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March 30, 1963 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-03-30

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Sny-Thrd Yaw
EM TED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF TM E UNRvERT OF MICNRGAN
- UNDE AUTHORM l OF BOARD IV CONTROL OF STUMr PU- CATIONS
"Where Opinions ree STUDENT PucLrCATIO S Bu., Ab. Am , MHn., PHoNE wo 2-3241
Truth WIUn r.esz
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This muss bf noted in all reprints.

"Thanks For The Pat On The Back,
If That's W hat It Was"

SIDELINE ON STUDENT GOVERNMENT:
GSC Better Than SGC
Has Potential, Will Go

TURDAY, MARCH 30, 1963

NIGHT EDITOR: MARJORIE BRAHMS

World Disarmament Chances

Faint and Far Away

rF ECASE for world peace and total dis-.
armament seems rather hopeless and grim
these days. With Russia and the United States
nadly racing to find new means of destruction
and the mass of United States citizens be-
lieving that they need and want a strong
nuclear force, peace will be a long time in
coming.
The major question is whether disarmament
can ever become a reality. When one glances
at his world today and sees the aggressive
nationalism of many countries, the crises and
diplomatic blunders, he can only feel that
disarmament will be very hard to achieve.
Yet the Geneva talks keep dragging on, profes-
sors continue investigating ways for peace
and citizens of the world hope for a peace
that may never come.
ONE ARGUMENT which has been optimis-
tically advanced as a possible means of at-
taining peace is that there is really little
ideological difference between Russia's form
,of Socialism and the United States' capitalism
and Democracy. This argument says that be-
cause both countries are large bureaucratic
states which face similar industrial problems,
and since Russia has adopted so much of the
capitalistic incentive system, they can find
a common ground for peace. This would argue
that Americans and Russians have created a
false emotional fight between themselves, which
could easily be wiped away through rational
tliinking and a mass recognition of this false
belief.
VET AMERICANS, both citizens and policy-
makers, firmly want to believe the United
States has some unified Democratic ethos.
Democratic theory has had a hodgepodge of
varying themes, which have been molded to-
gether to form a somewhat qoherent spirit. In
a similar manner, the Soviet Union's national
ideology, Marxism-Leninism, which is far more
organized and systematic than Democracy,
could not be eradicated from the hearts and
minds of Soviet citizens and leaders.
The USSR believes that it has indeed made
the socialist state a reality and brushes away
remainders of the capitalistic accoutrements it.
has been forced to adopt to make its system
workable. Power blocs and national ideologies
will probably continue to polarize the world
situation, and peace cannot be achieved by
attempting to rationalize away conflicting be-
liefs.
ANOTHER PROBLEM complicating disarma-
ment is that other nations may begin
acquiring nuclear weapons. If and when China
reaches a technology which will allow it to
develop its own nuclear weapons, the power
bloc situation will be split among three large
nations. If the ideological split between Russia
and Red China continues, the atomic club
would then acquire another powerful and un-
promising dimension.
If Red China with its supposedly "simon-
pure" Marxist-Leninist doctrine opposes both
the United States and Russia, it is very un-
likely the USSR and United States could be-
come. allies at the bargaining table to coerce
Red China into a settlement.
Smaller countries, such as France or some
of the Middle Eastern nations, also make the
pitcure more complex. These nations may be
very unwilling to let a settlement among the
big three be dictated to them and may turn
deaf ears to cries about possible attomic ca-
tastrophy. The longer settlement is put off,
the, greater the chances these countries will

have atomic weapons. Yet immediate settle-
ment and disarmament do not seem to be
coming.
UNDERDEVELOPED countries also present
another aspect of Soviet-American relations
which is a large question mark for the future.
Some writers, such as Erich Fromm, argue that
the Soviet Union. does not intend to enlarge
its power bloc or conquer small underdeveloped
nations in the Near and Middle East or Africa.
It is true that the USSR has not decently
forcefully moved into these small nations, but
it is using far more subtle ways of conquering
them. The United States and Russia are both
attempting to influence, guide and place these
nations on their feet, but these efforts are
not expected to go unrewarded. In return
both countries want loyalty and adherence to
their views and expect these little nations to
slip quietly into their respective power blocs.
Presently many of these small countries are
straddling the fence, using Democratic Social-
ism as a means of speeding up their economic
revolution and gaining aid from both sides.
How long they can and will continue to play
Russia off against the United States is a dif-
ficult question.
IT IS QUITE conceivable that as these coun-
tries develop, they might become the mediat-
ing force between Democracy and Communism.
Yet past experience show that their fear of
Western colonialism might drive them into the
Russian camp. If the USSR keeps boasting of
its rapid industrial revolution and faster results,
these smaller countries may begin to shift their
allegiance from neutrality. The power struggle
and desire of the two large blocs thus seems
to be a very real thing and not something
which can be dismissed as totally foolish.
The economic effects of disarmament also
present a troublesome problem to the United
States. With so much government spending
supporting large industries and numerous jobs,
many people are completely unwilling to be-
lieve that ending this spending will lead to
anything but economic collapse.
While it is possible and likely that govern-
ment spending could be shifted into new areas
such as welfare, urban redevelopment and
better school systems, most workers and de-
cision-makers refuse to look beyond the im-
mediate effects and toward a better future.
Public opinion and powerful armament lobby-
ists will be a hard block to any disarmament
proposals which may be reached and congress-
men may not want to pass welfare legislation
-which would take up the economy's slack.
WORLD PEACE and disarmament look, at
this point, to be very unrealistic and
distant. It does not seem possible that within
the next few years countries will suddenly
abandon the "error of their ways" and turn
from concepts of missiles, strike force and
nuclear power to an unarmed, peaceful co-
existence.
Limited armament control, however, can and
may well be a possibility very soon. If the So-
viet Union can stop insisting on a total dis-
armament without inspection controls and can
end, along with the United States, its spiraling
nuclear armaments programs, limited control
may be a beginning toward peace. But when
one views the irrationality of the majority of
policy-makers and citizens in both the USSR
and the United States, he cannot help but feel
that peace and complete disarmament will be
a long time in coming.
' - -BARBARA LAZARUS
tExcellence
while purpose. There is always the possibility
of social pro for a fraternity which does not
register a party. But how many TG's were un-
registered yesterday?
THE EXISTENCE of TG's brings up another
example of the legislated high moral stan-
dard which is never adhered to. According
to the laws of the State of Michigan, the
county of Washtenaw, the city of Ann Arbor
and last but not least the University, minors
are not permitted to possess, transport, or

drink alcoholic beverages. The types of bev-
erages consumed at TO's, other fraternity func-
tions and private parties, for the most part
are not tea and coffee.
In this case, there is little the University
can do since the statute has its origins in
Lansing. But the violation of the drinking laws
of this state is just another example of enacted
standards which cannot be enforced.
Unless the University uses "Gestapo" methods
there is little it can do to stop the violation
of the drinking laws of this state. This excuse
serves the OSA very well and allows it not
to enforce the drinking statutes.
BUT IF the University is so interested in
upholding the "standard of excellence" it
can immediately stop being an accessory to
the violation of the laws of Michigan.
In the SAB. among other buildings. these is

C~C.
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I

I.

THE PROPOSED CONSTITUTION:
Partisanism Plagues Issues

By RICHARD KELLER SIMON
AT THURSDA'S Graduate Stu-
dent Council meeting one ex-
asperated member suggested that
everyone go home and read Rob-
ert's Rules of Order to learn par-
liamentary procedure.'
Admittedly that would be nice;
meetings are far from inspiring.
But GSC has many more ;major
problems.
Attendance is continually poor,
actual participation even poorer.
On Thursday a few officers were
missing and so were a majority
of committee chairmen.
* * *
FEW MEMBERS attend all of
the monthly meetings. Few volun-
teer to do any work.
As a result five or six moving
forces do all the work in the name
of the council. Without them GSC
would be an ineffectual debating
society debating the wrong issues
at the wrong times.
Everything that GSC has done
in recent months has come from
these same 'people -- President
Stephen Maddock, Vice-President
Michael Rosen, Treasurer Wesley
Long, Peter Roosen-Runge, and
a few others.
* * *
ON THURSDAY the council
passed a motion deploring the
recent "erosion in confidence in
the University" bringing about
faculty resignations, and it asked
the ,state to reaffirm its willing-
ness to support the University
properly financially.
GSC asked Romney to appoint
informed and concerned educa-
tional leaders to his "blue ribbon"
Citizen's Committee for Higher
Education.
Both of these actions $how grad-
uate concern for the far reaching
economic-academic problems fac-
ing the University. Student Gov-
ernment Council, the representa-
tive of all the students on this
campus, has neglected to take
action in these fields.
IN OTHER concerns on this
problem GSC polled student opin-
ion on the proposal from Rep.
Lester J. Allen (R-Ithica) sug-
gesting that college graduates pay
$1200 to $1500 to the state. It in-
itiated the poll and then request-
ed SGC aid. SGC covered half of
the costs. GSC did all of the work,
then submitted its finding to SGC.
In presenting the results to SGC,
Rosen emphasized that council
members had chosen not to help
beyond the minimum, suggesting
that It was actually under their
sphere of authority.
SGC has been more concerned
with debating over whether to
sponsor a Brubeckconcert on the
same iight with the Military Ball,
thus antagonizing this campus'
branch of the uniformed chowder
and marching society.
GSC IS trying harder than SGC,
and it hasmuch more potential
at the moment. It has untested
authority which it will never be
able to use until it solves its at-
tendance and interest problems.
Its leaders were able to form
three new committees Thursday,
and by lecturing the other mem-
bers on their apathy, were able to
get volunteers for them.
Any of the three new com-
mittees have more members than
all the old standing committees
put together. Whether they will
procede to do anything is another
question.
* * * -
THERE IS little doubt that
everyone on GSC has the potential
for becoming as active and in-
terested a member as the present

leaders. They are all intelligent
graduate students with four years
of undergraduate experience be-
hind them.
They are not like newly elected
SGC members who get elected by
the IFC machine or sorority, ap-
peal to stand for the status quo
and begin to learn about things
(if they want to) after their elec
tion.
Almost any interested graduate
student can volunteer to represent
his department. GSC would wel-
come him.
GSC HAS always had this per-'
sonnel problem. Perhaps once it
continues its newfouhad activity it
will attract more students.
Besides, Rackham brings out its
silver coffee service after the meet.-
ings with better- than-Michigan
Union-cookies. That is more than
SOC does for its members.
FINALE:
Concerts
HE THIRD Annual Festival of
Conteporary Muic ened ls
night in solemn concert of music
for organ and choir.,
A "Mass for Unison Choir and
Organ" by Roger Sessions, opened
the concert. The Mass consists of
a continuous chromatic version of
plain-chant sung-against an organ
in effect. Sessions keeps the an-
background not quite mysterious
cient language of the mass for the
first movement, "Kyrie," and then
continues in English, thus causing
four-fifths of the text to sound
like an on-the-spot translation.
But this at least makes the intent
of musical word-painting perfectly
clear. Session's Mass :seems4 al-
together suitable to the needs of
the church.
* *. *
ARNOLD Schoenberg's "Varia-
tions on a Recitative, Opus 40"
represents one of the few attempts
'by a' major composer of the 20th'
century to make music for a mod-;
ern organ
One of the basic problems to
be faced is that modern harmony
and the modern organ seem to
bring out the worst in each other.
The complexity of the one and the
richness of the other often add up
to a turgid rumble. Schoenberg
sound by referring back now and
then to familiar chords, and by
carefully specifying a wide variety
of contrasting registrations Mari-
lyn Mason played the Variations
effortlessly and clearly, taking
every opportunity to ventilate ,the
sound.
"Apparebit Repentina Dies"
(1947), a motet in four movements
four mixed chorus and brass by
Paul Hindemith, completed the
concert. The motet began with a
"sinfonia" for the brass choir
which established a level of un-
compromising contrapuntal crafts-
manship that held good through-
out the work.
The University Symphonic Choir
produced a sumptuous sound even
in the toils of the most involved
passages. The brass ensemble play-
ed with outstanding precision and
evenness of tone. Balance between
voices and brass was effectively
controlled by Meynard. Klein.
There were no moments of bad in-
tonation. It was altogether a well
rehearsed and well executed per-
formance.
-David Sutherland

By GERALD STORCH
THE PROPOSED state constitu-
tion, which comes up for voter
decision on Monday, has touched
off a spirited party debate.
Republicans believe that the
con-con product, while certainly
not perfect, is nevertheless much
better than the present basic
charter and hence should be ap-
proved.
Democrats, asserting that sev-
eral articles of the document
would actually be steps backward,
urge that the constitution be de-
feated. If it is, they promise to
resubmit the sections supported by
both sides as amendments to the
present constitution.
There are many items in the
new document which have attract-
ed partisan disagreement, but the
most bitterly contested are these:
APPORTIONMENT-Under the
proposed composition of the Sen-
ate, the five most populous coun-
ties, having 57.5 per cent of Michi-
gan's citizenry, would have only
47.4 per cent of the senatorial
representation.
This is a big improvement over
the present figure of 35.3 per cent,
as is the readjustment of the met-
ropolitan-rural ratio of members
from 12-22 to 18-20. However, a
majority of the Senate-20 seats
--could still be elected by only 35
per cent of the state's population.
Not unexpectedly, the Demo-
crats have attacked the apportion-
ment section by advancing the
traditional direct representation
theory of each individual being
politically equal to each other in-
dividual in electing legislative
agents.
REPUBLICANS have replied
with a somewhat novel argument:
each legislator, assuming the con-
stituencies are of equal size, should
have equal effectiveness in repre-
senting the interests of his con-
stituents.
However, greater ease in com-
munication gives the 300 residents
of a city block an inherently more
effective voice in their one rep-
resentative than 300 widely-
scattered rural folk could hope
to have in theirs.
Hence, in order for each citizen
to be represented equally in the
Senate, a deliberately malappor-
tioned system is necessary, GOP
theorists say.
THERE IS also the critical
question of whether the apportion-
ment scheme, based as it is partly
on area, would be declared un-
constitutional by the United States
Supreme Court, in light of the re-
cent flurry of redistricting cases.
At present, however, there is really
no way to tell whether the plan
would stand up in court or not.
Underneath the philosophical
distinctions, of course, lie political
realities: the Republicans are for
the section because they want to
preserve their outstate control,
and the Democrats are against it
to prevent being frozen out indef-
initely.
* * *
ELECTED OFFICIALS -Four
Administrative Board positions

elect these officials, whose duties
they feel are important enough to
justify direct popular control.
REPUBLICANS point to the ab-
surdity of voters having to analyze
the campaigns and platforms of
candidates for these four rather
technical positions, and claim that
the more obscure administrative
officials should be appointed rath-
er than elected.
The section is complicated fur-
ther by the fact that functional
boards assume the authority pre-
viously' wielded. by individuals in
the highway commissioner and
superintendent's posts. Even more
confusing for clear-cut partisan
debate is that the highway board
is appointed by the governor, while
the education board . is elected
state-wide.
SUSPENSION-A special joint
legislative committee could sus-
pend regulations set down between
sessions by an administrative
agency. No suspension could last
beyond the end of the next regular
legislative session.'
GOP advocates call this clause
a necesary precaution against such
agencies capriciously adopting
rules against legislative intent;
Democrats see the provision as a
handy tool for legislators to
quench more liberal administra-
tive edicts.
Additionally, they charge that
the clause violates the constitu-
tional separation of powers by al-
lowing legislators to interfere di-
rectly with executive implementa-
tion.
* * *
SEARCH AND SEIZURE-The
con-con framers decided to retain,
virtually intact, a highly contro-
versial clause which permits out-
side- the-home seizure of narcotics
and, dangerous weapons without a
search warrant.
Angered Democrats point out
that the United States Supreme
Court recently has prohibited as
evidenceall objects seized in an
illegal search, and hence the clause
is illegal.
Republicans calmly reply that
there has been no ruling yet on
Michigan's standards by the state
supreme court; at any rate, they
say, if the clause is illegal it
will soon be ruled so by the

courts, whose intentions shouldn't
be prejudged by layman delegates.
* * *
TAX BAN-The proposed docu-
ment prohibits any income tax
"graduated as to rate or base," a
restriction found in no other state
constitution.
GOP campaigners generally de-
fend this clause, somewhat lamely,
as a safeguard against duplication
of the federal income tax frame-
work, and, implicitly, as an at-
tempt to forestall socialism.
Democrats hammer way at one
theme in reply: if the people of
the State of Michigan wish to in-
stitute a graduated income tax,
they should be able to.
The wording of the clause, how-
ever, may leave a loop-hole: it
appears that flat-'rate income
taxes with liberal exemptions,
would be permissible. This type of
levy would have the same effect
as a -graduated tax in softening
the burden on lower income
groups. * *
APPROPRIATIONS -Another
hotly-debated financial article re-
quires the governor, with the ap-
proval of appropriations commit-
tees in both houses, to reduce ex-
penditures accordingly when it
appears that revenues will fall be-
low previous estimates.
Republicans laud this as a
guarantee for responsible govern-
ment, making sure that the state
lives within its means.
Democrats, taking an obvious'
line of attack, berate the provision
for endangering social welfare and
service agencies precisely during
the periods when their help is
needed the most.
Although thesamount of money
the state can borrow has been in-
creased from $250,000-$70 million,
Democrats point out that the sum
would have to be paid back within
the fiscal year anyway, thus
straining financial flexibility dur-
ing periods of recession.
IMPLEMENTATION - Many
important innovations, such as
township home rule and the pro-
posed civil rights commission, de-
pend heavily upon how the Legis-
lature will implement them.
Still wary of the past 12 years of
"veto bloc" inaction in the Senate,
Democrats criticize these provi-
sions for fears that they will be
scuttled by an unrepresentative
and irresponsible Legislature.
Republicans reply that times
have changed, that the moderates
have taken over from the old
guard, that legislators in the fu-
ture can be relied upon.
THESE ARE the sections most
strongly debated, though there are
others which also receive two-
sided attention.
Some provisions have received
gear-unanimous support from both
sides.
Among them arethe reduction
of the maze of 120 boards and
agencies to no more than 20;
four-year terms for the governor
and senators; the granting of
constitutional autonomy to seven
more state colleges; a strengthened
civil rights section; establishment

4,~

HIGH OR DRY?

Liquor Line Must Go

Standard of

IN THE puritanical United States there is a
tendency to enact abstract legal standards
which sound nice on the one hand but have
no practical meaning on the other. If every-
one had the virtue of Job, then these laws
might have some value.
However, since few people have the virtue of
the above named Biblical personage, these
idealistic goals are meaningless. They are
"standards which no one is expected to follow
and are consequently very rarely enforced.
IN THE TWENTIES, the federal government
saw fit- to enact a great and noble experi-
ment-prohibition. It is needless to point out
this was a prime example of a high moral
standard not adhered to by the people. Com-
paratively little effort was made to stop people
from "partaking" and many of the country's
leaders violated the laws to do so. Instead of
uplifting the moral climate, prohibition brought
a period of widespread crime and disobedience
of the law to this country which has never
been equalled since.
T[HE UNIVERSITY has a number of rules of
of this type. Just recently, Vice-President
for Student Affairs James A. Lewis upheld a
"standard of excellency" by rejecting Student
Government Council's recommendation to do
away with chaperone forms.
Sfl' ntinnale hehind1 the vpcmmendatinn

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR

By MICHAEL SATTINGER.
"DO WE REALLY need taverns?"
This is the emotional appeal
approach being used to persuade
Ann Arbor votersato retain the
dry line intact. A charter amend-
ment appearing on the ballot of
Monday's city elections would
eliminate the article which pro-
hibits sale of alcoholic beverages
east of Division St.
Visions of straight bourbon
flowing from faucets . in quad
rooms no doubt appear to some
local residents to be the inevitable
result of unleashing such a ter-
rible evil. In fact, though, pas-
sage of the amendment will leave
the campus area dry but not high.
It seems that state law prohibits
sale of intoxicating beverages
within 500 feet of a school or a
church.
And the State Liquor Commis-
sion recently announced that Uni-
versity buildings are indeed
"schools" if used for the curricu-
lum of a University school or col-
lege. Students will still have to
trudge the "long" distance to get
past Division St. and reach their
oasis-a small obstacle' to hard-
ened students.
So the argument that passage of
the amendment would bring "less,
control over the drinking habits
of college youth" is somewhat un-

suing licenses only to those estab-
lishments which would not "de-
cay" the city by. having one, Ex-
amples would be hotels or motels.
The Council has issued only
about 28 licenses out of its al-
loted 35, which itself falls short
of the state limit of 45 for a town
of this size.
CLEARLY, the cityand.not
the parched University students--
would benefit most from elimina-
tion of the arbitrary dry line.
And University officials and stu-
dents are certainly not pressing
for its adoption, all rumor to the
contrary.
A California student newspaper
erroneously reported that while in
California the University "dean of
men" said that it would be nice
to have drinking in the student
union so that students could be-
come accustomed to the dangerous
effects of drinking before being
thrown into the wilds of social
events.
Of course, no such animal as a
"dean of men" exists at the Uni-
versity, and no counterpart could
be found on this campus to accept
responsibility for such comments,
The dry' line should go. Those
opposed to its elimination should
realize that the existence of the
University is no' reason to keep it.

To the Editor:
THAT THE CITIZENS of Ann
Arbor should have the oppor-
tunity to see excellent Ballet com-
panies perform, I have no doubt;
however to ask any dancer to
dance on the stage in Hill audi-
torium is suicidal and an absolute
outrage.
Last fall, when the Royal Cana-
dian Ballet was in Ann Arbor,
several dancers slipped, then last
Friday night, two of the dancers
of the San Francisco Ballet fell
and several more slipped and nar-

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