time off.
The deans are to see that fac-
ulty members don't "overdo it," orI
sacrifice intellectual development
to.earn more money by teaching
more. This problem is primarily
Montgomery admits it is a
temptation" to let men teach if
students but no other professors
are available, but overall, it is
his hope to increase the staff suf-
ficiently so Pitt will not be "com-
pelled" to let men teach too-often.
Are more teachers needed for
a trimester, and how many? '
More teachers are needed. Mont-
gomery says, though some
"stretching" of faculty occurs
Theoretically, the 50 per cent in-
crease in instruction, which more
or less occurs under trimester,
would require a 50 per cent fa-
ul tyincrease if teaching loads re-
mained stable.
However, because many men
teach three terms in a given year,
Montgomery estimates that ap-
proximately 30 per cent more fac-
ulty members are actually needed.
The increases fall particularly
among natural science' faculties,
who "want to do intensive research
and properly so," hence taking
more time off.
The increases will come prin-
cipally at lower levels, mostly be-
cause these are the only levels
where a university can find many
new teachers. The extra income
under trimester would justify hir-
ing more top men, if they could be
had, Montgomery adds.
What's been faculty reaction?
"In complete honesty, I don't
know of a single faculty member
outside of the Law School who
opposes trimester," Montgomery
says. "I'm sure there are some,
but they are keeping quiet."
He is not sure why the 1W pro-,
fessors are unable to adjust to the
new schedule-they still operate
under semesters.
(Montgomery has previously
said that, among other reasons,
faculty members like trimester be-
cause it offers longer continuous
vacations and shorter working
terms for professors who do not
teach three terms.)
What's been the student re-
The third term a year ago drew
a total of 5000 students, about
2700 full-time equivalents (a meas-
ure which takes into accout the
number of credit hours taken.),
For this year's fall term, Pitt had
9,500 full time equivalents. By a
week ago, 4600 students had signed
up for this year's third term, and
Montgomery says "'we'll have as
many, probably more" than last
year. He reports that the average,
credit load for this year is nine
and one-half against last year's
seven. Pitt officials are more than
satisfied with the response thus
A detailed survey dessects stu-
dent opinion on the trimester:
basically highly-motivated stu-
dents like trimester-and the op-
portunity to get ahead faster--

Pitt's Answers to

non-highly-motivated students are
* * *
What is Pitt doing to get stu-
dents for the summer term?
Thus far, it is only using per-
suasion, and has rejected several.
stronger expedients to get the
students. "We have no ahswer" to.
getting the people, Montgomery
"We hope the highly-motivated
students will come and then that
the motivation will be built in" sot
others will follow to be "fashion-
able" or to finish faster to better
compete for Jobs. "We look to
general momentum to solve the
Pitt's only devices have been
advisement plus advertisement of
the third term's benefits.
What are some 'of the stron-
ger ways to get students?
If Pitt has a choice it may offer
a more popular course in the
third term, a less popular- one in
the first or second. Montgomery's
example: "The Gothic Novel"
might be offered in the winter,
"The ModernNovel,"taught}, by
the same man, in the summer.
Required courses will not be only
offered in the summer.
He lists several devices Pitt has
1) A discount on dormitory rates
for. the third term. (Pitt runs its
dorms on one-term contracts.)
2) A break on third-term tui-
tion. This gives a "bargain base-
ment" appearance to education,
Montgomery says, and will not be
3) If a student carries a full
load for seven consecutive trimes-
ters, he will get the eighth for



three consecutive class hours. If
professors wish to give a final,
they may, if. they are "beyond
need" for it, they may give a
review or anything else, Mon-
gomery explains.
The exam period will be intro-
duced in the fall.
* *
Have there been any other a1-
terations in the calendar?
One. Beginning next year, there
will be a one-week break between
the second and third terms in-
stead of the weekend previously
Montgomery says this is for
students "to -forget about it," not
for more leisurely study.
He is unsure of the need.for
leisure in academic study-as pro-
vided in a semester system-and
suggests the.effect of more learn-
ing per year be studied. "I don't
know what it'll show," he admits.
Pitt might change its calendar
again if the effect of full-year
scheduling were shown to be de-
leterious to students.
Overall, he predicts that ini the
next few years almost all schools
will be on a full-year calendar
except a few small highly-endowed
ones. He cites Pitt's philosophical
reasons for its schedule, but ad-
mits legislative pressure on state
institutions as a big determinant.
The most likely calendar is a
semester plus extended summer
session because this most resembles
the present predominant set-up,
he says.

What about student activities
during the third term?
They are curtailed, about in pro-
They are curtailed, about in pro-
portion to the number of students,
Montgomery says, though many
successful events, are carried (on.
However, he admits that Pitt's
student government is quite weak
-"a big problem"-and the news-
paper, free, publishes only twice a
week anyway.
Organization of siccessful sum-
mer activities is a "challenge to
the student personnel people."
* * *
What happens to projecis,'
such as scholarships, supported
by fixed endowments?
Pitt's scholarships are not on.,
this basis-students simply are
forgiven their tuition. Mongomery
admits trimester operation in gen-
eral is a big problem for schools
depending on endowments-"They
ate not going to stretch."
. * *s
Must courses be altered under
trimester calendar?
Not much. Pitt's trimester offers
just about the same number of
teaching days as do calendars of
universities - which / operate on a
semester basis. At most, a minor
compression is necessary.
(Under a quarter system, every
course must be radically altered
because of substantial time
* * *
What's happened to the final
exam period?
Originally, Pitt planned no final
exam period, hoping professors
would find other means to evalu-
ate students. A great many have
mostly with more papers and quiz-
zes Montgomery reports.
"But some courses, mostly in,.
the natural sciences, just insist on
a special evaluation period." Con-
sequently, a five-day period at
term's end has been specially
scheduled which arranges two or

r(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
article is excerpted from a story by
David Low, British political car-
toonist, printed in the New York
Times Magazine for April 2, 1961).
WHEN I FLICK over the files. it
is clear that if I wished I
could fish out and use again many
of the cartoon ideas I drew after
the First World War, fitting them
to the after-Second-World-War
situations without much altera-
tion. Especially about the party
politics humbug. Slogans become
more important than principles
and labels claim more loyalty than
ideas. Our Conservative Party and
Labor party are now as absurdly
out-of-date differentiations as
your Republican party and Demo-
,cratic party, left-overs from where
I came in a lifetime ago. In real-
ity, for our swiftly changing world,
the only juxtaposition of parties
with 'any meaning would be the
party of Order and the party of
Freedom, the one placing the em-
phasis on planning, regulation
and duty, and the other on en-
largement of the sphere' of indi-
vidual liberty.
Alignments are a job for the
younger cartoonists. Once I
thought the terms "Right~' and
"Left" were going to inspire sym-
.bolic imagery, but= they proved
too fluid in content. In my life-
time "Right" and "Left" have.
changed places at least three
IN BRITAIN, for example, the
"Left," once passionately advocat-
a ing the Brotherhood of Man and
One World, now as passiorately
calls for Nationalism and Inde-
pendence; the "Right which once
stood as a bulwark against the
Welfare State, now proudly claims
to have invented it.
The "Right" is thought by its
opponents to oppress the, worker
and to have strings to Fascist ty-
rants; Socialism is popularly sup-
posed to belong to the "Left,"
which is said to have been helped
by the presence of "Communist"
Russia, that is, that' constantly
advertises its immutability but in
truth has pulled its 'ideology"
about so much to fit the facts of
life of its forty' years that Marx
must-rhave 'tied himiself in a black
knot whizzing in his grave. No
wonder a simple purist like Mao
is amazed at Moscow.



Oscars In" Washington

O LONGER DOES the Motion Picture
Academy of Arts and Sciences have a
nonopoly on the Oscars. The- politicians have
nade a few nominations, too. The following are
erformance nominations in the political world.
:t is left to' the reader's ingenuity to decide
which of them the Chicago Tribune reported,
and which have here been supplemented.
For Best Supporting Actor: White House
Press Secretary Pierre Salinger in "Behind
he Great Wall," Secretary of Agriculture Ezra
Drug Test
A LIBEL TRIAL over the merits of Krebiozen,
a cancer drug, is being held in Chicago
his week. Technically the suit brought by Dr.
Andrew Ivy, a sponsor of the drug, is against
3eorge A. Stoddard, former president of the
University of Illinois and author of the book
"Krebiozen: The Great Cancer Mystery." Ivy
charges that the book depicts Krebiozen as
worthless and casts doubts upon Ivy's com-
petence as a research scientist.
This case, however, is not just a defamation
of character. Ivy is seeking to legally prove
that Krobiozen is the, cancer cure he claims it
to be. Ivy has made no headway with the lead-
ing health authorities to get Krebiozen medi-
cally recognized. The health authorities are
reluctant to even give Krebiozen-a test. This
case is Ivy's way of circumventing them and
obtaining a court approved test of the drug.
Whether or not Ivy eventually wins the case
is unimportant. The main point is that he will
finally have a recognized testing of the drug.
But is this what our law courts are for?
Editorial Staff
City Editor Editorial Director"
KENNETH McELDOWNEY......Associate City Editor
JUDITH DONER................ersonnel Director
THOMAS KA33AKER..............Magazine Editor
HAROLD APPLEBAiJM .. Associate Editorial Director
THOMAS WITECKI............ ...sports Eaitor
kXflnn FT . :TA. n V tR* ........a .......r. itA*

Taft Benson in "The Last Hurrah," Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara in "The Sher-
'iff of Fractured Jaw," Presidential Father
Joseph P. Kennedy in "The Outsider," Har-
vard Professor Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., in
"Hole in the Head," Secretary of State Dean
Rusk in "Immitation of Life," Rules Committee
Chairman Rep. Howard Smith (D-Va) in "The
Angry Silence" and Presidential brother-in-law
Peter Lawford for "How to Marry a Million-
For Best Supporting Actress: Caroline Ken-
nedy in "The Entertainer," Perle Mesta in
"Turncoat," Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt in "On
the Beach" and White House. Physician Dr.
Janet Travell in "Rock Around the Clock."
R BEST ACTING Team: Tammany Leader
Carmine DeSapio and New York State Chair-
man Michael Prendergast for "The Defiant
Ones," Richard Nixon and Nelson Rockfeller
in "The Gentlemen's Agreement," The Show
People for Nixon in "There's No Business like
Show Business," Assistant Secretary of State
G. Mennan Williams and Export-Import Bank
Director Charles Meriwether in "The Misfits"
and the Kennedy Family in "Room at the
For Best Actress: Sen. Margaret Chase Smith
for "The Long, Hot Summer," Vice-President
Lyndon Johnson in "Suddenly Last Summer,"
Gov. Nelson Rockefeller in "The Great Im-
poster" and Cry for Happy," Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower in "Exodus" and "Around the World
in 80 Days," Atty. Gen. Robert Kennedy in
"Tarzan's Greatest Adventure," United Nations
Ambassador Adlat Stevenson for "The Mouse
That Roared," Michigan GOP candidate Paul
Bagwell in "Once More With Feeling," Sen.
Barry M. Goldwater in "The Last Angry Man,"
Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn) in "Gone
with the Wind," Secretary of State Christian
Herter in "If at First You Don't Succeed" and
President John F. Kennedy in "The Dark at
Chairman George van Peursem in "That
Same Old Song," Johnson, Humphrey, Steven-
sonand Sen. Stuart Symington (D-Mo) in "The
Beat Generation," Stevenson's law partners for
"Count your Blessings," Soapy Williams for
"I'm All Right, Jack." Postmaster General

The Daily Official Bulletin as an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices
Hopwood Contest: Manuscripts must
be in the Hopwood Room, 1006 Angell
Hall,, by 4:30 Wednesday afternoon,
April 12.
College of Architecture and Design:
Midsemester grades are due on Fr,
April 14. Please send them to 207
Architecture Bldg.
Students, College of Engineering: The
final day for DROPPING COURSES
WITHOUT RECOR.D will be Fri., April
14. A course may be dropped only
with the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instructor.
Students, College of Engineering: The
final day for REMOVAL OF INCOM-
PLETES will be Fri., April 14. Peti-
tions for extension of time must be on
file in the Recorder's Office on or be-
fore Fri., April 14.
Approval for the following student
sponsored activities becomes effective
24 hours after the pub~licationl of this
notice. All publicity for these events
must be withheld until the approva
has become effective.
April 12 challenge (jointly with
Dept. of Political Science), speaker R-e-
lix Standaert, "The Belgian Congo,'
Aud. A Angell Hall, 4:15 p.m.
April 15 U. of M. International Foll
Dancers, open folk dance, Lane Hall
8:30 p.m.
April 19 Challenge, speaker Prof
Hans Morgenthau, "Keynote Address,
Challenge Colloquium" (overview of de
velopments and changes within the
emerging nations; problems faced b5
the U.S. in formulating policies),
Rackham Aud., 8:00 p.M.
April 21-23 cdhallenge, "Challenge Col-
loquium" speakers Streit, Lattimore
Humphrey, Kirk, Reuther. April 21-
Trueblood Aud., 3:30 p.m.; Aud. A, 8:0(
p.m.; April 22--Hill Aud., 11:00 a.m.
April 23-Rackham, 3:30 p.m.
Events Wednesday
Tonight Through Saturday: 8:00 p.m
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, "Schoc
for Husbands," the comedy of man-
ners by Moliere. Box office open 10-1
Tickets also available for "The Vis
it," to be presented April 26-29.
Art Exhibit: "Face of the Fifties,'
opens Wed. night, 7 to 10 p.m. in th4
Museum of Art.


"We'll Discuss Another Can of Gas After the Next Lap"


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to the
To the Editor:
PROTEST these childish accu-
sations against the Quads and
Dorms! Are they really as bad' as
these students say? Are we not
neglecting their great value?
Think of the great masterpieces
that have come from the miserable
garrets of France! Think of what
these Ann Arbor institutions have
done to preserve certain American
ideals; e.g. emphasis on a' gas-v
tronomically orientated, way of
life. They have placed mom and
her cooking (perhaps mostly the
latter) on a pedestal. They have
helped us accustom ourselves to
rules withount foundation, mean-
ingless formalities, and the sup-
pression of individual initiative.
Albert Camus said, "Insecurity
is what sets men thinking." Sure-

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