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Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
Growing colder tonight,
III, No. 79 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
Ambassador Cites African Attitudes
By JOHN McREYNOLDS and ROBERT SELWA
"Africa is not only not Communist, but she will not be Communist
if she can help it," R. S. Kelfa-Caulker, ambassador to the United
States from Sierra Leone, told the 23rd Annual Michigan Pastors'
"Africa has not been influenced by the East, but rather by the
West," he continued.
He indicated that even though Africans have been
colonialists, they learned a better-
R. S. KELFA-CAULKER.
... .no Communists
To Cons ider
By CYNTHIA NEU
Student Government Council
will consider procedures for deter-
mining the adequacy of member-
ship statements at its meeting
The SGC Executive Committee
met Monday with the advisors and
officers of Panhellenic Associa-
tion and Interfraternity Council
and the Committee on Member-
ship in Student Organizations, to
discuss the matter.
It was agreed that SGC must
determine the procedure to be
used. There was a division of
thought over whether the Council
President or the Committee on
Membership should decide if state-
ments are complete.
The deadline for the submission
of statements is noon today. Ac-
cording to SGC President Richard
Nohl, '62BAd, no group petitioned
for exemption, and 'all social fra-
ternities and sororities have filed
statements with the Office of the
Vice-President for Student Affairs.
A motion by Steven Stockmeyer,
'63, would provide that houses,
whose statements do not include
the information required under
the University Regulation of De-
cember 13,. 1960, would be notified
by the SGC president before Feb.
Corrected statements would have
to be filed within 60 days from the
date of notification.
Other items on the agenda in-
clude a motion by Stockmeyer and
Michigan Union President Paul
Carder, 62, asking that a referen-
dum be put before the student
body at the March SGC election
reading, "Shall SGC retain af-
filiation with the United, States
National Student Association?"
SGC would commit itself to
abide by the results of the referen-
dum only if there were 3,000
voters, or 75 per cent of those
voting in the election voting on the
issue, whichever is greater.
The Council will also receive
the list of names suggested to
fill the vacancy on Council. SGC
may amend or add to the list by
a two-thirds vote, and public in-
terviews will take place at the
Feb. 14 meeting.
THE HAGUE (P--Indonesians
talked war and the Dutch warned
of the right of self-defense in
bitter comment yesterday on a
naval clash Monday off the south
shore of Dutch New Guinea.
Each accused the other of prov-
Acting UN Secretary-General
U Thant's appeal to both Indo-
nesia and The Netherlands for a
peaceful solution was supported
by the United States. In Wash-
ington, State Department Press
Officer Lincoln White urged both
nations to avoid fighting and "get
on with constructive steps toward
negotiation" of West New Guinea's
But strong words were voiced
in both Jakarta and The Hague.
The Dutch gunfire which the
Dutch announced sank one So-
viet-built Indonesian torpedo boat
and routed its flotilla companions
"constitutes a direct challenge and
war provocation," an Indonesian
army spokesman declared in Ja-
"Indonesia will meet the chal-
Maj. Gen. Achmad Jani, chief
of an operational staff command
that President Sukarno has set up
to enforce his claim to West New
'Guinea, declared "the Indonesian
government is taking steps imme-
diately to counter the Dutch at-
way of life from the people of the
West, especially missionaries.
"Why are you afraid of your
pupils," he asked? African people
feel colonialism to be bad, because
it denies them the right to par-
ticipate and makes them feel like
second-class citizens, the ambassa-
Kelfa-Caulker said that non-
alignment means for Africans the
freedom to develop their countries
in their ways, according to the
methods and lessons the West has
"We don't want to be Western-
ers or Communists. We just want
to be Africans," the ambassador
Africans do not consider the
American racial problems as cru-
cial, although they do consider
them a burden on the United
States government, Kelfa-Caulker
He pointed out that land to
Africans is a sacred commodity.
"It belongs to those who have died
on it, who are using it now, and
who will be born."
SANTO DOMINGO P) -
Dominican President Joaquin
Balaguer resigned early this
morning after the wildest
rioting in a month in the heart
of Santo Domingo and a new,
civil-military junta was sworn
in to take over the govern-
Announcement of the gov-
ernment change immediately
drew the fire of the National
Civic Union, the largest oppo-
sition political faction. A
spokesman for the party called
it a military coup d'etat.
Nemlaha Cites Plansr
Forming New Body
For Replacement r
By DENISE WACKER r
The Women's Senate has been
The action by Women's Leaguet
Council was announced in a letterc
sent to the women's senators and1
house presidents from Leaguek
President Bea Nemlaha, '62.
After nearly a semester of eval-
uating the senate, the League
Study Committee recommended'
that the organization be dissolved.
The committee is currently en-
gaged in an attempt to modernize
the structure of the League and
formulate a more workable con-
The motion asking "that Wo-
men's Senate cease to exist as of1
the end of this semester" wasY
unanimously passed at the councilt
meeting last Thursday.
"Assembly Association, the
League, and Panhellenic Associa-
tion are in the process of forming.
arother body to take its place,"
Miss Nemlaha said. The dean of
women's office did not object to
the "cessation" of senate. How-
ever, Acting Dean of Women
Elizabeth Davenport did suggest
that another group, similar to it,
The new organization, which
may retain the "Women's Senate"1
title, will be composed of represen-
tatives from Panhellenic, Assembly
and the League. The group would
meet only when needed by any
women's organization considering_
legislation which would affect wo-
men at the University. Its primary
function would be to obtain and1
to report on the opinions of wo-
men. It would have no legislative
powers of its own.
"Part of the (old) senate's prob-
lems came from the fact that it1
had no legislative powers and was
simply an opinion-procuring1
group," senate chairman Margaret'
Skiles, '63, said.
"The controversy over senate
has been going on for quite a
while. At one time, the senate'
had nominal legislative powers,
but it could only express approval
or disapproval of proposed changes'
in women's rules brought to it by
"Last year we attempted to re-
define the areas of legislative
powers by giving women's judi-
ciary the powers which senate had
formerly had. Unfortunately,
many people still were discontent
with senate," Miss Skiles added. '
The members of senate had been
chosen by election or appointment
from each women's independent
and sorority house. It was the
only organization on campus
which had representation from
both affiliate and non-affiliate
. women in one body.
d"The women from the sororities
did not know if they should rep-
resent their own views or those
of their houses, many of which are
opposed to automatic apartment
permission," Miss Nemlaha said.
The women of Alice ,Lloyd Hall
ate their swiss steak dinners last
niht, without knives.TJack N. Lim-
By The Associated Press
LANSING-Gov. John B. Swain-
son yesterday called upon the
Legislature 'to improve the eco-
nomic status of the State of Mich-
igan, and four Republican senators
hinted that their opposition to a
state income tax might be weaken-
Both houses received a message
from the Governor, recommending
specific measures for improving
business conditions, including a
request for $2.8 million for the
Institute of Science and Tech-
He will deliver more specific
requests for education tomorrow.
This message, in addition to the
1ST plan, asked only $225,000 for
Michigan State University and
Michigan College of Mining and
Technology research in education
In response, four of the 'mod-
erate' Republicans indicated in-
terest in constitutional convention
delegate George Romney's (R-
Bloomfield Hills) program for the
state that includes a flat-rate in-a
Senators Stanley G. Thayer (R-
Ann Arbor), William G. Milliken
(R-Traverse City), John W. Fitz-,
gerald (R-Grand Lodge), and Far-
rell E. Roberts (R-Pontiac) con-
curred that "it is paramount to
face up to the fiscal responsibility
of this state," and agreed to con-
sider the income tax on its relative
Thayer said that "we are never
going to solve our tax problem
until we accept some form of flat-
rate income tax." Milliken agreed
that such a tax was "inevitable."
WASHINGTON (') -President
John F. Kennedy sent Congress
yesterday a six-point plan for
drastic streamlining of the Army's
high command so it will be better
geared to meet swift-changing
"The primary purpose of this
reorganization is to develop an
army with .the best possible com-
mand structure, management,
training, doctrine, weapons, equip-
ment and morale," Secretary of
the Army Elvis J. Stahr, Jr. said.
The first major Army reorgani-
zation in nine years affects the
top headquarters level but leaves
undisturbed the Army's combat
structure and the headquarters of
its field commands.
It involves creation of two new
top-level commands under which
will be concentrated research, de-
velopment, procurement and other
functions now performed by such
individual technical services as the
The "Tech" services will con-
tinue to exist, but the posts of
chief of ordnance, chief chemical
officer and quartermaster general
will be abolished, and the general
staff will be relieved of many com-
mand-like and detailed operating
The Continental Army Com-
mand, headquartered at Ft. Mon-
roe, Va., will take over from the
technical services the job of train-
ing their personnel.
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
The general consensus of last night's panel discussion on faculty
responsibility for academic freedom was that "there is a difference
between freedom of the body and freedom of the soul."
Prof. Philip Monypenny of the University of Illinois political
science department, chairman of the American Association of Uni-
versity Professors Committee on Faculty Responsibility for Students'
Academic Freedom, said the line between strictly academic freedom
and a wider area of civil liberties is somewhat hazy but that consid-
eration of purely academic freedoms should be given priority.
Vice-President for Student Affairs James A. Lewis, Prof. John
Reed of the law school, and Richard Nohl, '62BAd, joined Prof. Mony-
penny in a panel discussion mod-i
erated by Prof. George Peek of the
political science department.
Prof. Monypenny stressed free-
dom of speech and publication as
the most urgent questions. He said
in matters of speech members of
an academic community should be
entitled at least to the rights
guaranteed in the United States
Constitution and that student pub-
lications should be as free of re-
strictions as commercial newspa-
Other panel members assented
to this opinion but did not believe
that students were automatically
entitled at the same time to free-
dom from the restrictions of an
"in-loco parentis" policy.
Lewis said this type of restric-
tion was necessary because of the
extreme difference in age levels
of the students, ranging from 16
to past 21.
STUDENT FREEDOM-Left to right are Prof. Philip Monypenny, SGC President Richard Nohl,
Prof. George Peek, Prof. John Reed and Vice-President for Student Affairs James A. Lewis who
discussed student responsibility last night.
By MICHAEL OLINICK
University President H a r 1 a n
Hatcher addressed the Office of
Student Affairs Stud Committee
yesterday, setting forth his views
on the philosophy which should
underlie student life outside the
classroom and its consequences in
restructuring the OSA.
President Hatcher also discuss-
ed the possible reactions alumni,
parents and legislators might have
to changes in the OSA and how
they could be brought to bear on
the University, Prof. John Reed
of the law school, committee
chairman, said last night.
The study committee decided to
seek an informal meeting with the.
Regents in February before the
University's top administrative,
board acts on committee recom-
mendations in March.
Prof. Reed said the committee'
will draft one edition of the re-
port, but that there would be "op-
portunity for Student Government
Council and the University Sen-
ate's Faculty Committee on Stu-
dent Relations to discuss it and
make alternate recommendations
before presentation to the Re-
Prof. Reed and Vice-President
for Student Affairs James A. Lew-
is renewed their pledge to make
the final report public, but were
not certain when this would be
"The committee has decided not
to decide that question right now,"
Prof. Reed said. "We will handle
that when the i'eport is finished."
Literary College Directs,
Department Room Use
By NEIL COSSMAN
Matching up hours, teachers, and class rooms is a decentralized
procedure at the University, but the result is the single, 136-page
Time Schedule that is now available to students for the spring semes-
Although at some universities all the scheduling is done by one
office,\here each school and college is master of its own space and
A faculty room scheduling committee helps the literary college
allocate a percentage of its classrooms to each of its departments.
Prof. C. M. Davis of the geography department, chairman of the
committee, said that its functions were to allocate the available
rooms equitably, to judicate controversies or conflicts for rooms be-
tween departments, and to help departments fit into their schedules.
"Rooms are allocated because there are popular and unpopular
hours. Since there are not enough rooms for everyone to have classes
on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday between 9 and 11 a.m. each de-
partment is limited to a certain number of rooms at any one hour,"
Prof. Davis explained.
The committee only supervises general purpose classrooms. Sem-
inar rooms, laboratories, and rooms with special equipment such as
permanent maps or typewriters are the property of particular de-
A department's room allocation for the year is determined by the
First, a count is made of the class hours used by each depart-
ment during the first semester of the preceding year.
The use by each department is then figured as' a percentage of
the total use. (The total class hours for the 1962-63 allocation is 5,-
381 and the number of general purpose classrooms is 173.)
Nohl agreed, stressing, however,
the necessity of due process when-
ever a student is brought before
a campus judiciary body. He said
he would not want the deans' of-
fices to discontinue their practice
of counseling students who appear
before such bodies.
Prof. Reed said that, whereas
faculty members may be justified
in an authoritarian position in
the classroom because they are ex-
perts in their various fields, it is
possible that they are not equally
expert in the area of counseling.
"Nevertheless," he said, "we
operate under the assumption that
old heads are wiser than young
and that the University family
has constructive advice to offer
in the field of extra-curricular life
just as it has in the classroom."
Prof. Monypenny said the field
of student conduct should at some
point be considered by the faculty.
Students struggling to maintain
academic freedom on university
campuses will soon be receiving
aid from the American Associa-
tion of University Professors Com-
mittee on Faculty Responsibility
for Students' Academic Freedom,
Prof. Philip Monypenny of the
University of Illinois' political sci-
ence department, chairman of the
committee, says faculty are re-
sponsible for student academic
freedom because good teaching is
possible only where access to all
types of ideas is completely free
and opposing theories may be dis-
cussed openly and fully.
The committee, which was set
up by the current president of
AAUP this year, will meet for the
first time at the end of February.
The six members will draw up
a policy to submit to the national
AAUP at its April meeting. Prior
to the February meeting, Prof.
Monypenny will prepare a set of
memoranda which will serve as an
outline from which to formulate
"It is hard . to say specifically
what the AAUP should do toward
achieving the freest possible type
of discussion on campus," Prof.
"There is a general feeling
among committee members that
student organizations should be
able to sponsor any speaker and
conduct an orderly advocacy of
He cited five main areas where
undue restraint is likely to be
imposed on students:
1) Speakers sponsored by stu-
2) Control and censorship of
3) Student participation in off-
campus political activities, par-
ticularly anti-segregation demon-
4) Demonstrations and picket-
ing on campus (Prof. Monypenny
believes that such activities should
be permitted on campuses just as
they are off-campus, as long as
they are orderly and no one's
safety is endangered).
5) Segregation in campus hous-
ing and student organizations.
Due process for students accused
of violating campus regulaions
and freedom from double jeopardy
for students tried by civil authori-
ties are also important considera-
tions, he said.
Within at least p8 months the
committee should have established
a set of policies acceptable as
standards for academic institu-
tions in several areas pertaining to
'U' To Honor
The Rt. Rev. Richard S. Emerich
of Grosse Pointe, Episcopal bishop
of Michigan, and Democratic
National Committeeman Neil S.
Staebler of Ann Arbor will receive
Academic Refresher--On Ice.
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