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April 27, 1963 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-04-27

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I

Seventy-Third Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL of STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
eiF ree STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MICH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, APRIL 27, 1963 NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP SUTIN

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CITYSCOPE
Ann Arbor Indignities
Need Local Action.

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Kennedy Thwarts Big Steel
With Diabolical Trick

T E STEEL INDUSTRY'S selective price hike
last week was a painful reminder that last
year's sore still festers.
Wheeling Steel led the most recent rise,
while other companies cautiously followed suit,
anxious not to tread on President John F.
Kennedy's toes. That such an event can occur
in a nation which once came quite close to
laissez-faire capitalism is indicative not only
of the moral relativism which rules this coun-
try, but also of the enormous power and, con-
sequently, fear which the President commands.
This power is twofold in nature. It is physical
and abstract. The President's physical power
was amply displayed last year when the at-
torney general marshalled his hordes of trust-
busters. The businessman's McCarthy, Sen.
Estes Kefauver, went into action, and the
President ordered government consumption of
Inland Steel or foreign products.
The President's "abstract" power was the
hand that tripped the guillotine on Roger
Blough's neck. Deutschland uber alles became
the national interest.
H ARDLY A MORE diabolical trick was ever
devised. What better way, to hatrow the
already much-aligned steel industry than to
accuse it of practically committing treason.
Those opposing the President argued on the
grounds that the price hike was not threaten-
ing the national interest.
With a few exceptions, nobody questioned the
President's right to utter the things he said.
Roger Blough never questioned the President's
ability or mandate to determine the national
interest. Nobody questioned Mr. Blough's sup-
posed obligation to follow the national interest.
Few doubted the existence of such an interest.
At the time the President's ire was under-
standable. The steel industry, which violated
a so-called gentleman's agreement to keep
prices and wages stable, thus could raise prices,
Reogniion
YESTERDAY a small group of professors and
students attended the tenth Walter Van
Dyke Bingham Lecture delivered by Prof. Edwin
E.Ghiselli of the University of California at
Berkeley.
The size of the audience was in no way
proportional to the greatness the honor ac-
corded to the University.
Each year since 1954 the American Psycho-
logical Association has selected a university as
the site for the lecture. The traditional topic
is "On the Discovery and Development of Ex-
ceptional Abilities and Capacities" and is de-
livered by a psychologist outstanding in his
field.
THE PURPOSE of the lecture is "to do honor
to those psychologists and to those institu-
tions contributing richly to the advancement
of this branch of personnel psychology."
That the University, and specifically the
psychology department, should receive this
honor is not surprising. It is known that the
University is ;considered excellent, but the
actually recognized in a specific field and the
ratings are usually vague and the critics ob-
scure. It is gratifying to see the University
vague praises materialize into a concrete honor.
-R. ROBINSON
IQC Paper: V
INTER-QUADRANGLE COUNCIL has decided
to put out a newspaper which will provide
editorial pages open to all opinions. This deci-
sion should solve a growing problem, one which
has become increasingly apparent in the quad-
rangle system this year.
The present IQC Newsletter voices only of-
ficial IQC policy. Until now, people differing
with the official IQC policies have had no
- practical way to express their views to the
rest of the quadrangle residents.

czuse inflation and arouse the United Steel-
workers of America. One may ask why a writ-
ten agreement wasn't drawn up? What was be-
ing hidden from whom? The economic sagacity
of last year's rise was and will be questionable
because the hike was rescinded too early to
determine its effects.
QUESTION not the feasibility of the price
hike, but the use of the national interest
to arouse ubiquitous, latent patriotism against
Big Steel.
Is there a domestic national interest? This
country is not a monolithic whole; 180,000,000
people with 180,000,000 inerests comprise the
national interest. The President concluded that
a price rise, with possible ensuing inflation
and steel strikes, would hurt the consumer and
lower American standing in the world. Ob-
viously American "prestige" abroad is not as
important as government-business unity at
home.
Therefore the consumer interest was sup-
posedly the national interest. Everybody re-
members the "small group of men" seeking a
profit. Obviously they (who manage steel)
were not part of the national interest. To the
attorney general, the interests of Mississippi
are not the national interests. Gov. Ross Bar-
nett thinks otherwise. The President believes
in the use of both monetary and fiscal policy
in the national interest. Gov. Nelson Rocke-
feller would not quite go so far. Just what or
who is the national interest? Ayn Rand put
it aptly "The national interest-c'est moi!"
SINCE BIG STEEL'S profits are perhaps more
important, in the long run, than momentary
prices, there was no justification for the Presi-
dent's action. Indeed, since there is no reason
to consider any group as the domestic national
interest, no man or group of men can deter-
mine such an interest. There is an optimum
economic situation but the government, bur-
dened with lobbyists, rampant bureaucracy
and political interests, is incompetent of deter-
mining this optimum. Reality is the best judge.
The President's call for steel's compliance
to his demands has more than economic im-
plications. He stated this bluntly. Private, per-
sonal interests must be subjugated to the
collective, national interest. The liberals drib-
bled with glee and the consea'tives, not wish-
ing to be unpatriotic, hemmed and hawed. Few
bothered to say that each man's personal in-
terests in this world are primary, not secon-
dary; that as a man's right to pursue private,
selfish economic ends to support his life is
necessary to his control of his life, so a cor-
poration's right to pursue private interests is
paramount for its survival.
In an age when freedom is supposedly a by-
word, President Kennedy squeaked by with
"sacrifices for national interest" as Hitler got
by with "sacrifices for national socialism," as
Mussolini got by with fascist "forced love"
between employer and employee and as pharaoh
got by with the pyramids.
President Kennedy presented a catchall
credit card to the steel industry last Year, and
Roger Blough, through inaction, vouched for
it. Now anyone and anything can be black-
balled as being against the national interest.
No major industry can make a move without
the President's tacit approval or not so tacit
disapproval.
--MICHAEL HYMAN
Vill It Work?
Any person or house wishing to distribute his
or its own literature outside of the individu~al
house must get the approval of IQC. The only
other legal possibility is to go to each individual
house council for permission to put literature
in each lounge, a long and ineffective process
at best. Of course, the mail can be used, but
that costs too much money.
RECENT EFFORTS of individuals in East and
West Quadrangles to put out and distribute
their own newspapers shows that quadrangle
residents are feeling the limitations of the
present system.
It is time for some method of allowing any-
one, with any opinion, to spread his views
throughout the system, without the requirement

of IQC approval.
The answer, however, is not to be found by
making it legal for every resident or even
every house to put out its own little mimeo-'
graphed paper for distribution throughout the
system. Residents would soon rebel at receiving
piles of unwanted "newspapers" in their mail-
boxes or under their doors.

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By WILLIAM BENOIT

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Tapes Unfair
EVEN THOUGH there is a legal
basis for its use, a tape record-
er should not be concealed from
an individual under police ques-
tioning.
In the case of Ann Arbor's new
city hall, there are installations
for the placing of microphones,
with wiring leading to a central
recording room, high on the walls
of its interrogation rooms. There,
in the words of a police depart-
ment member, "the subject will
probably not be able tO' see it."
A person who has allegedly com-
mitted a crime is brought in for
questioning and summarily told at
the start of interrogation that
what he says can be used against
him.
The' police have then fulfilled
their legal obligations but no men-
tion of the tape device has been
made.
* * *
TAPE RECORDERS were men-j
tioned as a means of accurately
checking one person's story against
another. The example given for
the alleged offenders was "two
boys caught stealing something
like hubcaps."
When an individual is under'
questioning for a crime, for which
the penalty might be a stiff fine,
a jail sentence and the respect of
the community, it is a moral
wrong that he not be aware of all
the circumstances of his interkoga-
tion.
If the microphones are not to
be abolished, it is only right that
the subject under interrogation be
told of their existence, as a precau-
tion against misuse by the police.
A high-ranking member, of the
local chapter of the American Civil
Liberties Union has promised to
investigate further the installation
of hidden microphones. His prom-
ise, hopefully, reflects the senti-
ments of his organization.
* * *
THE PEOPLE apprehended by
the police will be in no position to
protest the use of tapes; there is
always the danger that well-mean-
ing citizens will register a strong
protest and then forget to follow
it up with action.
Only pressure from Ann Arbor
civic leaders can bring about the
removal of the microphones or
at least a policy by the police of
telling the subject of their exist-
ence.

Zoning Laws
ANN ARBOR'S City Council re-
cently changed the zoning
statutes governing areas open to
cooperative building to the effect
that the University's cooperative's
will no longer be allowed to buy
or build in two-family dwelling
zones. They will be restricted to
multiple-family areas.
The significance of the move
for Inter-Cooperative Council is
that expansion will be severely
curtailed because of the higher
buying costs in multiple-family
zones.
Co-ops save participating stu-
dents about $350 per year and a
significant increase in costs of
building new ones could easily
cancel out the savings.
THE CITY COUNCIL offers no
apparent reasons for its actions
but the co-op leaders feel it is
due to a feeling in two-family
zones that co-op living is "too
bohemian, a bad influence on the
neighborhood."
Indications are that fraternities
and sororities, which shared the
same zoning classification; as co-
ops, were more troublesome to the
neighborhoods, with noise, poor
upkeep and trash lying around the
yards.
Co-ops serve international stu-
dents and one co-op council execu-
tive noted that there "just might
be an element of racial discrimina-
tion in changing the ordinance."
* * *
HOWEVER, what's important is
that when City Council. chooses to
stay quiet on an action, It opens
itself to charges like this. Whether
or not discrimination was a factor
can only' be determined after the
town's government has advanced
reasons for its move.
Monday night a hearing will be
held, spurred by protests from
co-op council, on moving co-op
houses back into the two-family
zones where they had been since
1931. The hearing offers an op-
portunity for co-op members to be
heard.
(Letters to the Editor should be
typewritten, doublespaced and lim-
ited to 300 words. Only signed let-
ters will be printed. The Daily re-
serves the right, to edit or with-
hold any letter.)

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SACK TO ToET S 1

CONSTITUTION CHANGES:_
Secrecy Surrounds Plans

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By ANDREW ORLIN
IN AN APRIL 13 article in The
New York Times, hushed-up
plans to amend the United States
Constitution were publicized.
There are three proposed amend-
ments, two of which have already
been approved by ten states apiece.
Three state legislatures have pass-
ed the, third one.
One proposal gives power to
each state to decide what basis
it wishes to use in apportioning
its legislative representation.The
second calls for revision of the
amending process of the Constitu-
tion. It would allow two-thirds of
the states to propose an amend-
ment and have three-fourths adopt
it. The final amendment deals
with establishing a "Court of the
SGC ACTS:
Parking
Problems'
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
WALK OR squawk.
Student car-owners have prac-
tically been given those alterna-
tives since the administration last
month responded to faculty pres-
sure and set its parking-structure
policy at "no students." At that
time, both the Thayer and Thomp-
son Street parking structures were
closed outright to student auto-
mobiles.
Student parkers in anguish rais-
ed their E stickers in protest,
basing : their complaints particul-
arly around the Thompson Street
structure, only about half-filled
each day, Their curses were partly
answered asthe structure re-open-
ed to student cars-re-opened,
that is, for a daily fee of 50 cents.
The University did take further
measures, however, by opening two
temporary surface lots on Thomp-
son Street.
THE AUTOISTS HAVE ap-
parently contented themselves
with awaiting a solution from
Student Government Council.
And Council has responded.
Student Government Council Pres-
ident Thomas Brown, '63BAd, who
pledged when elected to work out
the parking problem, has started
by pushing the Driving Code Re-
vision Corxpittee, which has for
years been unsuccessfully dealing
with student parking inadequacies.
The committee has kept in mind
that past abortive plans failed
because the administration was
unable to provide the facilities for
student use as expected. This time
the committee (which includes
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis) has hit upon
the feasible, albeit expensive "let
the students pay for it" approach.
THEIR CONCOCTION is to have
a parking lot (or lots) subsidized
through a raise in the E sticker
fee to about $20. As SGC Executive
Vice-President Edwin Sasaki, Grad,
explains:
nmn...nChic rake i ir.nrAprpnA 'llVVhnl*

Union" composed of each state's
chief justice.
THE MOVEMENT \for revision
of the Constitution is not sec-
tional. Although individual states
have passed these amendments
for different reasons, they all
agree that the Federal government
has too much power. For the
Southern states such as Arkansas,
Florida and Texas (each having
passed at least one of these pro-
posals), race hatred and states'
rights were of primaryimportance.
In other areas such as New Hamp-
shire,-'Illinois and Washington, the
desire of the rural forces to main-
tain their controlling role in state,
and, to a large extent, national
government played, the leading
role.
Since the strategy used to pass
these measures through the state
legislatures was one of silence and
speed, only two high public of-
ficials have condemned them, ac-
cording to The Times article. Gov.
Frank B. Morrison of Nebraska
attacked the "Court of the Union"
proposal as "a last ditch attempt
on the part of frustrated Southern
segregationists to avoid the con
sequences of Supreme Court de-
cisions forcing them to guarantee
equal rights to all citizens." Gov.
John W. Reynolds of Wisconsin
stated that the measures would
severely weaken the Constitution
if adopted.
* '4 *
THEREFORE, it is not surprising
that one of the measures em-
phatically states that nothing in
the Constitution "shall restrict or
limit any state in the apportion-
ment of representation in its legis-
lature." To insure that the Fed-
eral government keeps out of this
realm, the amendment further de-
clares that no Federal Court may
hear apportionment cases. The
rural forces are trying, and not
completely in vain, to hold onto
their power.
The second proposed amend-
ment also shows evidence of this
struggle. Article 5 of the Consti-
tution provides for two methods of
amendment. The first method has
a measure proposed by two-thirds
of Congress and ratified by three-
quarters of the states. State ap-
proval has in the past usually
meant approval of the state legis-
lature. Hence, the rural strong-
holds are attempting to obtain
complete control over the amend-
ment power by omitting Congress
from the process.
PROPONENTS of these propos-
als are employing the second
means provided for in the amend-
ment clause. No Constitutional
amendment has succeeded under
this method.
The provision provides that up-
on application of two-thirds of the
states, Congress shall call a Con-
stitutional convention. Upon con-
vention approval, the measure
goes to the states for ratification.
When three-fourths of the states
approve the amendment, it be-
comes ratified.
,* * *
SOME MIGHT believe that the
groups involved in these actions

If the proponents of these meas-
ures are trying to intimidate the
Federal government and the Su-
preme Court, they have selected
an extremely poor tool of coercion.
The Constitution of the United
States should not be the plaything
of a bunch of malcontents or any-
body else for that matter. If a
group of citizens wishes to amend
the Constitution it should be at-
tempted in full view and with open
consent of the nation's populace.'

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
.ords No Solution to Bias

To -the Editor:
MICHAEL OLINICK, as do most
philosophers and writers, com-
pletely misses the point as to the
basic nature of the racial prob-
lems in this country. In his article,
"Newspapers Misuse Racial Iden-
tification," he condemns the use
of racial or ethnic "labels" as they
are applied in the everyday news-
paper article to the person or per-
sons about whom the article is
concerned. He condemns this prac-
tice whether the article has ref-
erence to that person's achieve-
ments or to his shortcomings (i.e.,
"William Smith-newly appointed
Negro judge" or "Willie Smith-
Negro criminal").
Persons with merely a basic
understanding of sociological or
anthropological principles realize
that words (printed, spoken, or
sung) are merely expressions of
what exists in society. Words are
merely symbols which we attribute
to the various social phenomena
of our particular culture. For ex-
ample, folk songs, in the sociologi-
cal sense of the term, reflect the
values, problems, customs and so-
cial relationships that exist in the
current world of the singer and,
writer. And the folk songs change
as society changes. Modern folk
songs (the top 10 tunes of the
week) tell of sport cars, yellow
bikinis and teen-age love and have
taken the place of such themes as
planting time, down in the valley
and home on the range.
The point here is that you don't
change society by simply chang-
ing words or the use of words, or
the addition and abolition of
words. It's just the other way
around.
BEING of a predictive nature,
I feel that Olinick, as do many
liberals, would also object to Ne-
groes insisting on Negro leadetship
in desegregation organizations, to
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People's
efforts to see to it that Negroes
are given full credit in text books
for their past achievements or to
the increasing identification of
American Negroes with the African
movement or to the Negro extrem-
ists (the Black Nationalists and
Muslims).

If the above or part, of the
above is true, then here again,
as in the case of printed labels,
such condemnations are directed
against the reflections .of the
times. This is backward thinking
since the person who is truly in-
terested in such problems should
direct his protest against the
times, against the current socio-
political structure which produces
these things. .
.*
I BELIEVE the point often made
by militant Negroes who will no
longer wait for society to change
itself but who are committed to
.the struggle to change the status
quo is quite appropriate: (directed
to- the white majority) "Change
the rules of the game first and
then let us speak of equality
among allindividuals. Because un-
til these rules are changed, there
can be no equality."
-Nicholas Long, Grad
Uninformative .
To the Editor:
IT WAS with amazement that I
read the editorial which ap-
peared in The Daily last Friday
and spoke so lauditorally of Prof.
Emilio Roria's current course on
the philosophy of art. Although
I am, presumably like you, enrolled
in the curse, I have an altogether
different opinion of it. Whereas

You find it "intellectually excit-
ing," I find it.disappointingly dull
and uninformative.
Prof. Roma's lectures have con-
sistently proven to be mere re-
statements of the reading assign-
ments. And when an original view
is advanced; it frequently seems
ambiguous more because it is not
thoroughly thought out and care-
fully expressed than because the
material is inherently indefinite.
* * *
OF COURSE, I am not opposed
to the attitude of eager inquiry.
But I am opposed to inquiry, es-
pecially in the domain of philos-
ophy, that is not first rooted firmly
in a rigorous methodology, which
insures constructive endeavor. Dis-
regard of logic and factual ma-
terial, especially on the elemental
levels, may lead the students to,
flagrantly pompous, undisciplined
and, in the end, idle speculation.
This is the kind of irresponsible
inquiry or statement of prejudice
that only the uninformed could
ennoble by the appelation of
thought.
And this is the implicit danger
of the course in my opinion:
rather than accomplishing its pur-
pose of methodical and substan-
tial accruition of knowledge, Prof.
Roma's philosophy course deludes
the undiscerning or unaware and it
bores and disappoints the thought-
ful.
-Maurice Jerry Beznos,'63

"I Thought You Were Bringing The Matches"1

Edu eation
R HODE ISLAND Attorney General J. Joseph
Nugent Tuesday announced that the Brown
University bookstore is allowed to sell-Henry
Miller's "Tropic of Cancer"-"for educational
purposes." Meanwhile, this week, the University
of Wisconsin Memorial Library announced the
removal of "Eros," a quarterly magazine of
love, from its shelves.
It seems that educators still can't agree on
whether or not sex is educational.
-C. C.
Editorial Staff
MICUAEL OLINICK, Editor

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THE ONLY practical solution is the new
/Paper proposed by IQC. However, this paper
wAl provide the solution only if the editorial
freedom promised in the motion establishing.
it is faithfully put into practice.
This will call for the appointment of an,
editor dedicated to the principles of objective
news reporting as well as open editorial pages.

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