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January 19, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-01-19

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SPECIAL FEATURE
ON DISARMAMENT
See Page 4

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom

41Iatt

PARTLY CLOUDY
High-20
Low--4
Increasing cloudiness
with chance of light snow

C!LXII, No. 89

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 19, 1962

SEVEN CENTS

TEN PAGES

Cennedy Calls

for

Record

Spending

in

Budget

'es Small Surplus
Revenues Climb

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Requests Increased Expenditures
For Defense, Space, Foreign Aid
WASHINGTON (W)-President John F. Kennedy, in the first fed-
eral budget of his own making, called today for record peacetime
spending of $92.5 billion and a wobbly surplus of $463 million - a
margin possible only if revenues rocket and the price of mailing a letter
is increased.
The 1,500-page spending blueprint, which covers the 1963 fiscal
year starting July 1, foresees a spending rise of nearly $3.5 billion over
the current level, More than 75 per cent of the increase would involve
military and space programs. Kennedy told Congress he expects outlays

JOHN F. IENNEDY
. . presents budget
Set Program
In Fisheries
Included in the federal budget
that President John F. Kennedy
submitted to Congress today is a
request for $1.5 million to build
and equip a new United States
Bureau of Commercial Fisheries
laboratories in Ann Arbor.
Leo E. Von Wald, administration
officer for the bureau's regional
headquarters here, said the agen-
cy is negotiating with the Uni-
versitynfor land on the North
Campus as the site for the new
building.
The $140,000 regional headquar-
ters building, dedicated just last
week, is located in the Huron
View Research Park on the city's
north side.
The new laboratory would re-
place about 6,000 square feet of
space now leased at 1220 E. Wash-
ington St., plus an additiona
small amount of space in the Uni-
versity's Museums Annex.
Also included the President's
budget is a request for a $167,000
increase in funds for laboratory
work, which would permit adding
10 to 15 persons to the present
staff of about 30.
May Approve

*to total slightly more than $92.5
billion-an amount exceeded only
twice before, during World War II.
Revenues were estimated at $93
billion, an unprecedented level $11
billion higher than this year's in-
come.
Recommendations
Highlighting the 7,400 - word
budget message which Kennedy
sent to Capitol Hill were these
recommendations:
1) A defense program of $52.7
billion, up nearly $1.5 billion.
2) Allocation of $2.4 billion for
space research, an increase of $1.3
billion.
3) A foreign aid program
boosted by $200 million to $3.9
billion.'
4) Repeal of the 10 per cent tax
on rail, bus and boat fares, with
later adjustments in aviation
taxes.
5) Enactment of a new farm
bill designed to cut farm program
spending from $6.3 billion to $5.8
billion~.
6) Increase the "temporary"
$298 billion national debt limit to
a new high of $308 billion.
7) Increase postal rates by
about $600 million a year.
Crisis To Cool
The new budget assumes that
the Berlin crisis will cool off
enough to permit the return home
by June 30 of military Reservists
mobilized last fall. Any heighten-
ing of cold-war tensions could
prompt new hikes in defense
spending, and wipe out the indi-
cated surplus.
Kennedy also based his projec-
tions on an assumption that the
economy will continue to expand
briskly into 1963, though perhaps
at a lesser rate as time passes. The
President said major economic ree-
ords will be broken month after
month while the unemployment
rate will drop from 6.1 per cent
sto 4 per cent by mid-1963.
The fate of the postal rate re-
quest, which has been shelved
three years running, also will have
a major impact on the budget.
Without higher rates (including
a 5-cent letter charge) to add to
the anticipated big increase in
tax collections, Kennedy's envi-
sioned surplus would evaporate-
barring major economy moves in
other areas.
D Many congressional Republicans
- and some Democrats were
ready to demand greater economy
and a bigger surplus in, order to
whittle down the record national
debt, now nudging the $298 billion
ceiling.
Anticipating this, Kennedy said
a $463 million surplus would reflect
"the best national policy." He said
deficit spending might promote
inflation while- a larger surplus
o "would risk choking off economic
- recovery and contributing to a
premature downturn."

Swainson
Increase
G OP KInoeks
Governor's EduC
School Plan By CAROLINE DO
special To The Daily
LANSING-The admi
Legislators Cite Need tion of the state's colleg
For Ied Aid universities is going to
Fo I e sed Aicontroversial issue wh
comes up at the constit
By KENNETH WINTER convention here this mo
special To The Daily The higher education
LANSING - State legislators committee will report i
agreed with the problems outlined main education committe
in Gov. John B. Swainson's mes- week which -in turn must
sage on education yesterday, but its proposals to the cony
Republicans questioned some of floor by Jan. 31. Proposa]
his solutions to them. ranged from constitution:
Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann ognition of each inst
Arbor), "didn't quarrel with too with individual elective g
much of the message." But he said ing boards to an app
the total expenditure requested fai super board controlling a
exceeds the amount that can be higher education.
spent The higher education
Sen. Lynn O. Francis (R-Mid- committee, headed byf
land) called Swainson's proposals University Regent Rosc
"very ambitious" but complained Bonisteel (R-Ann Arbor
will be financed. We wonder just sifted the proposals dow
how far the taxpayer will be able two issues: whether the g
to go to support such a program. ing boards should be e
Republicans believed, however, or appointed and w
that education appropriations state-wide coordinations
should and would be increased. be voluntary or semi-en:
"Everybody here is for it," House Some Agreement
GOP Caucus Leader Carroll E. Bonisteel sees someE
Newton (R-Delton) commented. Iment on both questions
Republicans also found other the sub-committee.
faults in Swainson's message.New- "There is very little s
ton condemned the Governor's for an overall governing
claim that the Legislature had patterned after the Cal:
ignored the problems of education plan or any type of tot
saying that it was designed to im- ordination," he reports. A
press people who were not familiar sees a concensus favori
with the issues. "If he wants to pointment of all but the g
make a political speech and leave ing boards of the "BigI
a false impression, he shouldnt universities-the Universi
talk to us," he added, pointing out
that the Legislature has constantly.
increased appropriations to meet
increased enrollments. R g n sP a
Sen. Stanley G. Thayer (R-Annent a
Arbor) criticized the amount of A n u c m
the requested outlays as too high A nouncem
and complained that the Gover-
nor's suggestions were not specific Of IST Hea
enough.
Democrats, on the other hand, The Regents at their m
voiced unanimous approval of this afternoon will appro
Swainson's statement. But some lowest bids for the new In
were pessimistic as to the future of Science and Technology
of the proposals, especially in thefn n
Republican-dominated Senate. ing-
Rep. William Sterling (D-Mon- A new director for IST w
roe) said, "regardless of cost, these be announced at the session
things must be done this year," Joseph A. Boyd said. Prof.
but predicted Republican legisla- resignation as director, anno
tors would resist increased 'ex- last month, becomes effectiv~
penditures because they work from .-
"a cost figure based on last year's Director of University Re
cost." Michael Radock said that t
Speaker Pro-Tempore Wilfred G. gents will consider Gov. J
Bassett (R-Jackson) took Swain- Swainson's proposal yes
so to- task for accusing the Legis- asking for $10 million in ad
lature of not increasing education al funds for higher educati
funds. "In the last decade, educa- The Regents will alsod
tion money was increased 400 per a proposal from the ph
cent, but the enrollments increas- school concerning a new
ed only 70 per cent." program.

Unveils

for

Higher

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ation

'Battle Lines

W
anistra-
,s and
be a
en it
utionar
nth.
sub-
to the
e next
t bring
vention
s have
al rec-
itution
overn-
pointed
il state
sub-
former
coe O.
), has
n into
overn-
elected
hether
should
forced.
agree-
within
upport
board
ifornia
tal co-
And he
ng ap-
overn-
Three"
ty and

$10.4

Michigan State and Wayne
State.'
'The tradition behind these
three is that they have grown
great because they were free to
do the obvious thing at the time
it should be done," Bonisteel
says. For this reason, the boards
may remain -elective and thus
subject to less state control.
Multiplicity of Boards
But the appointment of the
boards seems to be preferred,
on the whole, Bonisteel says,
because it avoids a multiplicity
of names on the ballot and can
ensure a greater geographical
distribution of the members,
preventing "provincialism."
Bonisteel also makes a third
prediction: community colleges.
wil be put under the State
Board of Education.
Not Final
But these solutions are by no
gesting compromises to the se-
means final. Three plans, sug-
lection of board members and
coordination, are in dispute
within the subcommittee.
The much reviled "super-
board" plan has been modified
into a voluntary commission, to
be appointed by the governor,
which would unify future plan-
ning and prepare budgets for
presentation to the state Legis-
lature. "This commission's jur-
isdiction would be carefully de-
fined and restricted to those
two duties.
It would have no control over
administration or present poli-

cies of existing state universi-
ties," Bonisteel reports. This
plan will leave intact the ma-
jority of present boards. and
members will most likely be ap-
pointed.
Romney Plan
George Romney (R-Bloom-
field Hills), potential guber-
natorial candidate and chair-
man of the elementary and sec-
ondary sub-committee is push-
ing a plan that would give the
governor the right to appoint
all educational governing bodies.
This would take the schools
out of the direct hands of the
people and make educational
policy just another issue in a
gubernatorial campaign. In ad-
dition to this, Romney wants a
state appointed coordinating
board. He has not delineated
the powers of this board.
According to education com-
mittee chairman, Alvin Bentley
(R-Owosso), Romney has some
tentative support for his plan.
Opposed
Romney's plan is opposed by
higher education sub-committee
members Bonisteel and MSU
President John Hannah, both
outspoken advocates of a third
plan for continued total au-
tonomy for higher education.
As there are no set party lines
on education dilemmas, the out-
come of an education proposal
is a politician's guess.
The battle lines have been
drawn around these three pro-
posals and their variations.

Education
Re ests $529,000
Hike in IST Budget
Governor Raps Legislature for Cut
In Last Year's Appropriation Plea
By MICHAEL HARRAH
Special To The Daily
LANSING-Gov. John B. Swainson yesterday told the
Legislature that "it is up to you" to find a $10.4 million in-
crease in the nigher education budget.
Quoting Edward Everett Hale, the governor said the legis-
lators must "look up and not down; look forward and not
back; look out and not in-and lend a hand."
Appropriation Hike
Specifically Swainson's message recommended an in-
crease appropriation of $529,000 for the Institute of Science
and Technology, expenditure"

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ent
neeting
ve the
stitute
build-
ill also
a, Prof.
Boyd's
unced
ve Feb.
lations
;he Re-
ohn B.
sterday
dition-
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discuss
armacy
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Mill ion

EDUCATION SCHOOL:
NDEA Grant To Fund
'U' Counseling Institute
The University has obtained a grant of approximately $250,000
under the National Defense Education Act for a guidance and coun-
seling institute, Prof. Garry R. Walz of the education school said
yesterday. The Institute, which begins next September, will enroll 30
students at the graduate level who are preparing for guidance and
^counseling work in the secondary

of $100,000 for the establish-
ment of an Institute for Water
Research at Michigan State
University,. expenditure of
$100,000 to reactivate the
Traffic Safety Center at MSU,
and appropriation Of approxi-
mately $125,000 for special re-
search at the Michigan College
of Mining and Technology at
Houghton.
He also recommended a $1.5
million increase in operating funds
for community colleges, plus $281,-
000 for capital outlay, amendment
of the school code to require a
teachers' minimum salaries, start-
ing at $4,800, increase in teach-
ers' retirement allowances to $1,-
800 a year, and $2.2 million for
distressed school districts.
In his message, which called for
some $70 million more for all state
education needs, the governor told
the lawmakers "an. inventory of
Michigan's educational needs of
the 1960's makes it obvious there
are vast areas in our total educa-
tion scene that can merit nothing
but shame.
Effect Action
"It is your business, now, to ef-
fect action that will push open--
not pull closed-the doors of op-
portunity for Michigan's children
to receive the finest education to
be obtained in this country.
"To do otherwise is to repudi-
ate the capabilities and capacities
of Michigan, its people and rich-
ness of resources.
"Procrastination is the thief of
time . . and Michigan has al-
ready lost infinitely more time
than it can afford to lose,
No Losses
"It is up to you to make sure
that further losses do not com-
pound these- delays."
Swainson took the Legislature
to task for trimming his request
of almost $110,000 for higher edu-
cation last year. The lawmakers
cut off $417,000, and from the bal-
ance the University received $35.4
million.
"I intend once more to present
suitable recommendations toward
meeting these needs. Accomplish-
ment of Michigan's educational
goals requires your acceptance of
this responsibility," the governor
concluded.

FPA Views'
Rush, AKL
By H. NEIL BERKSON
In a two hour session last night
the Fraternity Presidents Assembly
voted to give Alpha Kappa
Lambda permanent status on
campus .and decided to hold off-
action on its controversial new
rush plan until February.
Richard Young, '63BAd., of the
Interfraternity Council Executive
Committee introduced the pro-
posed rush changes on to the floor
of FIA. IFC President Robert
Peterson, '62, then departed from
normal procedures to speak for
the plan. He recalled the history
of the Rush Study Committee,
which drew up the plan and at-
tempted to explain the rationale
behind each of the proposed
changes.
Urges Discussion
Peterson asked that FPA wait
until its next meeting before vot-
ing on the plan. "Discuss this
among yourselves and with your
chapters. Give the plan at least as
much consideration as the Study
Commitee gave it," he said.
The individual presidents show-
ed a wide range of opinion on the
plan. Very few were for it without
reservation. Presidents of small
houses were worried about the ef-
fects on informal rush of the
new plan.
Small Houses
Peterson said later that "much
of the concern from small houses
surprised me since these are the
houses the plan is supposed to
help." Nevertheless, he was pleas-
ed with the overall attitude of
FPA and felt that after minor
problems were corrected the plan
would have a good chance for
passage in February.
Alpha Kappa Lambda has been
under colony status for five years.
It has asked IFC for permanent
recognition several times in this
period but has failed to fulfill all
the requirements for recognition
until now. Student Government
Council must now approve the ac-
tion.

Facilities Bill
For Colleges
WASHINGTON (M)-A bill to
provide $1.5 billion to build col-
lege academic facilities "will be
cleared for House action by th
Rules Committee, Rep. Adam C.
PowellCD-NY)said yesterday.
The bill is an abbreviated ver-
sion of one of the three big edu-
cation bills blocked by the com-
mittee last year in a controversy
over including parochial schools
in a Federal Aid Program. Drop-
ped from the bill was a provision
for 40,000 Federal scholarships.
Powell said Democrats on the
House education and labor com-
mittee, of which he is chairman
voted yesterday to proceed with
the construction bill and leave the
scholarships for further consid
eration. The bill would provide
$300 million a year for five years
$180 million in grants and $120
million in loans.
Powell said he has received wor
from the House leadership the bil

e
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Students Seek Counselors Aid

I

Handler Notes
Consequences
Of City Living
By KATHRYN VOGT
Social needs rising out of ur-
ban living and met with in city
planning were discussed by A.
Benjamin Handler, professor of
planning of the Architecture and
Design school, in an address to
the new members of Phi Kappa
Phi, honorary"fraternity, last
night.
"Cities are the major carriers of
civilization. Most of the great de-
velopments have come from cities
and their dwellers," said Prof.
Handler. "Education and demo-
cratic processes grew up in urban
areas. Modern industrialization,
the arts, science, and thought have
been closely connected with ci-
ties."
He cited the high degree of spe-
cialization in contemporary socie-
ty as a major factor influencing
today's city planning, which re-
flects a need to provide for a
great variety of people and tastes..
City inhabitants are demanding
and getting better educational and
cultural activities, he said;
Prof. Handler emphasized the

schools.
The grant, which covers all
instructional costs and student
stipends,h. will be administered
through the education school's de-
partment of guidance and counsel-
ing, Prof. Walz said.
He explained that recent con-
ferences on education had sighted
a shortage in guidance and coun-
seling services and the need to
identify talented youth and then
develop and prepare them for full
utilization of their abilities. The
University was one of 22 schools
asked to join the program, and
earlier this week final considera-
tions were concluded in Washing-
ton.
The NDEA was originally creat-
ed to meet the increased educa-
tional needs of the country to face
the challenge of the modern age.

By ELLEN SILVERMAN
Beginning Monday morning, University students join 3.6 million
American college students in a grinding two weeks of finals.
This semi-anual ritual produces many adverse effects on all
students and many find refuge in the offices of counselors all over
the University.
Psychological counseling offices find that after freshmen five-
week grades, midterms and before finals there is a slight increase in
attendance, M. David Galinsky of the Bureau of Psychological Serv-
ices reported yesterday.
Slight Rise
"I don't know if our department is indicative of the whole Uni-
versity, but I see a slight rise in the number of students who come
to visit at this time," he added.
A counselor at the Mental Hygiene Clinic at Health Service said
that he could not give substantial figures. "But the fact that I'm too
busy to get this information should indicate what the situation is," he

DELEGATE SPEAKS:
Pollock Criticizes Convention Deadline

By ROBERT SELWA
Constitutional convention dele-
gate Prof. James K. Pollock aimed
strong criticism last night at the
"artificially imposed deadline" on
the convention resulting from an
opinion of state attorney general
Paul L. Adams.

The attorney general "split legal
hairs" in coming to his judgment,
and as a result the convention
faces a distressing deadline, Prof.
Pollock told the city officials from
five counties attending the meet-
ing.
"No one could work under more

by the deadline resulting from the
attorney general's opinion. If we
are doing a good job, and I feel
we are, we have the mandate to
stay at work."
Prof. Pollock, chairman of the
committee on declaration of rights,
suffrage and election, mentioned

somssammans

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