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January 11, 1962 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-01-11

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE TH

Britain Prepares
To BuyBonds,
Asks Reappraisal
LONDON (A)-Britain is preparing without enthusiasm to follow
the United States lead and buy a block of the new bonds issued to
keep the United Nations out of the red.
Official sources said yesterday, however, the British government
wants the rescue action coupled with a reappraisal of all UN finances.
Acting UN Secretary-General U Thant is expected shortly to send
a circular letter to member nations calling for support of the UN's
$200 million bond issue.
To Save UN
The fund-raising device has been undertaken as the only way to'
save UN operations threatened because 82 of the 104 members are be-
behind in payment of dues and be-
cause the Soviet Union, France,
Belgium and Portugal have refus-
ed to pay for support of the oper-
ations in The Congo.
f Prime Minister Harold Macmil-
Ian and his cabinet were reported
gravely concerned not only at the
cause but also at the possible ef-
fects of the United Nations ex-
- t pedient.
"The bond issue, of course, will
give the world body a breathing
space while its fiscal problems are
being sorted out," one authority
' said. "The scheme is better than
a collapse of its operations.
Sees Danger

HAROLD MACMILLAN
... UN bonds
NEW LAW:
To Reform
Iran Lands
TEHRAN, Iran -)--The govern-
ment is aiming to break up Iran's
feudal system with a land reform
law that will affect 10,000 villages
and thousands of peasants.
Premier Ali Amini's cabinet ap-
proved the law last night in a ma-
jor move to curb Communist in-
fluence in Iran.
It will go into effect after sig-
nature by the shah.
The land reform, if effective,
will split up the huge estates of
landlords who own entire villages
and whose peasants are virtual.
serfs.
Agriculture Minister Hassan Ar-
sanjani'said landlords will be per-
mitted to retain ownership of only
one village each.
The law, he said, will initially
apply to those owning more than
five villages each and 10,000 vil-
lages will be affected.
To Increase
Conscription
MADISON, Wis. (M)-Secretary
of the Air Force Eugene M. Zuck-
ert indicated last night the Air
Force plans to increase its reg-
ular forces to cope with future
cold war flare-ups, rather than
count on reserve or air guard
units.

"But the precedent of this kind
of supra-national debt is danger-
ous. If it works as a stopgap
measure the defaulters will be
tempted to go on shirking their
responsibilities while the rescuing
countries might be pressed to go
on playing the role of money lend-
ers."
The United States already has
decided to take up half the UN
bond issue. Senior American en-
voys who meet British colleagues
in Washington today for a two-
day review of UN problems are ex-
pected to urge a substantial Lon-
don subscription to the bond is-
sue.
British assent presumably would
help President John F. Kennedy's
administration to override con-
gressional objections to U.S. pur-
chase of UN bonds.
Mercenaries
Raid Katanga
UNITED NATIONS (-) - Sture
Linner, chief of the United Na-
tions Congo operation, says a hard
core of foreign mercenaries is still
at large in Katanga, making hit-
run raids in the breakaway prov-
ince.
In a report to acting Secretary-
General U Thant released yester-
day, Linner said "there is recent
information indicating that the
recruitment for Katanga in for-
eign countries has not ceased."
Linner said a number of mer-
cenaries had evaded capture by
UN forces during last month's
military action in Katanga -and
were carrying out terrorist acts in
the province.
However in Elisabethville, capital
of Katanga, acting UN chief rep-
resentative George Dumontet said
thet United Nations was not pre-
paring any new military operations
against Katanga.

Green Says
Fight Aids
'Bill's Fate
WASHINGTON - Rep. Edith
Green (D-Ore.) said Friday that
the college community should
speak upif it wanted Federal aid
to higher education.
All too often, educators assume
that because a bill has merit, that
is all that is necessary for pas-
sage," she said in an interview.
They forget, or perhaps they do
not know, that a hundred differ-
ent lions are roaring for the lion's
share."
She said that there had been
"quiet support among members
of the academic community, but
it never reached the clamor stage.
Mrs. Green said that she had
"tremendously high regard" for
the educators who testified in be-
half of Federal aid to higher edu-
cation and who helped draft the
bill.
She complained, however, that
members of Congress received lit-
tle mail in support of the bill.
"The needs of higher education
are so great that educators should
make Congress aware of this,"'she
said.
Despite lack of vocal support
from the college community, Mrs.
Green said she was hopeful that
Congress would approve a Feder-
al aid-to-education bill this year.
Copyright, 1962, The New York Times
Algerian Rebel
Gov'ernment
Discloses Plan
CASABLANCA tom)-The Alger-
ian rebel government in exile an-
nounced yesterday it has taken
new but undisclosed measures to
intensify its seven-year-old war
for independence.
The measures particularly con-
cern the fight against European
right wingers of the secret army
organization, who are determined
to prevent independence and keep
Algeria a part of France.
The rebel announcement follow-
ing a four-day meeting of their
regime shoved that secret talks
with the French for a cease-fire
in Algeria have not yet succeeded.
But a communique said. the re-
gime is ready to sign an agree-
ment which would permit "a loyal
and sincere application of the Al-
gerian people's right to self-de-
termination and independence,
coupled with all the necessary
guarantees for the Algerian peo-
ple as well as for the legitimate
interests of France and for the
Europeans in Algeria."
The subject of such guarantees
for France and the European
minority has been one major
stumbling block in negotiations.
Observers here saw no sign that
the rebels have moved toward the
French position on this issue.
Members Leave
Elite Cosmos Club
WASHINGTON (P)-Some more
members quit the elite Cosmos
Club yesterday because it barred
a Negro official of the State De-
partment from membership.
And President John F. Kennedy
passed the word that he does not
want in.
J. Kenneth Galbraith, United

States ambassador to India who
had proposed Kennedy for mem-
bership, resigned from the club
Tuesday because it had turned
down Carl Rowan, a Negro who
is deputy assistant secretary of
state for public affairs.
With Galbraith's resignation,
the Kennedy application auto-
matically died.

By G. K. HODENFIELD
WASHINGTON-College doors
are closing, but not so fast nor so
tightly that a qualified high school
graduate can't still get in.
Six experts in the field of col-
lege admissions have that message
for parents in a booklet, "Your
Child and College," published by
the National Education Associa-
tion.
If family hopes are pinned on
one of the highly selective, highly
Laos Heads
To Confer'
VIENTIANE, Laos (R) -Premier
Boun Oum agreed yesterday to a
new meeting of Laos' princes in
Geneva only two weeks after he
balked at a carefully arranged
princely summit in his own capi-
tal.
There was no indication he was
any more willing now than then
to give in to neutralist Prince
Souvanna Phouma and Souvan-
na's pro-Communist half-brother,
Prince Souphanouvong, on issues
deadlocking formation of a unified
government.
But the pro-American premier
obviously surrendered a bit to
the pressure of his American and
Western friends who want him to
give neutrality a new trial with
the blessings of the 14-nation Ge-
neva conference on Laos.
Settle Problem
A government spokesman said
Boun Oum had decided to go to
Geneva "to settle all questions of
the Lao problem."
Only Tuesday Finance Minis-
ter Phouangpheth Pahanareth, in
a statement prepared in consulta-
tion with several other ministers,
declared "pressure now being ex-
ercised on the royal government
to make it deviate from its duty
and dignity is intolerable."
The finance minister said Laos
people would rather undergo "the
rigors of great austerity, than fail
in their mission."
Halt Aid
The United States has*, held up
Laos' monthly aid check of $3 to
$4 million since the meeting of the
three princes collapsed here Dec.
27.
With an income of only about $5
million a year Laos is unable to
support its 70,000-man, United
States-trained army-without the
monthly checks.

competitive private colleges, the
booklet said, there may indeed be
cause for concern. But, it added:
Still Space
"Somewhere in the nation there
is still space in an accredited col-
lege for every high school gradu-
ate."
The final selection of a college
rightfully belongs to the student,
the booklet said, but parents and
high school counsellors should
point out what needs to be con-
sidered: size, location, cost, fa-
cilities, admission requirements,
and the kind of intellectual de-
mands placed on a student.
Parents must face up honestly
to the question of whether their
youngster has the desire and the
ability to do college work.
No Point
For some youngsters, the expert
said, this choice might be a two-
year junior college, with the pos-
sibility of going on to a four-year
college later. And if the youngster
doesn't ,want to go to college at
all, there is not much point in
pushing him into it.
Some of the points the booklet
makes are:
The most important factor of
all in choosing a college is wheth-
er that college is right for your
youngster in terms of motivations,
goals, abilities, interests, needs
and personality.
Wisdom Valuable
Remember that a college edu-
cation should prepare a student
for living as well as earning a liv-
ing, and that wisdom is an even
more valuable commodity than
knowledge.
Whether a college is smothered
in ivy is of no great importance.
Help your youngster realize that
his success does not depend upon
admission to any one particular
college.
You may have graduated from
the best; college in the world, but
that does not necessarily make it
the right college for your son or
daughter.
Undue Influence
Don't be unduly influenced by
the recommendations made by
relatives, friends or business ac-.
quaintances.
Don't let the mating instinct
control your child's choice of a
college. Graduates of women's col-
leges are just about as likely to
marry as graduates of coeduca-
tional institutions.
Even if there is only enough
money for one or maybe two years
of college the willing and able
student should go ahead with his
college plans.

By JOHN CHADWICK
Associate Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON-Regardless of
the legislative record Congress
makes in the session starting
yesterday, Senate and House
committees will churn with in-
vestigations.
Subjects to come under Con-
gressional scrutiny range from
crime and violence on television
to trade with the Soviet bloc and
packaging of foods.
Drawing the most attention in
advance is an inquiry into charges
that the Pentagon has muzzled
speak out against communism.
military officers who want to
speak out against Communism.
Special Unit
This investigation, scheduled to
begin Jan. 23, will be conducted
by a special unit of the Senate
Armed Services C o m m i t t e e
headed by Sen. John Stennis (D-
Miss.). It promises to be extensive
and extended..
Stennis has announced that
Edwin A. Walker, resigned Army
major-general and a key figure
in the controversy, will be among
the witnesses.
Another investigation with a
cold war tinge will be the continu-
ing inquiry of the senate internal
security subcommittee into wheth-
er trade with the Soviet bloc is
helping to build Russia's war-
making potential.
Staff Cutback
The internal security unit is
taking a look also at a staff cut-
back in the State Department's
security bureau and may examine
pro-Castro propaganda and as-
pects of the controversy over
United States policy in the Congo.
Sen. Thomas J. Dodd (D-Conn.)
has urged creation of a special
committee to investigate American
policy toward the Congo.
The Senate juvenile delinquency
subcommittee, under Dodd's chair-
manship, is planning another
round of hearings to wind up its
inquiry into crime and violence
in TV shows.
Narcotics Traffic
The subcommittee intends also
to inquire into the effect of the
U.S. Expects
Condemnation
WASHINGTON (P) - United
States officials said yesterday they
expect a strong condemnation of
the Fidel Castro regime in Cuba
at a foreign ministers' conference
this month, but no sensational
immediate results.
It would be a mistake, they said,
to expect that decisions taken at
the conference in Punta Del Este,
Uruguay, starting Jan. 22, could
produce dramatic overnight de-
velopments, such as the downfall
of the Cuban Marxist.
Government experts stressed that
they do not expect failure at the
conference. They said the fact it
is being held represents great pro-
gress in what they call a rising
tide of anti-Castro feeling in Latin
America.
Airmen Attempt
New Flight Record
OMAHA (A)-Eight airmen in a
Strategic Air Command bomber
thundered eastward yesterday on
a course ainied at taking them
halfway around the world to a
new record for non-stop, unre-
fueled flight.

narcotics traffic on juveniles and
to conduct hearings on whether
present laws make it too easy for
minors, delinquents and others to
obtain weapons.
The narcotics traffic and pros-
titution may be probed also by
the Senate investigations subcom-
mittee of Sen. John L. McClellan
(D-Ark.). In an investigation of
underworld rackets last year it
focused on gambling.
McClellan's committee may take
another look at construction work
at the nation's missile bases, this
time investigating the job being
done by contractors. Its original
probe dealt with charges of labor
slowdowns.
Space Probe
A broad review of the nation's
space program also is being
planned by the . Senate Space
Committee, headed by Sen. hobert
S. Kerr (D-Okla.).
Sen. Philip A. Hart (D-Mich.)
hopes to wind up early inthe
session an inquiry he has been
conducting into ncomplaints of
deceptive packaging and labeling'

College Admissions Report
Views Entrance Prospects

NEW SESSION:
Congress To Hold Inqueries

I

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press ' 1quarters, voted to redeem $22 mil-
UNITED NATIONS-The Unit-- lion in Philco Corp. bonds and
ed Nations Trusteeship Council added two company officials to

yesterday elected Jonathan Bing-
ham of the United States as its
president for 1962 over opposition
from the Soviet Union.
NEW YORK - The American
Broadcasting Co. said last night
that Welfare Secretary Abraham
Ribicoff has informed President
John F. Kennedy that he will leave
the cabinet to run for the United
States Senate in his native Con-
necticut.
* * *
DETROIT-Directors of Ford
Motor Co. yesterday recommend-
ed a 2-for-1 split of the auto
company's stock, declared a 90
cent a share first quarter payment
instead of 75 cents as in recent

the board.
d. '. *
BAGHDAD, Iraq - Iraq has
signed a two-year plan for cultural
cooperation with red-ruled Czech-
oslovakia. It provides for exchange
scholarships, educational visits
and exchanges of art exhibitions.
* * *
NEW YORK -- A weak advance
carried no conviction and the stock
market declined again yesterday
in routine trading. Standard and
Poor's 500 Index closed down .19,
with 425 industrials off .20, 25
rails up .04, and 50 utilities down
.18. Among the more active stocks,
Ford lost 4 points, Brunswick
Balke dropped 2/4 points, West-
inghouse dropped % of a point.

t

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