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March 19, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-03-19

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Witches Intervene in Angola

The statement gave no hint-
whatever of any progress toward
an agreement but spoke rather of
further . consideration of out-
\ standing problems.
It did not specify particular
problems, but it was learned that
the major emphasis of the long
conference was on the Laotian
crisis, and the wording of the
agreed statement clearly showed a
lack of progress in narrowing the
Though Laos was the most im-
mediately critical issue discussed,
it was by no means the only one.
Others reportedly included a'
variety of United Nations prob-
lems, disarmament, the Congo, and
the, Berlin situation.

-AP Wirepioto
DIPLOMATS MEET - United Nations Amabssador Adlai Stevenson, Secretary of State Dean Rusk
and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko pose for photographers before, their luncheon discussion
of cold war issues.
. R ia Nearg Arms

;, i

Nations Ambassador Adlai E.
Stevenson indicated yesterday this
country and Russia are approach-
ing agreement on a date for re-
sumption of disarmament riegotia-



in the
MARCH 21 and 22

Stevenson told reporters, after a
meeting with President John F.
Kennedy and top diplomatic of-
ficials that he hopes to make some
progress on other aspects of dis-
armament in the ensuing weeks.
Talks Resume
In the meanltime the three-
power nuclear test ban talks will
resume Tuesday with the United
States and Britain prepared to
offer the Soviet Union a new ap-
proach to the critical control prob-
To Examuine
Kennedy "Plan
bert H. Humphery (D-Minn) said
yesterday Congress is going to
take a look at possible duplication
of economic aid activities under
President John F. Kennedy's
Latin-American program.
Humphrey, the assistant Senate
Democratic leader, said he is "any-
thing but satisfied" that four-
fifths of the 1$500 million pro-
gram will be administered, by the
Inter - American Development
"I have some concern about
placing most of the emphasis in
the effort to 'complete the revo-
lution of the Americas' in the
hands of a multilaterally operated
bank," Humphrey said.

This represents one of two ele-
ments in these marathon negotia-
tions. The other is the fact that
President Kennedy now is the man
directing America's attempt to
break the deadlock with the Rus-
The new President-in coopera-
tion with the British-worked out
a fresh approach to the trouble-
some enforcement problem. It is
based on recognition that a com-
pletely cheat-proof inspection and
control system probably never can
be achieved.
Last-Mine Studies
American and British diplomats
and scientists are still engaged in
last-minute studies of the work
done by the three powers in this
Swiss city in, two years of nego-
New Western aproaches have
been devised which American and
British teams think will provide
an acid test of the Russians' sin-
cerity. Details-being kept secret
for tactial reasons-are not so
important as the change in the
underlying philosophy of the Wes-
tern aproach.
Originally, the American and
British negotiators struggled to
get a completely unbeatable con-
trol system. Now they are willing
to accept a treaty giving reason-
but which recognizes, by implica-
able safeguards against cheating
tion, that the ideal inspection sys-
tem probably never can be

Government Changes
Top Army Comnand
Communist Pathet Lao rebels,
their 12-day offensive still rolling,
have artillery within 22 miles of
the royal capital of Luahg Pra-
bang, an informed military source
said yesterday.
Seasoned rebels, some of them
Communist - indoctrinated, have
advanced 36 miles north along the
Queen Astrid highway since cap-
turing Sala Phou Koun road Junc-
tion, the source said. Their two
105-mm. Howitzers, however, still
are 44 winding road miles from
King Savang Vathana's royal city
and still are out of range. The
105 is considered effective at 10-
12 miles.
Shakes Up Command
Premier Boun Oum, his poorly
trained, battle-shy troops unable
to smash the offensive, has shak-
en up the front line command.
More changes are expected.
Energetic Col. Kouprasith Ab-
hay has taken over field command
in the Muong Kassy area. The Lu-
ang Prabang military commander,
Col. Bouteng, nephew of a cabinet
minister, is reported due to be re-
The rebels are thought to have
thrown 8,000 to 10,000 troops into
the central Laos offensive, which
gained quick success March 7 when
the Sala Phou Koun road junc-
tion fell. Against these well-train-
ed mountain and jungle fighters,
the government has employed 30,-
000 troops.
Untrained Troops
A reported Increase in United
States military aid to the pro-
western government is now being
interpreted in Vientiane as the
beginning of an arms race to
match Soviet contributions to the
rebels. The reported increase also
is viewed as a direct United States
answer to the current rebel of-
'Spain Sees Threat
From Moroccans
MADRID (W) - Spain charged
yesterday Moroccan irregular
troops are massing on the north-
ern frontier of the Spanish Sa-
hara "with the intention of in-
vading Spanish territory."
A foreign ministry spokesman
said the Moroccans, "pretending
to be bands of the former army
of liberation (of Morocco)," are
concentrated in the Meseid region,
Just 25 miles from the Spanish

scene of violence

LISBON MP) - The Portuguese
government charged yesterday
that, outside agitators prepared
witch doctors for a terrorist ram-
page in Portugal's African terri-
tory of Angola"by making the na-
tives believe they had become bul-
A communique from the over-
seas ministry hinted that the So-
viet Union tried to stall voting on
Angola in the United Nations Se-
curity Council so that news of
this week's incidents could be pub-
lished and influence the balloting.
The ministry said witch doctors
in the Catete region, near An-
gola's seacoast capital of Luanda,
had confessed that agitators help-
ed them.
Anointed with Oil
"They were anointed with oil
and given amulets which made
them (supposedly) bulletproof,"
said the communique, adding that
life in the rural areas now is re-
turning to normal.
This is the .latest in a series of
reports from Angola about terror-
ist outbreaks. The first one came
CONG0 -,
' ' E+, tll i
*ropov~ve e 4.
a(+ x
' - . "

on Thursday, the day after the
UN Security Council turned down'
an Asian and African request to
investigate conditions in Angola
following disturbances reported to
have killed as many as 100 people
there last month.
Understand Maneuver
"Thus we can understand the
maneuver of the Soviet delegate
(Deputy Foreign Minister Valer-

Ian Zorin) in trying to pro
the Security Council session,
laying voting until after
events, which we now know '
place, became known," the c
munique said.
It also charged that Gha
UN delegate "confessed" his cc
try intervened in Angola and :
moted terrorism.

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
WARSAW-Poland's Communist boss Wladyslaw Gomulka yeste
day attacked the Roman Catholic Church in Poland for followi
the anti-Communist policies of the Vatican.
Minutes later Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski told an overflowh
Warsaw church audience; "we are not defending ourselves against t
charge that the church is a rebel."
The two speeches appeared to have brought Poland's currm
church-state conflict to its bitterest stage since Gomulka came
power in 1956.
C * * *
WASHINGTON () - President John F. Kennedy is report
considering recommending to Congress a five-year, $8-billion progra
of foreign aid message which is understood to call for a close
integrated assistance program to be carried out under the poli
coordination of Under Secretary of State George W. Ball.
TUNIS-French and Algerian rebel emissaries will meet secre
Wednesday in Switzerland to set the stage for formal negotiations
end the bitter Algerian rebellion, informants reported yesterday.
In the French view, the forthcoming talks will look to a peace,
"neither victor nor vanquished," guararteeing the people of Alge:
political self-determination in line With President de Gaulle's pol
for the war-weary area.
LONDON-Prime Minister Hendrik F. Verwoerd, unrepentw
apostle of white supremacy in South Africa, wound up his visit
London last night by predicting the British Commonwealth may cra
up under pressures from African and Asian members.
At a news conference on the eve of his departure home, Verwoe
also lashed out at Prime Minister John Diefenbaker of Canada I
joining Asian and African leaders in blasting South Africa at I
Commonwealth conference.




Petitioning. Still Open"
Interview Sign Up-League Undergrad Office
Petitioning Closes Wednesday, March 22nd



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