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Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII, No. 60 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1961 SEVEN CENTS
Space Chimp Launched
SGC Postpones Actiort
Partial Success of Flight Jars Hope
For Manned Attempt Yet This Year
CAPE CANAVERAL ()-The United States safely rocketed an
ape named Enos twice around the world yesterday, but couldn't make
it three as planned because of spacecraft troubles.
The partial success of the flight appeared to jar considerably
United States hopes of placing a man in orbit before year's end.
Even so, the precision engineered flight-up to a point-of the
$7%2-pound chimpanzee was the greatest United States space achieve-
Tell s of Criteria
JAMES K. POLLOCK
Prof. James K. Pollock (R-Ann
Arbor) of the political science de-
partment, delegate to the consti-
tutional convention,. proposed a
reapportionment plan that would
add at least five new seats to the
He suggested that the present
Senate districts he unfreezed from
the constitution and set up for a
ten-year transition period, with
two new seats going to Oakland
County and one each to Genesee,
Macomb, and Wayne Counties.
In addition, Pollock asked that
one member be added to the 110-
seat House to prevent deadlocks
and that the moiety clause, which
gives at least one representative to
sparsely' populated districts, be
He suggested a "precise formu-
la" for apportionment of the Sen-
ate after 12 years, requiring that
senatorial districts must be creat-
ed in accordance with "popula-
tion distribution, geographic or re-
gional areas, and economic and
commercial interests," and must
be of "compact and contiguous
Prof. Pollock would allow no
more than 30 per cent variation
in Senate district populations, and
no more than 15 per cent in House
He also suggested that "to pro-
vide for representation of com-
munities as such, and to recog-
nize the great increase in urban
population, the committee might
consider giving Senate seats to
mayors of the three largest cities,"
Detroit, Flint, and Grand Rapids.
For Test Ban
GENEVA (P) - The United
States told the Russians yester-
day their proposal for an unin-
spected nuclear test ban now that
they have completed their own
vast series "reflects a rather high
degree of Soviet cynicism."
United States delegate Arthur
H. Dean said the United States
and Britain offered an uncon-
trolled atmospheric test ban last
September only to end a radio-
active hazard from the Soviet
tests, but the offer now is revoked.
moment to date. Enos and his space
capsule were parachuted back tc
earth at 1:28 p.m. (EST) 500 miles
southeast of Bermuda.
Two destroyers, the Stormes and
the Compton, raced for the impact
area at flank speed - and the
Stormes made the recovery. The
ship reported Enos "appeared to
On his two-orbit flight, Enos
zipped around the earth at alti-
tudes ranging from 99 to 146 miles
and attained a top speed of 17,-
500 miles per hour.
Nearly twice around the flight
seemed absolutely perfect. On each
leg of the journey the reports
from the 18 tracking stations and
ships scattered around the world
were flashed with a cheering mon-
On each station - to - station
passage, the flight monitors re-
ported, perfect communications
and receipt of data which indi-
cated that Enos was working pur-
posefully at his pr-assigned
Near the end of the second or-
bit, the data flowing back to
earth began to indicate something
wrong with the space capsule car-
rying the 5%-year old chimp.
There were indications of over-
heating in some of the space-
craft's electrical equipment and
abnormal operations of the' con-
trols which maintain the vehicle
on a stable course.
Swiftly, the decision was reach-
ed to terminate the operation.
A signal to fire the braking
rockets was flashed at 1:08 p.m.
to the space ship from the Point
Arguello, Calif., tracking station.
At this point the space . ship
began the long, relatively slow
descent, its bluntnose glowing
like a fading comet as the tem-
peratures built up to around 2,000
degrees Fahrenheit. '
One purpose of the flight was
to determine whether a United
States astronaut could make a
similar flight safely and whether
a man could carry out manual
tasks while undergoing prolonged
The acting chief executive of
Michigan's newest college Tuesday
proposed giving governing boards
of the state's colleges and univer-
sities more fiscal autonomy.
The bid, introduced by Philip W.
Buchen, vice-president for busi-
ness affairs of Grand Valley State
College near Grand Rapids, called
for the Constitutional Convention
Education Committee to create
separate boards for each public in-
stitution and to include provisions
to assure the freedom and effec-
tiveness' of each school.
"There is no beneficial or safe
substitute for board authority in
fiscal matters, coupled with the
obligation on its part to make full
disclosure of transactions," Bu-
"Central fiscal controls and ad-
ministration may be appropriate
for many functions of state gov-;
ernment, but they are certainly"
unnecessary, as well as harmful,
for institutions of higher educa-
However, he did support require-
ments for fiscal responsibility and
accountibility on the part of the1
governing boards, such as full dis-
closure of transactions and uni-
form accountings of their opera-I
CAPE CANAVERAL-"Enos" the male chimpanzee was rocketed
around the world twice yesterday, in a Mercury capsule.
Glenn Slated as Astronaut;,
Carpenter, Named Second
CAPE CANAVERAL OIP-John Herschel Glenn, Jr., a 40-year-old
Marine lieutenant-colonel, was named yesterday as the first United
States astronaut to be rocketed into orbit, over the space route blazed
yesterday by the, chimp, "Enos.
Navy Lt. Cmdr. Scott Carpenter was named backup pilot for the
first manned flight in a statement read by Robert. Gilruth, Project
jy a i ' a aI,
There are other criteria for a
veto of council actions than con-
flict with Regental policy, hasty
action, and lack of consultation,
Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis told Student Gov-
ernment Council last night.
Noting the general criteria of
irresponsible or unreasonable ac-
tions, Lewis declined to give a
specific definition of these terms.
"This is a grey area. It is a
clearly understood ground rule of
Student Government Council that
there may be a variation in what
However, he suggested that a
committee might be established to
work out the meaning of these4
He said that hiseveto power was
delegated from the Regents as a
result of a number of studies on
Before using the veto, Lewis said'
he would consult with the presi-
dent, other administrators and'
the faculty. "It is doubtful that
I would confer with the Regents,'
however," he added.
Lewis noted the change from
the first SGC plan where an ad-
ministration, faculty, student
board in review to the present
arrangement of the administra-
tor veto has changed the per-
spective on reviewing council ac-
"Because a community group ofi
students, faculty and administra-'
tors would be prone to substan-
tively reviewing issues, the last
study group placed veto with the
vice-president with an advisory
community group," 'he explained.
"This power was given because
the Council can make mistakes and1
aggrieved parties can have a
method for review."1
Student Government Council1
accepted the resignation of Wil-
liam Gleason, '63, at their meeting
Gleason cited "personal reasons"i
for leaving his position. It was
made with "regret and reluctance.1
The facts of my existence at the
University have made it impossible1
to contiriue my service to thisc
Council in a way that is becomingi
of a good Council member."c
The Council is investigating the1
possibilities of filling Gleason'sl
Violence Uin Katana
ELISABETHVILLE ()-Sen. Thomas Dodd (D-Conn) took a
palm view yesterday of his first-hand encounter with violence by a
group of KatAnga paratroopers against two white United Nations of-
The United Nations reaction was angry.
"All is peaceful now," Dodd said before leaving for a tour of
Kolwezi, a copper and cobalt production center 130 miles northwest
of this provincial capital. "I have
The Pentagon is preparing its
movie version of the student riots
at San Francisco City Hall May
12-14 last year.
Entitled "Communist Target:
Youth," the movie is to be billed
as the Pentagon's answer to the
House, Un - American Activities
Committee's "Operation Aboli-
"Communist Target: Youth"
takes its title from a report by
J. Edgar Hoover, director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation,
following the riots.
Hoover described as Communist-
led the students who were protest-
ing meetings of a subcommittee
of the HUAC investigation al-
leged 'Communist activities in the
"Operation Abolition" has been
vigorously criticised as distorted.
James C. Lucas, Scripps-Howard
military writer, reported details
this week of the "top priority"
project preparing the Pentagon
As it stands now, he reported,
"Communist Target: Youth" de-
scribes the students as Communist
dupes. One sequence shows stu-
dent deionstrators being booked
by police a the narrator describes
then as "a sad, dejected, duped
Air Force Lt. Gen. Joseph C.
Carroll, head of the Defense In-
telligence Agency, is narrator. He
is a former FBI agent.
The movie will include a close-j
up of "an identified Communist,"
named in the script as Archie
Brown, a San Francisco long-
shoreman, holding onto a railing
while police struggle to eject him
from the chamber of the meeting.
It pictures the San Francisco
riots, as part of an international,
Communist conspiracy, according;
to Lucas. It includes film clips
depicting the regimentation of So-
viet and Cuban youth, student
riots in Japan and Red Youth Fes-
tivals in Vienna and Moscow.
Mercury director, at a news con-
ference following yesterday's suc-
cessful chimpanzee orbit.
Gilruth named Donald Slayton
to be the pilot for the second
manned orbit flight, with Astro-
naut Walter Schirra backing him
Alan B. Shepard, Jr., who made
America's first sub-orbital space
flight last May, was named flight
technical advisor for the Glenn-
Leroy Cooper was named to
handle launch pad and recovery
operations for this group.
Virgil I. Grissom, who made the
second United States suborbital
flight in July, was named flight
technical advisor for the Slayton-
Gilruth said the naming of these
teams does not necessarily mean
that the next Mercury flight will
be a manned flight, nor that the
next flight will be made in this
Earlier, Gilruth had said offi-
cials would have to take a close
look at the results of yesterday's
chimp orbit, which was terminat-
ed after two orbits instead of
three because of technical trou-
bles with the space craft, before
future plans can be definitely
"The fact that this flight was
successful does not say categor-
ically whether the next will be a
manned flight," Gilruth said.
"I am very, very happy about
this selection," Glenn said. "Scott
and I can work closely together.
It is still a team effort. I think
that is pointed up by the effort
yesterday . . : It's still a team ef-
fort all the way."
LONDON 4R) - Sir Winston
Churchill will be 87 today. "He's
feeling very fine," said
spokesman at Churchill's Lon-
don home. "But he's a little
grumpy about the anniversary.
You know how he is about
seen this before many times."
The senator was a witness last
night to the manhandling by par-
atroopers of George Ivan Smith,
an Australian who is temporarily
chief United Nations representa-
tive in Katanga, and a British of-
ficial, Brian Urquhart.
Dodd crouched on the floor of
a United States consul's car as
the driver sped away after rescu-
ing Smith from the angry. men of
Katanga President Moise Tshom-
be's armed forces.
An Indian soldier was stabbed
to death and an Indian major
disappeared on a patrol that hunt-
ed for Urquhart. Heavily beaten,
the Briton was later rescued by
Tshombe's personal guard.
Smith commented that Dodd,
who has praised Tshombe in Sen-
ate speeches, "now has a much
deeper understanding of United
Nations problems here."
A spokesman at United Nations
headquarters in New York charg-
ed that inflammatory statements
by Tshombe, who has called on
his people to stand by for war,
sparked the violence.
Diplomats said the incidents
would result in greater demands
at the headquarters for Unitedi
Nations action to end the seces-
sion of the mineral-rich province
and swing it back under control
of The Congo government in Leo-
In this connection, Rhodesian
Prime Minister Sir Roy Welensky
announced in Salisbury that he
had received from Tshombe a re-
quest that a distinguished states-
man from an independent, un-
committed African country be ap-
pointed mediator in the dispute
between Elisabethville and Leo-
SEN. THOMAS DODD
. . Congo violence
BAL HARBOUR, Fla. UPl) -The
organized labor rift widened yes-
terday as building trades charged
rival industrial unions and missile
manufacturers with engaging in a
C. J. "Neil" Haggerty, president
of the AFL-CIO Building and
Construction Trades Department,
leveled bitter personal charges at
Walter Reuther and the AFL-CIO
Industrial Unions Department
which the auto workers president
In a keynote address to the
Building Trades Convention, Hag-
gerty said Reuther's industrial
unions and missile makers had
conspired "through the presenta-
tion of biased testimony" to a Sen-
ate committee in Washington last
spring to undermine building
trades work opportunities at mis-
"What they are trying to do,"
Haggerty said, "is to take away
missile site jobs from building
trades workers and give them to
industrial union members at lower
wages which prevail in (missile)
manufacturing plants. No wonder
the employers are on their side."
Motion To Provide
Exemption in Cases
By CYNTHIA NEU
Student Government Council
last night postponed until next
week decision on a motion intro-
duced byCouncil President Rich-
ard NohI, asking for a Jan. 1T
deadline on the submission of
membership statements by sorori-
ties. and fraternities to the Of-
fice of the Vice-President for Stu-
The motion, which was discusss
ed by the Council in a committee
of the whole, also provided for a
petition for exemption in cases
where "extenuating circumstance"
made it impossible for the group
to comply with the regulation.
Failure to submit either the
statement or a petition would re-
sult in the automatic suspension
of the group'srushing privileges.
Once suspended, the privileges
could be restored only by SGC.
Those fraternities and sorori-
ties which have not yet submit-
ted statements would be notified
by the Council president.
Noh, in introducing his motion,
explained that the penalty would
be imposed only if a group fails to
communicate with the Council in
any way, regardless of whether a
petition is accepted or denied.
Per Hanson, '62, charged that
the motion would encourage
houses to use a "stop-gap meas-
ure," since the pena ies do not
apply to "inadequate statements
and a group could submit any
type of statement.
Interfraternity President Rob-
ert Peterson, '62, argued that the
question of adequacy should be
considered through the procedure
which has been used in the past.
(The Council president is em-
powered to view the statements
and is communicating with any
group whose statement is not
complete with regard to the pro-
visions of the regulation.)
Panhellenic President Susan
Stillerman, '62, explained that the
deadline would not allow sufficient
time for those sororities presently
working with their nationals and
in good faith to finish their work
at such short notice, and thus
penalizing them would be unfair.
The proposed deadline date
would approximately mark the
first anniversary of the passage
of the SGC motion asking for the
submission of membership state-
ments and accompanying inter-
pretation by sororities and frater-
Board of Education Rejects
Proposal for 'U' Study Tea m
The Detroit Board of Education Tuesday night turned down an
attempt by Supt. of Schools Samuel M. Brownell to bring in a Uni-
versity team to study Wilbur Wright High School.
The superintendent had asked two weeks ago that a $5,462 con-
tract be established with the University's Bureau of School Services,
under the direction of Kent Leach, to study the cooperative courses
at Wright. The study was to determine whether Wright should con-
tinue as a vocation school, how '
students were to be selected and
how courses should be ,expanded T hayer
Ty eochne.This week Brownell modified his
proposal and asked that a citizen's "
committee be set up with the Uni-
versity group acting as advisors..:
Donald Merrifield, a member of
the board opposed the contract
claiming that the study was being
tied to the University.
"You appoint a committee to
oversee the study but you limit
their consultation and advice to
the same people," he said.
At the previous meeting Merri-
field had declared there was no
need to bring the University ex-
perts in for consultations on a
problem which was "essentially
trees Parking Garage
APPEARS IN IZVESTIA:
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