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May 16, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-05-16

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Where Opinions Are FeeSTUDENT PUBLiCATIONS BLDG., ANN ARso, MwCH., PHONE No 2-324]
Truth Will prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Betancourt Image Masks Tyranny

RSDAY, MAY 16, 1963


Liberalization of Hours
Only Goes Part Way


THE LIBERALIZATION of worilen's hours
has not gone far enough. Vice-President
for Student Affairs James' A. Lewis decided to
keep weekend hours at 12:30 for all women
except seniors. The only improvement is an.
added nine 1:30 late permissions and more
automatic late permissions for juniors. He also
denied juniors the privilege of living outside the
dormitory system.
These decisions grossly underestimate the
maturity of today's Univerwity women.
Of course the University must assume some
responsibility for the general welfare of its
students, and, at this stage, some women's
hours are probably necessary. However, Uni-
versity women are being unreasonably incar-
cerated. They are not being given the educa-
tional opportunity to make mistakes. They are
not being given the chance to prove to society
.that they are capable, mature individuals.
This over-protection is stifling the freedom
that beloigs to the women as adults.
were allowed by their parents to stay out
much later than 12:30-and many of them
lived in big, "dangerous" cities. It is strange
that the University considers it such a risk
to let them stay out until 1:30 in a college
Administrators agree that anything that can
happen between 12:30 and 1:30 could just as
easily happen before 12:30. By giving an
across-the-board extension to 1:30 on both
Friday and Saturday night, the time for harm-
less recreation would be prolonged, but the
probability of immoral conduct would not
necessarily be increased.
Certainly this fact is recognized by Lewis,
for he has granted nine 1:30 permissions for

each semester. But why on only certain speci-
fied nights? Surely a woman is no more mature
on a 1:30 night than she is on a 12:30 night.
THE RATIONALE is that there have been
extensions in hours on nights only when
major campus events are taking place. Lewis
seems to be assuming that there would be
nothing for students to do on a 1:30 night if
organized activity were not going on. On the
contrary, though, there are many respectable
activities which can be pursued after 12:30.
Ann Arbor businessmen might even respond by
scheduling entertainment at later hours if
later weekend curfews were established across
the board.
The decision to keep -junior women in the
dorms is also backward. By not being granted
the privilege to live in apartments, they are
being deprived of many invaluable lessons on
managing household affairs. Many women of
junior-year age throughout the country are
married. Surely the juniors at the University
'are no less capable of handling their own
THE PROBLEM has been raised that dorms
would meet with a financial crisis if juniors
left to live in apartments. However, the space
could be put to valuable use for graduate
students, foreign students, visitors and Univer-
sity staff members. A need for such housing
has been voiced by University officials.
If the administration is trying to foster an
air of moral purity, it is taking a step in the
wrong direction. By not taking advantage of
this time to announce freer hours, the Uni-
versity fails to recognize the maturity of its
women students.

Underworked Students
Need More Classes

WHEN I WAS an innocent freshman, I came
to the University completely unaware of
the meaning of credit hour.. So when some
counselor told me that the normal freshman
load was 15 hours and advised me to take four.
courses, two three hour and two four hour, I
Now, however, I am ready to graduate and
I definitely know the meaning of credit hour.
Te Klan?
tacked by a group which equals the John
Birch Socibty in its secrecy. This anonymous
organization has been protesting WSU's quar-
ter system and plans a student strike for to-
Whether or not these students are correct
in their opposition to the quarter system, in-
augurated at WSU last fall, is immaterial.
However, they have been chalking blackboards,
passirlg out handbills. and distributing press
releases to newspapers. Amid all this publicity,
the group's membership remains a secret.
Unnamed group spokesmen claim adminis-
trative punitive action necessitates secrecy.
Perhaps WSU's administration would take dis-
ciplinary action against these students if their
identities were known. However, if these stu-
dents did not choose to work under their
brand of "white sheets" this probably would
not be the case,
THE ORGANIZATION is composed of "in-
terested" students who have not bothered
to get university recognition. Therefore, all
action taken by this group on the WSU campus
technically violates university regulations.
During this past week there have been
charges and counter charges between the group
and the administration. However, one must
wonder i whether this group is not using its
anonymity as a weapon against the. adminis-
tration. Does it actually fear reprisals by the
dean of students or is it attempting to in-
timidate that office?
The answer to this question will remain
unknown. But the group's method during this
past week leave the field open to question.
Vanishing Zorro's have no place in mature
student concerns. They should be relegated to
movie screens and television tubes.
IF STUDENTS disagree with administrative
decisions, they should act in an open man-
ner and if necessary take the consequences of
their actons. o-A. ORLIN
c4k'At tg 1au hiti
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
CAROLINE DOW...............Personnel Director

This semester I am taking 18 credit hours. And
to my mind this should be the minimum credit
hour requirement for students at the University
-be they freshmen or seniors.
The caliber of students admitted to the
University is well known. If they are in-state
students they were in the top quarter of their
class. If they are out-of-state students they
were in the top ten per cent of their class.
Their academic ability is high; they are top
students in a highly selective, top institution.
There are students who can and should be
challenged by their studies. Yet for the first
year of their, educational experience they are
allowed to take 14 or 15 credit hours spread
out among four courses; they are given light
loads. This had its merits to be sure. The
fr'eshman must adjust to an away-from-home
situation and to college life.
BUT BEYOND the first semester what is the
justification for such a light load? For the
liberal drts student there is none. As I see it,
they are free from an exorbitant amount of
required class hours. Fifteen hours a week in
class, if one is not a : science major with
numerous labs, is a small portion of time in
relation to the total amount of time in a week.
Students who work their way through school
or students who spend much of their time
working on student activities still find time
to study. As a matter of fact some informal
surveys have shown that students occupied with
student activities maintain averages equal to
or higher than the all-campus average.
THE POINT IS not a pitch for student ac-
tivities or working one's way through school.
The point is that the time spent on these
activities by some students can be used for
study by others who are not participating. Thus
a student who does not spend 15 to 30 hours
a week working, in one form or another, is
able to take more than the minimum, pablum
digest of courses.
When a student becomes a junior or senior
he is usually forced to tAke five courses in
order to total fifteen hours. And he manages
it, often quite well. Why -can't he do this in
his sophomore year? Or his second semester?
Only because he is not being pushed.
By the time a student has adjusted to col-
lege life and. learned what a bluebook is, what
ja final exam looks like and what an instructor
expects from a college student he is ready to
plunge deeper into the well of knowledge.
He should have learned how to study ef-
ficiently and thus he can expand his scope of
knowledge by increasing the number of courses
that he takes. There is no reason for a person
working not to take five courses and one who
is not working to take six or even seven. The
latter course of action is frowned on by most
counselors. But this, seems only to be a result
of a lingering idea that students cannot man-
age so many courses.
YET EVERYWHERE you turn you can find

To the Editor:
SUNDAY, APRIL 12, The Daily
carried a magazine story on
Venezuela written by Ronald Ken-
yon, "a prospective political an-
alyst." To somebody not aware
of the tragic events happening in
Venezuela, Kenyon's "masterpiece"
would sound like nothing short
of tropical paradise. From our
point of view, Betancourt's gov-
ernment has succeeded very well
in only one aspect, and that is to
create in the eyes of the unin-
formed foreigner the image of a
democrat falling only a little short
of our liberator, Simon Bolivar.
The task. of this letter is to
point out some lesser known facts
outside Venezuela, which somehow
have not been published in the
mass media of this country. Since
Betancourt assumed the presi-
dency, unemployment has only in-
creased to 18 per cent of the
labor force. Much is made out of
the fact that he has been able
to stay in power for an unprece-
dented term of four years. But
what most people outside Vene-
zuela ignore is that his noble ef-
fort has only been possible through
the sheer use of repression.
ONLY WITH the combined ef-
fort of the armed forces, seven
secret services and an irregular
band of organized thugs has
Betancourt survived throughout
this period. If Himmler were alive,
he would be happy to see how his
practices are a common thing in
our country. Torture, two concen-
tration camps, over 10,000 "politi-
eal" prisoners, total disregard for
human rights and principles go
hand in hand with misery, exploi-
tation, nepotism and corruption.
This may sound strange to some
people, but if you don't believe
these facts, only check some of
the appeals sent by different Vene-
zuelan organizations to the Secre-
tary of the United Nations to re-
quest his good office to help stop
this daily dance of bloodshed.
Concerning the guerillas, we
only ask the following question:
Why, if they don't exist as the
government claims, has Betan-
court made use of Article 66 of our
constitution forbidding any news-
paper, radio station or television
station to print or talk about the
guerillas and the FLN?
The much talked about agrarian
reform is and has been a farce. It
has been the most expensive such
program in the world and the least
productive. These results can be
checked in the memoirs of the
Central Bank of Venezuela.
office, the economy has been sag-
ging. The external debt which by
the time Betancourt assumed the
presidency was very small, nowa-
days is well into the billions' of
dollars, and no other trend is seen
for the near future. Overruling
our Congress, Betancourt lavishly
sold the exclusive right over our
aluminum to Reynold's Aluminum
Co. for a fifty year period even
though a Japanese corporation
had offered much better condi-
tions and was willing to sign a 10-
year contract (Alianza para el
Progreso?). The construction in-
dustry is now at a standstill, hav-
ing contributed 150,000 persons to
the pool of the unemployed.
The only positive achievements
of the regime have been in the
construction of schools, but how
can a student, go to an ultra-
modern classroom when he has no
food or shoes? Politically, Betan-
court has been able to remain in
office because of the armed forces
and 'other "democratic" institu-
tions. Economically the regime
has not fallen, thanks to the "dis-
interested" emergency loans of
the United States plus the advance
taxes paid by the oil companies.
his article by saying, "We here
in the United States should con-
tinue to support the ;efforts to
create a genuine democracy in

Latin America and encourage the
new president in his efforts to
continue the job Betancourt has
so admirably begun." If this con-
tinues to be the policy, then we
can only conclude by saying, "Do
not let inevitable future develop-
ments surprise you."
-Maulio Rodriguez, '63E
-Jose Moron, '63E
-Stephen Nube, '63
-Jesus Armando Glaterol, '63
-Antonio Nagen, 3E
Birmingham *. *
To the Editor:
May 12, entitled "Negroes Ap-
ply' Economics: Integration or
Bust," Mr. Edward Herstein con-
trasts the recent demonstrations
in Birmingham with the sit-ins,
freedom rides and voter registra-
tion drives of the past. He claims
that the Birmingham demonstra-
tions succeeded, where all of the
previous demonstrations have fail-
ed, because of the use of "mass
rioting" and "mob actions" in
Birmingham. It seems to me that
his argument is based on a dis-
torted view of both sides of this
alleged contrast.
First, the unqualified statement
that the earlier non-violent action
7' r ..r ohnv ail faile d-imnli

demonstrations as if they were
completely discontinuous with the
earlier ones. It is true that they
have involved larger masses of
people, and also that they led to
some violence on the part of a
small proportion of Negro by-
standers who (unlike the partici-
pants in the demonstrations) had
not been trained in the techniques
of non-violent action. Nevertheless,
the Birmingham demonstrations
are much more clearly in the tra-
dition of non-violent action than
they are in the tradition of the
rioting mob.
I feel it is important to call at-
tention to this two-fold distortion
because it encourages a glib analy-
sis that fails to take into account
the dynamics of non-violent ac-
tion and the role of this movement
in producing change in American
race relations.
-Prof. Herbert C. Kelman
Psychology Department
Amazed ..
To the Editor:
I HAVE BEEN somewhat amazed
at the absurd editorials that
have been appearing in The Daily
recently concerning the Birming-
ham situation. I find Mr. Sutin's
mutterings about Christ and Pon-
tius Pilate representative of the
edit page's funny criticism of the
demonstrations. For the first time
in the deep South thousands of
Negroes are actively protesting for
their rights, which regardless of
the steps of the Senior Citizens,
Negroes don't have. Over two
thousand somewhat oppressed ci-
tizens (including children who be-
ing born black cannot always af-
ford the luxury of absorbing them-
selves in cowboy boots and dolls)
decide to march to downtown
Birmingham; why should they be
stopped? Should they be stopped
to take part in the frustrating
process of being given some of
their rights sooner or later? We
cannot continue to pat the im-
patient Negro on the head and
consolingly say, "All things take
time, son."
It's very nice that the Birm-
ingham Chamber of Commerce
was planning to upgrade Negro
workers-that's mighty white of
them. The American Negro has liv-
ed with the tokenized progress
made through these means. He
should stop demanding the rest of
his rights because he's got some?
The situation is simple: the Negro
is a second-class citizen; if he
wants his status to change he
must rely on himself to change it;
the Birmingham demonstrations
point out vividly that the Negro
wants to work for immediate
change. Until the Negro has
achieved first-class citizenship,
mass protest demonstrations de-
serve our complete support.
-Martha Presod,'65
To the Editors:
sponse to Mr. Mike's criticism
of the "Contemporary European
Painting for Purchase Exhibition."
I assume Mr. Mike, and interested
parties, read the introductions in
the show's catalogue. No more
explanations or apologies are
therefore in order.
However, if Mr. Mike wishes to
attack not the substance of a
particular exhibition but the idea
of a purchase exhibition, an ex-
hibition that is necessarily limited
to available works in American
galleries, then why doesn't he do
so? Controversy on this subject
could serve some purpose.

OR DOES Mr. Mike take serious
exception to a European show? I
believe he might have scored a
point there. However, I am dis-
appointed that all he could do was
to imply that the University had
been victimized by continental
confidence men. As criticism this
bit should have been datelined
Instead of being nasty-nice
about a reporter and trumpeting
sophomoric generalities ("The his-
tory of painting is a history of
heresies.") Mr. Mike should have
offered some coherent and con-
Structive criticism.
-Prof. Victor H. Miesel
History of Art Department
Rigamarole .,..
To the Editor:
in and out of the women's
dormitories is an annoying waste
of time. Surely it was initiated to
serve some purpose, but whatever
its function was at that time, it
has little, if any, now. Are we
trying to keep track of the where-
abouts of the girls after 8 p.m.?
Eight out of ten sign-out slips
read "campus" in answer to this
query and the other two, probably
written by a particularly thought-
ful or original student undoubt-
edly say "out."
Are we, then, attempting to
protect the morality of our Uni-
versity women by forcing them to
pull a slip out of a box upon re-
turning to their dorm so that they
may be duly accounted for as hav-
ing been safely returned to the
fold? This is a noble goal, but
highly unrealistic. Any girl who
wishes to stay out all night can
phone a friend and ask her to
pull her slip. Or she can walk in
and pull it herself when the lobby
is unguarded, and walk back out
again. Or she may just not bother
signing out at all.
IF IT IS morality we are con-
cerned with, why not dispense
with this hypocrisy of treating
University women as adults and
initiate room checks or at least
more frequent fire drills? Of
course these would have to occur
at about 3 'am. in order to catch
the girls who prop back doors
open or climb out windows after
hours. And they must occur on
weekends and during bad weather
in order to take the girls by sur-
Fire drills and room checks
might be an extra bother for tired
or busy students and huse
mothers-,particularly at 3 in the
morning-but certainly no more
of a bother than filling out in-
numerable slips and worrying
about Didn't Sign Out or Didn't
Sign In. And with all possible
precautions taken, perhaps the
girls might almost all be kept in
the dorm between 8 p.m. and 7
a.m. Of course the University can-
not be expected to extend its pro-
tection through the morning and
Or are sign-out slips used for
purposes of assigning late min-
utes to girls who come in after
hours? Since they have to ring
the doorbell in order to be ad-
mitted anyway, it would appear
quite simple to take their names
and assign late minutes as is
done now. As for freshmen who
must be in by 11, they can, at
present, 'quite easily sign out on
a 12 per pink slip and success-
fully, in some cases, evade notice.
* * *
annoying as well as a useless pro-
cedure? Because it seems to me
quite ridiculous to have to' plan

my day each morning when I
leave the dorm for my 8 a.m.
class. I may decide to skip lunch
and eat dinner on campus, and
then study at the UGLI from 7 to
12 p.m. Do I have to decide all
this at 7:45 in the morning? And
if I did plan my day this way, I
must sign out at 745 a.m. to
return at midnight. Ignoring the
fact that my slip in that case
would probably be completely il-
legible, what if I should decide
during the day that I cannot af-
ford dinner out and return to the
dorm in the afternoon?
Since I am not accustomed to
signing out at 7:45 a.m., I would
probably forget to take my slip
out of the box, and would be
wakened from a peaceful sleep at
12:05 a.m. by a housemother in-
forming me that I neglected to
sign in. Then I must go down-
stairs to the lobby where I sign
my name again to the slip and
receive a half hour of late minutes
as a penalty for 'signing out in
the first place. And what about
the numerous dimes spent or wast-
ed by a student who has decided in
the afternoon not to returnsto the
dorm and is trying vainly to con-
tact a friend who will sign her
SINCE I HAVE great faith in
the stability of established institu-
tions, I am sure that there is a'
well-defended argument against
these common complaints. Maybe
it should be reviewed. I'd like
another chance td dispute it. Un-
less, of course, the psychology de-
partment is conducting some sort
of research on what percentage of
their evenings University coeds
spend in the dorm. If this is so, I
withdraw my case and humbly bow
before the unintelligible mysteries
of science.
-Carol Ann Coon, '64
To the Editor:
THE DAILY of May 7 devoted
considerable space to an inter-
view with Prof. Boulding on the
"dangers of population growth."
Concern over population growth is
a dangerous diversion at a time
when the survival of mankind is
in doubt. Even though the leader
concept has proven, historically,
to be dangerous to society, Amer-
cans have been conditioned to rely
on "words of wisdom" from and
sensible actions by professors, pun-
dits and politicians.
If Americans had not been so
concerned with an easy way out of
the mire of unemploymentand
war, they would, not have over-
looked the easiest solution which
a scientific study of .society and
government reveals. Instead, how-
ever, Americans have too generally
swallowed the astrological bait put
out by self-interested capitalists
and equally self-interested bureau-
crats of the "iron curtain coun-
* * *
would search American schools
and colleges for scientifically bas-
ed courses about society and gov-
ernment more futilely than he, in
the days of old, conducted a search
for an honest man. If Americans
are really interested in achieving
the full benefit of their industrial
and cultural potential and in re-
leasing the full capabilities of the
individual, they will make as
scientific examination of society
and government as they have of
the physical world. Those that
make such an examination will
discover that the very structure
of industrial society demonstrates
that political government is ar-
chaic and is also inadequate to

cope with either "internal" or "ex-
ternal" problems.
They will also discover that the
private ownership (capitalist own-
ership) of the instruments and
means of production is incompat-
ible with the interests and require-
ments of society. Having made
those discoveries, Americans will
also learn that an American pro-
gram for an orderly, peaceful, and
democratic resolution of the causes
of unemployment and war has
been scientifically arrived at by
the Socialist Labor Party. When
Americans meet the current crises
with science and good sense to
the end that the capitalist and
pseudo-communist causes of war
shall have been eliminated, the
social filth which capitalism and
pseudo-communism have spawned
can be' eliminated in less than
"100 years of agony." The ques-
tion of population growth can then
be dealt with sensibly.
-Ralph Muncy
To the Editor:
WHILE READING the recent is-
sue of Gargoyle, I was rather
disturbed by the story "A Tribute
of Sorts to Benny." It seems to
me that the author has made an
unwarranted attack on a man who
is trying to do his job in a sin-
cere and friendly way.
This man is the crossing guard
at the corner of South University
and Washtenaw for the children
of Angell School, a job which
would, I'm sure, take more humil-
ity than some students possess.
Each noon I pass the corner
where this man works, and I have
always been greeted with a smile
and a pleasant hello and have
never seen any of the antics' which
were described in Gargoyle. I have
also asked some others who pass
this corner their opinions, and
they felt this man to be friendly
and also to take his job quite
THE STORY is, I imagine, sup-
posed to be a satire. Well I ap-
preciate good satire, but I fail
to see anything satirical in a man
helping children across a street or
attempting to be friendly. The
author appears to be critical of the
somawhat different ways of an
older person, but this story is writ-
ten in such a manner that it would
seem that it would hurt the person
about whom it was written.
We as students are undergoing
a learning process which will hope-
fully make ;us better' citizens. Part
of this process should be to learn
to respect the rights of others,
namely in this case those of our
senior, citizens. This story In Gar-
goyle appears to me to be a step
backwards in this learning pro-
-Richard Ankli,'65E


KIM NOVAK fans of the world,
unite. At the State Theatre
through Saturday, Miss Novak is
appearing with sundry admirers
in two movies that have not im-
proved with age:,"The Eddy Duch-
in Story" and "Picnic."
In the first film, Miss Novak is
a sophisticated society post-debu-
tante who falls tenderly and
breathlessly in love witi swash-
buckling Tyrone Power.The trag-
edy of Eddy Duchin, 'America's
favorite piano player, is a senti-
mental tear-jerker: a poor story
but emotionally fulfilling.
Adequate performances were
given by both Miss Novak and
Power but the only outstanding
portrayal was that of Peter Duch-
in, Eddy's son. Given the depth
of the roles, however, Miss Novak
and Power cannot be condemned.
Filmed in the more attractive
and plush sections of New York
City, "The Eddy Duchin Story"
comes off as a restful two hour
study break. The costumes add to
the feeling of wanton carefreeness
in the blazing '20's - tempered
only by the recurring tragedy that
made Duchin's life a shambles.
* s "

.* Out, Out, Brief Candle!
Life's But A Walking Shadow .

ALTHOUGH "Picnic" is one of
her most famous moyies, Miss No-
vak is unconvincing as a too
pretty, simple, stupid small town
girl. Her seducer, William Holden,
was at his brawny worst.
Stilted performances were turn-
ed in by the two leading perform-
ers. The stereotyped situation was
relieved only by the fine perform-
ances of veteran Rosalind Russell
as the old maid school teacher
and Susan Strasberg as Milly, the
younger sister. Both added depth
to what was otherwise a shallow
story of a poorly developed love
BOTH PICTURES were tech-
nically marred by poor splicing
and old age. Although the splicing
did not delete anything essential
to the plot, it was done poorly and
left a few actors with their mouths
open, saying nothing. In "The
Eddy Duchin Story," particularly,

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