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November 02, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-11-02

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Seventy-First Year

weapon in a New Gigantomachy

"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MIcn. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth WiU Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



Commendation and Censure
For Pre-Registration System

HE LITERARY COLLEGE deserves a great
deal of praise and a little bit of censure for
instituting pre-resistration.
Commendation is due for the use (finally)
of a new system with many benefits-con-
demnation, for flaws in the details of the
Pre-registration, an idea fervently promoted
by many people for several years, at last is
getting started. Admittedly the start is limited,
and comes only when the time for a complete,
switchover to the system is necessary for
year-round operations. But it is started.
With any kind of competence in the ad-
ministration of this new system, much of
the work overload on counselors and emotional
overload on students at the regular registration
will be alleviated.
NO LONGER will so many students come in,
class cards all ready, to Waterman Gym-
nasium, only to find that they can't take
the courses they are signed up for because
of enrollment pressure.
No longer will they run madly around the
long, oval row of tables trying to find a course
that is still open-returning to the single
counselor on duty every two or three minutes,
for approval of an election change before
they discover that the new course, too, is
Instead, there will be time for thought and
discussion when a student finds courses closed
-which they still will be.
Pre-registration will solve few problems. Only
money for more staff, more office space and
more laboratories can add to the number of
No pinionl
shows .an admirable desire to represent
adequately the opinion of independent wo-
men. Yet she makes no effort to find out the
opinion which she should represent.
At the Assembly Association workshop Miss
Sawyer said she needed women's opinion on
the subject of co-educational housing so that
plans for such a program could proceed.
Yet this subject has yet to appear on the
Assembly Dormitory Council agenda nor have
questionnaires gone to women indicating the
nature of such a program, its pros or cons.
At the workshop participants were asked
for opinions with no backgground information
to base them on.
IF MISS SAWYER really wants to get the
opinion of women on this subject, she
should spread the information to the residents
through ADC. and surveys within the residence
Only then will Assembly be able to represent
the opinion of independent women. Only then
can work be done in the field of co-educational

students that can enroll in a course. But pre-
registration will make the situation somewhat
easier on everyone's nerves.
INDEED, the less apparent part of the lit-
erary college's new plan is perhaps more
Now, counseling officials will keep track of
the numbers of students electing various
courses which are usually overcrowded. When
the enrollment in a course comes near the
limit, counselors will be informed and will try
to keep those registering later from electing
the course for the semester concerned. In
many cases, the reasons for a student's taking
a one semester course rather than an* other
are not too important, and it can be scheduled
for a different time.
This move is not just a palliative, as pre-
registration is, but a true solution. The more
the counselors act to even out enrollments over
the semesters (and they are notoriously uneven
in many departments), the less the problem of
overcrowding appears.
MORE INITIATIVE 'on the part of the coun-
selors is just fine in this area, where they
alone can help ythe students decide what
courses to elect when.
On the debit side, the move to preregistration
has one drawback that seems to be accidental.
In spite of theories that the only priorities
granted under-the new system should be simple
first-come, first served rulings, advance pub-
licity was given to at least two groups -
freshmen and pre-medical students.
The pre-med students have good reason to
be given consideration, but the question of
freshmen priority is very, very debatable.
T WOULD SEEM much more logical to give
priority on the basis of class standing:
seniors first, etc. than to reverse this. After
all, the senior has only one chance at a course,
the freshman has three years to go.
However, this cannot detract from the merits
of the system as a whole -- the literary col-
leges has led the way: it is time that more of
the University followed. It is also time that
more administrations stuck their necks out
a little bit and tried something new before it
was long overdue.
THE GREAT PURGER finally got purged.
On Monday the Communist Party decided to
remove the body of the late Joseph Stalin
from the Red Square tomb it has shared with,
the late V. I. Lenin. At the same time a mon-
ument was proposed for the victims of the
Stalin purges..
The wonders of the dialectic as it applies
to history are truly wondrous - perhaps a
great Red antithesis has finally emerged.

bring down the fallout from
last week's superbomb tests, they
will spread it evenly over both
the United States and Russia.
There is grim justice in this, for
both nations will be responsible.
Unhappily the fallout will also
sift down on nations which are
no more than unwilling neigh-
bors. There is no justice at all in
this, and that is the awful tragedy
of current events. For the Cold
War no longer pits Morality, in
the form of the United States,
against Evil, as represented by the
Soviet Union-if in fact it ever
did. It has become a gigantomachy
in which the opponents will use
any means to emerge on top, what-
ever the damage to the surounding
* * *
the two nations are equally un-
restrained and unprincipled, they
are frequently similar. Because
each combatant 'wants no ground
rules at all, they may sometimes
find themselves united in resist-
ing those who would impose such
rules. And thus, for the past
month, the United States and the
Soviet Union have made public
statements and taken public
stands which are almost indis-
Both nations have indicated, in
their gravest tones, that they don't
want war, and know how terrible
war would be. But in the next
breath each has threatened to
blast the world to pieces if the
other refuses to cooperate.
At his keynote speech to the<
Twenty-second Party Congress
Premier Khrushchev for example

told the delegates "We are con-
fident that the victory will be
won in peaceful competition and
not through war." At the same
time he warned that the capitalist
countries would be wiped out if
they ever attacked the Communist
Khrushchev's language, however,
had been anticipated by President
Kennedy. Speaking before the
United Nations he grimly observed,
that "The events and decisions of
the next ten months may well de-
cide the fate of men for the next
10,000 years . . . we in this hall
shall be remembered either as
part of the generation that turned
this planet into a flaming funeral
pyre or the generation that met
its vow 'to save succeeding gen-
erations from the scourge of war'."
* * *
BUT IN CASE these words made
it seem that Kennedy regarded
war as unthinkable, he also said:
"The Western powers have calmly
resolved to defend, by whatever
means are forced on them, their
obligations and their access to the
free citizens of West Berlin."
When speaking off the cuff, as
at his press conferences, Kennedy's
"calmness" becomes virtual non-
chalance. "We happen to live in
the most dangerous times in the
history of the human race," he
once noted, adding that "natur-
ally, anyone would be reluctant,
unless all else had failed, to des-
troy so much of the world."
* * *
this happy-go-lucky attitude to-
wards world destruction. Dismis-
sing world protest as "hysterical
clamour," he exploded a super-
bomb. When his big bomb turned
out to be even larger than 50

megatons, he quipped, "The
scientists made a slight mistake
in the evaluation of the bomb,
but we won't punish them for it."
Each side blames the other for
the current shape of the world,
and in almost identical terms.
Russia, according to the United
States resumed testing nuclear
weapons to threaten and black-
mail our national security.
Russia claims it was forced to
resume testing in its own interest
by Western belligerence, and
points to the system of tunnels we
had prudently prepared for un-
derground testing.
Similarly, when the Big One
went off Monday the White House
called it an effort at blackmail
that will be repelled "not only by
the steadfastness of free men but
by the power of arms which men
will use to defend their freedom."
The Soviet Union claimed it test-
ed the bomb in order to prevent
a nuclear war over Berlin.
- * * *
THIS KIND OF interchangable
charge and counter-charge goes
on even as both nations blandly
ignore what the representative
from Nepal called "the cries and
anguish of trembling humanity."
For years the USSR has been
thumbing its nose ats the United
Nations whenever the resolutions
passed conflicted with its own in-
terests. We in the United States
ordinarily regarded this as im-
moral, since we were always on
the winning side. Now the size
of the UN has doubled, and the
new members are uncommitted
and underdeveloped nations which
have a vested interest in fresh air.
Led by India they are demanding
a moratorium on nuclear testing.
* * *

"Well, Here Today, Gone Tomorrow"

a1 i

UN session the United States of-
fered-with dubious sincerity-to
join Russia in an uninspected ban
on atmospheric tests. Russia, in
the middle of a series of atmos-
pheric test explosions, naturally
refused. On the more general ques-
tion of ceasing tests, the U.S. has
been holding out for a test ban
treaty with controls and inspec-
Then last week Adlai Stevenson
told the UN Political Commitee,
"Unless a treaty can be signed
and signed promptly, the United
States has no choice but to pre-
pare and take the action neces-
sary to protect its own security
and that of the world community
... I must inform the committee
that the United States is obliged
in self-protection to reserve the
right to make preparations to test
in the atmosphere as well as un-
derground." The U. S. would not
observe an uninspected mora-
torium, he added.
Of course, the USSR doesn't
want a moratorium either, and
least of all a treaty, since it cur-
rently insists that any progress
toward cessation of testing must
be part of a program for univer-
sal disarmament. Both the United
States and Russia thus find them-
selves linked in opposition to the
meddlesome neutrals who are
threatening their respective na-
tional interests, while at the same
time disagreeing between them-
selves on a solution.
quick to denounce the Russian
superbomb explosions because they
were conducted in defiance of a
UN plea for abstinence.kBut only
by" some crafty politicking had
the United States been able to
keep that resolution from being
linked with a more general plea
for a cessation of all testing,
which the United States in the
interests of peace, would have
been obliged to ignore.
According to most columnists,
the Soviet tests have been design-
ed mainly to terrorize the world.
President Kennedy observed in
-his UN speech that "Terror is not
a new weapon. Throughout' his-
tory it has been used by those who
could not prevail either by per-
suasion or example."
He has apparently taken these
words to heart, and after a qu'ck
survey of our crumbling prestige,
turned to terrorism himself.
Early last week Deputy Secretary
of Defense Roswell L. Gilpatric, in
a speech approved by the White
House, snarled out "the fact is
that this nation has a nuclear
retaliatory force of such lethal
power that anrenemy move which
brought it into play would be an
act of self-destruction on his
* * *
convince the world that we really
would start lobbing chunks of the
sun at Russia if provoked. They
were aimed not so much at
Khrushchev as at our wavering
allies and the neutrals.
The latter have caused much
hurt indignation in Washington
by their refusal to see a moral
difference between United States
testing-which serves a good hon-
est military and technical pur-
pose-and Russian testing, which
is pointless and merely aimed at
heightening tension. Critics of the
administration say the United
States hasn't been firm enough
with these neutrals -,hence the
Gilpatric speech.
This get-tough policy would,
some think, justify and indeed
dictate a immediate resumption
of atmospheric tests. That, at any
rate, is what former Vice-Presi-
dent Richard Nixon said Monday,
By the same logic, we can expect
to see the U. S. assembling a 100
megaton bomb of its own very
soon-although our military ex-
perts declare that<a;couple of

10 megaton bombs will do Just
as effective a job of killing and
wrecking: The superbomb, how-
ever, would have more psycholog-
ical impact on the uncommitted
AND SO the little tragicomedy
unfolds, with each side relying
more and more on naked force.
It is a slugfest between two giants
who have taken the whole .world
for an arena, and are ready to
wreck it in the name of peace, and
honor. The Slavic nation, which
produced Tolstoi and Tchaikovsi,
has threatened to dump hydrogen
bombs on the Acropolis. This New
World nation, which conceived the
Marshall Plan, has announced its
willingness to commit the most
sordid act in human history.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for wnich The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding

WHEN Dr. Adenauer has been
re-elected Chancellor, as we
must hope he soon will be, he and
the President will want to come to
a full understanding. It is badly
needed. For there is at present a
dangerous lack of understanding,
as witness the outcries about be-
trayal and appeasement accom-
panied by warnings and threats
that the Germans might leave the
Western Alliance to make a deal
with the Soviet Union.
A satisfactory understanding
will need to be something more
than a superficial agreement on
what may be mentioned and what
may not be "mentioned in a nego-
tiation with the Soviet Union. A
true understanding will have to go
far beyond the tactical problems of
negotiation with the Communists.
* * *
LOOKING back, we can now see
that the great issues which con-
front us today were generated be-
tween 1949 and 1954-between the
formation of the Coal and Steel
Community and the admission of
West Germany to the N.A.T.O. al-
liance. During those five years or
so, decisions were taken to inte-
grate a re-armed Western Gei-
many in 'the political:, military,
and economic community of the
West. Dr. Adenauer played a lead-
ing part in these decisions. They
have had two enormous conse-
quences, both of which have come
to fruit simultaneously in the past
few months.
One is the movement towards
Western unity, which took a deci-
sive turn when Great Britain
moved to join the Continent. This
is bound to be followed by a train
of events which will bring the
United States into a much closer
relationship with the whole of
non-Communist Europe.
The other consequence of the ac-
tion of 1954, by which West Ger-
many joined N.A.T.O., is that re-
union with East Germany ceased
for the time being to be practical
,The President and the Chancel-
lor will need to come first to an
understanding on how they can
work together as loyal and effect-
ive partners in the construction of
the Atlantic Community. They will
then need an understanding on
how-given the fact of German
participation-West Germany and
the Western Alliance are to deal
with East Germany and Eastern
IN ORDER to reach a German-
American understanding it will be
necessary to clear away the debris
of an old policy that has collapsed.
The policy consisted in promising
-always most ambiguously-that
Dr. Adenauer's government, backed
by the might of the United States,
would somehow cause the Soviet
Union to surrender East Germany.
The policy was never serious. It
was never in fact sincere. For the
United States and the Western Al-
lies, and Western Germany no less,
have never had any intention of
fighting a war to reunify Germany
or to liberate Eastern Europe. The
whole policy has been a shabby
hoax. Three times the policy has
been proved publicly and spectac-
ularly a hoax-when the East Ger-
mans rebelled 'and ewe did not help
them, when the Hungarians re-
belled and we did not help them,
when Berlin was cut in two by the
erection of a wall and we acqui-
The demonstrated truth is that
the status quo in Germany is par-

tition, and it is on that fact that
policy has now to be formed.
* * *
IF WE and the Germans are to
go forward together, it will be as
t partners in the Atlantic Commu-
nity, neither questioning the loyal-
ty of the other, neither treating
the partnership as fragile and
subject to operatic tantrums.
The building 'of the Atlantic
Community is an enormous under-
taking, and the Western Allies
cannot spend all of their time and
energy crying out about the col-
lapsed illusions of 1954. For our
part we shall have to do a great
deal of hard work. We shall have
to engage in prolonged debate to
decide how we will adjust ourselves
to the revolutionary changes which
the greatly enlarged Common Mar-
ket is precipitating.

Taylor's Action Unwarrented

THE ATTEMPT by East Quadrangle Director
John Taylor to have Stanley Lubin thrown
out of the quad social chairmanship raises two
serious questions: should Taylor have the right
to remove Lubin because of his conspicuous
participation in a food - riot - panty - raid in
April, 1960, and to what degree does an admin-
istrator have any justification for interfering
in the due processes of student government?,
Obviously, Taylor is not Joint Judic or the
sub-committee on discipline. Lubin was pen-,
alized by them at the time of his offense for
his bad judgment. He went through a long
period of very great controversy, considerable
notoriety, and a year of social probation.
WHY WOULD TAYLOR wish to punish Lubin
further? Perhaps it is because he person-
ally dislikes him, as certain statements attrib-
uted to him would indicate. Perhaps he is just
a harborer of bitter past events. Perhaps it is
Taylor's feeling that East Quadrangle is his
own baliwick and that he has a right to arbi-
trarily decide what happens there. In any case,
he has taken a personal responsibility for de-
manding disciplinary action completely outside
of the proper channels.
At the same time, Taylor tried to evade any
public responsibility for his actions by not go-
ing through formal channels. He registered no
protest at the quad council meetings where
Lubin was unanimously appointed to his chair-

manship. He expected the matter to be han-
dled through a gentlemen's agreement strict-
ly behind the scenes.
His COVERT ACTION then became a blatant
attempt to undermine the basis of student
government within the quads. This is only one
example of the kind of conflict that has occur-
red again and again in the quads. Last year,
after much haggling, the quadrangle councils
finally received the power to make dress regu-
Nearly every power that quadrangle gov-
ernment has received has been the result of a
point by point battle within.the administration.
Many of the areas of rules only hazily be-
long to the quad councils. If so obviously in-
ternal a matter as a committee appointment
cannot be left to the discretion of student gov-
ernment members, one wonders whether-Taylor
and others like him only regard student gov-
ernment groups as their personal tools.
tended an open house for SGC candidates
at Mary Markley, Tuesday night. Besides my-
self and the candidates there were exactly
eight girls present at this meeting. Markley
holds 1200 residents. This means, according
to my slide rule, that two-thirds of one
per cent of the coeds were able to gain anyj
edification concerning the qualifications of
those running for SGC.
I was informed by one of the'candidates that
this situation was by no means peculiar to
the Markley open house. At Martha Cook,
for instance, four people turned out to hear
HERE IS NO EXCUSE for this disgraceful

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wrongs Aren't Rights

To the Editor:
MICHAEL HAR)RAH'S latest edi-
torial "HRC: Public Inter-
lopers" is as pathetic as his pre-
vious efforts, but his philosophy is
too repulsive to be dismissed.
Mr. Harrah feels that a public
body-the HRC-"does not have
the right to interfere in the rent-
ing of an apartment or dwelling
just because (our emphasis) the
landlord doesn't want to have a
Negro tenant." Is this gentleman
implying that there are things
more important than human
rights which do excuse the inter-
ference of a public body?
As do many conservatives, Har-
rah confuses the rights of the in-'
dividual with what amounts to
the systematic persecution of a
minority group by a majority
whose only sanction is its supe-
rior economic position.
Harrah, an "open house for Ne-
groes" has no more merit than a
"similar forum for dog-owners!"
-Robert I. Rhodes, '63
Richard Sheinberg, '26
Richard A. Rose, '63
Phillip Rhodes, '62

force the student to "keep up" with
his reading seem to me to be an
insult to the maturity of the col-
lege student and a device not
worthy of the University's aca-
demic level.
Answering "guide questions" in
preparation for a weekly "check-
up" makes a potentially exciting,
stimulating subject into drudgery
and busy work. The student is
forced to break his reading of each
work into little chunks for the
His constant awareness of an
impending quiz keeps him from
pausing to apply his own experi-
ence to the reading and from an-
alyzing and discussing it at his
Furthermore, I resent the whole
survey course methods of assigning
only parts of a book. Why not as-
sign the whole thing? Let the stu-
dent devote his time to absorbing
all an author has to say, to under-
standing the logical flow of his
whole argument, rather than tak-
ing up his time with useless, in-
terest deadening quizzes on frag-
ments of a philosophy.

There is little doubt that when
properly directed we have the best
team in the country. But with the
game won and only a minute to
go, the only way we could lose
was, by a fumble. So all it called
for was three quarterback sneaks
and a kick. But no, we had to have
more ball handling than necessary
so the inevitable. Also we had to
give it to the lightest man on the
squad who was bound to fare the
worst in tackle. Once again we
saw Chandler almost pull it out
but only used when it was too
It seems the present coaching
staff will always gamble when they
should not and will not gamble
when they should. If a different
quarterback and coach were run-
ning this show 'M' would be num-
ber one now.
--W. Mays,'25
Okay K?...
To the Editor:
'THE BEAR doth tweak the
Eagle's beak
And null the Lion's mane.

Editorial Staff

City Editor

Editorial Director

USAN FARRELL ............... Personnel Director
AITH WEINSTEIN.............. Magazine Editor
ICHAEL BURNS .................... Sports Editor

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