I THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Force in Ec
NEW JERSEY UPSET:
Claim Hard Work Elected Hughes
By HARRY PERLSTADT
PICKING A WINNER-New York's Mayor Robert F. Wagner,
shown here at the polls on Tuesday, swept to an easy victory for
a second term, defeating Republican State's Attorney Louis Lef-
kowitz and insurgent Democrat City Comptroller Anthony Gerosa.
White House Says Victories
In East Endorse Kennedy
WASHINGTON tom)-Democratic election victories in New Jersey
and New York were acclaimed by the White House yesterday as an
endorsement of President John F. Kennedy's administration.
Republican National Chairman William E. Miller pointed to GOP
wins in less spectacular areas and said these "clearly show a tide is
running in our favor." Democrat Richard J. Hughes' feat in cap-
turing the New Jersey governorship from Republican former Secre-
Stary of Labor James P. 'Mitchell
"The surprising outcome of the
New Jersey gubernatorial election
Tuesday shows perhaps that less
attention ought to be paid to the
pundits and more to what happens
at the polls," Prof. Norman Thom-
as of the political science depart-
ment said yesterday.
Prof. Thomas attributed the
victory of Hughes over former
Secretary of Labor James Mitch-
ell to "hard effective campaigning
by Hughes and hard work by the
Democratic party. The impact of
President John F. Kennedy also
contributed to the outcome.
"Contrary to what the Repub-
lican leaders say, the people are
not disenchanted with the Demo-
cratic Party or Kennedy. Things
look good for the Democrats in
'62," Prof. Thomas said.
Two other political scientists
thought that former President
Dwight D. Eisenhower was un-
able to transfer his vote getting
power to another Republican.
"Eisenhower is capable of get-
ting himself elected, but he cannot
transfer his popularity to others,"
Prof. George Peek of the poli-
tical science department said
about the New Jersey election.
Prof. John White, also of the
political science department,
agreed that Eisenhower has had
a number of failures in the past
to transfer his vote-getting pow-
Commenting on the victory of
Mayor Robert Wagner, Prof.
White said that Wagner is in a
strong position to remake the
Democratic Party in New York.
"With the decline of Carmine
de Sapio, Wagner can go about
rebuilding the party. But there
was nothing really surprising
about the outcome." Prof. Peek
said that the result had no un-
usual meaning but that the qual-
ity of the leadership in the Dem-
ocratic Party was not distinguish-
WASHINGTON (A) - President
John F. Kennedy said yesterday
he will ask additional defense
funds next year to m'aintain the
United States military position.
Kennedy told his news confer-.
ence that the United States is
obliged to remain the strongest
military force on the earth.
And he declared his confidence
in this country's present position,
saying he would trade it with no
other nation on the globe.
In reference to his recent or-
der that preparations be made for
nuclear testing in the atmosphere,
if this is deemed necessary, Ken-
nedy said this is in order to keep
from being fooled by the Russians.
Kennedy said that while the
United States negotiated in good
faith at the conference table with
the Soviet Union on the possibil-
ity of a test ban treaty, the Rus-
sians were getting ready for the
series of monster explosions they
have unleashed in the atmosphere
since Sept. 1.
"If they fooled us once, it is
their fault," Kennedy said. "If
they fool us twice, it is our fault."
Ice To Head
WASHINGTON OP) - Former
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
will head a new organization to
foster people-to-people contacts
between Americans and citizens of
other countries President John F.
Kennedy announced yesterday.
Kennedy told his news confer-
ence he was "delighted to an-
nounce that Gen. Eisenhower has
agreed to serve as the first chair-
man of the board of trustees of a
new people-to-people organiza-
Kennedy added he himself con-
siders it "a great honor to be able
to serve as honorary chairman."
The cordial reference to Eisen-,
hower came after a period in
which the former President, back-
ing Republican candidates insev-
eral elections, had sharply criti-
cited aspects of Kennedy's admin-
Kennedy said the original peo-
ple-to-people organization was
formed in 1956, during Eisenhow-
er's admiiistration, "by a group
of leading American citizens at a
White house conference."
brought this comment from Ken-
"That was a good trip to New
He referred to the campaign trip
he made into the state last week
to speak in behalf of the under-
dog candidate :aghes; who beat
Mitchell by a scant 40,000-vote
The New Jersey contest, which
also brought former Presidents
Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry
S. Truman into the state for per-
sonal appearances, was the first
major test of strength between
the Democrats and Republicans
'since Kennedy took office last
White House Press Secretary
Pierre Salinger said Kennedy also
was extremely pleased by the out-
come in New York City, where
Democratic Mayor Robert F. Wag-
ner easily won re-election over
determined Republican opposition
by State Atty. Gen. Louis J. Lef-
NEW YORK 0?)-The Congress
of Racial Equality yesterday called
off, for the time being at least, a
proposed mass "Freedom Ride" in
Maryland and Delaware.
CORE had planned the auto
ride of some 1,400 adherents Sat-
urday along U.S. 40 from the
Delaware Bridge to Baltimore, to
protest segregated highway res-
James Farmer, CORE national
director, said the Maryland com-
mission on interracial problems
had informed CORE that 35
Maryland restaurants would pro-
vide service for Negroes, and
CORE decided to call off the dem-
ACCRA, Ghana VP) - President
Kwame Nkrumah's police arrest-
ed eight persons, it was reported
yesterday, barely 24 hours before
Queen Elizabeth II comes for a
D ual l a] im s 12-day visit to this African mem-
ber of the British Commonwealth.
On Ta Job The sudden police swoop em-
phasized the trappings of dicta-
On Top Job ""arf=
torship which, along with a rash
Cleared U of bombings by political oppo-
nents, have turned the Queen's
Cpand caused the British govern-
Arosemena Remains ment to study carefully the ques-
tion of cancelling the tour.
To Take Over Post British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan announced in London,
QUITO (P-Jet fighters attack- however, that the government had
ed Ecuador's Legislative Palace approved the visit. The Queen and
yesterday and succeeded in forc- her husband, Prince Philip, will
ing Camilo Gallegos Toledo, su- take off from London today for
preme court chief, to relinquish the 3,600-mile flight.
claims to the presidency. Among those arrested were a
Gallegos had been supported by member of parliament and the
army units for the job made va- deputy general manager of the
cant by the resignation of Presi- independent newspaper D a i I y
dent Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra. Graphic. Two army officers were
The air force disagreed and sent among the other six persons unof-
three jet fighters sweeping onto ficially reported detained.
the Legislative Palace. A cordon of 30 police was thrown
Within minutes, radio stations about the residence of former Fi-
and loudspeakers announced that nance Minister K. A. Gbedemah,
Gallegos had resigned. Soldiers a right-wing m'ember of Nkru-
and tanks were ordered to leave mah's Convention Peoples Party
the Legislative Palace and return who recently was shuffled out of
to barracks. the cabinet.
That left left-leaning Carlos Ju-
lio Arosemena, who has been vice- N ational
president, to assume the presiden-
cy. Congress had voted him into
the job earlier in the day.
The firstattack-whether from By The Associated Press
bombs or machine-gun fire-ap- GETTYSBURG-Former Pres-
peared directed at army barracks. ident Dwight D. Eisenhower said
Two blasts also shook the Legis- yesterday the Republican disap-
lative Palace. pointments in recent elections
Air force spokesmen had warned prove that manpower, money, par-
the attack would take place unless ty untiy and grass roots organiza-
Arosemena was recognized as pres- tion are essential to victory.' He
ident. described GOP losses in New York
Issues Warning City, New Jersey and Texas as
Air Force Col. Jacinto Ochoa, "disappointments."
commander of Taura air base, was
reported to have warned the army
to "recognize Arosemena as legi-
timate president or the planes
here will attack." All the air
force's planes were reported con-
centrated at the base.
Arosemena's supporters said thes
small navy pledged him its sup-
port and that a mechanized army
unit near Guayaquil, the nation's%
largest city and Arosemena's home .
district, also had come to his
Students shouting antiarmy
slogans demonstrated in the
streets of the capital in support of
Arosemena. The Federation of
University Students and the Labor
Confederation issued a callto the
people to "impose the popular will
which the army is trying to op-
Short Time GEN. DWIGHT EISENHOWER
The installations of the anew - . 'grassroots essential'
presidents occurred within 10
minutes of each other.
The military gave Gallegos To-
ledo the title "interim president"
and assailed validity of the con-
gressional action. It said in a com-
munique "any action by the Con-
gress whose term has expired, such
as naming Arosemena, lacks valid-
ity." It promised new elections in
IN THE COLD WAR
Discussion by ALL -W EATI
professors and students BE THRIFTY
TODAY at 7:30 CHOOSE from cotton
UGLI jerseys-corduroy with fo
linings. All wind and w
coats, 7/8, or full lengths.
WONDERFUL GROUP of
tumes. Wools, jerseys, ble
en__ _ _ GR
WOOL JERSEYS, blends a
-OWING of $8.98 t(
Short Formal Sizes 7-15, 10-
- r F r m
CHICAGO (t)-A telephone
workman learned yesterday 1
there's a big executive in Wash-
ington who answers his own
Working on a special instal-
lation from Washington to a
White House regional confer-
ence in Chicago, and testing the
line, he got through to the
White House and asked for
Kenneth O'Donnell, aide to the
President. At the first "hello,"
he asked, "Is is O'Donnell?"..
"No," was the reply, "this is
BOSTON-A Navy bomber with
a crew of 11 crashed in the At-
lantic off Virginia yesterday and
several hours later two bodies and
a life raft were recovered. The
Navy said there is no doubt the
two bodies were from the P2V
Neptune which crashed in the ear-
ly morning hours while on an anti-
submarine training mission.
F. Kennedy said yesterday his ad-
ministration has no intention of
"declaring war on the Cuban
people" by including foods and
medicines in the trade embargo
against the Red-tinged island.
* * *
RICHMOND-An Imperial Air
Lines passenger plane crashed
south of Richmond's Byrd Field
at about 9:30 p.m. last night, with
83 persons aboard.
NEW YORK-The stock market
had one of its best rallies of the
year as General Motors inspired a
wide advance yesterday.
It was the broadest market in
history with 1360 issues traded.
The ticker tape was late repeat-
The Associated Press stock aver-
age had 30 industrials up 5.1
points, the 15 raisl up 1.6, the 15
utilities up .4, and the 60 stocks
- BE WISE!.
)am, pile, quilted or wool
ater repellant. From car
Coats orig. from $17.95
8 to $29.95
f better dresses and cos-
0 to $39.95
and arnel-winter cottons.
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON - Despite the
diplomatic standstill on the Ger-
man issue for several weeks, the
Kennedy administration still feels
that the West must soon establish
some sort of negotiating position.
While the Soviet hierarchy has
been preoccupied with Communist
affairs-the new Russian domestic
social program and the ideological
conflict with Red China, the West-
ern diplomats have been marking
time waiting for a resolution of
the West German political prob-
Now that West German Chan-
cellor Konrad Adenauer has been
confirmed in office, Washington
is hoping for an agreement with
West Hopes for Berlin Talks
Complete body shop
Ann Arbor, NO 3-0507
TIONIGiIIT[ at 7:31