THE MICHIGAN DAILY
ROME (M)-Italy's unpredictable voters have handed Italian
Premier Amintore Fanfani's Christian Democrat party its worst elec-
His left-leaning government is in jeopardy.
Returns yesterday from weekend balloting gave Communists on
the left and liberals on the right their biggest parliamentary gains
The Communists picking up a million votes over their showing in
195b's election won a full quarter of the total. Forming the biggest
}Communist party outside the _red
sphere, they rank No. 2 in Italian
State SanctionsLottery Bill
... loses ground
The Christian Democrats main-+
tained their standing as Italy's'
No. 1 party, but with little con-
Their total of seats dropped
from 46 to 41 per cent in the
Chamber of Deputies and from
50 to 42 per cent in the Senate.,
Among their partners in a coali-
tion government that has ex-
perimentally swung this North At-
lantic Treaty Organization nation
leftward, only the Democratic So-
cialists improved on their 1958'
The Republicans lost ground.
So did the Marxist Socialists of
Pietro Nenni, who have been vot-
ing with the government support-
ers in parliament.
All together, these parties main-
tain their parliamentary majority,,
but with a reduced edge over the
Long holding roughly 24 per'
cent of the seats in the Chamber
and Senate, the Communists mov-
ed up to about 27 per cent in both
For this nation of 50 million the
results signaled a possible up-
heaval. There was talk in Rome
that Fanfani's days are numbered.
It would surprise few people if
President Antonio Segni, himself;
a moderate Christian Democrat,
dropped Fanfani and named a
known moderate such as Aldo1
Moro, the party boss, or Interior
Minister Paolo Emilio Taviani to
the premiership. .1
CONCORD (W)-New Hampshire
yesterday became the first state
in the 20th century to sanction a
lottery as a revenue measure.
The legislation which propon-
ents said would reap $4 million
yearly-earmarked for education
-would provide for two sweep-
stakes a year on races at a New
Hampshire horse track near the
Massachusetts border. It becomes
effective in 60 days.
New Hampshire Gov. John W.
King signed the sweepstakes bill
into law yesterday. New Hamp-
shire authorities said federal laws
will be observed and that tickets
will not be distributed by mail, or
Much of the revenue is expected
to come from out-of-state resi-
dents. King told the legislature
that "it is perfectly lawfil for
our neighbors to come here on
vacation, buy sweepstakes tickets,
and collect their prizes if they
Before the turn of the century,
lotteries were legal and highly
popular in this country. The last
one was the Lousiana lottery
which went out of business in
1874 when Congress passed a law
prohibiting the sending of lottery
tickets through the mails.
King's action yesterday is al-
most certain to result in inten-
sified drives among other revenue-
hungry states to legalize lotteries
or in some way extend race track
From the moment it was intro-
duced in the New Hampshire
House, the sweepstakes bill kick-
ed off a storm of controversy.
Opponents, led by Protestant
clergymen, had blasted it as an
gimmick that would turn New
Hampshire into "the Las Vegas of
A sweepstakes bill is before the
legislature of neighboring Ver-
mont. In Connecticut a similar
bill is currently in committee.
In Massachusetts, earlier this
year, a sweepstakes measure was
defeated in the House of Repre-
sentatives by a 152-75 vote. In
Pennsylvania two bills to, legalize
a lottery, provide for liscensing
of operators and betters and es-
tablish a state share have also
been introduced but have little
chance of passing.
Proponents of sweepstakes gam-
bling as a source of revenue often
have pointed to the example. of
Ireland. That country has found
its sweepstakes immensely prof it-
able but most of the income comes
from sales of tickets in other
Government-run lotteries are
common in Europe. The lotteries
-usually linked to horse races or
soccer matches-are operated to
raise money but the state's take
is usually relatively modest.
The French government runs a
weekly national lottery with top
prize normally one million francs
($200,000). Twice a year special'
sweepstakes are tied in with horse
races and have a top prize of two
million francs ($400,000). The pro-
fit goes into the government
Finland operates much the same
system of legalized. gambling.
In Denmark, the most important
lottery is a state-run soccer pool
with a turnover of $7 million.
STATE GOVERNMENT COUNCIL:
Joiner Lists Proposed
"Today we are a national government, governed by a national
constitution. Tomorrow, if the Council of State Governments have
their way, we will move in the direction of becoming a mere con-
federation of states," Prof. Charles W. Joiner, associate dean of the
Law School, said recently.
The council has recently proposed three constitutional amend-
ments, Prof. Joiner explained. The first proposal would permit amend-
ments to the Constitution by state -
GOV. JOHN KING
... legalized lotteries
Fulbright Claims West
Must Encourage USSR
NEW YORK (A)-Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark) said last night that
Western statesmen should seek every way to encourage the Soviet
Union to persevere in the "more moderate" course of Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev.
After the reign of Stalin the Soviet Union underwent a psycholog-
ical revolution in which policy was adjusted to the "realities of the
postwar world," he explained.
Khrushchev in adhering to Stalin's goals has pursued them in a
more sophisticated manner. Thus he has sought to weaken the Western
alliance by "cautious military pres-
sure, summit diplomacy and de-
tente, foreign aid and peaceful co-
Whereas Stalin sought for total
domination in adjacent territor-
ies, Khrushchev has settled, as a
short-term policy, for as much in-
fluence as possible over the na-
tionalist revolutions of Asia, Afri-
ca and Latin America.
The West should encourage the
Soviet Union to continue this
course since "means have a way
of consuming ends and Khrush-
chev's means are infinitely less
dangerous than Stalin's," he add-
To discourage more Cuba-like
adventures, Fulbright recommend-
ed that the West maintain such
military strength as to make de-
partures from moderation risky.
Allies should also make clear
that the issue between the USSR
and them is' Communist imperial-
ism. Finally, the West must
strengthen their internal fabric
Group To Give
Co s Grants
NEW YORK-The Ford Foun-
dation yesterday announced that
it will supply a $400,000 appropri-
ation to provide fellowships for
returning members of the Peace
Corps and other Americans with
The funds were included, the
New York Times reported, in a
total $2,437,700 in grants and ap-
propriations made public. The
grants will be used to develop
language proficiency tests for for-
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UNITED NATIONS (P)-Saudi.
Arabia and the United Arab Re-
public have agreed to get out of
the civil war in Yemen, United
Nations Secretary - General U
Thant reported yesterday.
A United Nations observer team
will be posted in a demilitarized
buffer zone along the Saudi
Arazian-Yemeni border to super-
vise the agreement. The zone will
stretch back about 12% miles from
each side of the border.
The United Arab Republic sent
troops into Yemen in support of
a republican force who overthrew
the Imam, in a coup last Septem-
ber. Saudi Arabia supported royal-
ist troops seeking to put the Imam
back on the throne.
Thant told the UN Security
Council that Maj. Gen. Carl von
Horn, chief of staff of,. the UN
truce supervision organization in
Jerusalem, was being dispatched
to the border area. The Secretary-
General said he proposed that the
SUN team consist of about 50 men;
with air and ground transport
Thant said the agreement was
reached following a fact-finding
mission to Yemen by United Na-
tions Undersecretary Ralph J.
Bunche in February and March.
KOTABARU, West Irian (IP) -
The banner of Indonesia will be
raised today over the wild and
primitive land of Irian, formerly
West New Guinea. ,
The take-over, under auspices
of the United Nations, marks the
end of Indonesia's 13-year strug-
gle with the Dutch over the terri-
Indonesia has renamed the area
West Irian and the capital has
been changed from Hollandia to
action only. This would alter the!
present process by eliminating the
possibility of amendment from
Congress or national convention.
The second proposal would "re-
move the guarantees of equal pro-
tection of the laws as these guar-
antees have been applied to es-
tablish standards for legislative
apportionment," he said.
A super-Supreme Court is the
third proposal. This court, made
up of the chief justices of the 50
states, would pass upon federal-
"These are radical proposals,"'
which would normally be associat-
ed with political extremists, Prof.
Joiner noted. Nevertheless, ten
state legislatures have already
adopted each of two of the pro-
posals. If 34 states approve Con-
gress would be petitioned to call
a constitutional convention.
Prof. Joiner warned that if these
proposals were inacted the deli-
cate balance between state and
federal powers would be destroyed.
KARACHI, Pakistan ()-Des-
pite reassurances from Secretaryf
of State Dean Rusk, Pakistan laid'
its grievance about United States
and British arms aid to India be-
fore the Central Treaty Organiza-
Pakistani Foreign Minister Zul-
fikar Ali Bhutto told the opening
session of CENTO's ministerial
council the Western arms aid to
the nonaligned Indians had creat-I
ed a dangerous imbalance in Asia.
Bhutto said that India sup-
ported Communist causes before
its border conflict with Red China.
Wed.-6 p.m.--10 p.m.
Thurs.-9 a.m.-6 p.m.
I.F.C. and PAN-HEL
World News, Roundup,
By The Associated Press
GENEVA-The five sponsors of a declaration to keep nuclear
weapons out of Latin America are ready to sign such an agreement,
Mexico and Brazil notified the 17-nation disarmament conference in
Geneva yesterday. Co-sponsors of
are Bolivia, Chile and Ecuador.<
s . *
PITTSBURGH -David J. Mc-
Donald, president of the United
Steelworker, said yesterday no de-
cision has been made on whether
to reopen contracts with the basic
* * *
WASHINGTON - The United
States has urged Communist Po-
land to cooperate with Canada and
India in restoring peace in Laos
and supporting the neutralist gov-
ernment there. The United States
strongly favors establishment of a
commission observation post in the
area of the Plaine des Jarres
* * *
cies joined yesterday in renewed
demands that Congress do some-
thing to reduce "clock confusion"
in the country, especially that
created by daylight saving time.
* * *
WASHINGTON - A billion-dol-
lar improvement in federal rev-
enue expectations was cited by
Secretary of the Treasury Douglas
Dillon yesterday as further reason
for a business-boosting tax cut
* *$ *
NEW YORK - Stocks on the
New York Stock Exchange climbed
again yesterday in vigorous trad-
ing. The Dow Jones averages
showed 30. industrials up 2.59, 20
railroads up .54, 15 utilities up
.14 and 65 stocks up .76.
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