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November 08, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-11-08

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Adenauer Approved
As Chancellor by Small
Parliament Maj oriy

To Rceive
House announced yesterday that
West German Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer will confer with Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy in Wash-
ington Nov. 20 and 21,
Adenauer, reelected yesterday as
operating head of the West Ger-
man government, will discuss
problems of Berlin "and other
matters of common interest" with
Kennedy, the White House said.
Kennedy, who invited Adenauer
to visit him for the second time
this year, sent the West German
leader a message of congratula-
tions on retaining the helm of his
Administration sources had in-
dicated for some wdeks that Ad-
enauer would be invited to the
United States for conferences as
soon as his position in the West
German government was clarified.
West German -agreement in a
solid allied approach to solution
of the Berlin crisis has been re-
garded as crucial to any further
talks with the Soviet Union.
White House Press Secretary
Pierre Salinger said Adenauer is
expected to arrive in Washington
Nov. 20 and remain for one more
day on a "working visit." This
means elimination of many of the
diplomatic trimmings which go
with a state visit.

,. .. narrow margin
Cites Growth
Of Position
ris Norstad, supreme commander
of Allied forces in Europe, said
yesterday the general military
posture of the United States in
Germany has improved and will
continue to improve.
Norstad talked to reporters aft-
er spending an hour with Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy at the
White House. The general said he
gave the President a routine re-

Closest Vote
Shows Split
Within Party
Margin Gives Signs
Of Trouble Ahead
BONN, Germany (R) - Konrad
Adenauer was reelected chancel-
ior of West Germany last night by
a margin so small that it bodes
political trouble ahead.
Adenauer won his fourth term
in office when 258 of the 499
Bundestag (parliament) members
'voted for him in a secret ballot.
That meant he had only eight
votes to spare, since a simple
majority of 250 was required to
elect. Of the other Bungestag
members, 206 cast their ballots
against him, 26 abstained and 9
were absent.
This meant Adenauer failed to
get 51 votes of the 309 involved in
the coalition of his own Christian
Democratic Party and the minor-
ity Free Democrats.
Adenauer Satisfied
Adenauer's only comment was:
"I am satisfied.'
It was his closest victory since
he first became chancellor by a
single vote when West Germany
was created a nation in 1949. He
is the only chancellor the nation
has known.
His small majority reflected bad
blood between the Christian Demo-
crats and the Conservative Free
Democrats and some apparent re-
sentment against him personally
in both parties.
The vote is being interpreted
here as a sign real trouble may
lie ahead for the chancellor since
he could be brought down by a
vote of no-confidence If only a
few more members of the coali-
tion went against him.
No Enthusiasm
Free Democratic Chairman Erich
Mende has shown no great en-1
thusiasm for Adenauer, under
whom he has sworn not to serve
personally. But at the same time
Mende raised hopes the Free
Democrats will stay loyal to the
coalition agreement.
"The minority (the Free Demo-
crats) must respect the will of
the majority (the Christian Demo-
crats)," Mende said. "That is the
law of democracy. The minorty
must do this whether it is agree-
able or not."
Mende and his party originally
refused to serve under Adenauer
under any conditions, then came
around grudgingly when he agreed
to resign berore 1965, sacrificed
his foreign minister Henrich von
Brentano and granted them five
ministries and an influence in
the new government generally re-
garded as disproportionate to
their numbers.
Adenauer has said formation of
his 18-member cabinet-he al-
ready has announced interior
ministerGerhard Schroeder as his
new foreign minister-will be com-
pleted in about eight days.

Scientists To Destroy
Reactor in Safety Test
CHICAGO (A')-An experimental Nuclear reactors producing he
nuclear reactor will be allowed to that generates steam and thi
run wild until it partly destroys it- electricity have sprung up in ma
self so that scientists can study parts of the United States a
the results in the interest of safe- abroad since the birth of I
ty, an Atomic Energy Commission atomic age.
spokesman said yesterday. . For safety reasons, they are t
The test should answer this bitrarily located miles away fr(
question: "What is the worst thing populous cities. They are equ
that could happen if a nuclear ped with all safety devices scie
reactor providing electricity for a tists can conceive of being nei
nearby city blew itself up?" ed. But because no reactor ru
The reactor tagged for the de- away accident has been fih
struction test is called SPERT I. and studied, these preparatic
It has been in operation since are based on theory.
1955 at the AEC's national reac- Another speaker, Miles Lev
tor testing site in Idaho. ett of an electric company's h
-Laoratories in Richland, Wash., t
Joseph A. Liebermann, assistant the forum that he favored a rt
director for nuclear safety in the twayfruatre faoudar
AEC's reactor development divi- away reactor test that would
sion, discussed the planned test at stroy the device.
a meeting of the Atomic Industrial He said decisions of private e
Forum.- terprise as to whether or not th
He gave no specific date for will go into the nuclear busin
the gunaa esbutsifcdate rare based in part on assumpti(
the runaway test but said prepar- that scientists can predict I
ations are being made now for a tnscientss caredct t
series 'of preliminary tests that consequences of nuclear accider
will culminate with the destruc- "In some respects this is tr
tion of a large fraction of the but in others it is not and so:
reactor's nuclear core. of the unknown areas may be vi

President, Nehru Hold Talks;
Discuss Berlin, Test Controls

Corps Helps Ease
Teaching Shortage:

Salazar Wins
As Opposition
Backs Down
LISBON P) - Prime Minister
Antonio De Oliveira Salazar won
by default yesterday an extension
of his 32-year rule. Five days be-
fore formal election 0o a new Na-
tional Assembly, the last opposi-
tion candidates withdrew, assert-
ing Salazar refused to make the
election "either free or clean."
The opposition default means
Salazar-backed National Union
candidates will gain a clean sweep
of the 130 legislative seats for the
next four years. Sunday's voting
will be only a formality.
In withdrawing, the opposition
candidates appealed to all Portu-
guese to stay away from the polls
as, a protest. The opposition's ac-
tion is expected to spark public
Prof. Mario De Azevedo Gomes,
77, longtime figurehead of all
Portuguese factions actively op-
posed to the Salazar regime, an-
nounced at a news conference the
withdrawal of himself and 25 Re-
publican, Democratic and Liberal
Their formal announcement
said they expected to be jailed as
soon as the official period of im-
munity to arrest for political can-
didates expires 48 hours before
Sunday's balloting.
"It is no longer possible to solve
the problems of our people through
elections, because the country is
under the rule of a government
obstinate in its antidemocratic
methods and processes," their
statement asserted.
- -- -

ACCRA, GHANA (A) - Fifty
members of the Peace Corps scat-
tered around 27 schools through-
out Ghana are helping ease the
acute teacher shortage and win-
ning new friends for the United
"It is a unique form of foreign
aid and the indications after two
months are that they are being
received very well," Peace Corps
representative George Carter said.
There were no repercussions
here from the recent lost post-
card incident in nearby Nigeria,
and nothing has marred the Corps
Very Sound
"The Peace Corps men here are
a very sound, stable group of young
people that the United States can
be proud of," Carter added.
"They are living in the same
conditions and getting the same
pay as Ghanian teachers, and they
are adjusting themselves to the
new way of life extremely well."
One Peace Corps man, Peter
Dywad of Leonia, N.J., is an act-
ing headmaster. He is in charge
of 140 students at a school in
Akim Oda during the principal's
temporary absence.
Another, Thomas Livingston, of
Wood Dale, Ill., was unable to
find accommodation when he took
up duties at a school in Dodowa.
So he was invited to move in
with the local chief. Today he is
living upstairs and the chief is
living downstairs.
An ex-lumberjack and Harvard
graduate, Roger Hamilton of Ar-
lington, Va., is stationed in an
isolated spot.

Of the Peace Corps members In
Ghana, 21 are women. There are
two Negroes. Corps members' ages
range from 19 to 34, with an av-
erage of about 24.
They are paid £52 ($182)
monthly, from which they pay
for all food, accommodation and
everything else.
All corps men are college gradu-N
ates, but many have no previous
teaching experience and had no
plans to teach.
They arrived in Ghana Aug. 27
after a two months course at the
University of California at Berke-
Emphasis there was getting them
ready for life in the tropics.
Instructed in Communism
j They were also instructed in
history, United States-Ghana for-
eign policy and theory of Com-
They now teach Ghanian chil-
dren ranging from upper junior
high school through thegequiva-
lent of second year college.
They come under the jurisdic-
tion of the Ghana education min-
istry and local school principals.

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