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January 17, 1962 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-01-17

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THE MICHIGAN DAILYPA

enga's Dream: T oo Much?
i NOTE: As Peter Grose, LEOPOLD VILLE - Pro-Com- without Gizenga's help-the Stan-
Press Correspondent in lyil ee a ntobe
filed this analysis, re- munist Antoine Gizenga gambled leyville rebel was in trouble.
received from Leopold- his ambitions on the issue of Ka- Dramatic Eclipse
atoine Gizenga has been
his post as deputy pre- tanga, and as long as Moise This is the way diplomats and
astigating "the assault
of 1s RomanT catholic Tshombe's secession held good, Gi- longtime observers of thedCongo-
on New Year's nay. zenga saw his chance to dominate lese scene explain the dramatic
persists that he will be eclipse of the man who claimed
an appointee of Katan- The Congo. to inherit Patrice Lumumba's
; Moise Tshombe.) When it became apparent that mantle of leadership. Some inter-
ETER GROSE the Katanga crisis seemed about pret the crushing of Gizenga's
d Press News Analyst to be solved by negotiation - and Stanleyville insurrection as a tri-
umph for American policy in The
Congo. Barring some unexpected
r eversal-always possible in the
C meBinscrutable Congo-moderate force
Ghave defeated the challenge of the
iya ity in Govern ment Marxist extremists.
The career of Antoine Gizenga
was bizarre. People who knew him
NGTON (M--Sen. John Stennis (D-Miss) said yesterday well said it was a classic case of
.nvestigation into censorship of speeches by military lead- a man riding a big horse, trying
it for any disloyalty among government workers or offi- to control it but usually being
controlled, and frightened of
e is even one person in any department or agency in our every leap and jolt.
sympathetic to the forces seeking to destroy our way of From the start of the Congo
one person too many," Stennis said. "And if he has worked crisis it looked as if any politi-
for only 10 minutes, that is 10 cian who could bring wealthy Ka-
mirutesytoolonu." ,h s tanga back into a unified Congo
Sminutes too long." would be the one the Congolese
rdl News Stennis heads a Senate Armed people would acclaim their leader.
Services Subcommittee which will
conduct the inquiry. The hearings Soviets Think
are to begin Tuesday. The resolu- When Lumumba was slain, Gi-
tion for the investigation was zenga thought he was the man.
sponsored by Sen. Strom Thur- The Soviet Union thought so too.
he Associated Press mond (D-SC) who contends the Following Communist advice,
Pentagon has muzzled military of- Gizenga isolated himself in Lum-
ATONS Port ficers who want to speak out umba's old stronghold of Stanley-
tons General Assembly against Communism. yulle, constructing dream-filled de-
'AastCao AfricanandCm- Stenis said he had informed signs of invasion and conquest of
Aries demanding even- Secretary of Defense Robert S. Katanga by force of arms.
ris demandirng. evn McNamara that the hearings will But here in Leopoldville moder-
idence for Angola. The "be complete and exhaustive with ate Premier Cyrille Adoula was at
aion Assembly, thus nothing held back." work too, heavily supported by the
ti its declaration that "It has been and will continue United Nations and the United
ot ticiate in the to be my purpose to get at the States. .
participatinthereal facts, letting the chips fall Gizenga found himself out-
oud reserve the right where they might and sparing no flanked and deflated, on the issue
* * * department and no single individ- he championed as his personal
tial who might be involved." cause.

U.S. Knocks Russia as Talks Di

HARRY F. BYRD
... temporary hike
GOP, Backs
'Byrd Plant
WASHINGTON (-) - Republi-
cans backed Sen. Harry Flood
Byrd (D-Va) yesterday in a de-
mand for a broad investigation of
the nation's financial position
after President John F. Kennedy
sought a $10-billion boost in the
debt limit.
Byrd, long-time advocate of
economy, said that Kennedy -
through Secretary of the Treasury
Douglas Dillon-has requested an
increase in the debt ceiling to a
record-breaking $308-billion level.
The Virginia senator said he
will go along with a temporary
rise in the present $298-billion
ceiling to $300 billion so the Treas-
ury can pay its current bills.
But Byrd said he will ask the
Senate Finance Committee, which
he heads, to make a sweeping in-
quiry into all phases of federal
financing before it acts on a pro-
posed additional $8-billion boost
for the fiscal year beginning next
July 1.
Senate Minority Leader Everett
M. Dirksen (R-Ill) told a news
conference that "the idea of a full
exploration to see where we stand
is long overdue."
Dirksen said Republicans prob-
ably will go along if it is evident
-as contended by the Kennedy
Administration-that the nation
can't pay its bills by March 1
without an increase in the present
ceiling.
Agreeing, Sen. Frank Carlson
(R-Kan) a member of the Finance
Committee, said he believes Re-
publicans generally will "hesitate
to vote for this large increase un-
less it can -be demonstrated that
it is absolutely necessary."
U.S. Troops
Fly to Europe
In Exercise
FRANKFURT (P)-A huge jet
transport flew a full load of Unit-
ed States troops from the United
States west coast to Europe in little
more than 10 hours yesterday in
the opening phase of "Operation
Long Thrust II."
The operation to airlift 6,000
men from McChord (Wash) Air
Force Base to Rhein-Main Air
Force Base in Germany is widely
viewed as a major test of how
United States forces can be rushed
overseas in an emergency.
The exercise was given added
weight in the light of the explosive
Berlin crisis.
It involves three reinforced
battle groups of the United Statesj
4th Infantry Division, stationedj
at Ft. Lewis, Wash.

General Parley
To Encompass
Nuclear Ban
By The Associated Press
GENEVA - The United States
accused Russia yesterday of re-
jecting "serious negotiations" on a
nuclear weapons test ban treaty.
It said this caused the United
States and Great Britain to agree
to switch test ban talks to a
general disarmament conference.
"The United States and the
United Kingdom," said a United
States statement, "continue to
view the conclusion of a test ban
treaty as a matter of the highest
priority."
The statement was issued by the
State Department after the two
Western powers in a surprise move
expressed their readiness to drop
the present test ban negotiations
in Geneva and throw the whole
issue into an 18-nation disarma-
ment negotiation expected to open
at Geneva on Mar. 14.
The Soviet government formal-
ly proposed the merger of the test
ban and disarmament issues last
summer after the two Western
powers submitted a complete draft
of a test ban treaty. This draft in-
cluded far-reaching Western con-
cessions on the international con-
trol machinery the West feels is
necessary to ensure observance of
an agreement to ban nuclear
weapons tests.
The Soviet government then
withdrew all previous agreements
worked out in more than two years
of patient negotiations in Geneva.
It said in view of the worsening
political situation any type of in-
ternational controls would be tan-
tamount to Western espionage on
Soviet soil.
At the outset of the resumed
negotiations, the United States
and Britain formally rejected the
Soviet demand for an uncontrolled
moratorium on nuclear weapons
tests.
Since the Russians advanced the
idea after breaking a previous
voluntary moratorium with a se-
ries of spectacular nuclear tests
last fall, the Western delegates
said their governments could not
accept another moratorium.
Subcommittee
To Investigate3
UN Operations
WASHINGTON (')--A full-scale
congressional inquiry into the
controversial role of United Na-
tions forces in The Congo will
open tomorrow, Sen. Albert Gore
(D-Tenn) announced yesterday.
Gore said a Senate Foreign Re-
lations subcommittee on African
affairs which he heads will con-
duct the hearings.
The Congo investigation will
center on the UN operation but
questioning could go into the ad-
ministration's desire to purchase
$100 million in UN bonds to help
finance the UN forces.
And it will give high ranking
officials of the State Department
an opportunity to present the ad-
ministration's reasons for support-
ing the use of UN forces in bring-
ing The Congo's secessionist Ka-
tanga Province back under Pre-
mier Cyrille Adoula's central Leo-
poldville government.
Some senators and representa-
tives in both parties have sharply
criticized this use of force against
Katanga President Moise Tshom-
be, an avowed anti-Communist,
while supporting the central gov-
ernment which, they say, has some

officials who are or have been ex-
treme leftists.

*

American Negotiators
Agree on Tariff Cuts~rdigwt E
In Trdn*wt E

*

TARIFF NEGOTIATORS-Howard Peterson and W. Walton
Butterworth (right), represented the United States yesterday
when it signed a tariff agreement with the European Common
Market.
ALGERIAN VIOLENCE:
French. Officials ,Meet
As, Disorder Spreads
ALGIERS (P)-Grenades, bullets and knives killed nearly 30 more
persons in Algeria yesterday while top officials studied ways of coping
with rising insecurity and ruin.
Police rushed from one scene of violence to another. French
Minister of Algerian Affairs Louis Joxe sped back to Paris to inform
President Charles de Gaulle of the rising disorder.
One possibility was that a state of siege might be clamped on the
largest cities to deal with the terrorism that has reached new peaks,
since de Gaulle's year-end, speech. In it de Gaulle announced plans
to withdraw the bulk of French troops from this North African terri-
tory whose future is bloodily contested by the European settlers and
the Algerians.
Oran had the highest casualties of the day. Unofficial figures
showed 15 men and boys were killed before the 11 p.m. curfew.

sen, President John F. Kennedy'
special assistant for trade matters
and Jean Rey, a member of th
Common Market Executive Com
mission.
However, some polishing was re
ported still required.
The concluding session was at
tended by W. Walton Butterworti
United States ambassador to thi
Common Market-the Europea
Economic Community formed b
France, West Germany, Italy, Be)
gium, the Netherlands and Lux
embourg.
Regulations of the Genera
Agreement on Tariffs and TradE
which sponsored the talks, prc
vide that details must be kep
secret until the agreement :
signed.
A communique announced :
will be signed within the next fe
days at GATT's headquarters i
Geneva. The document then wi
be submitted to the Common Mar
ket Council in February.
Approval by the United State
Congress is unnecessary. Kenned
has the authority under existin
law to make the cuts covered i
the agreement.

ii _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _

Knight Withdraws
From Primary
LOS ANGELES (A) - Former
Gov. Goodwin J. Knight withdrew
yesterday from California's 1962
GOP gubernatorial primary with
former Vice-President Richard
Nixon, citing health reasons.

fit

r °

PRESCRIPTIONS
DRUGS
COSMETICS
SPIRITS

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OPEN 'TIL 11 P.M.

'''--

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