blic nterpretation Argument Shakes'U'1
By RICHARD KELLER SIMON
The sale volume of the University Press declined 15 per cent
during the last fiscal year--the first time it has made money in a
The explanation for this apparent contradiction lies in a 35
per cent reduction in expenses during the same period.
Two different interpretations of this change in policy have
Felix Morrow, principal sales representative for the 'U' press
charges that its financial administrators are leading it on a policy
Morrow's contract expires this June and is not being renewed.
He claims that the action was taken because of his protests against
University Controller Gilbert L. Lee explains the situation by a
"better control of costs." Specifically, expenses declined from $1,-
304,000 to $842,000 as sales declined from $1,120,000 to $953,000.
Lee says that he knows "of no policy" of liquidation.
Regent Euene B. Power of Ann Arbor says the "Regents want
the press to grow and expand. A healthy and vigorous press is an
essential part of a vigorous and growing university." He added that
the press' administrators are new and must have more of a chance
to prove their worth.
Morrow's charges against the press' administrators are denied
by Lee, current Press Director Glenn Gosling, and Secretary of
the University and Chairman of the press' executive committee
Erich Walter. Gosling says that Morrow had a special contact with
past director Fred Wieck and is disturbed about losing it.
The press, like other campus publishing houses, issues books
generally of a more scholarly nature than those of a commercial
publisher ,and books these organizations cannot or will not handle.
Role of the Press
The press' role is one of communication of ideas, "whether
profitable or not" according to Regent Power.
Morrow says that Wieck developed the press from a small in-
consequential printing outlet for the faculty into an internationally
famous institution. Wieck resigned last year when the press changed
its policy-when the retrenchment program was begun, Morrow
Sales figures released by Vice-President for Business and Fi-
nance Wilbur K. Pierpont show sharp rises from 1954-1955 to 1960-
1961 ($100,000 to $1,120,000). For most of this period Wieck was
Drop in Sales
Sales figures for the 1961-1962 fiscal year have dropped to
$953,000. For the first six months of the 1962-1963 fiscal year sales
The 1961-1962 fiscal year showed a profit of $150,000, after
two years of loss. But Morrow=contends that all this means is that
the press is not ploying enough money back into acquiring new mem-
bers for its mail order business, and that this will show up in the
The first half of this fiscal year shows a $47,000 profit, which
if doubled, shows a 34 per cent decline from last year.
The 1960-1961 fiscal year shows a $141,000 loss. This repre-
sents, Lee says, not losses for one year, but a write-off of uncol-
lectable debts that accumulated over many years because of the
There is a different collection method now in operation. Quar-
terly figures show the recentsales decline. Sales figures for the last
six computated periods show the following:
Gosling took over in the middle of the $163,000 period replac-
ing acting director Edward Watkins who took over for Wieck during
the $254,000 period.
Sales in the last two quarters have risen. Compared to parallel
sales the year before, the figures show declines. Gosling maintains
that this trend will not continue and that the upcoming quarters
will showed marked increases.
Morrow interprets these sales declines as a liquidation policy.
He charges that the directors of the press have adopted a retrench-
ment, instead of a growth policy because it gives them little to
worry about-they do not have to make large investments or be
concerned over large sums of money.
Morrow also charges that the press is deliberately denying im-
portant sales figures to its representatives so that they have little
knowledge of how many books to order of particular issues. They
are not told of overall sales on each, only individual sales, he says.
See MORROW, Page 5
See Editorial Page
Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
in the afternoon
VOL. LXXIII, No. 139 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 31, 1963 SEVEN CENTS
VOTING DEMONSTRATION-Members of the Committee on
Appeal for Human Rights gathered yesterday to protest the viol-
ence and what they termed "infringement of rights and intimida-
tion" in Mississippi voter registration programs. A copy of the.
Fifteenth Amendment is in the coffin behind the demonstrators.
U.S. Requests Court Order
To End Southern Violence
By JEAN TENANDER
After four days of violence involving Negro voter registration
attempt in Greenwood, Mississippi, the federal government yesterday
sought a court order requesting an end to the interference.
The government also asked the release of the eight Negroes
jailed during one of the demonstrations. The justice department
charged Greenwood and Leflore county officials with using intimida-
tion, including "arrest and prose-
"ution" of Negro registration work-
Lati Speaks s todiscourage from registering.
If passed, the injunction would
alsoAprevent discriminatory pun-
O n A lliance ishment of registering voters.
Two days ago, Jessie Crain, a
tenant farmer, and his relatives
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last in a series of five profiles of
Regental candidates. Two Regents will be elected in tomorrow's ballot-
By GAIL EVANS
As long as capitalism prevails, education will be the states
}social "step-child," the Socialist Labor Party candidates main
W. Clifford Bentley and John Zywicki are "running for Re-
gent to give people who want fundamental social change a
chance to express themselves through the ballot-the legal sub-
stitutefor force to bring about change."F
Education cannot reach its full potential without the end-
ing of private ownership and production for profit. Only under'
an "occupational or industrial democracy" can education develop.
Education by Educators
The party's position is that education should be completely
run by educators, rather than "idle businessmen who have only
time for the office." Their aim is to make education a functional
part of society.
Each industry, education being one, would be controlled
by "industrial unions" made up of the workers in that field. The'
workers would be the controllers of the means of production.
"University administrators and faculty would be like auto shop
workers in that they would have complete control over the in-
In this new society proposed by the Socialists there would
be no money. All laborers would be paid in "labor-time vouchers,
which would be exchangeable for goods and services.
No Student Tuition
Students would not pay any tuition because education is
their "social right and obligation." When the students enter the
productive phase of their lives, after graduation, they will more
than pay back society for their educations.'
Since there.is no money as a form of exchange in the new
social order, University plant expansion would be furnished free
by the construction industry. The University would merely ap-
ply for a building and the construction firm would build it.
The members of society will determine the needs and priori-
ties of all production.
Both candidates stressed that they are running on the
party's program and not on individual stands. Bentley maintainsx
that "the party does not compromise its principles in order to win
Neither candidate expects to be elected to the Regental post.
Bentley points out that "the chances of one of the party's candi-
dates being elected without the election of Socialist candidates
See SOCIALIST, Page 5
Welensky Hits Macmillan,
As 'Empire Liquidator'
LONDON (A)-Sir Roy Welensky, Prime Minister of the tottering
Central African Federation, was quoted last night as assailing Brit-
ain's Prime Minister Harold Macmillan as "the liquidator of what
was once the greatest of all empires."
The London Sunday Express said Welensky told an interviewer
Macmillan is following a "sell-out policy" in Africa. Britain authorized
the withdrawal of Northern Rhodesia from the federatoon Satur-
day, thus sounding the death knell for the 10-day-old experi-
ment in multiracial partnership.
Due To Leave L
African-ruled Nyasaland is due lambda Ch
to leave the federation this fall.
Southern Rhodesia, where white
supremacists won elections last t
December, is the third membe.
"In my seven years as pime ;";n:;.>:::<: £:'>^<r r.,L
minister," Welensky told report-
ers, "I have seen Macmillan play
the star role in completing the
task that Lord North started"
(North was Britain's prime minis-
ter when the American colonies
successfully rebelled against
Decide Constitution Fate
City To Vote'
To Decide on Law
To End 'Dry Line'
By JOHN BRYANT
Ann Arbor voters will elect a
mayor and five councilmen in to-
morrow's city election.
They will also decide whether to
permit the sale of liquor by the
glass east of the Division St. "dry
line" and consider whether to an-
nex a section of Pittsfield Town-
Incumbent GOP Mayor Cecil O.
Creal is being challenged by Dem-
ocrat Dr. Albert Schneider in the
race for mayor.
Running for council are:
First Ward: Travis R. Cash (R)
and John L. Teachout (D).
Second Ward: William E. Ban-
demer (R), incumbent and Mrs.
Fay Kincaid (D).
Third Ward: Paul H. Johnson
(R) and Dallas R. Hodgins (D).
See Related Story, Page 8
Fourth Ward: Richard G. Wal-
terhouse (R), incumbent, and Mrs.
Frances West (D).
Fifth Ward: Bent F. Neilson
(R), incumbent, and LeRoy A.
Varied issues marked the cam-
paign. The proposed fair housing
ordinance overshadowed o t h er
issues, but was not the only one
The Open Space and Parks
parks program, the new zoning
ordinance and the central busi-
ness district "Guide to Action"
for renovating the area have also
There has been little contro-
versy over either the dry line or
the annexation of 89 acres of
Pittsfield Township. However,
semi-anonymous circulars and ad-
vertisements in the Ann Arbor
News have appeared opposing the
removal of the anti-liquor line.
Of New Document
By GERALD STORCH
The proposed state constitution
has a large number of totally new
provisions, and it also revises
many of Michigan's existing in-
Its major new features include:
The establishment of a legisla-
tive apportionment commission
which would redistrict both cham-
bers every 10 years. If the commis-
sion failed to do its job, the su-
preme court would be required to
reapportion the Legislature;
A civil rights commission, with
power of subpoena, to issue direc-
tives enforcing "equal protection
of the law" for all individuals,
regardless of "religion, race, color
or national origin;"
A court of appeals, designed to
handle many cases now heard by
the state supreme court;
A requirement that the governor
cut back expenditures with the
consent of appropriating commit-
tees of the House and Senate,
"whenever it appears that actual
revenues for a fiscal period will
fall below revenue estimates..
for that period;"
Prohibition of any income tax
"graduate das to rate or base;"
Elimination of state-wide spring
A requirement that the governor
and lieutenant governor be of the
same party by running as a ticket;
A grant of gubernatorial power
of item veto on appropriations
A grant to the Legislature of
the power to suspend through a
special joint committee executive
agency rulings made between legis-
lative sessions if it so wishes;
Abolition of justices of the peace
within five years, and prohibition
of the fees system as a method
of finarbial compensation for
Senate districts would now be
based 80 per cent on population,
20 per cent on land area. Each
House district now must have at
least .7 per cent of the state's pop-
By BARBARA LAZARUS
United States Co-ordinator for
the Alliance for Progress foreign
aid program, Theodoro Moscoso,
'32, has come to the University to
discuss the program and the Uni-
versity's role in the Latin Ameri-
can program with key administra-
tors and faculty members.
Moscoso was entertained at a
dinner at Inglis House last night,
before holding talks with the exec-
utive committee of the graduate
school of business administration
and the Latin American Center
Moscoso said yesterday that
"the University is already doing
a number of things in several
Latin American countries. It has
done a survey of possible work in
Venezuela and is helping in Sao
Paulo with Brazilian engineering
He noted he has requested the
possibility of the University as-
sistance to the Alliance through
research. The University could
study possible United States parti-
cipation in accelerating creation of
a Latin American common mar-
He also has discussed chances of
more help for the Alliance from
University faculty and the United
States' latest loan to Argentina
"A number of suggestions have
been made by University faculty
and administrators for the Al-
liance. I hope to develop these
ideas further when I return to
Washington this week."
were ordered to leave their home
because Crain refused to. remove
his name from a voter registration
Unaware of the government's
intervention in the case, about 35
students from the University, join-
ed members of the * Detroit Con-
gress of Racial Equality and Stu-
dent Non-violent Coordinating
Committee yesterday morning in
a picket line in front of the jus-
tice department's Detroit office.
The Detroit civil rights groups
in conjunction with the Ann Ar-
bor 'Friends of SNCC and Voice
political party had asked Detroit
District Attorney Gubow to urge
Attorney General Robert Kennedy
for federal protection of Missis-
sippi registration project workers.
In a letter the students said
"we would appreciate your making
communications with the Attorney
General public." The groups in-
formed Gubow of the intended
picket line Friday afternoon.
Prior to news of the inj unction
yesterday morning, Gubow told
CORE's Detroit chairman Ralph'
Rosenfeld that he upheld the
right to protest as long as it was
done in an orderly manner. He
added that he did not know what
the picketers expected the At-
torney General to do.
According to Rosenfeld, Gubow
said the civil rights groups seemed
unclear on the solutions they
sought from the federal govern-,
Rosenfeld said the letter pur-;
nncfnfIly, Al no4 ,. r.oc - a enaolfl I
To Select Regents,
ulation, raising the minimum up
from .5 per cent. Both clauses, in
effect, increase urban representa-
tion but still fall short of a
straight-population method of ap-
Four present positions on the
Administrative Doard would be re-
vised. The auditor general would
be made responsible to the Legis-
lature, instead of the governor;
the highway commissioner would
be replaced by a functional board
appointed by the governor; the
state superintendent of public in-
struction would be replaced by a
functional board elected state-
wide; the state treasurer would be
appointed by the governor, instead
of being elected state-wide;
The executive branch, now con-
taining more than 120 different
agencies, would be required to
have a maximum of 20;
The governor an d senators
would be given four-year instead
of two-year terms;
The Senate retains its advise
and consent power, but would be
required to issue a veto within 60
days if it wished to block guber-
The state supreme court would
be reduced from eight to seved
members. Judicial vacancies, how-
ever, would have to be filled by
elections rather than by guber-
The state government's borrow-
ing power would be increased from
$250,000 to about $10 million, but
such loans would have to be paid
back within the fiscal year;
Constitutional autonomy, now
possessed by the University, Mich-
igan State University and Wayne
State University, would be extend-
ed to seven other state universities.
Much of the proposed constitu-
tion carries essentially the same
provisions found in the present
one, although in some cases lan-
guage was condensed and modern-
The basic features of Michigan's
government-three branches and
a bicameral Legislature-are re-
One controversial clause has
been kept intact. It is the search
and seizure provision, which would
allow narcotics and dangerous
weapons to be seized outside the
home withoutba search warrant.
Prof. David F. Aberle of Bran-
deis University yesterday informed
The Daily that he and his wife
were not certain they would ap-
peal to the American Association
of University Professors regarding
their recent resignations.
Prof. Aberle noted that although
he had renorted earlier that the
Face Cudlip, White
In Race for Board
By GERALD STORCH
Michigan voters will decide the
fate of the proposed state con-
*titution ond will i two seats on
the Regents and state supreme
court in tomorrow's election.
.State Democratic Chairman Zol-
ton B. Ferencyand Republican
Chairman Arthur E. Elliot both
have predicted passage of the new
constitution, which would replace
the 1908 document currently in
Two of the delegates to the re-
cent Constitutional Convention
are Republican hopefuls for' the
two eight-year posts on the Re-
gents-William B. Cudlip of Grosse
Pointe Shores and Ink White of
They are running against Dem-
ocratic incumbents Eugene B.
Power of Ann Arbor and Donald
M. D: Thurber of Grosse Pointe,
Election: of Cudlip and White
would place the Democrat-Repub-
lican ratio on the Regents at 4-4,
while a successful race by Power
and Thurber would leave the
ratio at 6-2.
A 4-4 standoff now exists on
the supreme court. Candidates are:
Paul L. Adams, a former Regent
and also once a member of the
Eugene F. Black, an incumbent
seeking a second eight-year term;
Donald E. Holbrook, a circuit
court judge for Clare, Isabella and
Richard 0. Smith, a University
graduate and a circuit court judge
in Bay County.
No partisan designation is given
the court candidates on the ballot,
but Adams and Black were nom-
inated at the Democratic state
convention and Holbrook .and
Smith at the Republican conven-
There are also four other races.
Democratic incumbent Lynn M.
Bartlett is running against Prof.
Raymond N. Hatch of Michigan
State University for the state
superintendent of public instruc-
Democrat Gerald Tuchow op-
poses James F. O'Neil for a seat
on the state board -of education.
For the MSU-Board of Trustees,
Democratic incumbents Don Stev-
ens and Jan Vanderploeg face the
Republican challenge of Con-Con
President Stephen S. Nisbet and
Arthur K. Rouse.
A n d Democratic Incumbents
Michael Ference and Leonard
Woodcock are contending with Re-
publicans Marshall V. Noecker
and Alfred H. Whittaker for the
Wayne State University Board of
Approximately 1.4 million voters
are expneted at the nolls. This is
i Celebrates Anniversary
"It is astonishing," said Welen-
sky. "Just a few years ago, after
the Suez debacle, there was a re-
markable rallying together. I
thought Iwe were in for a new