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November 12, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-11-12

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Nation Prepared,
Kennedy Claims
Veteran's Day Speakers Emphasize
U.S. Readiness To Fight If Needed
WASHINGTON A) - President John F. Kennedy, leading the
nation's observance of Veteran's Day, coupled a fervent plea for peace
y.sterday with a firm warning this country is prepared to fight for
freedom if need be.
Kennedy, speaking in colorful, solemn ceremonies at Arlington
National Cemetery, said no nation should "confuse our perseverance
and patience with fear of war or unwillingness to meet our respon-
"We cannot save ourselves by abandoning those who are associated
with us, or rejecting our responsibilities," he said. "In the end, the

Congo Government
Takes Katanga City
Balubas Seize Albertville; Mobutu
Expected To Take over Control
ELISABETHVILLE, Katanga OP)-Political leaders of the Baluba
tribe, fierce foes of Katanga President Moise Tshombe, have seized
the main northeastern city in his secessionist province in a bloodless
coup, Belgian refugees reported yesterday.
The Balubas raised the flag of the Congo national government
over Albertville and are expecting the arrival of Gen. Joseph Mobutu's
central government troops soon, refugees arriving from the city said.
(The capture of Albertville, possibly part of a piecemeal separa-
tion of Katanga from secessionist rule, coincided with the surprise ar-
rival in Leopoldville of Gen. Vic-

U.S. Ready
SFor Battle,
Leaders Say
ATLANTA OP) - Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara said
last night the United States is
"marshaling the forces necessary
to sustain our rights and .respon-
sibilities in, any test of purpose, at
any level of force that may b
called for."
Ma cNamara's firmly phrased re-
marks in a Veteran's Day speech
were the latest in a series of ad-
ministration pronouncements de-
signed to convince the Soviet
Union of the credibility of inten-
tion to fight, if necessary.
A few hours earlier, President
John F. Kennedy touched upon the
same point in an address at Ar-
lington National Cemetery.
Last month, Deputy Secretary
of Defense Roswell L. Gilpatri
spoke at length and with force on
the military readiness of the
United States.
In his speech, McNamara said
that by building up both non-
nuclear and nuclear forces in Eu-
rope "we are broadening the rang
of weapons at our disposal in a
contest initiated at a low level of
violence." He continued.
"Our coordinated planning as-
sures that the appropriate re-
sponse, nuclear or non-nuclear
whatever best supports our ob-
jective, will be made promptly and
in concert. . I
"The United States prefers not
to resolve disputes by violence
But forcible interference with ou
rights and obligations would nec-
essarily lead to conflict."

only way to maintain the peace
is to be prepared in the final ex-
treme to fight for our country-
and to mean it."
Lays Wreath
Before he spoke, Kennedy laid
a big wreath of red, white and gold
chrysanthemums on the tomb of
the unknown soldiers of the three
wars of this century.
Then he stood with bowed head
E as an army bugler sounded "Taps."
While Kennedy spoke of United
s States determination to defend it-
y self, Vice - President Lyndon B.
Johnson in another Veteran's Day
speech at McKinney, Tex., stressed
e the nation's means for doing this.
Many Weapons
Johnson spoke of nuclear weap-
- ons "in the tens of thousands" and
- said "neither Soviet Premier Nikita
t S. Khrushchev nor his supporters
- can find a place to hide" if nuclear
war comes.
t At Indianapolis, Secretary of the
e Navy John B. Connally called for
- full civilian support of the nation's
armed forces because these forces
y "reflect nothing more than atti-
c tude, the will and the determina-
. tion of this country."
e Capacity To Kill
In his speech, Kennedy deplored
d that man's capacity to devise new
- ways of killing his fellow men have
- far outstripped his.capacity to live
e in peace with his fellow men.
I He said this country can achieve-
f peace only with patience, per-
serverance and courage-"the pa-
- tience and perserverance necessary
- to work with allies of diverse inter-
ests but common goals, the courage
- necessary over a long period of
time to overcome an adversary
skilled in the arts of harassment
t and obstruction."
. There is no way to maintain the
r frontiers of freedom without costs
- and commitments and risks, he

.., wants Berlin talks
Soviet Seen
Asking Talks
Over Berlin
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev appar-
ently has started a new diplomatic
drive to push the Western powers
into Berlin negotiations on Soviet
He evidently hopes to do so
without offering any real conces-
sions in his stated demands for a
Berlin settlement.
That is the underlying signifi-
cance seen by officials here in a
new round of East-West diplomatic
activitiy in Moscow this week,
although Washington authorities
are still puzzled by some aspects
of the situation.
Official Reports
Official reports havenow been
received here on talks by Western
ambassadors with Khrushchev and
with Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Officials said an analysis shows
that basic Soviet policy in the Ber-
lin crisis is unchanged and at least
as stiff as it was when Gromyko
met with President John F. Ken-
nedy and Secretary of State Dean
Rusk here six weeks ago.'
Khrushchev is ,reported to have
told West German Ambassador
Hans Kroll Thursday that the
Soviet government is fully intent
on having West Berlin converted
into a "free city" with an indepen-
dent political status and with only
economic ties with West Germany.
Troop Change
The "free city" plan as defined
by the Soviet premier, according
to accounts avialable here, must
also provide for replacement of
Western troops in West Berlin by
United Nations or neutral forces-
or else for the addition of a small
contingent of Soviet troops to the
United States, British, and French
troops there.
Washington officials said both
these conditions are wholly un-
acceptable to the Western powers
and Khrushchev's insistence onI
them does not encourage hopes for
any early East-West accord.
Last Tuesday, Gromyko, talked
at some length with Western am-
bassadors during a Kremlin re-
ception. Reports to Washington
on that conversation ire also said
to have described as unchanged
the basic Soviet position on the
future of West Berlin.

tor Lundula, army commander in
the Congo's Lumumbist rebel
province, for talks with Mobutu.
Unknown Purpose
(The purpose of Lundula's visit
was not disclosed but it could have
the effect of undermining any
fresh challenge to the central gov-
ernment by Antoine Gizenga.
(A follower of the late Patrice
Lumumba, Gizenga set up a rebel
government at Stanleyville but
later joined the central govern-
ment as a vice-premier. Recently
he returned to Stanleyville, ig-
noring government demands that
he return to Leopoldville.)
Only a few shots were fired at
Albertville, before Katangan au-
thorities and troops pulled out to
posts in the Baudoinville region 80
miles to the south, it was report-
ed. Both Albertville and Baudoun-
ville are on the west shore of
Lake Tanganyika.
Evacuate Whites
White women and children were
evacuated from Albertville by
boat across Lake Tanganyika to
Usumbura in the Belgian trust
territory of Ruandi-Urundi.
Only about 100 whites, mostly
businessmen, remained,
The Balubas in Albertville were
reported expecting Mobutu to land
troops at the airport, which is
controlled by the United Nations.
Hope To Orbit
During Week
United States plans to rocket a
chimpanzee three times around
the world in 41/2 hours next week
in the last scheduled trial before
an American astronaut is lofted
into orbit.
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration yesterday
disclosed details of the flight,
which could occur Tuesday.
If everything works right and
the chimpanzee is recovered alive
after his pulsating 17,400-mile-an-
hour journey, a human space pilot.
will ride the next Project Mercury
capsule into orbit.
The space agency wants to ac-
complish the manned mission be-
fore the end of the year. Russia
orbited two cosmonauts in flights
earlier this year and Mercury
officials would like the history
books to show that both the United
States and Russia achieved man-
ned orbits in 1961.
A successful chimpanzee shot
next week would leave six weeks in
1961. A minimum of four weeks is
required to prepare the launch
pad, an Atlas booster and a space-
craft for flight.

... to defend self

- -
SOPH November 16-18
SHOW Tickets: 1.50 Thursday
1.75 Friday and Saturday

Expel Three
MOSCOW (IP)-Informed sources
said last night local Communist
Party cells have expelled Georgi
Malenkov, V. M. Molotov and
Lazar Kaganovich from the party
but the three former leaders have
appealed the decision.
The information was circulated
as Molotov, former foreign minis-
ter, was en route by train to the
Soviet Union from his post in
Vienna to face his accusers.
Malenkov is former premier and
Kaganovich a former vice pre-
mier. All were thrown out of their
high posts in 1957 on the ground
that they were antiparty conspira-
tors seeking the overthrow of Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev.
It is expected that Molotov will
lead his own appeal to the Central
Committee of the Communist
Party in a dramatic fashion.
He has already written letters
to the members of the Central
Committee setting forth his point
of view and denouncing Khrush-
chev as revisionist and anti-Marx-
Molotov, 71, slipped out of
Vienna virtually unnoticed Friday
night. He had resided in the city
for more than a year as Soviet
delegate to the International
Atomic Energy Agency, the atoms-
for-peace organization.
Molotov is expected to arrive
here today. The old Bolshevik was
denounced by speakers at the So-
viet Party Congress last month
Youths Erect
Tree in Berlin
BERLIN 04P)-A Christmas tree,
West Berlin's first of the year, was
raised last night at the troubled
Friedrichstrasse crossing point to
East Berlin.
The 15-foot fir with its white
electric lights is visible for blocks
on both sides of this divided city.
It is the first of thousafids that
West German youth groups plan
to erect along the Communist wall
dividing Berlin and .along the Iron
Curtain between East and West




, a





TUES., NOV. 21, 8:30
in Hill Auditorium
Program: Songs by Bach, Moussorg-
sky, Levitin, Nicholas Miaskovsky





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