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Editorials printed in The Michigan Dailjiex press the individual opinions of staff writers
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Southern College Slump
Y?, DECEMBER 15, 1961
NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAML HARRAH
Moore Controversy Tests
MSU Academic Freedom
WITHIN THE NEXT few weeks, an organ
of Michigan State University faculty will
probably censure and perhaps dismiss Prof.
John Moore for maligning the educational in-
tegrity of the faculty and the university.
Unless Moore has done something directly
illegal or libelous, the faculty have no right
to censure him for what he says as a citizen,
as a professor, or as a member of the MSU
'aculty. For he is protected by two rights, the
freedom of speech and the academic freedom
of a professor.
In an attempt to raise sympathy and money
for his conservative club on the campus, Prof.
Moore told the Van Buren Farm Bureau that'
socialism is the predominant theory being
taught (equating liberal ideas with socialism),
that the student newspaper is consistently a
inedium for liberal or socialist propaganda,
that professors often make fun of Christianity,
and that professors with conservative views are
His major point was that students are not
presented with conservative viewpoints as a
part of a regular university program. He saw
this as dangerous, :and said so. For this his
actions are being "reviewed" by the faculty
on MSU's academic Senate.
FOR PUBLICLY EXPRESSING these views
he has become "controversial" and "dis-
loyal to the university" and is likely to be dis-
missed or severely censured. He certainly will
never get another promotion at the institution
he has been connected with for 26 years.
Yet, he has done nothing but express his
own opinion. Though it may be distorted,
Moore should not be, as he says, "smeared as
thinking .there is Communist behind every
bush" or be falsely accused of harming MSU
because he disagrees with the administration.
Prof. John Moore is concerned about the
state of the country and of national education.
He stands up for his beliefs. He was one out
of 400 faculty that voted to keep the com-
munist disclaimer affidavit in the NDEA loan
act. This took courage and he showed it. But
how long can a man stand against an entire.
faculty? He is charged with "challenging thej
education integrity of the faculty and the
You bet he is. He is challenging them both
to respect or disprove his opinions and accord
him the same rights for which liberals work.
The faculty of MSU should meet that chal-
lenge with unbiased examination of the facts,
tolerance and justice, or their educational in-
tegrity ,will be non-existent.
By BARBARA LAZARUS
Daily Staff Writer
AWEEK AGO the Commission
on Goals for Higher Education
in the South finally kicked the
Southern "sleeping dog" educa-
tion system into life.
Each year many qualified South-
ern students leave their home
states, seeking a top-notch edu-
cation at some Northern univer-
sity. Once in the productive North-
ern area they never return to the
South, losing valuable, well-
training people from Southern in-
dustries. Many other young people
remain overlooked while college
selection goes on, because they
lack the funds to pay for their
WHERE IS THE SOUTH'S sys-
tem of higher education failing?
One chief cause for the loss of
superior students is the lack of
good professors due to low salaries.
Many good teachers are forced to
look elsewhere for work which
"Average salaries in the region
lag behind every type of institution
and for every academic rank,", the
Commission said in their report
"Within Our Reach."
State, federal and alumni en-
dowment aid must be increased.
The poorer Southern states can't
provide enough money for ex-
pansion from general funds. It is
estimated that the total revamping
program will need some $2.9 bil-
lion a year by 1970 as compared
to the $1.1 billion now being spent.
THE BIGGEST FACTOR hold-
ing the South back from accepting
federal aid is the fear that it will
lead to total racial integration.
The Southern states are still
afraid that if they -accept aid,
they will come under federal dom-
The Commission urged that the
federal government give help, but
with, complete assurance that no
interference will occur. This grou"
was made up of Southerners who
still fear forced integration. The
South must be urged to accept aid
whether such guarantees can be
made or not.
The ultimate goal of the South
should be an educated population,
and they must get the funds now.
MORE SCHOLARSHIPS must
be given to students, especially
from the rural areas, who can't
afford to attend any college.
The Commission also suggests
a program of less expensive two
year colleges to insure all deserv-
STUDENTS EDUCATE each
other; if they do not, some-
thing is terribly wrong with the
students and with the organiza-
tion of the college or university.
Sometimes I Suspect that if you
could somehow retain the stu-
dent body of an Oxford or Cam-
bridge, the libraries and all other
institutions except the faculty,
students would not be in a dep-
perate position but would get on
with their education themselves.
Now this all-important process
of students providing their own
education works best in a small
college . . . It can take place in
large universities, and at some
like Harvard and Yale and Michi-
gan it does - but it is difficult.
-Henry Steele Commager,
The Saturday Review
ing students of a specialized pro-
gram. These junior colleges, lo-
cated in non-residential areas,
would help fill a major gap in
Southern industries. Courses would
range from regular college pro-
grams to vocation and technical
Universities would also have to
operate on a full year basis in
order to raise the number of stu-
dents from the 883,000 presently
enrolled to the desired 1.7 billion.
If this program can be worked
out, it probably will help the
South's sagging education system.
UNFORTUNATELY, the im-
mediate program of improvement
will be concerned with the pres-
ently existing universities. It prob-
ably will be many years before a
new group of junior colleges can
be built. In the meantime the
gap will remain in Southern in-
dustry and Southern culture.
The South does have some fine
schools such as Rice Institute of
Texas or Sophie Newcomb, in
Louisiana, but for every one or two
of these, there are several Univer-
sity of Miami's and rah-rah foot-
ball schools. The number and size
of institutions stressing good aca-
demic pursuits must be enlarged.
The wild football schools with
their over-active social life must
be eliminated from the Southern
scene. The stress must be shifted
from the football games, wild fra-
ternity parties and pretty Southern
belles to the worthwhile academic
programs. Many fraternities have
their wildest and most active
chapters located in the deep
TheUniversity of Miami is grad-
ually making an attempt to pull
away from its poor reputation. By
tightening up on entrance qual-
ifications, flunking out many of
the lazier freshjmen, and switch-
ing to the University-College pro-
gram of required subjects for the
first two years, it has greatly im-
proved the atmosphere. Miami
should be used as an example for
many of the other "play" schools
THE HIGH SCHOOLS in many
Southern states fail to provide
even a basic college preparatory
program. Presently there are only
a few outstanding schools, and
these are usually located in the
larger metropolitan areas. This
weak high school background of
many students forces the college
to re-educate its freshmen stu-
The only solution to this prob-
lem is for the South to plan an
entirely new program in its sec-
ondary schools. The stress must
be shifted to languages, higher
mathematics, and other basic
courses of college preparation. In
Florida home economics is still
considered a major subject for all
high school graduates.
The backwoods schools must be
brought up to the level of the
city schools. Teachers should be
paid higher salaries for working
in more isolated sections. Salaries
in 1956 for rural teachers in the
midwest were about $3193, while
they averaged a mere $2899 in the
Large consolidated schools must
replace the one room wooden
school houses which still service
many out of the way areas. A well
planned program in public schools
must be mapped out before the
overall picture of the Southern
college can be altered.
* * *
THE SOUTH must take the ini-
tiative and set about carrying out
as many of the Commission pro-
posals as possible. The South must
be made to keep step with its fast
growing industries and its schools
must be able to provide the vast
backlog of trained personnel
necessary for competition in the
highly technical twentieth cen-
r . ti1 * F N *
y Whose Child is1Th .
ByRICHARD OSTLING, Associate Editorial Director
SIDELINE ON SGC:
Council Needs Thought
On OSA Re-Structuring
MANY college students are pretty sick of
Christmas. It is merely a season for spend-
ing a lot of money and seeing friends who go
to other colleges or for reading the rattling
pessimism of The Daily "Christmas" supple-
ment and preparing for final exams a few
Maybe it's appropriate that Christmas has
reverted to the Saturnalia for so many, since
it is probable that Christ Himself was born
in the early spring of our present calendar.
Perhaps we should take Christ out of Christ-
mas, and let it be completely a holiday, instead
of a holy day.
Or maybe interest in Christ will die alto-.
gether. In a special Christmas lecture last
year, one of my sociology teachers, who believes
that men and society create gods and religions,
hypothesized that in a couple generations
Christianity may die out and students will be
given their two weeks off soley for the purpose
of tobaggoning and gift exchanging.
Even so, at least the facade of the present
holiday is religious. It is such an appealing
legend that many persons never ask them-
selves whether it is more than that. Others
ars distracted by pagan folk customs and
BUT IF there is any truth at all in that
dusty old Bible in your bookcase, this
festival commemorates the most startling event
of written history.
Some of this historywas written before the
story actually happened.
The first writings were faint rumors. Per-;
haps the earliest was when the writer of Job
"Oh that my words were now written! Oh
that they were printed in a book! That they
were graven with an iron pen and lead in the
rock forever. For I know that my redeemer
liveth, and that h eshall stand at the latter
day upon the earth, and though after my
skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh
shall I see God."
Mystic words from the 16th Century before
Christ. . t
Through centuries of prophetic writings,
produced always in the same tribe of people,
the idea became clearer.
BUT IS WAS the 11th Century before the
idea of a God-sent king came to this tribe,
when the prophet Nathan told King David of
God's' words for him:
"And when they days be fulfilled, and thou
shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up
thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out,
of thy bowels, and I will establish his king-
dom. He shall build an house for my name, and
I will establish the throne of his kingdom
for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be
The full Biblical geneology includes a fusing
of sonship to God (cited 18 times) with a
human line specifically including, along with
David, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Jesse, and the
tribe of Judah.
The concept of a coming king grew in
metaphorical language, carefully copied and
preserved by generation after generation. The
book of Isaiah called him "Wonderful, Coun-
sellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father,
for example, weave into the oldest history of
man we have.
In the 8th Century B.C. came a new group of
exciting predictions including the birth of this
Immanuel (God with us) to a young woman
or virgin, and thr long-promised ruler coming
from the obscure town of Bethlehem.
Along with these revelations came details
on the life-and death-of the coming Christ.
Among long-predicted specifics' of his death
were: betrayal by a friend, whipping and tor-
ture, piercing of hands and feet, mockery,
crying out in thirst, hanging in torture, and the
soldiers' gambling for his clothes. The whole
concept of a human Lamb of sacrifice also had
a long history.
WHEN THE MAN did come who tied together
so many predictions, it seemed impossible.
Many men could not believe 20 centuries ago,
and many cannot believe today.
Disbelief was easier when it could be claimed
that all those prophecies were forgeries, writ-
ten after the events of Christ's lifetime had
already occurred. But scientific radiocarbon
dating makes possible the study of atomic
decay in many Biblical parchments and placed
their age long before the time of Christ.
One of my anthropology teachers described
the life of Christ as another of those mes-
sianic myths which infested the primevil Near.
East, but this view very conveniently ignores
this long prophetic line.
The odds of these predictions being coin-
cidental to the reported life of Christ areas-
tronomical. It is more reasonable to assume
the events were actually foretald to men by
This anthropologist also ignored the unusual
continuance of the story since Biblical days.
The reason to believe in this Person is not the
vague and sometimes hollow "Christmas spirit"
so much as the living belief in Him today and
through the ages. The fact that a majority of
Americans give lip service to Christ is no reason
to believe in Him-it could easily be a mistake.
But the belief over these 20 centuries of some
of the most profound men of history and the
difference it made to men then, and now, in-
dicate this is infinitely more than just another
MOST PEOPLE ADMIT this Jesus actually
lived at the time and places written of in
the gospels, and there is considerable confusion
on the ultimate meaning of his words and
His teaching on love and peace has world-
wide appeal. The audience slims as He talks
of obedience and worship of God.-
Finally, there are those embarrassing state-
ments intermingled with the beloved ethical
"All authority hath been given unto me in
heaven and on earth."
"I and my Father are one.",
"I am the way, the truth and the life. No
man cometh unto the Father but by me.",
WHAT CAN BE SAID about this Christ, who
linked himself directly to the prophetic
main line, and said belief on His name was
the only way to reach God?
Ether he was telling the truth, or he was
insane, a man with fanatical arrogance and
111x f, . t. cr.. e_ s.__%" nr n ,a .r-m
By CYNTHIA NEU
Daily Staff Writer
AFTER AVOIDING the issue for
three meetings, Student Gov-
ernment Council finally decided
to face its responsibility to con-
sider recommendations on .the Of-
fice of Student Affairs at its next
Generally, there is opposition to
considering the Glick-Roberts mo-
tion. Complaints center around the
arguments that the eight-page
motion with the six pages of re-
visions and four pages of relevant
Regents' bylaws is cumbersome
If this is the case, the makers
of the motion should re-submit
it in one coherent form and other
members who object to wordings
should submit amendments for
those portions they feel are in-
' THE ENTIRE BODY has com-
mitted itself to aiding, the study
committee by a motion passed
earlier this term. Members have
had three months to submit their
own motions and three weeks to
make changes in the motion that
has been submitted. Neither has
The Council will be debating
much more than Judic structure
or the dean of women and men's
It will be considering the basis
question of whether or not the
student should have the responsi-
bility of making and enforcing the
rules governing him during his
life at the University.
The Council will be discussing
the relationship of the student to
the administration as it presently
stands. It will be questioning
whether or not the students should
be responsible directly to the Re-
And, more importantly, the
Council will be questioning the
relation of a publicly elected Board
of Regents to a university.
THE COUNCIL should have ex-
tensive background as a basis for
considering these deep questions,
and it is the responsibility of the
individual members to secure this.
So far, members have not been
overly anxious to concern them-
selves with these problems. If the
Council continues to avoid an in-
tensive discussion of its own role
and the place of the students
which it represents, it certainly
will not deserve the powers which
the motion requests.
Joan Sutherland (S), Grace Bumbry (A), Kenneth McKellar (T), David War
(B), London Symphony Orchestra and chorus, Sir Adrian Boult, cond.-3
London A 4357 (mono) $14.98, OSA 1329 (stereo) $17.98.
OF ALL THE ALBUMS released at Christmas this year, this
"Messiah" is probably the most significant addition to the
catalogue in terms of work and performance. The work is presented
in its entirety, with -a restoration of the cuts common in traditional
concert performances, and in Handel's original instrumentation.
The most remarkable thing about Boult's conducting is the
manner in which he succeeds in making this vast work hold together.
The sense of unity is achieved through a refusal on Boult's part to
dramatize highlights at the expense of the whole. Thisis not to
say that the performance is lacking in emotion-a listen to "He
trusted in God that He would deliver Him," "Lift up your heads,"
or the "Hallelujah" choruses should settle any doubts on this point.
JOAN SUTHERLAND is the brightest star in a consistently
excellent quartet of soloists. She ornaments her solos in the baroque
manner and handles the most difficult vocal lines with a beauty
of tone and sureness of technique in a combination unmatched by
any living soprano.
The London engineers provide, as expected, excellent sound in
the monaural version. The stereo version is a distinct disappointment,
however; for while its definition of sound sources is excellent, it
is so badly overcut as to make the big choral climaxes unbearably
It all adds up (for any but the stereo bug) to the finest recording
of Messiah currently available on LP.
LARGE CROWD of people expectantly entered Hill Auditrium last
night to hear a program of Christmas music from the University
choirs. A spontaneous bit of community singing of carols at the end of
the program was evidence that "Christmas was in the' air." This was
nicely satisfied by the first three pieces. Prof. Maynard Klein conducted
the University Choir in Giovanni Gabrieli's "Benedictus," Rachmanin-
off's "Glory to God," and Gordon Jacob's simple and lovely setting of the
23rd Psalm to "Brother James' Air." This large group exhibited a beauty
of sound which was balanced, controlled, in tune and adequately precise.
This was followed by a disappointment. Why was the performance
of Haydn's "Missa Solemnis in B-flat" a disappointment? From their
first entrance and through much of the entire work, the Arts Chorale
sang Haydn's "Missa Solemnis" in B-flat-and-a-half, as though their
voices had become too tired to reach the pitch level of the piano
accompaniment. The program did demand a lot of singing from the
* x * *
CHARLES SCHAEFER then conducted the Madrigal Group in three
somewhat familiar carols of English and French origin: "My Dancing
Day," "Coventry Carol," and "Bring a Torch,Jennette, Isabella" It just
seems like this small, more select groupcould have produced better
results. It can be quite deceiving to sing in a large auditorium after
singing in smaller acoustically dead rooms. Thus, there was often a lack
of blend within and balance between the voice parts, along with ensemble
togetherness which was probably below normal.
With the return to the full group, there was a return to clarity,
balance and beauty of sound as the University Choir under Prof. Klein
sang Michael Praetorius' "Lo, How a Rose e'er Blooming" and Gevaet's
"Chanson joyeuse de Noel."
The final work on the program was Alan Hovhaness'."Magnificat."
This is a contemporary piece in a conservative idiom somewhat akinto
that of Earnest Bloch. It is a model work pervaded by block chordal
shifts from one tonality to another. Just how much of this can occur
and still be fresh is an individual matter. The choir was quite effective
as were the soloists. The former added cleanly executed runs to their
list of accomplishments.
We are indebted to Prof. Klein for his usual fine progranming Qf
works from different periods, effective conducting and directing of the
University choirs program.
THE ANN ARBOR Civic Theatre production of Tennessee Williams'
"Period of Adjustment" could use a good marriage counselor, three
psychiatrists and a little electro-shock therapy. And even then, prognosis
would be uncertain.
Williams has written a bad play, characterized by annoying repeti-
tion of catch phrases (like the title of the show), conspicuously obvious
symbolism and watered-down quasi-psychology-all of which make it
a terribly difficult show to perform, to begin 'with. Some of the players
didn't help much.
As The Boy who married Rich Man's homely but -nice Daughter
and gets sick of It after five years, Stuart Abbey gives'us a juvenile, slow
and laborious Ralph Bates-no one can blame Mrs. Bates (Mary Pratt)
for leaving him. His Old War Buddy is given a pretty fiat treatment by
Darrell Henry. Perhaps George's malady would have been more believ-
able if 'Shaking Boy had shaken. The highlight of the first act is Ellen
O'Brien's delightfully sensitive comic handling of distress-she saves .a
slow, fumbling script from destruction by her even slower stage-mate.
IN ACT TI, Miss O'Brien is the only cockle-warming agent in an
evening of snow (and even that's artificial, of course.) Her weepy long-
distance telephone call is a superb piece of comedy. Miss Pratt comes on
a little shrill and softens to a nice, naive, unhappy woman. Alice Arshak's
Mamma McGillicuddy is effectively bull-headed and booming-when she
is not rattledby the male actors' line troubles. As for the rest of the
cast, .apparently board members should stick to board-memberng.
Sandra Ingram's set was interesting, clever and amusingly "clut-
tered," although one would hope the irritating fireplace flicker will be
corrected. Director Heusel's direction was fine-the flaws lay elsewhere.
The third act was one of those embarrassing theatrical nightmares
in which someone forgets a line and no one can get the show back on
the road, which had been pretty bumpy going anyway. Perhaps the
remaining two performances will have sweeter dreams than opening
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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--A Christmas Carol
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