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September 12, 1961 - Image 6

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-09-12

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r

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

TUESDAY, SEP'.

-.UESDAY , SEP.

Requirements Broaden Interesi

raise tuition in addition to cutting'
back maintenance, purchases, re-
placement of worn out equipment
ands replacement of retiring fac-
ulty.
Several legislators, including the
politically powerful House Speaker
Donald Pears and Senate Appro-
priations Committee Chairman El-
mer R. Porter, have threatened
legislative investigations of state
institutions' actions, claiming they
are unnecessary and serve only
propaganda value.
Porter has questioned such
things as the continuance of full-
credit courses in fly-casting and
bait-casting at WSU while the
medical school was being cut back.
And their opportunity for ac-
tion wil come this fall and early
next year as the state's univer-
sities prepare their budget requests
and the governor submits his rec-
ommendations to the Legislature.

By MICHAEL OLINICK
The literary college cannot
guarantee that its graduates will
gain aliberal education at the
University, but its distribution re-
quirements are a major effort to
ensure that end.
To the incoming freshman, the
literary college catalog is a con-
fusing complex of myriads of
courses ranging from Conversa-
tional Arabic to Psychology to the
Deviant Individual.
During his four years here, the
undergraduate will select about 35
of the courses from the hundreds
offered. About one-fourth of his.
selected courses will be in one de-
partment, the student's major,
field of study.
Exposure Requirements
Required distribution credits
have been inaugurated so that
each undergraduate will be ex-
posed to as wide a range of disci-
plines as is possible in the small
number of courses he actually
elects.
Under this arrangement,, the
freshman must begin to plan his
collegiate studies in such a man-
ner that he will earn a certain
number of credit hours in foreign.
language, social science, natural
science, mathematics or philoso-
phy, and the humanities,
The distribution requirements
are constantly reevaluated and
often changed and perfected aft-
er much 'student and faculty dis-
cussion. The literary college fac-
ulty this year voted to revise the
requirements, p u t t i n g added
weight to the humanities, requir-
ing both a natural and a physical
science, and eliminating the math-
philosophy provisions.
New Rules
These new requirements will not
go into effect, however, until next
September and will not influence
those already enrolled or incom-
ing freshmen of the class of '65.
Every freshman in the literary
college now is obliged to elect Eng-
lish 123, "a critical analysis of

various types of prose, and the
writing of essays, largely exposi-
tory, with the aim of developing3
the student's ability to express
himself clearly and cogently."
The emphasis here is on ex-
pository writing. Classes meet
three times a week, with some
periods set aside for individual
professor-student conferences.
Interdepartmental Work
Some of the sections of fresh-
man English are combined with
sections of great books; psycholo-
gy and political science where. the
subjects of the assigned themes
deal with topics in the other de-
partments.
Most students who successfully
complete English 123 must then
elect English 124, where a shift is
made to somewhat more extend-.
ed reading and the preparation of
a long paper. Those students who
complete English 123 with "super-
ior proficiency" may obtain their
instructor's permission to be ex-
cused from the second semester's
work.
The literary college requires
that each of its students have a
two-year proficiency in a foreign
language, proficiency gained by
University study, high school
closses, independent work or home
background.
Varied Languages
Classes are offered in Chinese,
French, German, Greek, Italian,
Japanese, Korean, Latin Norweg-
ian Persian, Portuguese Russia,
Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Turkish
and Colloquial Arabic.
Freshmen who have previously
studied a language are asked to
take placement examinations in
that language even though they
may not choose to 'elect it at the
University. Although the quality
of t.he instruction varies through-
out the country, one year of high
school language study is about
equivalent to one college semes-
ter.
The aim of the language courses
is two-fold. They develop the es-

sential skills of speaking, com-
prehending and readingthe lan-
guage for its use in professional
and other affairs. They also pro-
vide a general view of the cul-
ture of the people whose native
language is being studied.
Social Sciences.
The social sciences attempt to
find patterns and understanding
in the realm of human relation-
ships. They assemble, correlate
and analyze information regard-
ing man's experience through the
study of his relationships to his
environment, his efforts to pro-
vide for himself, his systems for
group living and his regulation
and control of the social organiza-
tion.
Required in the social sciences
are 14 credit' hours with work in
at least two departments. In-
cluded must be a two-semester
sequence in one department. Not
more than eight hours in one de-
partment will be counted toward
satisfaction of this requirement.
These requirements may be met
by courses in anthropology, Asia
101 and 102, college honors, eco-
nomics, geography, history, jour-
nalism, political science, most of-
ferings in psychology and sociol-
ogy.
Lectures, Recitations
The introductory courses in
each department are generally
four hour courses, divided into two
large lecture periods and two small
recitation sections.
Each literary college student is
obligated to elect a minimum of
12 hours in the natural sciences,
with work in at least two depart-
ments and .a two-semester se-
quence in a laboratory course.
This requirement may be met in
anthropology, astronomy, bacter-
iology, biology, botany, chemis-
try, college honors, geology, min-
eralogy, Philosophy 251 (Science
and Hypothesis), physics, physi-
ology, some courses in psychology
and zoology.
Natural science courses are
usually divided into lectures, reci-
tations and laboratory. Laboratory,
work ranges from two hours a
week in physics to eight hours in
certain chemistry courses.
Natural Sciences
Courses in the natural sciences'
have the objectives of providing
an understanding of and practi-
cal. experience in scientific meth-
ods of classification, analysis, de-
scription, experimentation and
presentation of evidence.
Prospective literary c o 11e g e
scholars are obliged to elect a

two-semester sequence in either
mathematics or philosophy. There
are a number of common features
in mathematics and philosophy
that led to bringing them together
as a perhaps puzzling distribution
requirement.
Both place a primary stress on
clear and exact reasoning. Any
field, naturally, provides training
in reasoning, but in some this is
secondary, and in most depart-
ments it is linked with the study
of a specific body of factual ma-
terial.
Stress Reason
In philosophy and math, how-
ever, the stress on reasoning is
central and is not concerned with
any specifie grouping of data. Al-
so, both deal with questions that
have a greater generality than
those of any science or other dis-
cipline.
And both, though in different
ways, furnish tools for the study
of other fields; mathematics in
providing methods of computation
and statistical techniques for the
sciences; philosophy in treating of,
the methods of reasoning and of
leading ideas and values that have
played a part in our tradition.
Beginning next fall, however,
this math-philosophy requirement
will no longer exist. Philosophy
will be "switched" to the human-
ities and math courses will have
no distributional credit.
Weak Relationship
These changes-which will not
affect anyone now enrolled-were
prompted by feelings that the
union between math and philoso-
phy was a weak one, that the non-
logic philosophy courses fit bet-
ter in a humanities grouping and
that the demands of engineers
and future sciences were already
putting 'a great demand on the
math department's sources.
The humanities requirenent-a
two-semester sequence on any one
subject-can be met in Literature
(Chinese, English, French, Ger-
man. Greek, Italian, Japanese,
Latin Russian Scandinavian or
Spanish) College Honors, Great
Books, History of Art, Music Lit-
erature, Composition or Theory,
Speech or Classical Archaeology.
To provide visual, auditory and
written experience with various
modes of artistic expression; to
develop knowledge of the tech-
niques of a given art and to in-
crease the studept's insight into
the forms of aesthetic expression
of his own or a foreign culture are
the aims of courses in the humani-
ties.

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