Smaller than You Think
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
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Truth Will Prevail"'
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, OCTOBER 24, 1961
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY PERLSTADTI
By ROBERT FARRELL
Daily Staff Writer
IS THE UNIVERSITY going to
raise tuition this spring?
Most likely-but not much.
Nobody seems to know. Cer-
tainly the Regents have, in Presi-
dent Harlan Hatcher's words,
agreed to give "very serious con-
sideration" to boosting tuition to
keep up with any addition to
state funds. Equally certainly, the
Regents are extremely voluble in
proclaiming that they do not want
to raise tuition.
* * -
LOOKING more closely . . .
The Regents have pretty much
guaranteed that they aren't going
to hike the fees above the point
where they total about one-third
as much as the state's contribu-
tion. (Only in an "emergency,"
President Hatcher said, would any
raises above this ratio-the tradi-
tional proportion of University in-
come from tuition-be considered.)
Optimism or no, the state just
isn't in a position to increase the
budget very much. Perhaps, with
luck, the University will get '$2
million or so more than last year.
One-third of $2 million is $667,-
000. Dividing this by some 25,000
students, one concludes that a flat
raise in tuition of some $27 per
student per year would probably
be the most the Regents would
And with the fact that the raise
would probably be some three
times as heavy on the out-of-state
students as the in-state, one gets
a maximum raise of some $18
for in-state students, $54 for out-
If the out-of-state boost is more
than three times the in-state,
the amounts would be still further
apart and, the in-state boost even
Okay. If tuition goes up, it isn't
going up far. Now, is tuition going
up at all?
THE ADMINISTRATION and
the Regents seem to have spent
THE REGENTS' decision Friday to hold a,
tuition boost in abeyance was attractive
tactically. It was basically a bad decision.
The Regents should have taken the position
that they will not increase University tuition
Their reasoning is simple: it is based on
a feeling that the student should pay a cer-
tain percentage of his educational expenses-
at maximum, the present proportion of 23 per
Though itJis indeterminate just why 23 per
cent is the magic figure, the principle has
been established by action of the Regents, and
their public statements; as Eugene B. Power
says, it would be "unwise to deviate" from the
23 per cent ratio, and the statement issued
by President Hatcher took the same line.
I F THE LEGISLATURE raises the appropria-
tion, as it may, and the student fee level
remains the same, the proportion the student
pays goes down. Thus, if there is an increase
from the state, tuition can go ,up and per-
centage ratio is preserved.
But, given the fact a $1-2 million increase
is likely, the proportional increase in student
fees just won't be that large-only a few
hundred thousand dollars, which is a drop in
Even, doubling in-state tuition to $560 would
net only $5 milion-about .half of the $10
million increase the University says it needs
'But the fact that a tuition boost would
be ineffective as a source of. extra revenue
is only part of the argument.
ANY TUITION BOOST would in some sense
be a sell-out of the ideas of low-cost,
quality education. It would be, in effect a
repudiation of the idea that low cost and
quality are compatible.
As Regent Irene B. Murphy pointed out, 23
per cent represents the maximum burden on
students within the University's experience;
tuition has been, at times, proportionally
The University should seek in every,_ way
UNITED NATIONS DAY will undoubtedly go
unnoticed by most people on campus today,
or, for that matter, in the world. Yet it is
significant because the, United Nations, of-
ficially, formed 16 years ago today, is our
symbol of hope for peace in the world.
As the constitution of UNF CO 'says, "since
wars begin in the minds of men, it is. in
the minds of men that defenses of peace must
possible to lower its fees-if it could provide
free education, that would be the ideal,. even
if it meant that some didn't take their edu-
cation seriously. Education is a society's means
of perpetuating itself, and skyrocketing fees
are certainly a good way to start on the road
to the dissolution of the present relative har-
mony in the United States.
Just as slum dwellers are being deprived of
decent education by lack of attention to their
problems, so will other, middle-class citizens,
be deprived of the university education they
need to develop their academic capabilities.
THE STATE UNIVERSITIES will be creat-
ing another class division if they continue
to raise fees until they are beyond normal
means. That they would remain lower than
private institutions is no argument, because
too many people would be able to afford
Liberal scholarships are not an answer either,
because the money still has to come from
somewhere; and anyway, the object is to edu-
cate everybody who has the ability not the
few at the top of the heap.
It is said that a fee boost will encourage
the faculty by showing it the University is
concerned with its "plight." But to make
tuition boosts appear as a solution would be
EVEN IF TUITION is raised a bit this year,
and even if it is raised more next year, still
it cannot truly be an ever-expanding revenue
source. The only such source is the tax struc-
ture, of the state of Michigan and of the
Reassurances to the faculty will come only
from Lansing, not out of .students' pockets.
And no matter how bleak the Lansing situa-
tion may appear today, the University must
still resist the temptation of a tuition boost.
For high tuition does not merely mean the
end of low cost education; it entails a drop
in University quality as well. An educational
institution's excellence is linked with the cal-
iber of the students who attend it. High fees
mean economic selection-lower quality but
richer students. And the University's relatively
low costs are a positive attraction to good'
students who could also go elsewhere. -
ABOVE ALL, low costs are necessary for
the University's societal role. If it can't
accept intellectually qualified students, re-
gardless of their wealth, or lack of it, then
it will have ceased to fulfill its central function.
Without adherence to this principle, the
University will have unquestionably failed-
for without it, any future accomplishments
will indeed have a hollow ring..
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Arab Students Reject
To the Editor:
N AN ARTICLE published in
The Daily (Oct. 19), Mr. Storch
failed to do justice to both the
Arab group and to the commend-
able ISA stand in connection with
the Arab letter of protestation. He
was untruthful about the con-
tents of the letter which clearly
stated "The Arab students at the
U of M reject any kind of inter-
ference in the Arab domestic af-
rairs by any group or groups of
interested or non-interested par-
To an intelligent reader this
means that Mr. Storch's conten-
tion of no "burning Arab letters"
on this score concerning Hillel is
false. It is well understood why
the Zionist Student Organization,
as it turned out to be, was the
only body interested in middling
in the Arab affairs in spite of the
letter of protestation.
* * *
THEY SPONSORED a lecture
by Professor Grassmuck, who told
an audience of eighteen that it
is highly speculative and prema-
ture to try to draw any intelligent
conclusions due to lack of fact
on the Syrian subject.
However, the president of the
ZSO had to put in a plug for
Israel and asked whether Nasser
in hisadisgust may launch an all-
out attack against Israel. Pro-
fessor Grassmuck gently told her
that he does not think so.
The ZSO's stand was contrary
to the ISA's honorable stand.
-Mohamed M. A. Yousef, Grad
-Mahmond O.Kuleib, Grad
-Abbud Bishar, Grad
-Adel H. Altimsahy, Grad
Marc on Broadway ...
To the Editor:
THE THEATRE-GOER who sips
his coffee and reads a play's
review over breakfast can take or
leave the opinions of the news-
paper's theatre critic. The critic.
either raves about or pans the
show. However, said critic seldom
shows genuine disrespect for the
effort displayed by the director,
cast and crew, even in his severest
criticism. Marc Zagoren in his re-
veiw of "Mr. Roberts" showed
this disrespect towards the Ann
Arbor Civic Theatre's production.
It seems to me that no matter
how unpleasant a show might be
for the restless Mr. Zagoren, the
least he coulddois to spell cor-
rectely the names of the cast
It stms a pity that college
students can't even copy from a
very clear program the names of
the play's participants. The cast
of Civic Theatre's production was
indeed not the Broadway cast. Mr.
Zagoren was very clever in his
observation. But neither is Mr.
Zagoren Brooks Atkinson. If Marc
Zagoren desires to emulate the
professional style, I think it would
be advisable for him to show a
little professional respect for the
object of his criticism.
-Lynn Williams Spec.
To the Editor:
CONCERNING Mr. Starkweath-
er's appraisal of "Ikiru":
W. H. Auden-has written some-
where that fantasy is "an es-
cape from one's own suffering,"
while art is "a compelled sharing
in the suffering of another." Mr.
Starkweather seems to have been
seeking the former, and, not find-
ing it, he has failed to notice the
latter. "Ikiru" is certainly not a
pleasant experience but then it
does not deal with pleasant things:
it is a merciless examination of
the plight of 'one human being,
and because it is "art" it compels
the rest of us to suffer with him,
and to grow with him. To anyone
accustomed to the finger-snapping
pace of American comedy the film
seems tedious, but it is not--it is
thorough. The direction is an
nearly flawless as anyone could'
Some experience will only be
accepted by those who have cour-
age; "Ikiru" is one of them. Mr.
Starkweather has found sufficient
reasons for failing to identify with
its hero-he is a Japanesebureau-
crat, and he has cancer, while
Starkweather is an American stu-
dent and has only ulcers. My
opinion- is that the failure lies
with the reviewer rather than the
film, and that the cause of it
is cowardice. The kind of security
Mr. Starkweather wants he will
get in "Aunti Mame," and other
fantasies, but it will only be got-
ten at the price of reality, and of
Subtlety . .
To the Editor:
MR. STARKWEATHER'S review
of Ikiru is a masterpiece of
insensitivity and ignorance. The
tedium he experienced at times
while seeing the film is to his
own discredit: it shows how in-
capable he is of being involved in
the profound. The profound is
often simple and quiet rather than
dramatic. Ikiru is one of the most
"Japanese" ofuthe recent films,
from and about Japan, in the
sense that one receives an intimate
insight into contemporay Japan,
and one of the most human in that
it presents man as an every-day
creature, who, with luck, can just
lift himself above trivia before
-Gottfried Paasche, Grad
a great deal of time divising a
statement that talked alot about
this, but never did get down to
indicating an answer.
Perhaps they want to leave
themselves, as President Hatcher
said after the meeting, "flexible."
Well, they did-after reading the
statement, a legislator will know
exactly what he did before-no-
thing more, nothing less.
But there are some things they
have avoided mentioning in their
The University has got to have
more money-ust about as much
as it can get.
It has got to have it now-not
in the distant 'future, not even
in the near future.
Some of the most influential ad-
ministrators favor a tuition boost
-even a larger one than the
Regents are willing to make.
* * *
WITH THESE FACTS, a raise
seems all too likely. It is still de-
pendent on the Legislature's ap-
propriating more money, though.
Everybody-both University of-
ficials and influential legislators
-seem to think so.
Of course,' if the state gives
only $100,000 more this year than
last, a tuition raise of $2 per
year per student would be the
maximum. And, since this is sense-
less, it probably wouldn't pass the
What if the state doesn't grant
any more money, though? Would-
n't this be the condition under
which the tuition increase is most
Yes, but as one Regent pointed
out: "It would set a dangerous
* * *
ONCE THE UNIVERSITY starts
increasing its financing by tui-
tion hikes without other aid, the
Legislature can (and probably
will) ask it to continue. Tuition
goes up and up and up, but never
quite fast enough-a University
education gets worse and worse
and more costly: the solution just
So, if the Legislature gives the
University some more money (and
it probably will), and the sum is
not so small as to make one-third
of it laughable, tuition goes up.
But not as much as had been dis-
cussed-$10or $20 for Michigan
residents $50 to $75 or so for
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official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24
Regents' Meeting: Fri., Nov. 17. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hand not later than Nov. 7. Please sub-
mit twenty-one copies of each commu-
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Design. The freshmen five-week prog-
ress reports (all grades) are to be sent
to 207 Architecture Bldg. (Dean's
Office) before 5:00 p.m., Wed., Oct.
Physical Education-Women Students:
Allwomen students who were medically
excused from physical education for
the first season of the first semester,
but who will be able to resume activity
for the second season, should fill in reg-
istration forms in Office 15, Barbour
Lectures in Psychology 101, Introduc-
tion to Psychology as a Social Science,
begin Tuesday, October 24: 9 a.m, An-
gell Aud. A.; 3 p.m., Angell Aud. A;
7 p.m., Angell Audi C.
Joint Concerts-Duke University and-.
University of Michigan Men's Glee
Clubs, Sat., Nov. 4, at 7:00 p.m. and
9:30 p.m. In 'Hill Aud. Tickets available'
at Hill Aud. Block orders: Oct. 23
through Oct. 27; General sales: Oct. 30
through Nov. 4.
Approval for the following student
sponsored activities becomes effective
twenty-four (24) hours after the pub-
lication of this notice. All publicity for
these events must be withheld until
the approval has become effective.
(Continued on Page 8)
Youth and Enthusiasm'
High light 'Mazowsz'
F OR MOST OF US, Polish music brings to mind the polka, or at
best the mazurka and polonaise. Tonight at 8:30, in the first con-
cert of the Extra Series, the University Musical Society presents the
Mazowsze (pronounced Mah-off-shuh', a vivacious and colorful group
of over 100 Polish dancers, singers and instrumentalists. They un-
doubtedly will dispel our lop-sided view of that country's music. The
songs and dances will be staged in their traditional costumes and
performed in many solo and ensemble, combinations.
The dancers and singers consist of the best young talents in
the central Polish district of Mazowsze from which the group has
taken its name. Although they are well-known in European concert
centers, the present tour is their first to North America since the
group's inaugural concert in November, 1950.
THE MAZOWSZE was founded in 1948 by the late Tadeusz
Syzietynski and- his wife Mira Zaminska-Syzietynska, the present
artistic director. They selected the top talents from over 5,000 youths
and trained them in music and ballet. Their ages range from sixteen
With new lighting techniques, curtains and a newly constructed
orchestra pit at Hill Auditorium, the University Musical Society can
now bring such stage productions to Ann Arbor.
The Mazowsze will afford concert-goers the privilege of hearing
and seeing enthusiastic music and dancing previously available only
in small doses, largely through stylized dance music such as Chopin's
mazurkas and polonaises for piano.
AT HILL AUDITORIUM:
Ovation for Munch:
AARON COPELAND'S Quiet City made an effective transition be-
tween a splendid autumn afternoon and the concert hall at
Sunday's performance of the Boston Symphony. Conductor Munch,
in his last Ann Arbor appearance, drew forth lovely quiet sustained
sounds from his string section in this duo for trumpet and English
horn. The solo instruments complement each other nicely. The English
horn can be like a rich baritone trumpet, and thus the two instru-
ments extend the sound range of each other. A nervous tone marred
the trumpet part somewhat, but Copland's work remained a pleasing
piece in a conservative contemporary idiom.
It was fresh to have both this and Saturday's concert begin
with subdued music rather than the usual off-and-running overture.
Variety was aided in both concerts by inclusion of American, French
and G'erman works. Both programs were designed to build dra-
matically to the end, and sections within the works were interpreted
with similar effect in mind., This tampering with the dynamics, and
tempos of a piece can become boring if done repeatedly; but it's
good showmanship, if that's what you want.
Debussy's Iberia is Spain seen through a veil of incense and
mist. Munch's romantic inclinations are well suited to this type
of music. His suave, easy conducting establishes a level from which
he ca command nuances, many unwritten, which are a major com-
ponent of his style.
He often selects slow tempos which allow an exciting accelerando,
but it is precisely these slow tempos and frequent alterations of speed
that destroy the dynamic drive of sections where cross rhythms
and syncopation are predominate.
* * * *
RHYTHMIC DRIVE is intrinsic to Beethoven, but it was lacking
in Munch's reading of the "Eroica." Beethoven's masterpieces of
musical achritecture are carefully timed and are dramatically suc-
cessful when played as he wrote ,them.
In the funeral march, Munch's fine. sostenuto was effectively
applied about half way through, the movement at the return to C
minor. There was a feeling of strength as the sustained sound grew.
It would have been more effectively capped by a trumpet tone which
had less fuzz and more solid concentrated sound.
A delightful reading of the Scherzo sparkled with Mendelssohian
lightness. Munch excels in this type of music and in sostenuto passages.
Although seemings sometimes to overbalance, the timpani was es-
pecially effective in the last seventeen bars of the finale.
I wonder how many standing ovations in history have been
fully genuine and rational ...
TODAY AND TOMORROW
On Khrushches Speech
By WALTER LiPPMANN
IT IS TOO EARLY to know what the experts
will find when they have examined the
whole text of Mr. Khrushchev's long speech.
But in the reports we now have there are at
least three significant points.
One is that the Soviet Union will explode
a fifty-megaton bomb. The second is that in
the Berlin encounter the deadline of Decem-
ber 31,, which amounted to an ultimatum,
has been lifted. The third is that there is a
capital shortage in the Soviet Union which
compels a pause for at least a year in starting,
new industrial projects.
I VENTURE TO 'THINK that these three
points are aspects of- the samecondition
of affairs. All three indicate that when seen
from the inside, as Mr. Khrushchev sees it,
the power of the Soviet Union is limited.;
Whatever may be the Communist dreams of
the future, in the present the Soviet Union is.
by no means omnipotent, either for war or
in peace. The Soviet Union is having to learn,,
as we too of course are having to learn, that
all power is relative and that no one can
have his way absolutely.
THE FIFTY-MEGATON BOMB is an ado
mission, so it seems to me, that while the
the Soviet Union is ahead of us in rockets, it
is behind us In nuclear weapons. The fifty-
megaton bomb is not an efficient weapon
against the United States. Most likely, it is
intended to be an instrument of intimidation
in Europe. As such, it is probably a dud
even if it is, exploded. For the prevailing
European view is fatalistic. There is no dif-
ference between being destroyed by three
twenty-megaton bombs and being destroyed
by three fifty-megaton bombs.
I cannot help thinking that the coming
fifty-megaton bomb, and the one-hundred-
megaton bomb which is supposed to be in
reserve, are the cover for the realization thatE
achieved in the Rusk-Gromyko talks. This
makes it possible to negotiate. But it does not
offer any promise ° that the negotiation will
lead to agreements. On the basic issue, which
is the political connection between West Ber-
lin and West Germany, the two sides are
far apart and negotiation is bound to be
long and stubborn. Negotiation will, however,
be possible, and therefore might succeed,. if
there are no ultimpata backed by military
measures that could "escalate," that is to
say could spiral upward, into nuclear war.
THE THIRD POINT, the pause for a year
in new capital investment, may be the
most significant of all. The Soviet economy,
which is progressing spectacularly in industry,
rests on an agricultural economy' which is
extremely inefficient and backward compared
with the best in the Western world. It is
backward as compared with our own, with
Canada's, with that of most of Western Europe,;;
that of Australia and New ,Zealand. This weak
and expensive and inefficient agricultural base
is probably the underlying reason for the
shortage of capital. This shortage of capital
is made up of a shortage of labor, which is
held on the farms, and of raw materials which
are not adequately produced.
This indicates where and why and how
the Western world can and will compete suc-
cessfully with the Communist orbit. On the
continent in Western Europe today there is
in progress a highly successful industrial
revolution. In the efficiency of production, and
in the rate of growth, it is more than a match
for the remarkable developments of the Soviet
economy. It is demonstrating that a progressive
economy is quite possible within the Western
liberal way of life. At the same time, there is
under way an agricultural revolution which
together with the industrial development is
putting the general standard of life in West-
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