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March 05, 1963 - Image 1

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SOCIETY, LAW
AND HOMOSEXUALS
See. Editorial ;Page

gut-rta

j4jatt

CLOUDY
High-36
LOW-24
Drizzle to snow flurries,
finally fair tonight

Seventy-Two

Years of Editorial Freedom

LXXIII, No. 116

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1963

SEVEN CENTS

SIX PAGES

I

Members Analyze Report

I

Court Upholds Railroad's Right

By GLORIA BOWLES
Student Government Council to-
morrow will continue' its discus-
sion of the Harris report, which
clarifies SEC's power to withdraw,
recognition from student organiza-
tions that fail to comply with the
anti-discrimination provisions of
Regents' Bylaw 2.14.
SGC President Steven Stock-
meyer, '63, predicts unanimous
endorsement of the plan but notes
that certain. changes may be made.
after Prof. Robert 0. Harris of the
Law School appears in behalf of
the document before SGC. The
plan would then be submitted to
the Regents for consideration at
their March meeting.
Five sororities-Alpha Epsilon
Phi, Phi Mu, Kappa Delta, Delta
Delta Delta and-Sigma Kappa -
have not yet submitted the mem-
bership statements demanded by1
Council.
Renew Demands
If the proposal is passed by
Council and the Regents, SGC
would probably be in a position to
renew demands for those state-
ments this spring.
Outgoing Panhellenic President
Ann McMillan, '63, says she sup-
ports the plan, but she thinks that,
in principle, questions on member-
ship should not be "completely
handled by SGC, but rather by a
student-faculty group and the
vice-president for student affairs."
Although Miss McMillan com-
ments that the Harris report clari-
fies Council's authority in the
matter of membership selection,
she says that sororities might still
decline to submit statements and
"try to challenge" that authority
by a "test case."
Meyerholz Notes
Interfraternity Council Presi-
dent John C. Meyerholz, '63BAd,
explains that he is "reasonably
satisfiled"' with, the proposal and
notes that this step "should have
been taken long ago." However, he
calls fraternity and sorority dis-
crimination a "dead issue."
Meyerholz notes that fraterni-
ties and sororities refuse to sub-
mit membership statements, not
because they practice discrimina-
tion, but because theytquestion the
right of SGC to act in this area.
See complete text, Page 2
SGC Executive Vice-President
Thomas Brown, '63BAd, thinks the
Harris plan puts "Council in a
better legal position." He and
Meyerholz both laud the division
of legislative and judiciary au-
thority implicit in the Harris pro-
posa.
SGC began its 1962 study of the
problems of implementation of By-
law 2.14, relative to recognition of
student organizations, with a let-
i ter to the University attorney's
office last fall.
Council noted that the Regents,
given both legislative and admin-
istrative authority by the state

Legislature, can only delegate ad-
ministrative authority.
The University attorney, and
later Prof. Harris, attempted to
answer two questions:
Could the Regents delegate to
Council the authority to imple-
ment Bylaw 2.14, and, if so, what
would be the procedure fqr the
implementation of the bylaw rela-'
tive to membership in student or-
ganizations.
According to the Harris propos-
al, Council appoints a membership

PROF. ROBERT HARRIS
... presents program

judge, makes membership rules
and appoints a membership com-
mittee. The judge may withdraw
recognition from a student orga-
nization but. can be overruled by
the vice-president for student af-
fairs.
Council's authority to make rules
implementing Bylaw 2.14 is clearly
delineated in this section. The
Harris proposal indicates that the
formulation of rules should be a
sole power of Council, although
SGC will probably ask for a spe-
cific provision to that effect.
General Nature
Rules will be of a general na-
ture, as they define violations and
outline a range )of penalties which
might includes fines, suspension
of social and rush privileges.
The autonomy provision has rel-
evance to the -national affiliation
of fraternities and sororities and
assures recognition to nationally
affiliated groups which decide to
"go local.".
Such groups would be faced with
two alternatives: to be local and
autonomous, or to remain with
national affiliation anO go "un-
recognized," thus forfeiting use of
University facilities and privileges.
Finke Claims
Michigan Union President Rob-
ert Finke, '63, noted in last week's
discussion before Council that he
hoped the provision would not be
"aimed at forcing a group to have
local autonomy."
However, Council member Iob-
ert Ross, '63, comments that "lo-

cal groups should not be bound
by discriminatory policies of their
national organization."
Provisions for a membership
judge are the most controversial.
Meyerholz fears a "political" ap-
pointment of the judge and sug-
gests that the Regents or some
group other than SGC make the
selection.
Makes Request
Ross, speaking for a one-year
judicial term instead of two, asks
that the judge' be sensitive to stu-
dent opinion and thinks the "stu-
dent body should have as much of
a chance to change" as possible.
More important, the power of
withdrawal of recognition passes
from Council to the membership
judge, who may use it as a "max-
imum sanction" and apply "ap-
propriate" sanctions within the
context of the broad rules SGC has
formulated in its membership
aims.
The Harris report replaces the
current Committee on Membership
in Student Organizations with a
new committee and makes it more
effective.. The committee can both
initiate action and accept com-
plaints from individuals. In ef-
fect, the committee would act as
an information gatherer having
the power to subpoena the student
organizations believed to be in vio-
lation of membership rules, in ad-
dition to preparing the case for
prosecution.
Fundamental Decision
The selection of the committee
represents a fundamental Council
decision. The make-up of the com-
mittee, according to Miss McMil-
lan, would probably reflect the
composition of SGC, with both
"moderates" and "liberals" in each
group.
Council will ask Prof. Harris to
comment on provisions which
would give SGC a veto over the
membership committee's selection
of a general counsel.
Study Mars0
For Malter
PALESTINE, Tex. P) - The
Stratoscope II flight indicates the
presence of carbon dioxide and
water vapor on Mars but scientists
said yesterday that even if the
high estimate of four cubic miles
of condensed moisture is con-
firmed "life on the plant would
be marginal at best."
Dr. Howard Weaver of the Uni-
versity of California emphasized
that a detailed study of the tape-
recorded information obtained by
the huge telescope last weekend
during its balloon flight from
Texas to Tennessee would be re-
quired before he could definitely
say "we found the life sustaining
element there."
View of Mars
The preliminary report on the
view obtained of Mars from an
altitude of nearly 80,000 feet-
above 95 per cent of the earth's
atmosphere-was presented at a
news conference here. Taking part
were scientists who directed the
balloon flight and administrative
officials of the National Scientific
Balloon Flight Station.
Second Planet
Mars is thensecondeplanet to
some under the recent scrutiny
of United States scientists. The
Mariner II space craft which flew
close to Venus last Dec. 14 re-
vealed that planet has a tem-
perature of about 800 degrees
fahrenheit.
The terrific temperature on
Venus ruled out the possibility of
life as earthlings know it. The
super-furnace heat would thwart
any future attempts to land men
on Venus unless some form of
shielding is developed.

To

"N

EDUCATION:
Hatcher Endorses
Con.Con Sections
By GERALD STORCH
Speaking strictly from his role as private citizen, University
President Harlan Hatcher has come out in support of the education
section in the proposed state constitution.
"The total section is a great advance," he said last night in
defending the controversial areas and praising the remaining educa-
tion provisions in the document, which goes before Michigan voters

Showdown

Governors
Deny In tent
To Seek Bid
WASHINGTON ()-Govs.
George Romney and William W.
Scranton of Pennsylvania, seek-
ing to lure the 1964 Republican
convention to their states, denied
yesterday they had their eyes on
the 1964 GOP presidential nomin-
ation.
"I am not going to become a
candidate," Romney said.
This disavowal of 1964 inten-
tions paralled statements made
recently by Scranton and Sen.
Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz).
The cumulative effect was to
push Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of
New York, in his second term as
governor, toward a position to
gain the kind of lock on the nom-
ination attained by then Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon in
1960.
Site Committee
Rep. William E. Miller (R-NY),
Republican national chairman
who also heads the site commit-
tee, commented that "it would
have been most politically im-
provident even to suggest that
you might be a candidate for
President when you had only
been governor for 60 days."
Romney headed a delegation
trying to persuade the committee
to select Detroit for the 19'64 con-
vention, while Scranton led a
delegation plugging for Philadel-
phia.
Stacked Gallery
Asked whether he feels Romney
would have a better chance, as-
suming he was a candidate for
the nomination, if the convention
were held in Detroit, Miller said
that "he might have a psycholog-
ical edge, but I doubt that it
would help much. The national
committee controls the tickets to{
the visitors gallery, so there isn't
m uc h chance to stack the
gallery."
Group To Discuss
New Med Center
The House Ways and Means
Committee will visit the Univer-
sity tonight and tomorrow morn-;
ing to discuss the Hospital re-
novation project and the Medical
Center. The fate of the Medical
Science Unit II will probably be
considered, Vice - President for]
Business and Finance Wilbur K.J
Pierpont said yesterday,

*April 1. The President placed
strong emphasis on his opinions
being personal views, rather than
those made in his official capa-
city. '
Two of the most strenuously de-
bated clauses concerned revision
of the state superintendent of
public instruction's office into an
appointive one, and requiring the
advice and consent of the Senate
in naming members of governing
boards for the smaller state uni-
versities.
Removed from Politics
President Hatcher feels that the
superintendent's position, which
would be filled by an appointee of
an enlarged and strengthened
state board of education, will ben-
efit by "being removed from the
political arena."
Furthermore, appointment, ra-
ther than state election, of board
members of the seven degree-
granting institutions outside the
"Big Three" (the University,
Michigan State University and
Wayne State University) "follows
the pattern of most other states,"
he pointed out.
Educational Coordination
Much of the state-wide coor-
dination of higher education fis-
cal and curricular matters would
now be placed in the state board
of education. "The intent is to
have a board quite concerned
about interrelations of education
at all levels," President Hatcher
said.
While the proposed constitu-
tion's coordinating provision "is
the least clearly defined of any of
the education articles," it can
serve a helpful function, provided
the interests of the states and
students are kept well in mind.
Although the board would par-
allel to some extent the present
duties of the Michigan Coordinat-
ing Council for Public Higher Edu-
cation, President Hatcher believes
the two could co-exist.
No Binding Powers
The council, a purely voluntary
arrangement with no binding
powers on its member schools,
would "still have a use" in dis-
cussing educational problems.
The University President also
lauded the enlargement of the
state board from three to eight
elected members with overlapping
terms.
"The provision is in line with
the growing responsibilities of that
office," he explained. "The present
board has been swamped with
duties and the small membership
subjected to biennial election vicis-
situdes."
Three other state university
presidents have voiced public sup-
port for the education section:
John Hannah of MSU, Clarence
B. Hilberry of WSU and James W.
Miller of Western Michigan Uni-
versity.

ELKINS ELECTED--Patricia Elkins, '64, of Delta Delta Delta
was elected Panhellenic president last night. Miss Elkins succeeds
Miss Ann McMillan of Gamma Phi Beta. Initiation of officers
will be held on March 14.
Sorority Members Select
Elkins as Panhel President,
By MICHAEL ZWEIG
The women of the sorority system last night elected Patricia
Elkins, '64, of Delta Delta Delta as president of Panhellenic Associa-
tion.
Miss Elkins said that she plans to work for an improved and
strengthened sorority system, especially by encouraging "individual
houses to engage in projects along cultural, academic and service
lines." Miss Elkins predicted a "reorganization" of rush procedures,
but added that "we do not know "__
the exact terms yet." The ques-
tion will be referred to a study on erence
committee.v

Shorter Rush
"One possibility is to shorten fall
rush without pledging so that the
women can visit houses, and then
shorten spring rush and include
pledging then," she indicated.
"The question of submission of
membership statements to Stu-
dent Government Council will like-
ly be cleared up by a new Re-
gents' bylaw within a month, but
failing that, new procedures will
bring about an understanding,"
Miss Elkins asserted.
Other Officers
Other officers elected were:
Executive Vice-President Patricia
Lutes, '64; Administrative Vice-
President Penny Ingram, '65; Sec-
retary Sally Strening, '65; Treas-
urer Nancy Richards, '64; Public
Relations Chairman Ann Wickens,
'64; Scholarship Chairman Su-
sanne Sherwood, '65; Secretarial
Manager Edith Coles, '64; Chair-
man of Rush Chairmen Ellen
Brockman, '64, and Chairman of
Rush Counsellors Martia Marcotte,
'64.
YDs Endorse

Eliminate

'Featherbedding'

DEVELOPMENT:
U Council o Exchange
Future Building Ieports
BY MICHAEL SATTINGER
The Ann Arbor City Council and the University have established
an interchange of building information through the Council Planning
Commission.
At the City Council meeting last night, a report from the City-
University Relations Committee stated that all future developments

Six

Candidates

Clamor Staff
k1studies Policies
Flint Junior College's newspaper,
The College Clamor, is not being
published this week because "we
are unsure of our position" Ann
Therrien, editor of the paper, ex-
plained yesterday.
The staff has submitted a policy
recommendation to the Publishing
Board to be considered today. The
statement proposes changes in the
school's policy of last October.
The Clamor was suspended from
publication at that time by Law-
rence Jarvie, general superinten-
dent of schools, on the strong
recommendation of Lewis Fibel,
dean of the college.
The reasons given for the sus-
pension was that "the general
quality of articles was sometimes
unfair." Since the paper is fi-
nanced from tuition fees and not
independent, "we feel that perhaps
the editors need a policy decision
on where to draw the line," Jarvie
explained in October.

Vand planning reports will be ex-
changed.
North Campus Work
For all North Campus work, the
University architect' will be in
continual contact with the plan-
ning commission.
The University will be partici-
pating in a city engineering study
for improvement of road usage
around Ann Arbor. Also, the city
and the University will consult
on the extension of golf course
links.
Public Hearing
In other action, the council set
March 19 as the date for the first
public hearing on the recently
prop sed fair housing ordinance.
The 'first reading by the council
is scheduled for March 11.
The council also held open
hearings on zoning petitions.
Under the urging of 61 protest-
ing property owners, a petition
to rezone North Campus Heights
to include multiple-unit housing;
was killed.
Organizations
Select Choices

The Young Democratic Club last
night endorsed Howard Abrams,
'63, Kenneth Miller, '64, Mary
Beth Norton, '64, Edwin Sasaki,
Grad, Thomas Smithson, '65, and
Henry Wallace, '64E, for Student
Government Council positions.
The YD executive council also
decided to favor the removal of
votes from ex-officio members of
the Council so that "all members
of SGC (would) be democratically
and directly elected at large."

Lauds Corps
By ELLEN SILVERMAN
Special To The Daily,
WASHINGTON - The United
States National Student Associa-
tion Conference on the National
Service Corps Sunday adopted a
series of resolutions which en-
dorses the idea of a federal gov-
ernment administered s e r v i c e
corps for volunteers modeled after
the plan of the Peace Corps.
The conference was called by,
USNSA for two reasons. The dele-
gates were to view the whole con-
cept of the corps and indicate
their endorsement or rejection of
the idea. They were also to view
the specific proposals of a Presi-
dential Study Group on the corps
and produce constructive criti-
cism.
The accepted conference reso-
lution proposed a corps which
would "create a pool of trained
individuals who can be deployed
to assist the nation in an effort
to combat situation of human
poverty and social deprivation."
Provide Access
The delegates thought that the
institution of such a corps would
"give access, to Americans of
greatest need to the institutions
and mechanisms of society which
will allow them to- share in the
direction of their destinities and
the improvement of their condi-
tion."
A central idea behind the corps
is that it would act as a catalyst
agent which, once installed in an
area, would act as a stimulus to
further community, volunteer,
non-corps activity in the same
field.
After adoption of a basic en-
dorsement of the corps, the con-
ference was presented with a res-
olution which would "favor aban-
donment of the national service
corps proposal."
Social Services
The group presenting the reso-
lution stated that "private, relig-
ious- and local community social
service agencies have provided the
people of the United States with
outstanding social services."
The resolution was defeated by
an 8-78 vote.
The Presidential Study Group,
under the chairmanship of Attor-
ney-General Robert Kennedy, has
been studying the proposed corps
for approximately four months.
The suggestions which they pre-
sent to the President will probably
be those included in the adminis-
tration bill to be presented to
Congress.

May Result
In Deadlock
Eliminated Workers
Number Thousands
If Decision Carries
WASHINGTON (JP)-The Su-
preme Court refused yesterday to
prevent the nation's railroads from
changing work rules to eliminate
thousands of jobs which the car-
riers consider unnecessary.
Thus, the three-year battle over
what the railroads call "feather-
bedding" was propelled toward a
showdown which poses the threat
of a nationwide strike.
The railroads said they would
act to put the rules into effect
promptly. However, a spokesman
for one of the five operating
brotherhoods involved said the
railroads have agreed to reopen
talks on the rules in Chicago on
March 13.
Emergency Board
Chairman Leverett Edwards of
the National Mediation Board
made it clear that if the two sides
fail to agree and a strike is called,
a new presidential emergency
hoard will be named to deal with
the situation.
The court, in an unsigned opin-
ion, decided eight to zero to up-
hold the United States District
Court and the United States Cir-
cuit Court in Chicago which ruled
last summer that the railroads
have a right to overhaul the work
rules.
The high tribunal agreed with
the lower courts that both parties
had exhausted all procedures
under the Railway Labor Act.
Remove Jobs
The five unions represent 210,-
000 men-trainmen, firemen, en-
gineers, conductors and switch-
men-who run the trains. of 195
railroads. The rules ,changes, they
say, would knock out the jobs of
40,000 firemen who work on diesel
locomotives and 25,000 other train
and yard workers.
The brotherhoods maintain that
the present work, rules and the
jobs they provide are necessary
for safe and efficient operation
of trains. The railroads dispute
this and say unnecessary jobs are
"causing a $600-million annual
drain on America's economy."
The Pennsylvania Railroad an-
nounced yesterday that about
31,000 freight train firemen would
be laid off as the result/ of the
Supreme Court ruling.
The rules changes are based on
recommendations of a study com-
mission appointed inh1960 by for-
mner President Dwight D. Eisen-
howver.
Not Tolerate
President John F. Kennedy has
made it clear that his adminis-
tration will not tolerate a nation-
wide tie-Vp of rail transportation.
And Congress seems in a mood to
impose compulsory arbitration if
bargaining breaks down.
Against this background, a ne-
gotiated settlement seems likely.
But, with or without a voluntary
agreement, final resort to a strike
seems a remote possibility.
The Supreme Court decided
that the carriers, having spent
three years in formalities of talk-
ing over the, controversy with the
unions, now are free to put their
proposed manpower economies
into effect.
College Urges
Free Discussion
The Northwestern University
chapter of the American Associa-

tion of University Professors has
sent a letter to the administration
urging them to "declare publicly
a policy that will guarantee to
the university community the free
discussion of all subjects, no mat-
ter how controversial."
The letter was prompted by
the administration's public state-
ment explaining why it prevented
American Nazi P a r t y leader
George Lincoln Rockwell from

CONFLICT RESOLUTION:
Kelman Offers World Military Program,

V

By THOMAS DRAPER

The slogans of a future inter-
national military force may be
"Join the army of your choice"
and "Defend the nation of your
choice," Prof. Herbert C. Kelman
of the psychology department pro-
posed last night.
Speaking in a program spon-
sored by the Arms Control Semi-
nar, he presented a rationale and
an outline for an institution that
would internationalize military
forces.
"Disarmament doesn't provide a
stable solution to world problems
unless accompanied by a com-

lieve these proposals attainable in
the near future.
The proposals were: the func-
tion of maintaining national se-

curity would become the concern
of an international institution;
participation in the structure and
protection of the institution would
be open to all countries, but it
would become operational after she
nuclear powers joined.
International Security
Every country would gradually
turn over troops, weapons and es-
pionage systems to the interna-
tional institutions. Emphasis on
the international security would
replace emphasis on national se-
curity, he explained.
The deployment of arms would

erned by a ceneral authority com-
prised of citizens of participating
countries. These men would be
'men of stature' in science, art
or business, but not in politics and
not agents of the governments
juggling for power positions," Prof.
Kelman said.
The army is not to be governed
by the host nation. The army de-
ployed to a country is not an or-
gan of the government for inter-
national ventures, nor is it to he a
power bloc within the domestic
politics.
In case of attack the national

I ':

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