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December 02, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-12-02

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Soviets Halt Americans

South Faces Test
In Education Crisis

Open Fire on Demonstrato

On Autobahn; Russians
Protest Shift of Troops

I

T chnleality
Bri gs Delayi
Demonstrates Control
Of Highway by Reds"
BERLIN ()-Soviet troops de-
layed 'an American combat outfit
on Berlin's lifeline highway yes-
terday and Moscow sounded warn-
ings against a forthcoming shift
of 3,000 United States troops over
that road.
The developments shifted at-
tention in the simmering Berlin
crisis to the four-lane express
highway, or Autobahn, linking
West Berlin with West Germany
across 110 miles of Red-ruled East
Germany.
Delay Convoy
Russian guards delayed .for 74
minutes yesterday morning a con-
voy of nine jeeps, trucks and trail-
ers carrying about 50 United States
troops out of Berlin for training
in West Germany. They were held
up in a driving rain until the
United States Army corrected an
error in papers shown to the So-
viet checkpoint guards.
Although apparently, caused by
a technicality, the delay served
to demonstrate the control the
Communists have over Autobahn
traffic. Earlier this week, Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy said inter-
national controls for the highway
should be a major issue in any
East-West talks.
Shift Announced
Yesterday's incident occurred
just as a newly announced major
shift of United States troops over
the Autobahn drew a sharp Rus-
rsian ,blast.
Tsasthe official Soviet news
agency, Thursday night denounced,
the current shuttle of United
States troops over the Autobahn
as military provocation "fraught
with dangerous consequences."
Without commenting on the
charge, the army at 7 a.m. yes-
terday announced plans to move,
entire battle groups across* the
Autobahn, starting in the near fu-
ture. The announcement brought
a new Tass attack. It said the most
recent movement was "not dictat-
ed by any kind of military con-
siderations or requirements, but is
just a dangerous act of military
display."
About 1,500 men are in a battle
group. The outfit scheduled to
leave Berlin is the 1st Battle
Group, 18th Infantry, which was
rushed here by Autobahn after the
Communists built their wall be-
tween West and East Berlin in
August.
The groups will move in several
small units as is customary, and
the Russians will be informed of
all movements, the army said. A
battle group has seven companies.
Atlas, Polaris
Score Success
CAPE CANAVERAL (P) - An
Atlas missile, unleashing "cloud-
burst" flares as it dived on tar-
get, and a Polaris A-2 rocket reg-
istered successful test flights yes-
terday.
The Atlas covered a 5,000-mile
course several hours after the Po-
laris zipped more than 1,000 miles
in a test of its warhead and oth-
er components.
PHOTOS

by
BUD-MOR
1.103 S. Univ. NO 2-63621
- 1

By CAROLINE DOW
The "improve higher education
or else" ultimatum that the
Southern states received Thurs-
day from their Commission on
Goals stated an imperative fact
that the South must face.
That Southern schools were
falling behind the nation in qual-
ity was clearly identified by a re-
cent survey of National Science
fellowships awarded in the South.
Of the Southern studentshwho re-
ceived fellowships for this year,
62 per cent will attend outside
universities as compared to 48 per
cent last year. In comparison, only
one per cent of students from oth-
er regions selected Southern in-
stitutions.
Necessary Step
That the step was necessary
from the national point of view
was evidenced by National Coun-
cil on Education President Logan
'To Examine
Space Chim
CAPE CANAVERAL (P)-Space
traveler Enos, a nonchalant chimp,
returned here yesterday for thor-
ough check-ups to learn if there
are any danger signals against
man in orbit.
An official pronounced Enos in
fine shape after his twice-around-
the-world flight which began
Wednesday on the nose of an At-
las missile launched from Cape
Canaveral.
Asked if there was anything in
the flight which indicated man
could not have performed as well
as Enos did, Lt. Col. James P.
Henry, an Air Force veterinarian,
replied: "Not in so far as orbital
flight of this duration is concern-
ed."
But Henry said extensive exam-
;nation is needed to uncover pos-
sible unpleasant after-effects. And
after a brief meeting with the
press, Enos-appearing bored by'
the whole thing-was whisked off
to an animal compound on the
Cape to begin a battery of men-
tal, physical and lever-pressing
tests.

Wilson's remark that the nation
must begin to coordinate educa-
tional facilities voluntarily or na-
tional defense will dictate some
time of forceful coordination. The
Commission reported only eight
out of the 16 Southern states had
made provisions for statewide co-
ordination of education.
Remedies recommended includ-
ed coordination of the state edu-
cation programs and increasing
federal aid, both ideas which have
come into greater favor as the
needs of education expand. The
report said that educational fa-
cilities should be coordinated to
make "a regional resource"' of
them.
Calls for Federal Aid
Although local and state sup-
port was necessary, the Commis-
sion called for federal aid to help
meet the chronic needs of the
South. The report stipulated, how-
ever, that federal aid should not
interfere with local and state
autonomy.
Federal aid would be necessary
as the South by 1970 should be
educating almost double the stu-
dents they are now accommodat-
ing. As the relative income in the
South is less, the burden will be
great on the region to handle
these 1.7 million Southern stu-
dents in 1970.
Junior colleger, graduate schools
and higher quality secondary
schools should also be encourag-
ed the report said. A year-round
six-day academic schedule was al-
so recommended.
Reducing Extra-Curriculars
The only recommendation that
has not already received exten-
sive attention in another region
was a reference to reducing ex-
tra-curricular activities in insti-
tutions. Although no specifics
were outlined in this area the re-
port stated that: "No thoughtful
observer of . . . can fail to be dis-
turbed by the relationship which
scholarship and learning add to
those athletic and social activities
which claim much of the attention
Df students ..
"The fact is that too often the
essential purpose of institutions is
obscured and impaired by undue
weight given activities only re-
motely related to a vigorous and
obsorbing intellectual life."

TO THE WEST-American troops enter West Berlin after Soviet
troops halted their trip across the Autobahn from West Germany
to the besieged city for 74 minutes. The Autobahn is one of the
access routes guaranteed to the Western powers in order 'to
maintain communications with West Berlin.
FAILURE TO REGISTER:
F ederal G rand Jurylic s U . .R d P r .
WASHINGTON (M)-A federal grand jury indicted the Commu-
nist Party of the United States yesterday for refusal to register as an
agent of 'the Soviet Union.
The 12-count indictment returned under the Internal Security
Law of 1950 makes the party, on conviction, subject to a fine of $10,-
000 for each day it continues to refuse to register, identify its officers
and provide information on its financial operations.
Hours After Deadline
Yesterday's action came only a few hours after the midnight
deadline for registration of the party's officers but 11 days after the
Nov. 20 deadline for registration

Soviet Press,
Hits Kennedy
MOSCOW ( )-President John
F. Kennedy suffers "political de-
lusions" if he believes the Soviet
Union is trying to communize the
world, the Soviet newspaper Lit-
erature and Life said yesterday.
It asserted Communism will tri-
umph without direct intervention
of the Soviet Union because, it
said, Communism is strong, just
and irresistible.
Comments on Interview
Life and Literature was com-
menting on Kennedy's interview
with the editor of the Soviet gov-
ernment newspaper Izvestia in
which Kennedy said the biggest
danger to peace is what he called
the Soviet Union's efforts to
communize the world.
The interview with Alexei Ad-
zubei, Izvestia editor and son-in-
law of Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev, was printed virtually intact
in that newspaper. Literature and
Life, although expressiig criti-'
cisms, said nevertheless the inter-
view "was a useful dialogue--It
was a necessary one. This dia-
logue will undoubtedly be contin-
ued."
Notes 'Delusions'
"However," said Literature and
Life, "one must note the political
delusions of Mr. President who
decided to come up with a num-
ber of quite unfounded and sim-
ply incorrect propositions to So-
viet readers who can very well tell
the difference between white and
black, who can compare facts and
draw correct conclusions from
them.
"What, for instance, is the value
of Mr. President's assertion that
the Soviet Union is striving to
'communize the world?'
Victorious March
"Yes, the bright idea of Com-
munism is marching victoriously
over the entire world.
"But that is a result of justice,
of strength and the irresistible at-
tractions of ideas of Communism
for peoples who are tinder the
yoke of colonialism and not to the
'efforts' of the USSR to 'commu-
nize the world'."

of the party.
This indictment, returned by a
regular federal grand jury at the
request of the Department of Jus-
tice, is directed only at the party.
But it is. assumed the officers
will be indicted later. If indicted
and convicted, they become sub-
ject to the same $10,000-a-day
fines plus five years' imprison-
ment for each day of violation.
A third and final deadline falls
on midnight, Dec. 20, when indi-
vidual members of the party are
required to register. If they red
fuse to register and are indicted
and convicted each would be sub-
ject to the same penalty as the
officers.
No Comment
Communist Party headquarters
in New York had no immediate
comment on the indictment. There
were some indications that the
action is driving the party's ac-
tivities underground although it
has not been technically outlawed.
Yesterday's legal move is like-
ly to be the first in another long
round of litigation. The 1950 act
was fought through the courts and
was upheld only last June by a 5-4
decision of the Supreme Court.'
Milita ryCites
Small Volume
Of Complaints
WASHINGTON (R) - Pentagon
sources reported yesterday that
complaints, have come from less
than one per cent of the 119,000
Army reservists and National
Guardsmen called into federal
service.
The estimate is based on letters
and other communications receiv-
ed at all Army levels-the field
commands, the Continental Ar-
'my Command at Ft. Monroe, Va.,
and headquarters here, these
sources said.
President John F. Kennedy took
cognizance of reports of discon-
tent by some reservists at his news
conference on Wednesday. He
said some unhappiness by men
whose lives had been disrupted
was to be expected.

world News Roundup

By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS-The Unit-
ed Nations General Assembly yes-
terday elected Communist Ro-
mania to the 11-nation Security
Council for one year, ratifying a
behind-scenes gentlemen's agree-
ment that broke a deadlock. Un-
der the agreement, Romania will
succeed Turkey, then resign and
allow the Philippines to take over
the seat for one year beginning
Jan. 1, 1963.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Labor
Department painted a somewhat
brighter employment picture for
the month ahead yesterday in an-
nouncing that eight more indus-
trial centers were taken off the
list of areas with "substantial"
unemployment.
BRAZZAVILLE (P) - President
Moise Tshombe of Katanga ar-
rived yesterday by plane for con-
ferences with President Abbe Ful-
bert Youlou of this former French
colony. Dispatches from Elisabeth-
ville, capital of Katanga, just be-
fore Tshombe left, said he was en
route to Brazil to attend a moral
rearmament conference.
- * -
ST. LOUIS-Former President
Harry S. Truman said Thursday
night an Associated Press official
threatened to suppress a speech
he made criticizing Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower. The Associated
Press said no such suppression oc-
curred. Truman spoke before 800
persons at a dinner given in his
honor by the St. Louis County
Democratic Committee.
WASHINGTON -- Soviet Am-
bassador Mikhail Menshikov stir-
red, a brief flurry of speculation
yesterday when he called on Sec-
retary of State Dean Rusk but ap-

parently he made only a routine
gesture on a dead issue.
* * *
POINT ARGUELLO, Calif. - A
smallrocket with a multiple mis-
sion is scheduled to be fired from
this naval missile facility Tues-
day. The 32-foot solid-fuel Astro-
bee will boost a 90-pound pay load
1,400 miles high over the Pacific,
setting off flares at 920 miles and
1,400 miles up and again at 900
miles on the way down.
* * *
NEW YORK-With steels lead-
ing the way, the stock market
moved decisively higher yesterday
for its best advance in two weeks.
Standard and Poor's 500 Stock In-
dex was up .46 as steels rose .54,
rails advanced .24, and utilities
increased .10.

r

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DECEMBER 6-9

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