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March 30, 1961 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-03-30

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Healy Cites Work Rule Issue,
By PHILIP SHERMAN Prof. Healy stressed the im- Loose production standards, a
k rules and practices are portance of management in deter- result in many industries of man-
e critical labor-management mination of the effect of work a
people today think they are, rules. agement's failure toyadministe
James J. Healy of Harvard i administers and initially de- effectively are the most wide-
rsity -declared yesterday. fines the usually general clauses, spread form of makework rules
pite the national publicity he said. Review of management's Prof. Healy said. Unions often at
to work rules issues in the decision through the grievance. tempt to preserve these practices
and railroad industries, procedure and arbitration is the once established, but it is unfai
gements and unions in most second determinant of work rule of management to expect their
industries have reached a meaning. immediate end.
sful accomodation, he told Management alsoplays a critical It is not true the managements
onference on Industrial Re- role in formulation of work prac- of non-union companies are free
s. tices not specifically provided for from work rules and more efficient
ewing the American indus- in contracts. If a custom is con- than unionized companies, he con-
scene as a whole, we may tinued for long enough, it often tinued. Unionized companies are
ide that make-work rules becomes part of an "unwritten limited by unions, it is true, but
he featherbedding. practices contract" and must be continued. personnel policies of the non-
encourage are on the de- Management Commitments unionized companies are often as
" he continued. In fixing management commit- restrictive.
Largely Limited ments under this unwritten con- -
y are largely limited to in- tract doctrine, "it is my personal
es with shrinking employ- judgement that arbitrators have Fle i g
The problem there is fzor- often gone too far in narrowing
t1e, but.it must be recognized the reserved rights of manage- "
the "basic genesis of such ment, and in dignifying the prac- Find jobs D i
and practices is insecurity, tice by giving it the equivalent of
completely irrational selfish- contract statue," Prof. Healy com-
dstance to rules changes in The behavior of management in Workers displaced by automa
cases points up the failure the union or non-union shop will ton are havin an extreely df
inodusrer socipreso eit determine,, in the long run, the ficult time finding new jobs, Prof
itechnol ogical ravneevi degree of efficiency far more than Robben Fleming of the Universit3
declning markets of some will the presence or absence of a of Illinois said yesterday.
tries and consequent un- union, he said. The law professor told a labor
yment.Management remissness in management relations conferenci
developing criteria of ability used that more than half the displaces
r in promotion decisions are an ex- workers from meat-packing plant
ample of this. It is said that in Chicago and St. Louis were stil
unions force promotion by senior- unengployed, a year and a hal
ity, but it is often the case that after they lost their jobs.
this standard is used by default Prof. Fleming is a neutral mem
° when standards of ability are not ber of a committee set up by th
defined. Armour Packing Co. and the twi
Less Efficiency . unions with which it has con
A short-sighted, militant union tracts. The committee administer
t "-nmay force inefficiencies, Prof. a fund to help employes learn
Healy admitted, "but the basic new trades when automation take
j principle that management's own their jobs.
Nix+ ix. conduct-is the key determinant of Studies Aid
:~ efficiency is supported by the over- It also is making studies to ais
whelming weight of evidence." company-union negotiations it
S X:. In the past few years, manage- August when the contract expires
In he astfewyeas, anae- Prof. Fleming explained the
ment has attempted to remove Prf.lmn epandt
menthasattmptd t reovecommittee's efforts to help the 401
excessive work rule concessions of commee effors o hl th4
. h at ecniud former employes of an OklahomE
he pat, h con ue .City plant which was closed las
This is often a reasonable step year n
forward, but it must be remem- "We began our program onl
bered that accumulated bad prac- after the plant was shut down an
PROF. JAMES HEALY tices and habits can only be cor- this was a great disadvantage. Bu
.... on labor disputes restedgradually. we contacted the former worker
and offered to finance their re
GENTS CAMPAIGN: training in other skills, if test
showed they, were capable o
learning, and if there were open
1epubhcan Candidate Asks ings in the industries in whic
they wanted to work," he said,
nreas (, 'U' Appopiaio O te170 Agree
mcrease M U Appropriat on Of the 400 former employes, 17
D,+ kr titude teat




Automation, Recession
Cited in Labor Quarrels
generations as well as today's la-
"Automation, the population ex- bor force and the recession which
plosion and recession are three will leave us with the same prob-
r significant underlying forces of lems after it passes are the, criti-
the grievances between labor and cal issues," Simkin explained.
, management, William E. Simkin, "The present administration has
director of the Federal Mediation a program of emergency measures
and Conciliation Service said yes- to meet these situations which
terday. must be considered for we can-
*Speaking at the luncheon meet- not live through another exper-
ing of the Seventh Annual Indus- ience like 1932 when there was no
trial Relations Conference, Simkin government intervention."
said that labor and management An arbitrator in a number of
t must begin to grapple with the important strikes and disputes be-
- situations around which their fore his government appointment,
problems center. Simk n is optimistic that collec-
t Three Items Explained tive bargaining can solve these
- "Sharp acceleration in the face problems "even though some
s of automation, the population ex- people now are inclined to doubt
plosion which threatens future thisa
Cites Flexibility
. me"There is much flexibility in cl-
U nem ployed lective bargaining which enables
It to work on an ii dividual basis,"
he said. "It can develop solutions
fficultT o G et4 that would be peculiarly suited to
the problems at hand. This con-I
trasts sharply to the rigidity
characterizing government actions
impossible to gauge the success of in such situations.
the program.Siknntdfupotsha
- He predicted that workers could yi ki nte forgpoints that
be retrained for new jobs of their typify collective bargaining:
Y choice while the'y were still work- 1) Collective situations vary
ing on their present jobs. Even if widely making the flexibility of
- there was no threat of losing the such negotiation an important ad-
e present jobs, the employes would vantage.
d improve their job security by ac- Needplanning
s quiring new skills. 2) Planning and time sufficient
1 Prof. Fleming said he took "a to iron out the situation and pre-
f dimmer view" of severance pay sent both viewpoints is of the
than either unions or employers essence.
- usually do. He said that severance 3) Initial agreements can only
e pay didn't fulfill the function it be skeletal ones. Neither side can
o was supposed to do-helping the spell out all the particulars. They
- worker get a new start in a new will clarify themselves during the
s job. lifetime of the contract.
n Always in Debt 4) Some outside help such as
s "Today, with a buy-now, pay- technical advice, time studies and
later economy, most workers are nsurance consultation may be
dalways in debt, and instead of necessary.
their using severance pay, credi- "Over thEffecti ten years the
tors take it to pay for things the efcieeso-brann a
S. wrker alrady wn.effectiveness of- bargaining has
eworkers already own. gradually been cluttered and
0 "Even those who are not in lowered by sub-contracting, sen-
a debt lack the experience to han- iority disputes resulting from
t dle the large lump sums of sev- technological change and ques-
erance pay. In Oklahoma, where tions on whether new or changed
one plant was shut down, unem- jobs should be in or out of the
d ployment compensation is with- bargaining units," Simkin noted.
t held from workers for a certain "Insecurity is the basic motive
s amount of time because severance for these discrepancies..We must
- pay is regarded as deferred work to eliminate this.
is wages.,,
Ik He noted that problems in re- HURRY - E
- locating workers were especially
h severe in the meat-packing indus-
try, where a high proportion of
the labor is more or less unskilled.
3e End of Project SfplR
' Not To Affect
- e .i -- _hrstian Science
Bendix Force
-s; Doors O:
,d President John F. Kennedy's ADULTS WEEKDAY MATINEES.
d proposed cancellation of the Navy's ADULTS EVENINGS. .$1.25 C
Eagle missile project will not ser- PLEASE NOTE- DOORS O
iously affect workers at the Ann
- Arbor Bendix Systems Division,
d General Manager Roy J. Sand- Diol
s strom said yesterday. 2-6264
Le "Eagle is only one of our pro-
ol grams, and with other new proj-
ects in view, I do not anticipate
n any serious layoffs in the Ann
it Arbor area at this time," he said.
The Navy has decided not to ORDER NO
wait for Congressional action on
the Eagle project and will start AND HAVE BEST
abandonment of the program im-
mediately. WHEN YOU RETUR
About 400 employes here were
working on the Eagle, an air-to-
i- air missile for fleet defense.
f Iitc To Consider Departmer

DiSalect Research
n Prof. Pavle Ivic of the Univer-
al sity of Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, will
y lecture on The State of Research
s- in Serbo-Croatian Dialects at 4:10 roi licking Corn
p.m. today in Aud. A.
DIAL NO 5-6290
OFiYour ifetime!
8:00 P.M. Lydia
, "NoTime For Sergeants" at W d St
1:00-5:25 - 9:45 -~t r
Aga__I For Wed. or Thurs. perf
Again ___
for (number) tickets for
Thurs., Apr. 13, at (check
For Fri.i or Sat. performs
(number) tickets for (check on
I Apr. 15,at,(check one) Q'$

The interior of a sun spot is a
quiet area in the most turbulent
part of the sun, Prof. Donald
Menzel, director of the Harvard
College Observatory, said yester-
day in the first of two lectures on
solar activity.
Menzel said that he could find
no completely satisfactory reason
for the observed 11-year cycle of
sun spot activity intensity.
He rejected the theory that
changes in energy, causing the
expansion and slight cooling of
the sun, created this cycle, since
the slow rate of energy movement
within the various regions of the
sun make this unlikely.
The calm in the center of the
sun spot is caused by an intense
mantic field which give it
magneti il whc gives It PROF. DONALD MENZEL
rigidity and stability. RF OADMNE
Most Turbulent , . on solar activity
Because of the magnetic field taken in balloons 80,000 feet above
and solar convection, the area the earth, a granular, mattled con-
around the sun spot is the most figuration was noticed on the sur-
turbulent. face of the sun, he said.
In studyiiig pictures of sunspots 'The granules are found in the
outer 10 per cent of the sun. They
indicate turbulence and boiling on
Lab lat bill the sun's surface."
Generate Reactions
Pltans D ram a The energy of the sun is gen-
erated by atomic reactions very
The speech department will similar to those in a hydrogen
continue its Laboratory Playbill bomb. "The violence of the H-
series with "The Death of the bomb is cushioned by the mass
Tintagiles," by Maurice Maeter- of the outer layers of the fireball,

Scientist Rejects Explanations

The second lecture of the series,
which will deal with the sun's ef-
fects on the earth, especially in
relation to communication, will be
given at 3:30 p.m. today in Aud. B.


Lewis To Criticize
Indian Aid Plans
Prof. John Lewis of the Uni-
versity of Indiana will speak on
"Indian Development Planning: A
Critique" at 8 p.m. today in the
Rackham Amph.



n -t.

i ~eat aze autia Ts s.

nadvisory board appointed bythe Sixty-five per cent of thes
goverorwourdbe drabyendwere found incapable of profitin
1970, twice the present en- governor would be "desirable and from any retraining program
net"h mhszs elpful. :fet oji
ent;" he emphasizes. "This board should have no con- "They were told, in effect, to jo
he responsibility of the Re- trol over our state colleges and the pool of totally unskilled la
t, Goebel explains, is "to guide tnivertost ate olya bor."
destny o th Uniersiy ~universities. It should act only as
destinyof the University in co-ordinating or advisory unit He explained that regular com
i a manner that shall provide for all these institutions in pro- mercial adult-education course
ier education to all students vldiwg the very best business and ere given tohthose who passe
ring such education" andtoacademic administration possible; tests. The committee pain
fntain the University's status and assist teisiuin n h most of. the costs of the retrain.
a laing educndonassnsist-the institutions and the
leading educational institu- Legislature in determining proper yping, auto-mechanics, weld
1" state appropriations ,for Tyineut-mehaicnel
Responsibility stitutionsr n these in- ing, business administration an
Explainsep tiuin. real estate were among the course
A Regent's responsibility to his Institution of the trimester sys- selected by the workers. Soe
ty is exactly the same as his tem at the University receives took courses to get a high scho
onsibility to all the people of Goebel's commendation'dtoth
state of Michigan," he adds, Presents Problems diploma.
Vhat about the University's "This arrangement would pre- The poor business conditions
imunist propagandist speaker sent the problem of obtaining Oklahoma City, he said, made
L policy? qualified faculty to serve over the
[ do not look with favor upon longer school year," he noted. T' a
one who advocates the over- Goebel has an acqua tanceship aylor
>w of our poitical'system ap- with the workings of both practi-
ring before our students, even cal politics and higher education. Labor Sp eech
ugh equal time is given for He has had experience in the
ittal. areas of business and finance and Prof. George W. Taylor, a Uni
det I have the feeling that our in public administration. versity of Pennsylvania labor r
lents have sufficient intelli- As a Regent, the Grand Rapids lations expert, will suggest "Ne
ce and discernment to dis- Republican would devote himself Approaches to the Problem
niish between the virtues of to "solving the great problems we Achieving Agreement" in colle
own political system and phi- face in handling the expected stu- tive bargaining at 9 am. today e
phy of life against that offered dent explosion of the next 10 Rackham Lecture Hall.
the Communists. years, and thus maintain the Uni- The lecture is the last sessio
[ see no reason why Commu- versity's present reputation as one of the seventh annual industri
s, or individuals representing of the greatest institutions of relations conference sponsored b
'other political ideology, should higher learning of this country and the Institute of Labor and Indu
speak before the students up- of the world." trial Relations.
subjects within the areas in trialRelations.
ch they are academically-
lified to speak." Plan To S
Opposes Board ENDING
oebel is opposed to the idea of N TODAYI
'super policy board" t co- New ia
nate state higher education.
he thinks a "non-political" All-Number Calling, a new tele-P
phone numbering system, will be - U
introduced into the Ann Arbor
area starting Saturday as part -u g
of a new telephone company pro-.
The old practice of using two IW h
DIAL 8-6416 letters and five numerals for each
ENDING TONIGHT telephone will be changed to a.
system using seven numbers, of- *
"As Fine A Crime ficials announced. CHNICOLOR'
F~16, rieUnder the new system a num-.
Film As You Are ber such as NOrmandy 2-3241 WANERSBOS
Likely To See!" will be dialed as 662-3241. New Auntie Mcame at
-N.Y. Herald r numbers could be formed with 2:45 and 7:30 only
such prefixes as 57 which do not FRIDAY AT 3 P.M.: DIS
begin any words.
WHA PINID A Classic in American Theatrical A
A Play to be Seen Again and.


linck, at 4:10 p.m. today in the -
Arena Theatre, Frieze Bldg.
"The Death of the Tintagiles,"
written 50 years ago in a very
abbreviated five-act tragedy form,
was originally intended for per-
formance by marionettes.
No admission will be charged.
Editor To Lecture
On 'New Society'
Martin Glaberman, managing
editor of the Detroit newspaper
Correspondence will lecture on__
"New Society-New People" at 7:30
p.m. today in Rm. 3D of the
Michigan Union.
Glaberman's address will be the
last in a four-part series on "Mod-
ern Marxism" sponsored by the
Democratic Socialist Club.
30 P.M and 7:30 P.M.
en at 1:00 p.m. and 6:30 p.m.
....... . ...... ......90
t of Speech
edy of manners
Aendelssohn Theatre
April 12-15
>rmances: Enclosed find $
r (check one) nWed., Apr. 12, I
one) p $1.50, Q 1.00 each. I
nces: Enclosed find -$ for
e) p Fri., Apr. 14 [~ Sot.,
1.75, 0~ 1.25 each. I

Death of Tiutagies
by Maurice Maeterlinck
No Admission Charge


(Author of "I Was a Teen-ag Dwarf" "The Many
Loves of Dobie Glis", etc.


* II



With tuition costs spiralling ever upward, more and more under-
graduates are investigating the student loan plan. If you are
one who is considering the "Learn NowPay Later"system,you
would do well first to study the case of Leonid Sigafoos.
Leonid, the son of an upholsterer in Strait'ned Circum-
stances, Idaho, had his heart set on going to college, but his
father, alas, could not afford to send him. Leonid applied for
a Regents Scholarship, but his reading speed, alas, was not
very rapid-two words an hour-and before he could finish the
first page of his test the Regents had closed their brief cases
crossly and gone home. Leonid then applied for an athletic
scholarship; but he had, alas, only a single athletic skill-
balancing a stick on his chin-and this, alas, aroused only
passing enthusiasm among the coaches.


TODAY 4:10 P.M.


And then, huzzah, Leonid learned of the student loan plan:
he could borrow money for his tuition and repay it in easy
monthly installments after he left school!
Happily Leonid enrolled in the Southeastern Idaho College
of Woodpulp and Restoration Drama and happily began a
college career, that grew more happy year by year. Indeed, it
became altogether ecstatic in his senior year because Leonid met
a coed named Salina T. Nem with hair like beaten gold and
eyes like two squirts of Lake Louise. Love gripped them in its
big moist palm and they were betrothed on the Eve of St. Agnes.
Happily they made plans to be married the day after com-
mencement-plans, alas, that never were to come to fruition
because Leonid, alas, learned that Salina, like himself, was in
college on a student loan, which meant that he had not only
to repay his own loan when he left school but also Salinas, and
the job, alas, that was waiting for Leonid after graduation at
the Boise Raccoon Works simply did not pay enough, alas, to
cover both their loans, plus rent and food and clothing.
Sick at heart, Leonid and Salina sat down and lit Marlboro
Cigarettes and tried to find an answer to their problem--and,
sure enough, they did! I do not know whether or not Marlboro
Cigarettes helped them find an answer; all I know is that
Marlboros taste good and look goad, and' when things close in
and a feller needs afriend and the world is black as the pit from
pole to pole, it is a heap of comfort and satisfaction to be sure
that Marlboros will always provide the same unflagging pleas-
ure, the same unstinting quality, in all times and climes and
conditions. That's all I know.
Leonid and Salina, I say, did find an answer-a very simple
one. If their student loans did not come due until they left
school, why, then they just wouldn't leave school! So after
receiving their bachelor degrees, they re-enrolled and took
masters degrees. After that they took doctors degrees, loads and
loads of them, until today Leonid and Salina, both aged 78, both
still in school, hold doctorates in Philosophy, Humane Letters,
Jurisprudence, Veterinary Medicine, Civil Engineering, Op-
tometry, and Dewey Decimals. Their student loans, as of last
1 ..-.. +r1 . ,,,m A +ltt1 a feighten million


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