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March 15, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-03-15

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"Here's Some Bad News, Dear"'


;W S:

Seventy-First Year
ditorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.
Speaker Policy Leaves Option:
Court Test or Disobedience

Latin American Policy
Raises Old Argument
Associated Press News Analyst
PRESIDENT KENNEDY, calling his Latin American development
program a 10-year-plan, has revived one of the long-standing
points of argument about the whole foreign aid program.
Administrators have complained over their lack of authority to
launch long-range programs. Congress has complained about some
methods of administration and, since the Marshall Plan for Europe,
has given only short-term guarantees of continued appropriations.
There have been at least two results.
Some good programs have-moved forward spasmodically, without


LETTER RECENTLY sent to Student Gov-
t ernment' Council from the University Com-
ttee on Lectures is interesting enough to
print in full, with comments interspersed:
March 7, 1961
Student Government Council
The University of Michigan
Student Affairs Building
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Near the end of last semester, you wrote
a' letter to the faculty members of the
Committee on University Lectures in which
you asked numerous questions about Sec.
8.10 of the Regents' Bylaw, concerning the
use of lecture rooms and auditoriums.
TUDENT Government Council was inquiring
about Sec. 8.11(1), which regulates speaker
licies and the Lecture Committee's operation.
C. 8.10, to which Professor Fischer refers,
als with "Solicitation of Funds from Alum-
." An illuminating error, since there always
s seemed to be a mysterious relation be-
'een the University' public relations and in-
vidual expression on the campus: if the
rmer be imperiled, the latter takes the beat-
g. If things are smooth without, dissent can
verge within.
, The character of the questions included
In your questionnaire and the detail sought
in the answers to them suggest to us that
your inquiry is based on an erroneous as-
sumption. You seem to assume that the
Committee undertakes to determine the
acceptability of the political views of speak-.
ers invited to the campus by student or-
'HE ASSUMPTION is not erroneous. The
committee has concerned itself with "ac-
ptability" at least five times in the last eight
ars. The total would be higher had not many
tident groups, fearing trouble from the Lec-
re Committee, preferred to schedule their
eakers in off-campus facilities..
This is not so. The policy of the com-
mittee has been for some time to grant
permission for the use of University prop-
erty to any recognized student organization
willing to assume responsibility for assur-
ing that any outside speaker invited to
address a public meeting will comply with
the provisions of the Regents' Bylaws. The
principal role of the Committee with regard
to outside speakers for student organiza-
tions is to see that the organizations are
advised of the need to, comply with the
Bylaws and that the proper officers ac-
knowledge this responsibility.
JUT THE BYLAW itself undertakes to deter,
mine the acceptability of a speaker's politi-
d views, and the Lecture Committee adminis-
rs the bylaw-hence there is no sense to the
gument that the Committee does not judge
teptability. Complying with the bylaw means
rmitting the University, through the Lecture
ommittee, to prejudge the acceptability of
eeches to be held in campus facilities. Such
'ejudgment, in addition to its complete emas-
lation of the spirit of a university, seems to
unconstitutional, since it violates the First
It should also be pointed out that all
meetings to which the public is not invited
are under the exclusive control of the stu-
dent organization.
OW DEMOCRATIC. How just. How de-
The faculty members of the Com-
mittee are puzzled by the formality and
timing, as well as the subject matter of
the questions submitted, because we know
of no case in many years in which the
question of compliance with the bylaw has
been raised.
See the case of John Gates, 1957. And is it
ally so puzzling to see a student questioning
mpliance with a bylaw which is intellectually
shonest, and which, if history is any indica-
on, will be enforced again? If anyone should
e puzzled, it is the students who hear their
niversity leaders talk of truth and idealism
ad noble democratic purposes, but see no such
ilk reflected in deeds.
The bylaw clearly expresses the policy of.
the Regents. The first paragraph reads:

1) Use of Lecture Rooms and Auditoriums.
The policy _of the Board of Regents is to
encourage the timely and rational discus-
sion of topics whereby the ethical and in-
tellectual development of the student body
V1+ 3r +i n al

and the general welfare of the public be
promoted and a due respect inculcated in
the society at large and for the constituted
government of the state and union.
The second paragraph, which Prof. Fischer
excludes, reads as follows:
In furtherance of this policy the use of
University lecture rooms and auditoriums
may be granted to recognized student or-
ganizations for meetings or for lectures on
topics of the day, under guaranty that
during such meetings or lectures there
shall be no violation of the recognized rules
of hospitality nor advocacy of the subver-
sion of the government of the United States
nor of the state, and that such meetings
and lectures shall be in spirit and expres-
sion worthy of the University.
The third paragraph:
No addresses shall be allowed which urge
the destruction or modification of our form
of government by violence or other unlaw-
ful methods, or which advocate or justify
conduct which violates the fundamentals
of our accepted code of morals.
The fourth paragraph:-
These regulations shall be administered
by the Committee of University Lectures,
with the understanding that they are de-
signed to serve the educational interests
of the academic community rather than'
the political interests of any party or can-
PERHAPS in the minds or some, this "clearly
expresses the policy of the Regents." Un-'
fortunately, others have not found the bylaw
quite so lucid. SGC, presumably because it felt
the bylaw less than clear, asked five questions
of the Committee:
"1) How does the Committee judge the na-
ture of a speech? When it this judgment
mnade? What criteria does the Committee use
in making such determinations? Does the Com-
mittee consider that affiliation (past and/or
present) with the Communist Party or any
other political group is evidence enough to
prevent the delivery of a lecture on a subject
directly related to international political con-
") HOW DOES the Committee interpret the
following paragraph: 'No addresses shall
be allowed which urge the destruction or modi-
fication of our form of government by violence
or other unlawful methods, or which advocate
or justify conduct which violates the funda-
mentals of, our accepted code of morals.' What
is the Committee's interpretation with regard
to discussion and attempted justification of
the use of unlaw methods in bringing about
social change; e.g. in the case of civil disobedi-
ence? How does the Committee define and in-
terpret the phrase, 'fundamentals of our ac-
cepted code of morals'?
"3) Is there an existing gap between the ap-
parent intent of the Bylaw and its actual im-
"4) What are the normal operating pro-
cedures for the Committee.
"5) How many times a year does the Com-
mittee usually meet?"
Of course, the privilege to have the use
of a university auditorium, for a public
meeting carries with it a corresponding re-
sponsibility that the privilege will not be
THE UNIVERSITY is privileged to be a com-
intellectual pursuit and expression, and with
this privilege goes the responsibility to open
its public rostrum to any and all ideas stu-
dents may now or tomorrow wish to hear.
The tone of your letter seems to place
the emphasis on a restrictive interpretation
of the bylaw.
Permissiveness,,when referring to speakers'
policy, sounds strangely regulatory. The Uni-
versity should not simply permit but actually
promote the development and articulation of
The policy of the Committee is simple
and clear. Recognized student organizations
are, by the very fact of their university
recognition, assumed to be responsible
agencies of the Regents. When a student
organization requests the use of an audi-
torium for a public meeting, the committee
assumes that the student organization is
entitled to the privilege and that it will

meet its responseibility for such a meeting
in a manner which, in the language of the
Regents, would be "in spirit and expression
worthy of the University." The responsi-
bility for a fair interpretation of the bylaw
rests with the sponsoring student organi-
Very truly yours,
Carl H. Fischer
Chairman, University Committee
on Lectures
STUDENT organizations are legally responsi-
ble to the Regents. Ethically, they are re-
sponsible to themselves. If these responsibilities
conflict, and they should conflict over Sec. 8.11
(1), then it is the individual's conscience which

Choirs Elicit Warm Response

To the Editor:
TIHE SATURDAY issue, March
11, of The Grand Rapids Press
carried the following remarks
about a recent combined perform-
ance of the University of Michi-
gan Choirs and the Grand Rapids
Symphony Orchestra: "It is
doubtful whether Brahms ever
heard a better performance of the
Requiem. Certainly he never heard
one which paid more reverent at-
tention to detail as well as to the
total import of the work."
Quite without local notice the
Michigan Choirs did, in fact,
travel this past weekend to the

city of Grand Rapids for their
second annual concert. After a
warm reception by the local Wo-
men's Club and a taxing evening
rehearsal with the orchestra, choir
members departed for the hospit-
able homes of their overnight
On Friday the choir members
for the most part remained with
their hosts, catching up on week-
end assignments or taking in local
sights under the guidance of their
newly found friends. Indeed, those
who were returning for the se-
cond year found the same warm
hospitality and friendliness toward
them still intact.
* * *
ON FRIDAY evening the Civic
Auditorium was filled to capacity
with an eager-expectant crowd of
over 5,000, and they were not dis-
appointed. Under the skilled baton
of Conductor Robert Zeller the two
Michigan Choirs, soprano Johanna
Meier, baritone Fague Spring-
mann, and the Grand Rapids
Symphony Orchestra blended to-
gether to do justice to the genius
of composer Brahms.
It seems strange to this writer
that the talents of such a group,
are for the most part ignored here
in Ann Arbor; that the Michigan
Choirs must travel to Grand
Rapids-a city rich in choral tra-
dition and certainly not -disposed
to unwarranted praise-to receive
their just acclaim. I am reminded
of this past Christmas concert at
Hill Auditorium where the Univer-
sity Choir and Symphony Orches-
tra presented a seasonal concert
of difficult Baroque era works to
a half filled house.
* * *
FROM THIS IT would seem that
our local arm-chair audiences are
moved to pre-Judge the value of
a performance on the basis of'

standing, dedication, and un-
heralded talent of Professor May-
nard Klein, director of choirs at
our School of Music. Not only has
this Universtiy ignored his choral
presentations, but one may con-
clude that he too has been lost
from sight by those who should be
granting final recognition.
-Roger A. Wolthuis
HUAC Methods . ..
To the Editor:
IN SEARCH for information con-
cerning the HUAC and the film
"Operation Abolition" I have fre-
quently referred to the Daily. Un-
fortunately, my efforts have been
frustrated somewhat, as illustrated
by the recent editorial, "Operation
Abolition; and the Right to Ques-
tion," by Ralph Kaplan.
Many of Mr. Kaplan's ideas are
based upon two propositions: 1)
The HUAC is wrong in implying
that all those who criticize it are
Communist dupes. 2) It is wrong to
regard the issue of American Com-
munism as being one of absolutes.
Mr. Kaplan is certainly free to
express these ideas, but his dis-
cussion is not very persuasive when
he turns around and uses the same
kind of arguments that he 'criti-
cizes- the HUAC for using. In re-
gard to point 1) of the previous
paragraph note the following
quote: "What underlies such pet-
ty objections to the motion Is more
likely the climate of fear and timi-
dity which the committee has
managed to create." In other
words, if I may use the technique
of interpreting as Mr. Kaplan does,
those who disagree with "me" are
dupes of the HUAC.
* * *
to (2) above, Ralph Kaplan says:
"If such thinking (Francis Wal-
ter's) is accepted, then the Bill of
Rights becomes, . . ., a document
of all relatives and no absolutes."
Does Mr. Kaplan ifply that if I
believe part of Mr. Walter's ideas
I have to believe the Bill of Rights
is a "relative" document?
The editorial implies that. one
has to either support the HUAC
completely or reject it completely.
I do not believe that this is the
case. The primary goal of an or-
ganization such as the HUAC is
to protect the rights of individuals
by preventing an ideology from
coming into force which would
deny individual freedom. In per-
f'orming this function the organi-
zation may infringe upon individ-
ual rights, as perhaps was done
with the film. The question we as
Americans should be concerned
with is: At what point do the ac-
tions of the organization become
overly protective and infringe too
greatly upon human liberty? This
question deserves the considera-
tion of us all.
-Dwight B. Crane
We Intellects..
To the Editor:
Seasonwein who recently re-
acted so admirably to Peter
Stuart's Daily Magazine article

osophy), which I hope will some-
day become reality, when the U. S.
is fully in the hands of its rightful
leaders-the young intelligentsia
of which you and I, Mr. Season-
wein, are proud to call ourselves
*.* *
MY PROPOSAL IS simply this:
that even the concept of individual
liberty of Americans, except that
of the learned' elite, be scrapped.,
There is much justification of such
an idea, even without a considera-
tion of its major objective of re-
moving the Conservative Opposi-
tion. The dogma of individual,
liberty is' a relic of the Eighteenth
Century, making it automatically
obsolete-and our future Planned
Economy can certainly never grow
at an optimum rate if in it there
is room for he foolish whims of
the people!
The U. S. Constitution, often re-
garded by we Liberals as a stumb-
ling block for more modest pro-
posals of this kind, need not be
feared in even such a proposal as
this: it has been circumvented be-
fore by the F.D.R. and Truman
administrations, and it may soon
be disgarded completely by the
Kennedy; so, our prospects, would
be indeed bright.
I, as a fellow intellectual,
humbly submit this humble plan
for your consideration, Mr. Sea-
sonwein. If you should desire to
hasten its acceptance, we might
join in organizing a noisy student
riot, or march on Washington.
There are many avenues to vic-
-Robert M. Pimms, '63
(Letters to the editor should be
typewritten, double spaced, and
limited to 300 words. The Daily re-
serves the right to edit or withhold
any letter. All letters must be
signed, although the Daily will
withhold names upon request.)

producing either the full economic
the United States which they were
designed to foster. A feelingof
annually reproduced burden has
been created in the United States
among a public not entirely clear
about the objectives or when they
may be achieved, if ever.
BY SETTING AN achievement
point of 10 years, the Kennedy
program injects a definite ex-
pectation that, if the Latin Amer-
ican nations will truly cooperate
with land, social and political re-
forms, the economic program will
keep pace until outside aid will
no longer be necessary.
That proved true in connection
with the Marshall Plan, whose
beneficiaries, after 12 years, are
now able to begin helping the
United States with some of her
This is a fundamental objective
of all of these programs-that the
free world shall stand on its own
feet, economically and politically
able to mobilize its resources for
the general welfare at any time
or place where they are needed.
A side product is the expectation
that newly viable economies among
underdeveloped nations will pro-
vide new customers to maintain
the dynamism of all free econ-
* * *
action to---the Kennedy plan is
mixed. The idea seems to have
got around that the United States
was going to announce distribu-
tion of some startling sum which
the governments could use for
.their own purposes. The clear
statement that the aid will be
for those who help themselves in
specific areas must cause some
shuddering, Some of these govern-
ments have been virtually budget-
ing American aid just as though it
came from their own taxes.
When it is realized that, while
the plan merely consists of a
method for applying money al-
ready approved, it is a continuing,
long-term project, designed to
change the face of Latin America
over a period of years, perhaps the
reaction will be happier.
For one thing, the President's
imagination and obvious great in-
terest has surrounded the effort
with a dramatic background-a
promise of vigor-which should be
rfO BE effective, those who must
serve in underdeveloped coun-
tries (in the peace corps) should
be able to offer a unique combina-
tion of skills, experience, and ma-
turity. These qualities accumulate
only slowly and haphazardly in
an individual. Those of us who
have the good fortune to work
with our young people recognize
their potential in all respects. But
is it reasonable to expect that they
can develop and utilize these at-
tributes within the three year
period of service?_
--Michael Belshaw

stability or the political faith in
The Daily Official Bulletin i an
official publication of The Univer..
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be.
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 351 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
General Notices
In accord with the Michigan Union's
procedure for amending its constitum
tion, we are giving notice of the fol-
lowing proposed changes in our consti-
tution. 1
Section II Paragraph I:
There shall be nominated either by
Petition or by committee at least two
candidates from each (a) the Law
School and (b) the Medical School
and' the School of Dentistry com-
bined,: and at least eight candidates
for the four offices of student Direc-
tor from the remaining schools and
To be amended as follows:
There shall be nominated either by
petition or by committee at least four
candidates from any of the graduate
schools and/or professional schools
at least eight for the four offices of
student Director from th remaining
Schools and Colleges.
Sectio II Paragraph VI
Each student member enrolled in the
Law school shall be entitled to vote
for one candidate for Director from
the Law School.
Each student member enrolled Inthe
Medical School or in the School of
Dentistry shall be entitled to vote
for one candidate from the Medical
School and the School of Dentistry
To be amended as follows:
Each Graduate or professional stu-
dent member shall be entitled' to vote
inraccordance with the prevailing
preferential system for: candidates
from any of the graduate schools
and/or professional schools.
Section II: Paragraph VI'
The candidate receiving the greatest
number of votes for the office from
the Law School and the candidate
receiving the greatest number of
votes for the office from the Medical
school and the School of Dentistry
combined, shall be declared elected
To beramended as follows:
The two candidates from the gradu-
ate and/or professional schools re-
ceiving the greatest number of votes
for office in accordance with" the
prevailing preferential system shall
be declared elected thereto.
English Honors Program. On Thurs.,
March 16, .at 4 p.m., students inter-
ested in applying for admission to the
English Honors Program are invited to
attend a: short informative meeting ot
447 Mason Hall.
Foreign Student Sholarships. The
deadline ,fortapplications for foreign
student scholarships is April 25. Stu-
dents wh pintend to return to their
-homes in'other countries after omple-
tion of studies and training are eligible -
to apply. The stipend is limited to
tuition, applications for ;Summer Ses-
sion, Fall and Spring Semester, 1981-
1962. Application forms are available
from the counselors at the Interna-
tional Center.
Burton Holmes Travelogue "Venice"
tomorrow night. The east and wes
coasts of the Adriatic will highlight
the color motion picture to be given
tomorrow, 8:30 p.m. in Hill Aud. Nar-
rator Andre de la'Varre will show the
great canals and historical spots of
venice and travel to the vacation spots
along thge bordering sea. Tickets on
sale today and tomorrow at the Aud.
box office.
Approval for the following student-
sponsored activities becomes effective
24 hours after the publication of this
notice. All publicity for these events
must be withheld until the approval
has become effective. March 16, voice
Political Party, SGC Candidates' Panel
Discussion, change of time from 8 p.m.
to 7:00 p.m.; March 1-15, Gilbert &
Sullivan Society, "Trial by Jury" and
"Ruddigore," Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre, 8:30 p.m.
Foreign Visitors
Following are the foreign visitors who
will be on the campus this week on
the dates indicated.
Program arrangements for the fol-
lowing are being made by Dr. Herman
Jacobs, Director of B'nai B'rith Hille
Mr. Moshe Shamir, novelist, leader of
the modern generation in Israel, March

Program arrangements for the fol-
lowing are being made by Professor
Claude Eggertsen, School of Education,
The University of Michigan.
Dr. Abdul Majid Abbas, Visiting Pro-
fessor of Middle Eastern Studies at
American University, has been a lead-
ing government official and educator in
Iraq, March 18-21.
C. Edward Beeby, Ambassador from
New Zealand to France, permanent
delegate to UNESCO, March 18-21.
Hans Reimers, chairman, Education
Committee of Standing Conference of
Ministers of Education, Federal Repub-
lic of Germany, March I8-21.
Dr. Theodore Hsi-en Chen, professor
of international relations, head of
department of Asian studies, University
of Southern Chlifornia, China (For-
mosa), March 18-21.
Program arrangements for the follow-
ing are being made by Mrs. Henry J.
Meyer, International Center.
Dr. Heinrich Bechtoldt, editor-in-
chief of "Aussenpolititk" (Foreign A-
fairs), Germany, March 19-22.
Events r Wednesdayj
Research Club Meeting: Wed., March
1. K a+0. .,, 1~.2 n1 infhARanham ..Arnhi.

MUG Shot
- o
f 4

Editorial Staff

City Editor

Editorial Director

BETH MCELDOWNEY.........Associate City Editor
TH DONER................ .Personnel Director
lAS KABAKER..............Magaine Editor
)LD APPLEBAuM .. Associate Editorial Director

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