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April 20, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-04-20

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Z 4r Atrigan Ba l
Sevemty-Third Year
Truth WilI Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

U.S. Should Take Stand
On Cuban Exile Problem

OSA Secrecy Violates
Stu-dents' Right To Know


THE OFFICE of Student Affairs has gone is an example of "managing the news" by
through its period of transition structurally, holding off public discussion until the proposals
but it is still wearing the same old mask- are an accomplished fact. It supercedes the
the mask of secrecy. The lines of authority principle of free access to information on which
have been clarified so that we now know who the community should operate.
is doing something-but just what is going Although the four proposals are in different
on remains classified. stages of development, they should all receive
Right now the GSA is working in four areas publicity. The rules and regulations booklet is
on specific matters in various: stages of devel-almost completed, a recommended copy has
opment which are of vital importance to stu- been mimeographed. For all intents and pu>-
dents. A new Regents bylaw is being drawn up poses it is what will be sent out to the incoming
to cover the new office structure and the freshmen. The llegents will look at it and
area of student discipline. approve it knowing that students and others
A new student rules and regulations booklet contributed to it. Yet they will not have any
is being written with some changes planned, community reaction to the finished product.
especially in the area of women's rules. The
committee on counseling is discussing writing AS FAR AS the proposed bylaw is concerned,
a policy statement on giving out information it comes about as a result of the new
contained in non-academic records, and it is structure of the OSA which in turn resulted
also considering the possibility of a new resi- from the Reed Committee Report, a committee
dence hall evaluation form. A new constitution which had administrators, faculty and students
is being written for Joint Judiciary Council sitting on it. The bylaw, however, is being
which may change the judicial structure of the drawn up in :the ySA and is not being seen
University somewhat. by anyone else. For an office supposedly con-
cerned with students, this fear of student
THE UNIVERSITY community is In the dark consultation, on the bylaw denotes a disregard
about these projects and their present for their opinion which has been demonstrated
status because of the way the OSA is working. all too often in the past.
The ,iew rules and regulations booklet is a T.j.c.u.b
good example of this. A committee of women's The new jnt judic constitution has been
housemothers was formed to go over the old drawn up and, like the regulations booklet, is
booklet, correct mistakes in it, and to submit sitting around unreleased waiting for' the Re-
recommendations for new rules in the area gents to see them. The new non-academic
of women's regulations. Student Government records policy is in the formative stages and
Council submitted recommendations for reportedly will be made public to elicit student
changes as did woman's judiciary. opinion, but so far this has not been done.'
The SGC recommendations received some
publicity, the others received little if any. They THE DAILY knows of the existence of these
all disappeared into the gaping maw of the proposals from information supplied by
OSA where hidden from all but staff eyes they members of the OSA staff on an "off the
are being edited and condensed into a single record" basis, meaning we are told but for-
bidden to rint.
booklet which the students will be confronted b t
with as law next semester. As a device it is a help in keeping reporters
informed on what is going on in the areas they
THE OSA PLANS to keep the status and are covering, but it prevents them from exer-
content of all these proposals secret until cising their basic function as newspapermen-
they are submitted in 'a package to the Regents, that of reporting the news.
Probab ar t teinextpkee tng.The ew That the proposals mentioned above are news
bylaw has to be passed by the board, the cannot be doubted. That they should be re-
others do not). The reasons are simple: com- leased, at any stage of development, to the
ohersnd not). dThe reaons ae simples:corne public for free comment and discussion cannot
mon courtesy dictates that the Regents be the be doubted.
first to see the proposals since they are the That the failure to do this denotes a dis-
governing board of the University. Once they respect by the OSA for the right of the com-
have passed and approved the proposals they munity to free access to information at all
can be released as law to the community. times also cannot be doubted.,
What this common courtesy turns out to be --RONALD WILTON
Time for Talk

MIAMI IS boiling over with the
frustrations of Cuban exiles
who are beginning to demand
more action from the United
States government.
The refugees, organized in a
mass of competing revolutionary
councils, range from the majority
who believe it is the moral duty
of the United States to finance
and support a new invasion to a
scattered few who think it wiser
to go slowly.
The state department is feeling
the greatest pressure from the
main revolutionary body, the Cu-
ban Revolutionary Council, which
is composed of 12 separate groups.
Its former, President, Jose Miro
Cardona, has bitterly denounced
the United Statesi for its "violent
campaign" against him and its
lack of action against Castro.
Cardona, who submitted his res-
ignation to the council several
weeks ago and quit as president
this week, had the support of half
of the body, but the rest demanded
his resignation and will probably
back Dr. Manuel Antonio De Var-
ona. Varona takes a more moder-
ate position, stressing that Cubans
should not break connections with
Washington and that their "big-
gest and best ally is the United
States." Cardona's charges that
President Kennedy backed down
on a promise of a second invasion
of Cuba have not helped the revo-
lutionary groups' relations with
the government. Cardona walked
out of a closed door council meet-
ing Thursday followed by three
other members. His resignation
had been rejected earlier by a
more unified council, and his 6500
word letter of resignation, which
the state department claims dis-
torts the facts, blasts Kennedy for
reneging on cooperation,. offers
which were definite and support
which was "absolute and com-
plete." He also feels that the state
department wants to get rid, of
him. The state department, on the,
other hand, denies any such in-
ever, are representative. of the
general mood of many Cuban
exiles. Many of these plan quick
action attacks which attempt to
harass the Cuban shoreline with
armed fishing boats. They feel,
that their backs are to the wall,
and the only hope for getting their
homeland back is for direct attack
or continued guerrilla-type action
against Castro.' This restlessness
keeps growing as jobs in Miami are
harder to get, and Castro tightens
his hold on Cuba through indoc-
trination of the younger genera-
tion with Marxism. If the United
States government keeps vacillat-
iikg, even more moderate revolu-

tionaries, such as Varona, may
call for invasion.
More radical groups have also
been active. Recently three other
revolutionary bodies, having a
small, but dedicated membership,
announced a possible unification
of their forces.
These groups believe attacks on
Cuba have a beneficial effect in
disturbing Castro's tight hold on
the island. They also derive psy-
chological satisfaction from feel-
ing they, at least, have remained
"true to the cause" by forcefully
working to end Communism in
the Western Hemisphere.
Fishing boats, which leave
brazenly from Miami or sections
of the Florida Keys make their
feeble runs on Cuba and are
rounded up by British authorities
or the Coast Guard in the Ba-
hamas. After going through the
United States authorities, they are
released without charge and are
free to launch another attack.
The question remains, however, of
what kind of a stand the govern-
ment should take.
* * 0
approve of these raids on Cuba,
yet it does notuse any punish-
ments or sanctions to stop them.
The state department obviously
wants to go slowly, after the gov-
ernment got its fingers burned by
the Bay of Pigs invasion. Much of
the antagonism between Cardona
and the state department is due to
his intense criticism of the United
States' lack of action, and he
feels that by releasing this "in-
criminating" resignation letter, he
will fofce their hand.
It's about time the government
takes a position and does not sup-
port another invasion, encourage
these revolutionary groups or, tol-
erate these annoying raids on
The exiles must be made to
realize that the United States
cannot sanction another invasion
and that, in the government's
mind, Castro is here to stay for
a while. Refugee raids must be
punished by the government and
not meekly tolerated. 'The revolu-
tionary organizations, which will
cooperate with government policy,
should work closely with the state
department, but should designate
a central representative for all of
these groups. The fighting groups
may be forced to find a new base
of operations in Central America
if the government cracks down on
them. A Cuban revolutionary news
service in Miami said "recently
that for once the exiles were not
falling for President Kennedy's
maneuvering and indecision on
United States policy. Let's stop
this indecision once, and for all
and take a definite stand with
these revolutionary groups.

1 4


Unique Financial Agreement

[UST BEFORE Spring vacation Student Gov-
ernment Council passed a motion support-
ing the concept of a residence halls conference
to explore and define the responsibilities and
functions of the mass housing units on campus.
The organization and planning of the con-
ference is left to Interquadrangle Council and
Assembly Association, who doubt that action
will be taken this semester.
The problems of the residence halls are
many and the conference -cannot come too
soon. In general the residence hall system has
begun to take on four new emphases: co-ed
housing, honors housing, academic orientation
and supplementation, and variation of living
quarters offered. Each one of these comes in
relation to at least one of the others, and
all have more or less profound influence on
the student in residence aid on his government.
Among these problems of change remains the
everl'resent hand of the administration, es-
pecially the Office of Student Affairs, which
seems consistently to refuse placing any con-
sequential authority or real responsibility with
the students directly involved.
OF FA the new emphases for the residence
halls, the most important one is the aca-
demic infusion being considered. The Univer-
sity is fundamentally an academic institution,
THE CENTER for Research in Learning and
Teaching and medical school are about to
launch a significant series of lecture-seminars
aimed at using the latest scientific knowledge
about education to improve the medical school.
The 10 lectures will cover a broad spectrum of
learning theory and the psychological and so-
ciological effects on the classroom.
Yet, the lectures will only be suggestive-a
spur to further thinking by the medical school.
The school's administration hopes that these
talks will engender new ideas to teaching to
make medical education more meaningful and
These lectures are significant in a field that
can easily fall prey to stodginess. It shows that
the University and the medical school are
progressively concerned with the education of
the student beyond the mere information pre-
Unn fMv +h marlt-0 nan1v+l.hem a -

regardless of the attitudes of many of its
students. Any attempt, therefore, to strengthen
the academic atmosphere and process is to
be highly encouraged and instituted at the
earliest possible moment.
Yet. "academic atmosphere' has at best a
tenuous meaning, and its development can
only be suggested, not imposed. A more likely
place to encourage it :is within the cur-
riculum and the classroom, rather than the
housing units. Until class work and studies take
on direct relevance to the student and his own
interest, until material is presented in such a
way as to satisfy and encourage intellectual
curiosity and research, attempts to beef up
"academic atmosphere" by sponsoring discus-
sions in the housing units will be superficial
and ineffective.
Still, the quads and dorms can do their part,
however small, by making the residence halls
something more than a hotel for transients.'
The residence halls conference, if and. when
it is convened, must make this question the,
first order of business, with special emphasise
on the relation of the residence halls to aca-
demic programming.
THE QUESTION of co-ed housing, especially
its implications for residence government,
has yet to be decided. There is presently an
IQC-Assembly co-ed housing committee study-
ing the question with an eye towards recom-
mendation before September, but the whole
matter will need careful scrutiny even after
it is first tried out.;
The development of Oxford Housing for wo-
men may well present difficulties. The ad-
ministration decided to build the complex to
create as much variation and freedom of
choice among types of living offered to Univer-
sity women. Apartment units, co-ops and suites
will characterize the multi-building operation,
and its system of government will be fairly
complicated. But a more serious conflict will
have to be ,avoided, for the administration, in
building new and different residence halls for
women, may be reluctant to offer apartment
permission to junior women for fear of losing
residents for the new units. While the diver-
sity of living quarters offered students is a
good thing, it must not be used as a ploy to
argue against apartment permission on. the
specious grounds of the existence of University
Underlying all of the changes in the resi-
dnee holl is ahantme in the scnn and duty

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
oft three articles dealing with rela-
tions between the University and
the City of Ann Arbor.)
ON- MANY CAMPUSES, relations
between the educational insti-
tution and the local municipal
government are poor because of
poor communication and coopera-
tion. On this campus, the Univer-
sity maintains good relations with
the city government. One reason
is the complete financial arrange-
ments between the two.
Although city and University in-
terests naturally differ over money,
the University provides adequate
financial compensation for losses
to the city from its presence.
However, in a November, 1962,
report to the City Council, City
Administrator Guy Larcom said
that Ann Arbor needs to seek lar-
ger payments from the Univer-
sity for services. A $4.6 million
balanced budget for next year
which is now being considered by
the council calls for an increase
in spending of $240,000. And the
city budget was balanced only by
a $500,000 reduction In depart-
mental requests and a probable
increase of one dollar in the pres-
ent tax rate.
* * *
THE CITY will be facing further
revenue shortages as a result of
major expenditures for business
district improvements,rroad and
highway expenditures and park
iand acquisition.
Being a state institution, the
University is not subject to local
taxation. Its more than 1800 acres
within the city limits substan-
tially reduce Ann Arbor's assessed
property valuation, which will be
about $130 million for next year's
tax rolls. Besides this property
automatically not appearing on
the rolls, the University has been
removing an average of about
$80,000 per year from the rolls
through acquisition of previously
taxable property.
The biggest slice came when in
1958 the University bought the
.Hoover plant, which was assessed
at $257,000. The accumulative total
of property removed from the tax
rolls since 1920 is more than three
million dollars. With up-to-date
assessments the land property
removed from the rolls would
probably yield more than $100,000
in taxes.
of property does not show up as
being "removed" from the tax
assessment rolls. As land is an-
nexed to the city, no University
property ever appears on the tax
rolls. So the extent of University
expansion in Ann Arbor cannot be
measured solely byxthe property
removed from the tax rolls.
Taxes are collected in Ann Arbor
on a budget basis. Given the tax
base and the revenue needs, the
required tax rate is computed. The
present rate is $18.60 per $1000 of
assessed valuation. Adding Uni-
versity property to the tax base
could either lower the rate or
allow a larger budget without

exempt property for income-pro-
ducing operations. After Indiana.
State Tax Board Chairman Rich-
ard Worley proposed changes in
these laws, Butler and Indiana
Universities came up with pro-
posal for tax payments.
The universities will begin to
pay taxes to local governments,
but only on property being used
for income-producing operations.
Other facilities, such as parking
lots, would not be affected. Ac-
cording to John G. McKevitt, as-
sistant to the vice-president in
charge of business and finance,.
the University does not in general
own income-producingdproperty.
Any property that does yield
profit, such as the Greystone taxi-
dance ballroom in Detroit, usually
comes from private gifts and
grants is soon either sold or trans-
formed to suit the University's
0 * *
diana universities to give up some
of their tax privileges stemmed
from exhorbitant tax rates arising
from insufficient compensation in
other forms. Although the Uni-
versity does not pay taxes or make
payments in lieu of taxes, it has
the most complete financial ar-
rangements with its local munici-
pal government of any educational
institution in the United States.
Furthermore, the University in-
directly brings Ann Arbor a gr.eat
deal of taxable property.
Starting in 1947, the University
began paying one seventh of the
police budget. For 1962, the cost
was $77,429. It also pays 18 per
cent ofsthe fire department bud-
get. Last year the University paid
$101,478. It finances one patrol-
man and three patrolwomen and
their vehicles to patrol its parking
areas. The city collected $22,548
for these costs along with pay-
ments from fines, which amounted
to $25,675.
- *
no compensation for costs to the
local municipal government and
others give only nominal support.
Stanford University runs its own
police and fire departments. Mich-
igan State University pays half
the cost of the fire department
budget of East Lansing, a college
F iAid
rH E MORE ONE studies the
Clay Report on foreign- aid, the
more elusive it becomes. It is a{
little like the Bible; there is a
texit for almost every taste. Still,
it is possible to discern a couple
of themes. The first is that Ameri-
can business is a good thing ("I
don't believe," said General Clay
at his press conference, "any aided
country can stand on its own feet
without private, enterprise"); the
second is that the primary pur-
pose of aid is "the curtailment of
Communist efforts in all parts of
the world."
The first theme is heard in the
committee's praise for the "Hick-

town with a population of less
than 10,000. MSU also makes vol-
untary payments to the police
department, but these payments
are small.
Harvard, Radcliffe and the Mas-
sachusetts Institute of Technology
all make voluntary payments to
Cambridge in:lieu of taxes. Har-
vard's payments' amount to only
around $60,000 a year.
Ann Arbor also receives Univer-
sity payments for water -and sew-
age at the regular scheduled rates.
Last year's total was $311,452. In
the same period, capital improve-
ments cost the University $119,878.
This figure varies' from year to
year. On an agreement basis, the
University pays whatever a private
landowner would have been assess-
edi for capital improvements-
street widening or installations of
sewer lines, pavement and gutters
-which provide direct benefit to
the property.
It also pays for water line con-
nection charges for any new build-
ings. Last year the cost was $7,810.
However, the amount varies and
was - $73,000 in 1958. In addition,
the University pays in part for
special services such aspolice for'
registration and football games.
* * *
rangement has been reached for
the North Campus. The roads in-
side the area are built and main-
tained by the University as private
streets. An exception is the city's
Huron Parkway, which will pass
through the North Campus. In ex-
change for the right-of-way land
needed to build the road, the city
pays for all costs.
The University paid for sewer
and water mains and is paying
regular rental for maintenence of
utilities. It has also agreed to pay
half of the planing and engineer-
ing costs in the improvement of'
Fuller Rd. which leads out to
North Campus.
Total payments to the city last
year were more than $650,000. The
loss to the city from the Univer-
sity's tax privileges comes from
the difference between the cost
of providing services and pro-
tection to exempted land and the
amount paid by he University as
* * *
THE MERE presence of Univer-
sity property within the city limits
does not cause increased expendi-
Any direct losses to the city are
more than made up by revenue
brought indirectly by the Univer-
sity's presence. Industry and per-
sonnel, greatly increasing the tax
base: Bendix has an assessed valu-
ation of $1.3 million, Parke-Davis
three million dollars and Conduc-
tron, initiated by University fac-
ulty, has begun construction on
buildings which will eventually.
cost about eight million dollars.
Climax Molybdenum announced its
intentions yesterday recently of
constructing facilities in the North
The Ann Arbor municipal gov-
ernment is not losing money be-
cause of the presence of a state

LAST NIGHT, Reverend Gary
Davis, the blind blues street
singer and preacher, got the third
annual University of Michigan;
Folk Festival off to a rousing
start with a dozen driving, gutty
renditions of the gospel blues
Claiming to be a religious man,
Davis left no doubt that living is
his true religion, that he was
drawing or# a wealth of personal
experience for many of his songs,
and that he was not confusing
religion ,wit any unrealistic with-
drawal 'from life.
Starting off with "Give Me That
Old Time Religion," Davis wham-
med his big guitar, pleading with
his audience to "Help me sing;
this way I get my kicks, and you
get yours," in an attempt to Im-
plant some of his vibrant driving
spirit into his thoroughly appre-
ciative but needlessly. polite lis-
The man's entire self went! into

Davis Blues Real

'the - performance, both through
the songs and through the won-
derful tid-bits of personal exper-
ience and philosophy between
numbers. Completely) at ease, Davis
seratched his head while playing
and missed not a note.
"Talk to me, gibson,' he'd say,
as he pounded his guitar, and
smiled with genuine pleasure as
he delighted his audience with the
intricate blues finger-picking for
which he is justly famous.
DAVIS' BLUES are genuine and
real. As if to tantalize his lis-
teners the great man saved his
best numbers for last.
It was hard to keep the feet
from tapping while he play d
"Keep Your :Lamp Trimmed and
Burning," "You Got To Move,"
and "Right or Wrong," the last on
the harmonica, and to my regret,
the only number so performed.
-Dick Pike

JHE UNIVERSITY Symphony Orchestra performed its spring con-
cert last night in Hill Auditorium under the direction of Josef Blatt.
There is no doubt that this orchestra is one to be proud of. Prof.
Blatt has trained the group to a high degree of quality.
The program opened with a rich, colorful performance of Tchai-
kovsky's Symphony No. 4. Prof. Blatt's interpretation of this popular
work was vibrantly alive, dramatic, and exciting.
The numerous solo passages in the symphony were all handled
beautifully. It would be a pleasant duty to cite the individual soloists,
but they are too numerous.
I WOULD LIKE to give credit to the violin sections for the best
playing I have heard from them. Throughout the work they played
well, but in the third movement pizzicato sections they, along with
the other strings, outdid themselves in precision and excellent in-
The last movement of the Tchaikovsky was absolutely magnificent.
All in all, this was as good a performance of this work as I have
heard in concert.
THE SECOND HALF of the concert opened with, Wagner's "Sieg-
fried-Idyll." This work, written in 1870, is constructed principally
around two themes which are also found in the final scene of Wagner's
opera, "Siegfried." The themes were originally intended to be a part
of a projected string quartet.
T is a lnvely. nnretentious work and was given a straight forward

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