see page 4
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
Clearing and cooler
VOL. LXXI, No. 111
ANN ARBOR ,MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1961
UN To Use Force
If Needed at Matadi
U.S. Task Force Heads f or Area
Of Congo Victory over Sudanese
LEOPOLDVILLE fl)-The United Nations command warned yes-
terday it will recapture the key port of Matadi from the Congolese
army -by force if negotiations fail..
A United States Navy task force sped toward the area to help the
UN if needed.
UN officials said privately UN headquarters in New York had
ordered a standstill in any military operations to retake Matadi until
8 p.m. tonight at the earliest. A spokesman denied reports published
abroad that Moroccan troops were marching on Matadi, pointing out
that most Moroccans already have left the Congo.
In the most humiliating defeat the Congo mission has suffered,
the 135 Sudanese soldiers garrisoning Matadi laid down their arms
TO CONFER ON PEACE CORPS:
'U' Representatives Aid
In Planning of Meeting
By ROBERT FARRELL
Two University representatives attended a meeting in Washing-
ton, D.C., over the weekend to plan for the National Conference on
Youth Service Abroad this spring.
Alan and Judith Guskin, both graduate students, said that the
conference, to be held at American University in Washington from
March 29-31, was intended primarily to allow students to get their
ra: ^ k: Ctil ?y41 ';ti.', :.541' : ]fts's :'n% ?"s.... " ._h ::r ;'a
... Matadi and Banana
City To Build
By RICHARD OSTLING
The Ann Arbor City Council
moved to provide an estimated
need of 500 parking spaces in the
city by creating a new downtown
They also passed a new two-way
traffic pattern for Liberty St. Both
were part of long-range programs
to rehabilitate the downtown area
and bring shoppers into the city.
An ordinance proposed by Coun-
cilman John Dowson to prohibit
unpermitted parking on private
property, backed by police enforce-
ment, will act against violators on
fraternity and sorority lots and on
the West-South Quadrangle tri-
angle, Mayor Cecil 0. Creal said,
The procedure for seeking money
from non - assessable landowners
(such as the University) to help
city projects was formalized in
a new ordinance which will re-
quire the exempted owners to state
how much they will help projects
before the Council passes on them.
The parking' problem near St.
Joseph Mercy Hospital, which had
forced the Council to rescind an
earlier action, may be solved.
Private investors are planning a
new parking structure in which
the top two floors would be apart-
ments. It would cost a minimum
of city money, and could lead to
city profits which would be used
for other parking facilities.
The apartments will not be for
"student housing, but will be the
type of housing which will bring
professional families back to the
center of the city," one spokesman
Councilman Harold McKercher
said that the parking ,hassles at
the University Hospital and cen-
tral campus are as acute as the
one at St. Josephs.
It was reported that lettgrs to
" the Department of Defense have
failed to bring new business to a
local factory which is planning on
moving out of the city, and that
the council-created bus line is con-
tinuing to show a profit.
Local labor will be employed on
a new city project, after a directive
to the City Administrator from the
Mayor and Council.
The 1960 census will allow 45
taverns in Ann Arbor, it was an-
Engineers for the Ann Arbor
Research Park were hired by the
Council as part of what Adminis-
trator Guy Larcom estimates will
be a $400,000 expenditure by the
city by fall.
F Tn Acir Ar auv
" Sunday after more than 24 hours'
of battling with rifles, machine
guns and mortars with more than
1,000 Congolese soldiers.
Two Sudanese soldiers were
killed, 13 were wounded and 12
are missing. Congolese casulties
were not known.
The defeat was a crushing blow
to UN prestige at a time when
Congelese forces appear itching for
a showdown against the troops
they accuse of seeking to disarm
Since UN forces first came to
the Congo, Congolese' officials
have been trying to establish con-
trol over Matadi, 'the Congo River'
port where most of the nation's
supplies are landed. Without con-
trol there, the UN operation is at
the mercy of Congolese authori-
The terms of the cease-fire im-
posed by the Congolese troops
acknowledged that.UN troops had
the right to return but said the
Congolese should be consulted on
the nationality of troops sent
A UN spokesman said negotia-
tions are now going on but added:
"If the United Nations fail to
get back by peaceful means it is
empowered to use force as a last
resort If necessary."
Without waiting for a UN re-
quest, the United States turned
around a goodwill task force of
four ships bound for Cape Town
and sent it back toward Congolese
The task force, which aided last
month in the withdrawal of Guin-
ean soldiers from the UN Congo
command, is made'up of the de-
stroyer Gearing, the dock landing
ship Hermitage, the tank landing
ship Graham County and the oiler
Foreign Minister Justin Bombo-
ko issued a statement accusing UN
troops of causing the trouble at
Prof. Maurice Albertson, direc-
tor of the Colorado State Univer-
sity Research Foundation and au-
thor of the report to Congress on
the Peace Corps, will speak at an
open meeting of Americans Com-
mitted to World Responsibility at
8 p.m. today in Rm. 3RS of the
Albertson, whose complete final
report on the Corps has not yet
been given to Congress, spoke with
Alan Guskin, Grad, spokesman for
ACWR, during Guskin's visit to
Washington, D.C., this weekend
for a planning conference on the
spring meeting there on "Youth
. hooks for basket
By CLIFF MARKS
Michigan won its second Big
Ten basketball game last night by
running up a 17 point second half
lead and outlasting visiting Illi-
nois, 74-66, as John Tidwell closed
out his home career with 24 points.
Michigan has one game left,
Saturday at Indiana.
When Tidwell came off the floor
with 42 seconds left in the game
and the score 74-62, the slim
crowd roared its approval as they
stood clapping for several minutes
in honor of the highest scorer in
Senior Dick Dowley also played
his last home game.
It was Tidwell who led his team
to a 35-29 halftime lead, then hit
the first basket of the second 20
minutes to start the Wolverines
off on a scoring binge.
Not Whole Show
However, the Herin, Ill. star was
not the whole show as he was
Saturday with his record 43 points
against Minnesota, although he
scored 12 of Michigan's last 13
first half points. Tom Cole, a
Springfield product, aided Tidwell
against their home state foes with
13 first half markers.
Tidwell even hit a jump shot to
give Michigan its first of three 17
point margins, 53-36.
After Tidwell's opening jumper,
Scott Maentz began his eight bas-
ket second half barrage by hitting
Illinois then managed to score
twice, before Jon Hall cut the brief
rally short with a jumper, fol-
lowed by two more Maentz bas-
kets. Cole then added a lay-up
before Tidwell extended the lead
to 17 for the first time, with a lay-
up against Illinois' slow-footed de-
See TIDWELL. Page 6
opinions on the Peace Corps on
The conference's aims are poli-
tical as well as educational, they
Many of the officials closely
connected with the planning for
the corps have indicated that they
will give thorough consideration to
the statements of the students on
all aspects of the corps.
The first day of the conference,
the Guskins, spokesmen for Amer-
icans Committed to World Respon-
sibility, said, would include a
luncheon keynote address by Rep.
Henry S. Reuss (D-Wis), the au-
thor of a bill on the corps, and
an afternoon panel discussion
The panel will include such peo-
ple concerned with the subject of
the corps as Maurice Albertson,
who contributed the recent report
to Congress on the corps; Max F.
Millikan, dean of the Center for
International Studies at the Mas-
sachusetts Institute of Technology,
who has worked with President
John F. Kennedy on the corps,
and Victor Reuther, head of the
Washington Office of the United
The group of students, invited
from all National Students Asso-
ciation member colleges and uni-
versities, will then break, down in-
to workshops on different subject
matter areas concerned with the
corps. These might include such
topics as selection and training of
members and politics and struc-
ture of the corps.
These workshops will continue
to meet through the second day,
with a reception for foreign stu-
dents and diplomats planned for
the second evening.
Addresses planned for the meet-
ing also include a dinner speech
by Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-
Minn) the first day, a luncheon
address by a Republican legisla-
tor, possibly Sen. John S. Cooper
(Ky), the second day, and a din-
ner address by R. Sargent Shriv-
er, newly appointed head of the
temporary corps; and possibly
Kennedy the same evening.
The third day, a plenary session
of all the delegates will be held.
Here the final report of the work-
shops, drawn up as one document
by the several chairmen, will be
presented and voted upon. It will
contain majority and minority
views when differences among the
delegates show up, the Guskins
This report will be given as
wide circulation as possible, par-
ticularly to members of Congress,
in order to give the students' voice
By PHILIP SHERMAN
Metropolitan life-"a radically
new design for living. and working"
-is evolving in the United States,
but the traditional means cannot
solve the city's growing problems,
Luther Gulick said yesterday.
The action of the free market-
Adam Smith's "unseen hand"
and local government have been
relied on until now, but "urban
conditions are deteriorating and
deteriorating fast," he said.
Gulick, director of the Institute
for Public Administration, New
York, will analyze the city's prob-
lems and present a solution this
week in his five-part William W.
Cook lectures on American insti-
tutions. He will review "American
Ideas and Experience with Local
Government" at 4:15 p.m. today
in Rackham Amphitheatre.
Gulick listed areas where' lais-
sez-faire, which assumed that in-
dividuals working for their self-
interest would produce the com-
mon good too, fails. It has not re-
sulted in "a city which satisfied
the public interest," he said.
Streets laid out crooked and
narrow by contractors may be pic-
turesque but are totally unsatis-
factory for sustained urban life.
A controlling organization is need-
ed. This will also lead to control
of land usage, which is related to
Private enterprise will no long-
er provide mass transportation-
except elevators-in an urban
area, without substantial govern-
ment help and participation.
Water supplies and sewage f a-
cilities can no longer be provided
by private business, through many
other utilities have kept pace with
the growing metropolises.
Comprehensive public action
must set the stage for urban rede
velopment before private enter-
prise will step in.
Also, private builders to make a
profit will only build higher-cost
private housing, leaving low and
middle incomepeople to occupy
various kinds of "second hand"
and substandard housing, which
result in slums. Government must
also act here.
FAIR'EMPLOYMENT -- President John F. Kennedy set up a
committee to eliminate discrimination in jobs involving govern-
Discuss A mendment
By IRIS BROWN
Administrators met with members of Student Government Coun-
cil yesterday to discuss a motion by Roger Seasonwein, '61, to. amend
the University regulation requiring every student organization to file
a membership list with the Office of Student Afairs.
To replace these lists, the motion would give a group the option
of submitting either a notarized statement that there are twenty
University tudents who are mem-'
bers of the group or a membership
list. However, a group submitting a
notarized statement might be re-
quired to submit a membership
list if necessary for the enforce-
ment of University regulations.
As a result of the discussion,
Seasonwein plans to make several
procedural revisions to the mo-
tion, such as striking the word
notarized and requiring a state-
ment of both the total number of
members and the number of non-
University members in the group.
Administrative Assistant to the
Dean of Men Mrs. Ruth Callahan
suggestedthat, it would probably
be groups with non-student mem-
bers who would prefer not to file
Alternate Proposal IRVING M. COPI
An alternative proposal was- .. Surveillance
made by Interfraternity Council
President Jon Trost, '61. He sug-
gested that an organization not S
wishing to file a membershipC I S d
statement could petition to Stu-War Methods
dent Government Council to be
excepted from the regulation.
Seasonwein pointed out that this By PETER STUART
would place a stigma on some Developing techniques which in
organizations, because it is un- time of war could be used to lo-
likely that any but a few political cate the enemy and see what he
clubs would choose this alter- is up to is nearly a full-time.job--
native, and because the ruling and perhaps one unique in the
would be subject to variations in University's history-for Prof. Ir-
the Council. ving M. Copi of the philosophy
Seasonwein defended his origi- department.
nal motion on the grounds that Prof. Copi is, researchlogician
"each individual is entitled to ab- for the Institute of Science and
solute privacy unless his actions Technology. He organizes various
affect the public domain." If an fragmentary reports!from the na-
organization's actions adversely tion's surveillance devices, such as
effect the University, the organiza- radar, which detect the presence,
tion should be dealt with, not in- movement and possible identifica-
dividual members. This would in- tion of enemy men and equip-
volve action against the officers, ment.,
he said. The post of research logician
Stresses Dangers was created by Prof. Copi last
He stressed that in many cases month by the Regents. "I had no
such membership lists have 'en- predecessor in this job, and I am
dangered individuals in recent not even aware that this title
years. ever existed before," he noted.
John E. Bingley, assistant dean Since the job is practically full-
of men, said he thought this mo- time, he now spends most of the
tion was being used in a "climate day with his colleagues at the
of fear." He also emphasized the Willow Run Laboratories and
positive use of such lists for teaches only one class.
scholarship and job applicants. For several years before his ap-
pointment, he worked on the re-
Taken At Once
By U.S. Agencies
WASHING 0N OP) - Presic
John F. Ke nedy took his fi
formal action in the civil rig
field last night-a} move to prei
discrimination in employmen
The White House first annou
ed that Kennedy would issue
executive order on this matter
night. Later, in a' speedup,
timetable was revised to 'prov
for issuance last night.
Kennedy also announced that
has directed all federal agenc
"to take immediate action
broaden government employn
opportunities for members
minority groups." The Presic
said he has "dedicated my
ministration to the cause of eq
opportunity in employment by
government of its contractors."
He added that Johnson, G
berg and the 10 other member
the all - government commi
share this dedication.
"I have no doubt that the vig
ous enforcement of this order'
mean the end of such discrimi
tion," Kennedy said.
STUDY CHILDREN'S THOUGHT:
Minnesota Group Investigates Creativity
By SANDRA JOHNSON
The University of Minnesota Bureau of Educational Research is
studying children's ability for creative thinking.
Through historical, descriptive, and experimental research, E.
Paul Torrance, director of the bureau, pointed out, he and his col-
leagues are examining the factors that produce the ability for creative
thinking in children and are developing criteria for measuring this
The bureau is also studying comparative groups of children in
Australia, Norway, Canada, Germany, India, and Samoa. From these
the researchers can investigate the influences of culture on creative
For the bureau's ask and guess tests, the subject is shown a pic-
ture, Torrance explained.