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May 04, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-05-04

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See Editorial Page


git zgau


Brief showers
this afternoon

Seventy-Two Years

of Editorial Freedom



Report Syria Officers Resign

BEIRUT M-)-Members of the
Syrian government aligned with
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel
Nasser of the United Arab Repub-
lic were reported yesterday to have
resigned, clouding the future of
the proposed new Arab federation
of Syria, Iraq and Egypt.
The breaktip of the Syrian cab-
inet and the ruling National Rev-

olutionary Party left the nation-
alistic Ba'ath Socialist Party in
control of the country, reliable
sources in Beirut said.
The Ba'athists of Syria entered
the federation talks reluctantly.
Nasser has told them bluntly in
unity talks last month that they
will be submerged in his own one-

Townsend Says Conditions
Aid Today's Businessman
Changes in theories and practices of business management make
the present a good time for business men; Lynn A. Townsend,
president of Chrysler Corp., said yesterday at the school of business
administration school's annual awards program.

Townsend, recipient of the
award, noted three factors for

S.. today's businessman

'U-M '63':
"The major objective of the Uni-
versity building program is to meet
functional requirements which the
faculty prescribe," Assistant to
the Vice-President for Business
and Finance John McKevitt told
a group of alumni participating in
the "U-M '63" program yesterday
Toward meeting these require-
ments, the physical campus is
"always becoming something; it
never stands still," McKevitt not-
He claimed that there are two
possible considerations in Univer-
sity building programs: "economic
durability or the amenities." Since
the University is a public institu-
tion, the facilities are "for use
rather than show. We achieve
what refinements we can without
extravagance," McKevitt said.,
Planning Stage
Ile described the relationship of
the various structures presently
being built or in the planning
stage to the over-all University
In the area of Monroe Ave. and
the Business Administration Bldg.
McKevitt saw possibilities for fu-
ture building expansion, particu-
larly to fulfill the needs of the
Law School and the graduate pro-
gram of the school of business
The Dental School plans to in-
crease their freshman class from
97 to 150. To cope with the need
for a higher :enrollment in th(
dentistry school, the University
intends to provide an addition to
the present Dentistry Bldg. A bill
has been introduced in the Legis-
lature requesting appropriation
for this addition, McKevitt told
the alumni.
North Campus
With the increasing demand for
research facilities, the fastest
growing area in the University
building program is North Campus
This area also has a housing de.
velopment for 860 married stu.
McKevitt called the women',
Oxford H using Project to go into
operation this fall "a response tc
the students' expressed need fox
variety in choices of living pat-
tern." The project includes co-ops
suites and apartment units.
"We have to cope with a cos-
mopolitan student body through

school's sixth business leadership
the improved business climate in
yhis address at the 33rd Alumni
Conference. As the first factor
Townsend named the "acceptance
of non-inflationary e c o n o miic
growth as an agreed objective of
our national policy."
Reached Maturity
"We have not always accepted
economic growth. Shortly after
the depression it was fashionable
to say our economy had reached
its maturity," he said.
The United States has now re-
jected the idea that slow, steady
inflation will encourage buying.
Because of foreign competition
and tightening of foreign curren-
cies the United States must live
within its means, Townsend added,
Broader trade relations forms
the second factor in business
growth. A quarter of a century
ago there was no European market
for American goods because of in-
ternal political troubles, he noted.
Gain Access
With the establishment of the
Common Market and the free
trade area, American business men
will gain access to many more
markets. Townsend explained that1
Congress recognized this growth in
trade with the Marshall plan in
1947-48. and the Trade Expansion
Act of 1962.
Townsend said that the third
most important factor was growing
confidence in private enterprise. It
is this feature of capitalism which
has most impressed the rest of
the world.
Recently a Russian economist
asserted that private enterprise
"encouraged production of better,
sturdier a n d cheaper goods."
Townsend called "the automatic
correction of mistakes" of private
enterprise the main reason for
. respect of the system.
Private Spending
He added that efforts to reduce
taxes would encourage private
spending. New tax rates would re-
sult in a "vigorous, non-inflation-
ary economic growth."
In an effort to create an even
b e t t e r business .environment,
Townsend listed three more fac-
tors for improvement. He said that
business men must "use a positive
, approach in public relations." He
added that business men "fre-
quently appear negative."
Private business is not only a
profession Townsend said, but it
should be the "foundation for
society's activity." It is business
which determines the strength of
our nation.
With "expansion of economic
activity in the rest of the world,"
the American business man can
use "free enterprise to better the
Townsend concluded that while
military strength is necessary at
s present in the cold war, victory
will come through long-range
planning in economic activity.

party system under the projected
Quit Government
There was no confirmation from
Damascus that the pro-Nasser fac-
tion had quit the government. But
tight censorship was inposed in
One Damascus dispatch, giving
no hint of a split, said the revo-
lutionary government had nation-
alized Syria's banks and banned
the export of all currencies as a
step toward socialization of the
The Ba'athists also dominate
Iraq's revolutionary regime. If the
reported shakeup in Damascus
sticks, Nasser would have to forge
his federation with six Syrian and
Iraqi Ba'athists on the ruling 18-
man presidential council.
No Certainty
However, pro-Nasser elements
are strong inside both the Syrian
political and military machines,
and there is no certainty that the
Ba'athists can keep their hold on
volatile Syria.
The presidency council, compos-
ed of six members from each na-
tion, is to begin function as a
transitional government in Sep-
tember. Nasser will be the transi-
tional president.
Elections are to be .held before
the new Arab union becomes fully
operational, 25 months hence.
Sources in Beirut reported six
pro-Nasser ministers and 6 of the
25 members of the National Rev-
olutionary Council walked out.
The Ba'athists in the army com-
mand, in a bid to take control,
pensioned off 47 non-Ba'athist of-
YD's Stress
Special To The Daily
DETROIT-A group of Young
Democrats last night called for the
dissemination of information about
birth control techniques at the YD
state convention here.
The motion was one of many
passed by the resolution commit-
tee. It goes to the plenary this
The Resolution Committee pass-
ed it, 9-2, following discussion of
the ethics of both artificial birth
control techniques and the popu-
lation explosion.
Forestalling Progress
The resolution states that "the
explosive growth in world popula-
tion is one of the most challeng-
ing problems of our time and of
significant influence in forestall-
ing progress in our areas of human
It would have Michigan YD's
"support and encourage govern-
mental involvement and leadership
in the education of all people in
the methods and availability of
birth control techniques."
The resolution was written and
submitted by Etta Green of the
16th district YD's.
Subversive Mailing
Other motions passed by the
committees and sent to the plen-
ary include one against bans on
"so-called subversive mailing."
Passed without objection, it says
that this practice is against free-
dom of inquiry.
Jordan Rossen was running
without opposition for the chair-
manship of the state YD's, follow-
ing the refusal of Alan D. Cutcher
to run for re-election. And the
credentials committee voted 22-1
to except the voting rights of 13
districts and clubs.

IU Students
Get Backing
From Unit
versity took the position yester-
day that three students indicted
on charges of subversive activity
were innocent until proved guilty.
A spokesman said they would re-
main in good standing.
The students were charged with
having violated a state anti-
Communist statute by attending
a campus meeting at which a
speaker reportedly advocated the
forcible overthrow of the govern-
three Surrender
All three have surrendered. They
are Ralph Levitt, James E. Bing-
ham and Thomas G. Morgan. All
are officers of the university chap-
ter of the Young Socialist Alliance,
youth branch of the Socialist
Workers party.
Monroe County Prosecuting At-
torney Thomas A. Hoadley said
he had sparked the two day grand
jury investigation that resulted
in the indictments yesterday.
"The important thing in this
case," Hoadley said, "is to get
this organization off the campus.
The university is a department of
the state government."
'Unconstitutional Statute'
Meanwhile, Robert Risk, head of
the Indiana Civil Liberties Union,
held that the 1951 state law the
students were accused of violating
was unconstitutional.
It forbids advocacy of the vio-
lent overthrow of the federal or
Indiana government.
Risk cited the 1956 case in
which the United States Supreme
Court upset' a Pennsylvania deci-
sion against Steve Nelson. The
court held that federal law pre-
empted state sedition laws in mat-
ters of national security.
To Defend
His organization will enter the
case in defense of the students,
Risk said. They are expected to
be arraigned Monday.
The indictments charge that the
three "assembled" March 25 "for
the purpose of advocating or
teaching the doctrine that the
government of the United States
or of the State of Indiana should
be overthrown by force, violence or
any unlawful means, voluntarily
participating therein by their
presence, aid or instigation, and
as officers of a Trotskyite Com-
munist organization called the
Young Socialist Alliance."
The alliance denied today that
the purpose of the meeting, at the
student union, was to advocate
the violent overthrow of either
Political Career
It called the prosecution a
"witch hunt" and an effort to en-
hance Hoadley's political career.
Hoadley said Thomas C. Schreck,
director of student activities, and
Robert H. Shaffer, dean of stu-
dents, had testified before the
grand jury. They agreed, he said,
that the way to settle the matter
was for the grand jury to return
indictments, thereby providing the
first test of the law.
The university said: "Our own
attorneys advised us some time
ago that the statute in question
is of doubtful validity. It, of
course, is basic to the American
system that an indictment is sim-
ply an accusation and not a con-
Morgan dropped out of school
March 6. The others are graduate
Copyright, 1963, The New York Times


FORT PAYNE, Ala. (P) - Ten
"freedom marchers," pelted by
eggs in Georgia, were arrested yes-
terday by Alabama highway pa-
trolmen when the integrated group
crossed the state line into Ala-
Shortly before the marchers
reached the state line, one was
knocked to the ground by a white
man and another was hit on the
head with a rock. Neither was in-
jured seriously and continued the
The hikers, five white men and
five Negroes, also had been pelted
with eggs when they stopped for
lunch on the roadside, about a
mile before reaching Alabama.
Dozen Police
Alabama patrolmen barred news-
men accompanying the marchers
from crossing the state line. A
dozen patrolmen with clubs ex-
tended before them, halted the
The freedom marchers were al-
NO C Studies
Finance Plans
More than 700 graduate stu-
dents at the University are taking
part in a survey conducted by the
National Opinion Research Cen-
ter to determine how students fi-
nance their post-graduate work.
The results of the survey, sup-
ported by the National Science
Foundation, will be used in deter-
mining federal policy toward grad-
uate scholarships and fellowships.
The questionnaire, being dis-
tributed, requests information con-
cerning sources and amounts of
stipends received by students, their
academic workload and degree'
programs, how much they earn'
from outside employment and
their career plans.
Nationally, the NORC is polling
25,000 students at 130 institutions.

lowed to pass and were told they
were under arrest.
Hundreds followed the marchers
along the last few miles of their
route between Rising Fawn, Ga.,
and the Alabama line. The in-
tegrated group was carrying on
a pilgrimage began by Baltimore
Postman William Moore, who was
shot to death near Attalla, Ala.,
April 24.
Stopped on Line
The attacks on the marchers
yesterday occurred when they
stopped on the roadside for lunch,
about a mile from the Alabama
A crowd- of about 100 white
people gathered.
One of the marchers was walk-
ing across the highway when an
unidentified white man hit him
on the chin with his fist. He was
helped to his feet by an officer.
Two other persons were arrest-
ed, the sheriff's office reported.
They were in a car following the
marchers, a deputy said. He said
the sheriff would have to release
their names. Although a civil
rights organization in Atlanta said
16 persons were arrested, the dep-
uty said only 12 had been jailed.
Shortly before the arrests, a
petition filed in federal court in
Montgomery asked that Alabama's
Public Safety Director, Al Lingo,
be barred from interferring with
the march. The integrationists
asked a speedy hearing on their
Eight of Ten
The request for a restraining
order filed in Montgomery named
only eight of the 10 arrested.
There was no immediate ex-
planation why two of the march-
ers were not included in the peti-
The petition contended that any
interference with the march would
be a violation of the 14th amend-
ment to the United States Con-
stitution which guarantees equal
protection under the law. The
march is important, the petition
stated, because it calls "the pub-

lic's attention to the problem ofi
racial discrimination."7
The egg throwing came later as
about 25 or 30 whites followed the+
group. A state patrolman walked
in front of the white men, keep-
ing them from approaching the
The marchers left Rising Fawn
about noon' Friday. Nearly 100
cars carrying white persons lined
the road beside them as they left
the village, five miles from the
Alabama line.
CCNC Request,
Adds Precincts
To Vote Retally
By The Associated Press
LANSING - T h e Republican-
backed Coordinating Committee.
for the New Constitution added
103 precincts to the recount of last
April's constitution vote yesterday.
The list includes at least one
precinct in each of the 77 counties
in which Democrats Thursday ask-
ed for a recount of 1,891 precincts.
The recounting, to be conducted
by the State Board of Canvassers,
is expected to begin May 13.
Indeterminite Length
The board has yet to determine
recount procedures and the length
of time needed. Secretary of State
James M. Hare said this will de-
pend on whether a few supervisors
work in a number of areas or a
lot work in one at a time._
CCNC executive director Edward
A. McLogan filed the petitions
late Thursday night on the advise
of committee legal counsel Stan-
ley E. Beattie. Beattie said the
petitions should be filed Thursday
to avoid possible confusion over
the recount petition deadline.
McLogan said the organization
has appointed recount watching
chairmen in ea'ch county and will
train about 1000 volunteers and
legal advisors for the recount.
Fifteen precincts in Wayne
County, eight in Washtenaw, six
in Saginaw and one in each of the
74 other counties will be recounted
under McLogan's request.
Member Resigns
Meanwhile, Republican Board of
Canvasser member Carl C. Lind-
quist resigned. He wrote Gov.
George Romney that the press of
business prevented him from mak-
ing frequent trips from his Iron
Mountain Upper Peninsula home
to Lansing to attend board meet-
ings. _
Washtenaw County has begun
to prepare for a recount of 69 of
its 77 precincts, including all pre-
cincts in Ann Arbor, Ypsilanti and
Saline and most township pre-
cincts. Only Lyndon, amoung
Washtenaw County's 20 townships
will not have recounted precincts.
The county recorded the heav-
iest margin-12,091 votes--for the
constitution in the entire state.

-AP Wirephoto
'FREEDOM MARCHERS'-Nine of the 11 "Freedom Marchers" stand prepared to leave Chattanoo-
ga Wednesday for their hike to Mississippi. They followed the route taken by William Moore who
was shot to death on April 24. Violence erupted as they neared the Alabama border, and they were
taken into' custody when they crossed the state line.
Protest March Causes Violence

Many Flee;
Officers Use
Fire Hoses
Mayor Voices Appeal
For Restraint, Peace
Inl Demonstrations
BIRMINGHAM (P)-Police dogs
and fire hoses routed crowds of
Negroes yesterday as hundreds of
school-age youngsters attempted
to stage anti-segregation marches."
Five Negroes reported they were
either bitten by the leashed dogs
or injured by streams of water.
Two policemen were hospitalized
with injuries inflicted by rocks
thrown by Negroes, officials said.
900 Arrested
Despite criticism from Washing-
ton, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
vowed that demonstrations today
would exceed those of the past two
days in which about 900 persons
have been arrested.
As Negroes stepped up demo
strations, Mayor Albert Moutwll
appealed for "restraint and peace."
Boutwell, considered more mod-
erate than his predecessors, pledg-
ed "immediate and determined at-
tention to resolving the difficulties
facing us." But a two-government
dispute has delayed his taking full
Future of School
He urged a halt to demonstra-
"I hope and pray that the adult
citizens, white and colored alike,
will realize that the future of a
great city, depends upon their good
conduct and self-restraint," Bout-
well said.
Ambulances took four Negroes
from the church where the demon-
strations started near the down-
town business district.
Resist Officers
Some Negroes, mostly onlookers,
tried to resist officers and one
pulled a pocket knife on an officer
with a dog. Policemen grabbed
several belligerents and at least
one was caught around the neck
by an officer.
About 60 Negroes were jailed in
the first series of attempted
marches. Two hours later, 50 oth-
er marchers were turned back by
water hoses.
Police jailed an estimated 200
Negroes on charges of parading
without a permit. Nearly 700.dem-
onstrators were arrested Thurs-
day, bringing the total of arrests
to 1300 since the desegregation
campaign began April 3.
In Washington, Atty. Gen. Rob-
ert F. Kennedy issued a statement
in which he said, "continued re-
fusal to grant equal rights and op-
portunities to Negroes makes in-
creasing turmoil inevitable."
But he went on to question the
methods used by the Negro lead-
ers and to say, "school children
participating in street demonstra-
tions is dangerous business. An
injured, maimed or dead child is
a price none of us can afford to
Kennedy spoke of "very real and
deep injustices" that he said the
city's Negro and white commun-
ties know have been inflicted on
Birmingham Negroes.
He added, "I hope for the sake
of everyone that this can be done
in meetings."
After two diversionary marches
in the block around the church,
about 50 teen-agers started march-
ing toward the downtown area.
They had skipped school classes.
Police blocked off the entire
section surrounding the church.
Another group left minutes later,
headed in another direction.
An unidentified white man at-
tempted to run his car into one
group. He was jerked from the car
and arrested by officers.

Senate To View
MSU Lobbying
A special five-man Senate com-
mittee has scheduled investigations
of Michigan State University's Ex-
tension Service for this summer,
after the June 4 wrap-up session
of the Legislature.
The extension, service is charg-

rti Sigratoic Muel



Bradley Views Complexity of Population Problems

There is no single, simple solu-
tion to the problems arising from
the population explosion, Rt. Rev.
Msgr. John F. Bradley told a
Newman Club audience last night.
"We must remember when
seeking solutions that we are not
dealing with inferiors, but with
human beings with the dignity of
God in them," he said.
With this principle in mind, he
went on to outline some possible
courses of action.
Take Care of Today
Msgr. Bradley suggested that
this generation should "take care
of today," leaving the problems
of the more distant future to the

In addition, he suggested the
cultivation of a greater part of
the earth's arable land, seeking
new food sources, and the more
efficient use of present resources
as a way of sustaining more people.
Under this point he strongly
urged that the "have" nations
help the "have-not" countries by
sharing their abundance with
As a means of slowing the birth
rate, later marriage would be
effective - especially in nations
such as India, where girls marry
at around 15, Msgr. Bradley com-
Contraception Immoral
"Contraception could limit oar

Commenting on the seriousness
of the "population explosion,"
Msgr. Bradley warned that "we
should be wary of prognostica-
tions concerning future popula-
tion." Noting that even present
population figures are prone to
error, he pointed out that many
things can happen to render pro-
jectiosn into the future inaccurate.
Projections of future population
should be viewed most critically
of all, for many things can happen
that would make them wrong.
For example, "Who says human
beings are always going to be fer-
tile?" Msgr. Bradley asked, citing
scientific reports that radiation

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