By ELLEN SILVERMAN and DAVID MARCUS
The highly controversial National Council for Accreditation
of Teacher Education is coming to the University.
The group, due to visit the education school in March of
next year, hag refused to accredit more schools than it has
approved in recent years. Among the institutions doing without
NCATE's (pronounced En-kate) approval is the University of
Wisconsin. Other institutions such as the University of Illinois
only have provisional accreditation.
NCATE claims to be an autonomous organization of a
voluntary nature whose purpose is "to improve teacher education
through accreditation," according to its own standards and
Formed in 1952, the organization has close ties with the
National Education Association. One of the major objectives in
forming NCATE was to supplant the myriad of teacher accredita-
tion agencies with a single' agency that hopefully could raise
standards in the field.
Every school awaiting accreditation must submit a voluminous
report to the agency covering matters such as faculty qualifica-
tions, curricula, objectives, organization and administration of
programs, facilities and instructional materials and professional
laboratory experience for school personnel which includes student
Once the report is submitted, the organization sends a panel
to inspect the school's facilities and look over its programs first-
hand. Following this, an administrative board evaluates the
program and decides whether or not to accredit.
Despite NCATE's voluntary nature, its approval has become
more and more of a mandatory requirement. In 28 states NCATE
accreditation means automatic certification to teach.
Other states will not grant teaching certificates to graduates
of schools not approved by NCATE. Iowa, for example, has in-
formed the University of Wisconsin that its graduates will not
be able to obtain Iowa certification until they have completed six
hours of graduate work in Iowa-approved institutions.
At Wisconsin, NCATE disapproved of the fact that every
faculty member who had anything to do with the training of
teachers, regardless of his academic specialty, was allowed a vote
on the education faculty. The group also was not pleased by Wis-
consin's education school plant.
NCATE offered Wisconsin provisional accreditation. But Wis-
consin's education school faculty voted "no confidence" in NCATE
and decided to do without its approval.
Control of Teachers
Dean Lindley J. Steiles of Wisconsin's education school
claimed that "this is the battle of the century on the fundamental
issue of who is going to control the education of America's teach-
ers and ultimately the kind and quality of education in our
NCATE dropped in on Carleton College in 1960. Carleton is
a small liberal arts college which had 1,175 students and a faculty
of 103, 64 per cent of whom had doctorates at the time of the visit.
NCATE's Committee on Visitation and Appraisal rejected Carleton
on the grounds that, among other things, the education courses
were too theoretical, the students did not have enough profes-
sional laboratory experience and there was no formal procedure
to screen out students with emotional or personality problems.
Carleton appealed to NCATE's Appeals Board in 1962 and
was awarded full accreditation.
A major problem in both the Carleton and Wisconsin cases
is that NCATE seems to be more geared to the small, exclusively
teacher-training colleges than to large institutions or liberal arts-
Assistant Dean Charles F. Lehmann of the education school
expressed certainty that the University would get its accreditation
from NCATE. "We would be surprised if they didn't accredit us,"
Dean Lehmann, who is supervising the University's preparations
for NCATE's visit, said.
Diversity of Programs
Although NCATE seems to want one rigid teacher training
program, "we won't apologize for the diversity of our programs.
This is one of the best features of the University," he said.
Dean Lehmann also noted that he thought NCATE "is going
to get better despite the Wisconsin and Carleton incidents."
See NCATE, Page 2
FROSH AND SOPHS:
MUST THEY GO?
See Editorial Page
I C, r
Seventy-Two Years of Editorial. Freedom
FAIR, NO SNOW
VOL. LXXIII, No. 110 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1963 SEVEN CENTS
By MICHAEL ZWEIG
Inter-Quadrangle Council President Kent Bourland, '63, last night
voiced support for a proposed IQC constitutional amendment which
would allow sophomores to run for the office of president of IQC.
The amendment originated in Strauss House, East Quad, last De-
cember and is still to be brought before several house councils for con-
sideration. Bourland said that "it is notable the other major men's
Get Medical Building Aid
... supports amendment
By BURTON MICHAELS
University fraternity men con-
demned a series of articles in the
March 12 issue of Look magazine
which criticizes the American fra-
"The articles speak of a fratern-
ity system which is going out,"
Inter-Fraternity Council President
John P. Meyerholz, '63BAd, said.
"The fraternity which does not
place primary emphasis on the
intellectual development of the in-
dividual cannot survive. Fraterni-
ties here are changing."
One of the Look articles, "The
Perils of Big Brotherhood," focus-
es on the life of a Phi Gamma
Delta pledge at the University of
Illinois. The pledge felt that "he
must view nearly every move he
makes-from taking a test to get-
ting a date-in light of what it
does 'for the house'."
The Illinois Fiji pledge manual
admits that the fraternity de-
mands "confornity and disci-
pline." The article added that the
pledge "is watched closely, must
accept regulation of his life and
must exist not as an individual but
as a little unit of a big team."
Look commented that "a pledge
must admit that individual action
is selfish and unhealthy" and that
"the fraternity cuts them off from
Countering these charges, Mey-
erholz said that "a fraternity is
a group of individuals, with broad
objectives as to the betterment of
their house. And though they may
be stimulated to act out of interest
for the house, they nevertheless
contribute as individuals."
Junior Inter-Fraternity Council
President John P. Rutherford, '64,
doubts "that anything as formal-
ized as weekly reports exist."
Rutherford noted that "pledges
organizations on campus do not
have a class-standing restriction
for senior officer positions in their
"Democratization of IQC de-
mands that no artificial qualifica-
tions bar residents of the quad-
rangle system from attaining posi-
tions for which they are otherwise
qualified. I therefore encourage all
house councils to pass this amend-
ment," he emphasized.
Letters of Support
Bourland indicated that letters
will be sent to house presidents
urging their support of the amend-
ment in action by their councils.
If the amendment passes, any
sophomore quad resident with one
year's experience in resident ad-
ministration at any level above
and including house president
would be eligible to run for IQC
president. The present constitu-
tion limits candidates to juniors
Strauss House President Jeffrey
Fortune, '64, one of the original
authors of the amendment, wel-
comed Bourland's support. The ac-
tion "will definitely help the
chances" of passage, he said.
Needs Councils Support
In order to pass, 16 of the 23
quadrangle house councils must
approve the amendment. To this
date, 13 have supported it, two
have rejected it, and the remain-
ing councils have yet to debate the
issue, Fortune explained.
"Bourland's action in support of
this matter may be the beginnings
of an increasingly effective and
active role of the quadrangle sys-
tem in University affairs," For-
tune said. A first step is the ac-
tive participation of IQC officers
in quad issues, he noted.
Gov, George Romney will dedi-
cate the new Federal-Mogul re-
search laboratory at 5:30 p.m.
today in Ann Arbor's new Research
Romney will be the main speak-
er at the annual city Chamber of
Commerce dinner and meeting at
6:30 p.m. in the Michigan Union
following the dedication.;
University President H a r I a n
Hatcher, Mayor Cecil O. Creal,
Guy S. Peppiatt, president of Fed-
eral-Mogul, and Chamber of Com-
merce President Joseph B. Foster
will also participate in the cere-
OGrant Could Replace
By CARL COHEN
"It is still possible that the Uni-
versity will get planning funds for
the Medical Science Unit, instead
of the new Architecture and De-
sign Bldg. recommended in Gov.
George Romney's "quick action"
budget," State Controller Glen
Allen said last night.
The Legislature is accustomed
to making "switches and changes,"
he said. "When Romney's recom-
mendations come up in the Senate,
the Univeristy will have another
chance to convince the legislators
to make a change." It is therefore
not a "totally lost cause," Allen
"When the University's list
came to us, it seemed like the
A&D Bldg. was first, but later a
change was made," he declared.
The top three items presented to
us were of "approximately equal
However, Vice - President for
Business and Finance Wilbur K.
Pierpont emphasized at Friday's
Regents meeting that Medical
Science Unit II was clearly first
on the University's priority for
capital outlay requests.
When the A&D appropriation
appeared on the "quick action"
budget, and the Medical Science
Unit was omitted, University of-+
ficials expressed surprise but de-+
cided to wait for an explanation
before "getting excited." na
The University has been trying
to get planning funds for the+
medical building for the past 10+
years, but the need for a new A&Da
structure is a recent development.
The prime consideration for the
decision was the $4 million differ-
ence between the estimated cost
of the A&D project of approxi-
mately $6 million and that of the,
Medical Science Unit II, aboutj
$10 million, he said.
Another point that came under
consideration is that if the Uni-
versity recommended more moneyI
for itself, "Michigan State andI
the others would have demanded
more," and the Legislature wouldI
have been "forced to raise all of
them." "We tried to present a
saleable package," Allen stated. 1
This recommendaiton repre-
sented an attempt to "speed upI
the whole building program,". he
explained. Within a week to ten
days, the rest of the budget ree-I
ommendations for capital outlay
will be announced, and then, "Ann
Arbor will get,more money," Allenx
hi in Future
Supreme Court Frees Negroes
WASHINGTON (P)-The Su-
preme Court ruled yesterday that
187 Negroes were convicted un-
justly on breach of the peace
charges filed after they demon-
strated on South Carolina's capi-
tol grounds against racial segrega-
The reversal of the conviction
means the Negroes cannot ba tried
again in the 1961 case. All have
been free on bail.
The tribunal mentioned ,ome
specific situations where police
can break up demonst~rations but
In the wake of the 'fair hous-
ing' melee, Student Government
Council tomorrow night will re-
ceive a recommendation that its
Human Relations Board and
otherrelated units consult with
SGC's Executive Board or the
entire Council "before embarking
on a course of action which will
associate SGC with a public con-
The executive board, composed
of SGC's four officers, last night
drafted a statement expressing
"regret" at the HRB's failure to
engage in such consultation before
its recent picketing activities, but
urged SGC to "reaffirm ist sup-
port of fair housing legislation in
The executive board also de-
plored "the fact that University
President Harlan Hatcher has not
taken a firm stand to further this
goal," but also claimed that HRB's
demonstration for such a public
statement "was widely interpreted
to be initiated by SGC," when, in
fact, Council disavoweded its sup-
Meanwhile, Joseph Chabot, '65,
announced yesterday that he is no
longer a candidate for SGC. SGC
announced that petitioning for
senior class officers in the engi-
neering college has been re-open-
ed until 5 p.m. tomorrow.
said the circumstances in this
case were different. Thus, it did
not appear to set any new rule
of how far police may go in pre-
The lone dissenter in the eight
to one decision, Justice Tom C.
Clark, put a broad interpretation
on the majority's ruling. "To say
that the police may not intervene
until the riot has occurred is like
keeping out the doctors until the
patient dies. I cannot subscribe to
such a doctrine," he explained.
Justice Potter Stewart, speaking
for the majority, said South Car-
olina infringed on the Negroes'
"constitutionally protected rights
of free speech, free assembly and
freedom to petition for redress of
"They were convicted on evi-
dence which showed no more than
that the opinions which they were
peaceably expressing were suffi-
ciently opposed to the views of
the majority of the community to
attract a crowd and rnecessitate
police protection," Stewart said.
"The 14th amendment does not
permit a state to make criminal
the peaceful expression of un-
Clark agreed that the Negroes
had a right to peaceful assembly
to expouse their cause ard to
"But in my view, the manner in
which they exercised those rights
was by no means the passive
demonstration which this court
relates: rather, as the city man-
ager of Columbia testified, 'a dan-
gerous situation was building up'
which South Carolina's courts ex-
pressly found had created 'an ac-
tual interference with traffic and
an imminently threatened dis-
turbance of the peace of the com-
munity'," he noted.
The Negroes, all college and
high school students, marched in
groups to the capitol in Columbia
on March 2, 1961 to protest laws
which they said discriminated
The 30 or so police on hand told
them they could march on the
capitol grounds so long as they
"There was no evidence to sug-
gest that these onlookers were
anything but curious and no evi-
dence at all of any threatening
remarks, hostile gestures, or of-
fensive language on the part of
any member of the crowd. " . .
there was no obstruction of pe-
destrian or vehicular traffic with-
in the state house grounds,"
Under these circumstances, he,
said, police advised the Negroes
they would be arrested if they did
not disperse within 15 minutes.
Instead of complying, he said,
they "engaged in what the city
manager described as 'boisterous,'
'loud' and 'flamboyant' conduct."
The official said later, Stewart
went on, that this consisted of
listening to a "religious harangue"
by one of their leaders and loudly
singing "The Star Spangled Ban-
ner" and clappingtheir hands.
After the 15 minutes were up,
the Negroes were arrested. Later
they were convicted and received
sentences ranging from $10 fine
and five days in" jail to a $100
fine or 30 days in jail.
By The Associated Press
LANSING--A bill proposing a
$1 minimum hourly wage for cer-
tain workers was introduced in the
House yesterday with bipartisan
legislative backing and the sup-
port of Gov. George Romney,
whose staff helped draft the meas-
Sponsored by Rep. William
Doorn (R-Grand Rapids), the bill
is designed chiefly for service and
retail store employes, but has aj
long list of exemptions which in-
cludes students holding part-time
A minimum wage enactment has
been one of the governor's goals
for the 1963 legislative session.
The state labor commissioner,
who would administer the law,
would be empowered to set wages
below the $1 hourly standard for
a p p r e n t i c e s and handicapped
Other exemptions include farm
workers, domestic help, seasonal
resort employes and persons en-
gaged in educational, charitable,
religious or nonprofit organiza-
CECIL O. CREAL
... suggests removal
May Or Hits
By MICHAEL SATTINGER
Mayor Cecil O. Creal suggested
removal of an article concerning
discrimination by financial insti-
tutions from a proposed Human
Relations Commission fair hous-
ing ordinance last night at the
Ann Arbor City Council work
Creal said that he had never
encountered any discrimination by
financial institutions. The article
would be "just a harrassment."
Also, if a person were turned down
for a loan, he might wrongly see
the cause as discrimination,
whereas the real reason might be
lack of security, he claimed.
He suggested adding two new
sections to the ordinance. The
first would provide recourse for a
defendant in discrimination pro-
ceedings against any accusor who
has brought action falsely.
The second would allow an in-
junctive relief with a cutoff in the
time a defendant engaged in dis-
crimination proceedings would be
prevented from renting cr selling
the property in question.
Creal explained that the time
between an injunction by the cir-
cuit court and court action on a
case could cost the defendant in
the proceedings a great deal of
However, it was pointed out that
the ordinance is of a "no-fight"
nature, with those involved usually
choosing conciliation rather than
the expense of being taken to
An interpretation presented dur-
ing the consideration of the fair
housing ordinance was that pub-
licly-assisted housing applies to
units having government-secured
loans received after the ordinance
is accepted.. Publicly-assiste:J hous-
Leslie Says Program
Unfeasible To Set Up.
For Houses This Year
By MARY LOU BUTCHER
After considering the results of
the recently-ended sorority rush
and pledging, Panhellenic Associa-
tion within three weeks will prob-
ably recommend a revision in the
rush program-perhaps adding on
a fall rush-Panhel President Ann
McMillan, '63, predicted yesterday.
Although onrthe whole more
women pledged this spring than
last, some of the houses are ,not
yet filled to capacity, Miss McMil-
She will meet today with several
chapter presidents and Associate
Director of Student Organizations
for Sororities Elizabeth A. Leslie
to discuss the situation.
"SpringI rush has not been as
successful as fall rush," Mrs. Les-
lie commented. She pointed out,
however, that fall rush couldn't
be used next fall, due to adminis-
"I am sure Panhel is not and
has not been happy with the rigid
rush rules and would like to make
them more flexible," Mrs. Leslie
Miss McMillan said that if fall
rush is implemented in the future,
it may be either the major or
minor rush of the year. "If fall
rush is the major rush, everyone
including freshmen women would
be able to rush.
"If spring rush is the major
rush, everyone who rushes in the
fall will have had to be at the
University for at least one semes-
ter," she said.
Miss McMillan said that the
"great advantages of fall rush is
that women have a much longer
She noted that the fall rushing
system was practiced at the Uni-
versity from 1952-57 and was suc-
cessful. When Panhellenic Asso-
ciation tried spring rush as the
result of a student government
vote in 1957, a motion to return to
fall rush in 1958 was defeated by
Miss McMillan said that to re-
turn to fall rush, Panhellenic As-
sociation would first have to se-
cure the approval of Assembly
Association and SGC.
Miss McMillan also noted that
the fact that senior women have
automatic apartment permission
had relatively littleeffect on the
Student Charges Racial Bias in Bulgaria
(EDITOR'S NOTE-Dozens of African students have fled Communist\
Bulgaria in protest against racial discrimination. One was Audu Kwasau
Abashiya,a 6-year-old medical student from Nigeria. Convinced that Com-
miunismu cannot thrive in Africa, he tells in the following dispatch of the
way Red leaders sought to shape the lives of African students in Bulgaria.)
By AUDU KWASAU ABASHIYA
Written for The Associated Press
VIENNA-I have just left Communist Bulgaria because I didn't
sity to all good doctors. I escaped the following lectures by claiming
that an English-speaking professor would be teaching me to help me
understand things clearly.
Public lectures were arranged for me to condemn my government,
which I rejected. They were not happy when I told the people of the
number of universities, hospitals and factories we have in Nigeria.
Radio Sofia wanted me to broadcast only about British and American
|nloitation in Africa. The Communists do not like to hear that your