THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Gray Requests 'Public Policy'
On Birth Control Instruction
Dodge Plans To Leave;
Tour, Book in Offing
PROF. STANLEY DODGE
Inaudible, high-frequency sounds
emitted by metals under stress
may indicate when they are about
to "give," Prof. Julian Frederick
of the engineering college says.
A two-year, $35,000 grant from
the National Science Foundation
will enable him to investigate this
"When you pull twist, squeeze
or bend a metal, it makes squeak-
ing or popping noises," which are
too high-pitched and not loud
enough for the human ear to per-
ceive, Prof. Frederick explains.
These sounds are caused by mi-
nute virbrations within the metal
as the atoms and molecules of its
crystal structure are displaced by
the forces of stress.
As stress increases, the move-
ments accumulate and a sub-mi-
croscopic crack forms. If the stress
continues to increase, they get
larger and fatigue failure follows.
"We want to find out how soon
these noises precede fatigue fail-
ure," Prof. Frederick says.
An ultra sensitive piezolelectric
microphone, working on the prin-
ciple of a phonograph cartridge,
will be used to pick up the stress
sounds. Preliminary tests were run
on aluminum, zinc and brasses,
but the forthcoming project will
concentrate on steel because of
its industrial importance, Prof.
Rate Increase -
In an effort to boost The Daily's
circulation, the Board in Control
of Student Publications has ap-
proved a 400 per cent increase
in commission rates on subscrip-
tion sales. Effective next fall, the
commissions go up from $.05 to
$.25 for each subscription sold.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Student Government Council at
its final meeting Wednesday night
defeated a motion calling for the
withdrawal of seven SGC members
from the Office of Student Affairs
The motion, submitted by How-
ard Abrams, '63,* asked for the
action because the advisory com-
mittee "has proven useless. It has
not been consulted on any of the
substantive issues that have aris-
en in the OSA during the past
year," the motion stated.
The advisory committee was cre-
ated at the request of Vice-Presi-
dent for Student Affairs James
A. Lewis to afford him consulta-
tion on decisions concerning stu-
In other actions, Council ap-
proved the new Interfraternity
Council bylaws which eliminate
the requirement for rushees to
visit a minimum of eight houses
in five districts.
Because men in our industrial en-
gineering groups are a prime source
of management talent, we have con-
tinuing openings for engineers for
industrial engineering projects.
Assignments are challenging and di-
versified, enabling you to utilize
your analytical ability to its fullest
from inception to conclusion.
Must have engineering degree and
interest or experience in materials
handling, space utilization, methods,
and project analysis. Starting salary
dependent upon education and ex-
perience to $8,400.
Job location: New York
Syracuse, Cleveland, De-
torit and Indianapolis.
Send resume or write for application
to W. W. La Combe, District Per-
sonnel Assistant, New York Central
Depot, Detroit 16, Michigan.
Morgan Links Success
With Racial Background
By RUCHA ROBINSON
"The relatively deprived back-
ground of non-whites has created
obstacles to the economic and so-
cial adcance of the non-white
family in our society," Prof. James
Morgan of the Survey Research
Center reported recently.
In a study on "Race, Economic
Attitudes and Behavior," Prof.
Morgan and Prof. Martin David of
the University of Wisconsin an-
alyzed the reasons besides race
for social segregation of white
and Negro families.
Race begins a chain of causa-
tion which may affect conditions
in an individual's family back-
ground such as "religion, place of
residence, income, family size and
attitudes." These background fac-
tors in turn affect an individual's
level of education, occupation and
family planning, Professors Mor-
gan and David asserted.
Result of Achievement
The individual's present be-
havior is' a result of his achieve-
ments and decisions. Present be-
havior in turn affects present
conditions, Professors Morgan
and David said.
Most non-whites are from the
South and come from large fam-
ilies of unskilled laborers. Gener-
ally they have less formal educa-
tion than whites. Economically
"most non-whites reported that
they felt less able to plan ahead,"
the report notes.
Non-whites are more likely to
be in favor of government sup-
port of colleges, and aid to needy
students.' 'They tend to make no
distinction between those that
academically deserved scholar-
ships, and those in financial need,
the study reveals.
Non-Whites Earn Less
Financially, non-whites earn 40.
per cent less than whites. Women
who are non-white are more like-
ly to work than those who are
white. Because of education, their
jobs pay less and they work few-
The report continues by show-
ing non-whtes were more in favor
of having the government support
the aged. However, they had "the
most favorable attitudes of any
subgroups examined towards older
people living with their children
or relatives." The majority of
whites opposed this arrangement.
Non-whites are more likely not
to own their own home. This fac-
tor is probably caused by "dis-
crimination, income uncertainty,
and FHA regulations which fre-
quently do not allow credit for the
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