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March 08, 1961 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-03-08

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OPERATION ABOLITION'
BRINGS UP QUESTIONS
See- Page 4

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

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COLDER
ligh40
Low-.27
Rain turning to snow
with more wind.

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VOL. LXXI, No 112

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1961

FIVE CENTS

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Congo, DemandsATI
affde ATO I
Rule of Bases
Makes Control of Posts, Air Traffic
Price of UN Return to Atlantic Port
By The Associated Press s
The Congo government last night demanded control of United
Nations air traffic and strategic bases as the price for return of UN
troops to Matadi, Atlantic supply port at the Congo River mouth.
United Nations forces surrendered the port Sunday after a battlew'U'A ttacked
Meet with H Umarskjold
This came as Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold met privately
with his 18-nation advisory committee on the Congo. Diplomats who By MICHAEL BURNS
attended said he discussed current State Sen. Clarence F. Graebner
UN negotiations with Congolese (R-Saginaw) leveled a blast at
authorities, the size of the University yester-
The Security Council Feb. 21 day in proposing a new four-year
IVTCITTenlarged the UN mandate fot the state college.
Congo by authorizing the UN com- "The University is too big now,"
mand to use force if nece'ssary to he charged ,
prevent civil war there. Graebner said the main reason
k Far from agreeing to Congolese he was advocating the establish-
's ak~r B an terms in negotiations for return to
the port, the UN reinforced its ment of a state-supported addi-
By HARVEY MOLOTCH Leopoldville garrison. new two-year eroaomunity
Special to The Daily Moroccans Arrive College, was to provide "a degree
EAST LANSING - Sen. Barry About 800 Moroccans of the UN granting college" for those stu-
Goldwater (R-Ariz) told a Michi- detachment in Katanga began ar- dents who are and will be over-
gan State University audience last riving by air yesterday, and emer- crowding other state schools.
night that Communists should be gency arrangements were made to "The University, Michigan State
allowed to publicly defend their airlift 600 soldiers from Tunisia University and Wayne State Uni-
system of government on tax-sup- today. The first of 3,000 Indian versity are too big for their
ported campuses. troops probably will begin arriving britches," he emphasized. "They
Answering a question raised by in the Congo in a week. don't have the proper supervision
Ann Byerlein during a question These will boost UN strength in over students" that a smallervcol-n
and answer period following his the Congo to 0,000 men and make le
main address,-Goldwater asserted up for the 40 troops theSuda geswould.
that "if 'people knew what Con- pulling out of the Congo., The Graebner said that the Univer-
munism was, there would be no withdrawal order was in protest sity should be limited to 20-25,000
difficulty in maintaining allegi- against failure of the UN com- students.
ance." mand to reinforce the outnum- Asks Cooperative Plan
M iss Byerlein is currently cam- bered Sudanese garrison at Ma- The bill called for establishment
paigning to reinstate a ban that tadi- of the four-year college on a co-
would prevent Communists from Warning Underlined operative plan in which the pres-
speaking at Wayne State Univer- Although the reinforcements of ent two-year Delta College, sched-
sity. UN troops here seemed to under- uled to open in September, would
Rebuttal Needed line the UN warning that it will continue under sole jurisdiction of
"If you know what the man is, retake Matadi by force if neces- the community college district,
and if counter his argument with sary, a UN spokesman denied the with the state providing support
an equally strong rebuttal from troop movements were to put pres- only for the junior and senior
the republican side, I don't see sure on the Congolese during nego- years.
anything wrong with it. tiations for the port. The college district would pro-
"But in the case of day-after- The Stanleyville regime of An- vide the mile-square site on which
day preaching of Communism by toine Gizenga in a statement the college is now being construct-
a faculty member-that's for the appealed to the UN General As- ed and would rent classrooms to
colleges to settle for themselves," sembly to find a solution for the the state. Rental revenue would
Goldwater added . Congo problem,teusta te.retlreenue wouled
In his lecture, sponsored by the The Stanleyville diplomatic mis-f be used to retire the bonds Issued
MSU Conservative Club, Gold- sion here, representing the political for classroom construction.
water called for the rebirth of a heirs of slain Patrice Lumumba, Graebner said his bill, which
"true liberal movement" to join accused Hammarskjold of prepar- was referred to the Senate educa-
conservatives 4n their 'forward ing for a third world war by trying tion committee yesterday, does not
march. to place the Congo under the set any time limit for conversion
Those who today call themselves domination of imperialists, to the four-year program but that
liberal are not following the lib- A roundtable conference of Con- it should be within three or four
eralness of Thomas Jefferson, but go leaders will open today in Tan- years. Delta will open with an en-
are instead "radical reactionaries," anarive, Malagasy Republic, with rollment of approximately 1,800
Goldwater protested, an address by President Moise students and 92 faculty members.
Change Desired Tshombe of Katanga proposing a Board in Control
Such men desire change for the detailed solution of the Congo's A 12-man board in control would
sake of change itself and want problems. be established, with three members
to take us back to the govern-beainedbyt teegmemrnr
mental centralism of the British appointed by the governor. The
monarchy which our forefathers ote R ssian remainingpositions would be f ill-
fought against. 11iedbyrelections within the college
Goldwater praised the House Un- district and will be members of
American Activities Committee as Io Give Tal"the " community college board.
a "good thing." Elliciting loud ap- Delta's operating funds are ex-
plause from his audience of 3,000 Prof. Julian Saushkin, one of pected to come from the following
students, legislators, and faculty the ovt Un 's top 'sources: $420,000 from tuitions at
members, the Arizona Senator ph ill de lectgeon $100 per student per term; $605,-
said: "Lrg rea Cmex e on 380 from the district's half-mill
"McCarthy was a good friend of ductive oreComplexhe sovet operating levy; and $430,500 from
mine. People were critical of the Union" at 4:15 p.m. March 17 i state funds on the basis of $205
way Joe ran the committee," but Aud A, Angell Hall. per full-time equated student.
in Congressional investigations The Russian geographer is in Graebner explained that future
there is no way criticism can be the United States under a pro- operating funds for the school
avoided, gram for the exchange of profes- would come from state funds as
Goldwater added that he was sors between Moscow State Uni- they do for other state schools.
"shocked but not surprised" when versity and Columbia University. The cost of expanding Delta to a
he saw HUAC's film "Operation His visit includes lectures at the four-year institution would not be
Abolition." "I know what Com- universities of Chicago, Wisconsin substantially higher than the cost

munism cap do to people e r ei Illinois, Syracuse and Yale Uni- of expanding present degree-
people who afterwards realize they versity. granting schools, he said.
bave been duped."
Voices Support
Responding to a reporter's ques- HOOSIER COMEDIAN:
tion at an earlier press conference,
Goldwater voiced support for a
technologically oriented peace
corps "as long as it is not justn
gonig t. be a haven for beatniks." -
But the peace can best be kept
through a position of power, Gold-
water said. By JUDITH BLEIER;
"We can't let foreign countries and MICHAEL HARRAH
nfluence what we do-we must in- "I work more with the young
stead determine what is best for people, these days; they're the ones
he world ourselves." {= who are up and at 'em."
Hoosier humorist Herb Shriner
hopped off the stage in Hill Aud.
V ; } => ::. and sat down. "The older folks
W est G ermare TV watchers nowadays," he
#::::u?:d.Arm s said. "Only the young folks are
. ¬ĘSS'" :rIRstill going out. Entertaining them1
makes me feel like I'm going to
BONN (A) -Diplomatic sources } .school again."
aid last night W. Averell Harri- Shiner said that in playing to
nan has assured West Germany a college audience he has found a
hat nuclear weapons will continue
)~ X~tjjli,.on, -.i~:..vi preference for three things:

(TION AT
RDIZES 'U'

STI

FORD

PTER ST,

TO

PEACE CORPS:
Can Place 5,000 Volunteers

By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
"If qualified members of the peace corps could fill every position
in the world where they are needed, we could easily place 5,000 corps-
men by July 1962," Prof. Maurice Albertson of Colorado State Uni-
versity told the Americans Committed to World Responsibility last
night.
Prof. Albertson, author of a report to Congress on the peace corps,
discussed the results of a questionnaire on need and possibilities for
the program which he sent to groups and individuals in the United
States and several foreign countries.
He emphasized the fact that the ideas he expressed were mere-
ly recommendations based on the results of the questionnaire and

National Expels i Ul
For Pledging Jews
Lewis, Trost Examine Possibilitie
Of Conflict with M3embership Rul
By MICHAEL OLINICK
The University chapter of Alpha Tau Omega faces pc
sible loss of recognition in the wake of action taken yesterd
against the fraternity's Stanford unit.
ATO's national office revoked ,the charter of the Califc
nia group because it pledged four Jewish students last fall.
A high council of the fraternity unanimously decided ti
the Stanford students had violated the organization's co
stitution which limits members to those of "the white ra
who have accepted the Christian faith."
If the University chapter must adhere to- the nationa
policies on membership selection, the ATO's here would
in violation of the Student ;

LOCA

Legislature
Receives Bill
On Education
WASHINGTON (R)-- President
John F. Kennedy's bill to provide
loans and scholarships for the
nation's colleges went to Congress
yesterday.
It was introduced immediately
in the House by Rep. Edith Green
(D-Ore), and in the Senate by
Sen. Lister Hill (D-Ala).
Proposal Explained
The President's proposals were
in two parts: 1) 212,500 four-year
college scholarships. 2) Long-term,
low interest loans to construct
classrooms and other buildings..
The total cost of the five-year
program, including loans, is esti-
mated at well over $3 billion.
This help to colleges is separate,
from a proposal sent to Congress
earlier to provide about $2.3 bil-
lion in outright grants to the
states over a three-year period for
public elementary and secondary
schools.
Described as Vital
In sending his proposals to Con-
gress, President Kennedy described
them as vital in the years ahead
when he said there will be great
increases in the number of stu-
dents seeking to get college de-
grees.
"If our youth are to have an
opportunity to develop their intel-
lectual capacities to the fullest,
steps must be taken immediately
to increase the, available facilities
for higher education and to re-
lieve both the students and the
universities from impossible finan-
cial burdens. This program is de-
signed to do this."
Hill is chairman of the Senate
public welfare committee which
will conduct hearings on the meas-
ure. Mrs. Green is a member of
the House Education Committee.
She said the House committee
will begin three days of hearings
on March 15. Secretary of Welfare'
Abraham Ribicoff will be the first
witness, Mrs. Green said.
Meanwhile, the President stood'
firm on his insistence that federal
aid to parochial and private ele-
mentary and secondary schools
would be unconstitutional, al-
though Sen. John W. McCormack
(D-Mass), House majority leader,1
opposes him on this issue.

not necessarily the procedure the
peace corps will follow.
Demand Enormous
Although the demand expressed
for the peace corps is enormous,
President John F. Kennedy has ex-
pressed a desire to place 500 to
1,000 corpsmnen by next Decem-
ber. He has emphasized the im-
portance of conducting the pro-
gram on a reduced scale until we
can be more certain about its re-
sults.
Prof. Albertson said the primary
aim of the peace corps should be
an attempt to assist the accelera-
tion of economic and social devel-
opment in underdeveloped areas
of the world by means of "person-
al contact at the operational lev-
el,"
More than half the peace corps
work will involve teaching Eng-
lish as a second language. Three
quarters will fall under the gen-
eral heading of formal teaching
which will include, in adlition to
English, agriculture, vocational
and technical skills, sciences and
adult education.
Mainly Men
Most peace corps positions will
be occupied by men, Prof. Albert-
son said. However, there will be
several opportunities for women
and a few for married couples,
providing both the husband and
wife are qualified to work in the
same general area.
Most corpsmen will spend two
years in the countries to which
they will be assigned. They under-
go a two to three month training,
period in the United States and
additional training for three to six
monthsin the area where they
will work.
Corpsmen will receive no salar-
ies except subsistence wages and
a small allowance. They will be
expected to live under the same
conditions as the people with
whom they work.
Qualifications Listed
To qualify for the peace corps,
applicants must have completed,
high school and had additional
training in areas which will be of
use to the corps. Prof. Albertson
said it is vital for them to have
"both a humanistic desire to help
others less fortunate than they
and a pioneering spirit of adven-
ture."
Corpsmen will receive instruc-
tion before being sent abroad un-
der the government plan headed
by R. Sargent Shriver, President
Kennedy's brother-in-law.'

PROF. MAURICE ALBERTSON,
... peace corps
AT MSU:
Ask Voice
In Choilce,
By WILFRED ROY
Students and faculty of Michi-
gan State University are currently
circulating petitions asking for a
voice in the selection of the next
dean of students.
The student petition already has
approximately 2000 signatures,,
Dan Reidel, MSU student. govern-
ment president, said last night.
The students have formed a
three point program which in-
cludes a request that the presi-
dent consult faculty members and
representatives of the student body
before making his choice.
The petition also asks that the
next dean "be a person fully in
sympathy with the educational
functions of the University,"
(which means a faculty member,
Reidel said), and that a committee
of students and faculty be formed
to study the organization and ac-,
tivities of the dean's office and to
make recommendations for its
future operation.
The faculty petition closely par-
allels this, but specifically asks
that the appointment be a faculty
member. There is no existing rule
to this effect now, and the retiring
dean is not and has never been
a faculty member.
The student government also has
a motion supporting the petitions
and seeking the same ends, but it
has been tabled pending MSU
President John Hannah's "return
this week from a trip to Asia.

Government Council ruling on
discrimination in student or-
gaizations, Vice-President for
Student Affairs James A. Lew-
is said last night.
Discrimination Banned
SGC adopted a motion last May
banning racial and religious dis-
crimination in student organiza-
tions. The council also required all
fraternities and sororities to sub-
mit statements detailing their
membership selections practices.
"Each chapter has to file a
statement about its membership
practices. If it can't say that it;
chooses members without regard
to race or religion, that group is in
jeopardy," Lewis said.
Interfraternity President Jon
Trost, '61, agreed with Lewis. "It
would look as if AtO here could
not be in accord with our ruling
and still follow its national's poli-
cies."
No Prediction
Richard Clark, '62BusAd, ATO
president here, hesitated to pre-
dict the outcome of the Stanford
action for his chapter. "It is at
this time impossible to tell just
repercussions the Stanford affair
will have on this chapter.
"The complete details of this
situation and also the membership
committee's interpretation of the
affair are not clearly defined -at
this time.
"These and all other pertinent.
points will be discussed with the
University and the committee."
Clark said his chapter had not
yet filed its statement which would
be used by the SGC Committee on
Membership in Student Organiza-
tions to evaluate the situation
here.
'No Alternative,
The five man ATO council said
the Stanford group declared it
would continue to violate the con-
stitutional clause on membership
restrictions. "Under these circum-
stances, the chapter leaves the
fraternity no alternative but to
place its charter in escrow," the
council stated.
Religious bias, the council said,
did not influence its decision. It
pointed out that ATO has alumni
of Hebrew origin and clergymen
of various denominations.
The Stanford chapter decided
in December to continue on cam-
pus as a strictly local group if it
were ousted by the national,
Michael Kavanaugh, ATO presi-
dent there said last night.

SGC Action
..
May Oppose
By PAT GOLDEN
A motion to condemn the flu
"Operation' Abolition" will pro
ably come to a vote tonight at t
Student Government Coun
meeting.
The Council saw the film ai
discussed the ixotion last wee
but postponed action because Ct
ema Guild has scheduled a pre
entation for the. campus. T
showing was ,ater cancelled a
no other showing is planned
present.
HUAC Support
"Operation Abolition" was ma
with the support of the House U
American Activities Committ
and concerns the student ric
surrounding the HUAC hearin
last May in San Francisco. SGC
motion claims the film conta
distortions and attempts to lix
the student demonstration wi
the Communist movement. T
motion explicitly states that SC
does not condone any violen
committed by the students, b
objects to' the film's implicatio
and misrepresentations.
Should a public showing of t
film seem imminent, SGo mIg
again postpone its final consi
eration of the motion.
Propose Changes
Considerable changes in the a
tivities section, of the Universi
regulations booklet will also cor
before the Council. SGC membe
and administrators have discuss
the proposed, changes which i
elude changing the interim actic
procedure for calendaring, into
regular function of the preside
Such a change would enable t
president to officially approve a
tivities between SGC meeting
The present procedure allows t
executive vice-president to gi
temporary approval to activitie
but they are not officially cale
dared until the whole Council a
proves the interim action.
To Present Motion
Philip Power, Spec., will prese
a motion to endorse a Conferen
on the University for this sprinr
He and a committee were autho
ized in December to study the idi
of the conference and report ba4
to SGC. The motion proposes th.
further planning for the confe
ence be done by an all-Universi
committee.
New Petitions
For Positions
InG Creulation
Per Hanson, '62, executive vie
president of Studept Governme
Council, took out a petition ,f4
SGC yesterday.
Nick Spewock, '62E, petition
for senior class president. Edwa

r~o Play to Young People

t]
t{

and Mort Sahl. "Their humor , is
much the same as mine," he said.
"It's just in a different package.
Only the outward wrapping has
been changed.
"They touch on topical things,
just as I do. We all do a sort of
monologue-and that's as old as
vaudeville. It dates back to Chau-
tauqua (a touring carnival around
the turn of the century.)"
Heyday for Humor
The Hoosier entertainer said
that the present is a heyday for
the humorous speaker. "The art of
talking is coming back. For awhile

weekly TV show anymore. It's like
Russian roulette with all the bar-
rels loaded."
$2 Prop,
Shriner then pointed out the
"two dollar kitchen chair," which
was then occupied by guitarist
George Alexander, a baritone bal-
ladeer who accompanies him on
his tours.
"That chair is the least ex-
pensive, most effective piece of
scenery. It's just a place to sit
back and talk. More than that,
everyone gets a laugh out of it."
Meanwhile the electrical crews
focused multi-colored spotlights

Decision Expected
Kavanaugh had been awaiting
a decision from the council this
month and was expecting a revo-
cation of the charter.
"There is no feeling of distaste-
fulness or unhappiness on our
part. Our ideas about selecting
members dQ not agree with the
national's and we do not want to
remain in an organization that has
those membership criteria," he
said.
The action of the council was
based on a hearing with the Stan-
ford chapter on Jan. 28 when
chapter officers admitted they
had pledged and initiated non-
Christians. the council said.

'=,,U

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