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October 18, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-10-18

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ETE £irIgait aiIt
Seventy-First Year
Editorials printed in Tse Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
orthe editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Remember, It Would Be Unfriendly To Strike Back"
a .i
- NV

Vos Hit 'Pink Slips'
In Main Motion


Teat City Stay s Vote-less
Ay: FAITH WEINSTI9IN, Magazine Editor

A THIN, HARD-FACED Negro man sits
slouched in front of a battered tent, one of
eleven scattered across the barren field. A
Negro boy, clean well-dressed, stands in front
of him saying, "I was on a Fredom Ride from
Washington to Jackson. I'm fighting for free-
dom too, just like you are." The man looks at
him with suspicion,- resentment and disgust,
and says nothing.
There is no freedom fight in, Tent City. Aft-.
er nearly one year there are still 98 people-
11 families-living in the tents which huddle
by the roadside. And the year in Tent City has
not been a year of glory.
Most of the other signs of the Fayette Coun-
ty struggle have faded from the Tennessee
landscape as they have faded from the head-
lines over the last six months. There is still a
great deal of tension between white and Negro,
and even between Negro and Negro, but at
least -a temporary adaptation is being made
hn the Somerville area,
IT HAS BEEN over a year! since Fayette hit
the national press, when a mass Negro voter
registration drive was met with economic pres-
sure, boycotts and 345 evictions of Negro ten-
ant farmers. The "Original Fayette County
Civil and Welfare League" was set up by store-
keeper John McFerren and others to help the
hungry and homeless Negroes. Tent City was
reated to house the evicted farmers, and Mc-
erren helped supply food. The Fayette Ne-
grow, began what they all refer to as The
In a way, the Negroes have won the first
attle in the struggle. About 3,000 Negroes in
Fayette County are registeredto vote this year;
ompared to the fewer than 100 who applied
o register in 1959. Many voted last year, in
he national elections which touched off the
#risls; most are quietly determined to vote
'OUu, MAIN REASONS were given for the
Board in Control of Intercollegiate Ath-
etics' sudden decision to stop distributing free
ootball roster pamphlets at the Saturday de-
acles: a survey showing the University to be
he only major school with such a service, lag-
ing revenues, "abuses" in the practice and
ack of interest by students.
The last three factors are easily dispsed of,
thletic department officials themselves gave
nsufficient funds as a non-pivotal, minor rea-
on; "abuses," such as non-students grabbing
il the programs or students taking more than-
ne, were surely not confined to just last year
ior did the board suddenly discover that
heating was going on. Also, it is very di..cult
o imagine students not being interested in
nything free.
So, from the available evidence, it appears
he main reason is tied up in this mysterious
urvey. And it is really no reason at all. Ath->
tic department officials would like to see the
ridders go undefeated and become the num-
'er one team in the polls, and the fact that
Michigan would be the only major school with
his top ranking does not deter the officials
4 all.
The fact that the University used to be the
nly major school giving out free fotball pro-
rams should not be any kind of a reason at
11 to suspend this service; on the contrary, it
s an excellent reason for continuing it.

again. The Civic League has turned to voter
registration as -one of its primary functions.
ECONOMICALLY, things have settled down
slightly. Some of the evicted farmers have
been relocated, and work, of sort, has been
found for the others. The men pick cotton at
$2.00-2.50 per day for a nine hour day-the
women can get slightly higher pay doing do-
mestic work in Somerville. The children go to
school when their parents can afford to let them'
leave the fields. In Tent City, the difference
between the wages and subsistence is made up
by government surplus food.
This isn't a good situation, but it isn't much
worse than it has always been-and certainly
far better than it was last year. The land
around Somerville is dry, infertile-looking dirt
-one can drive for miles without seeing any-
thing growing.
The atmosphere in the Civic League office is
one of half-triumph and of hope. They are
acutely aware that the Negroes outnumber the
whites in Fayette County, and they are anx-
ious to -make good use of their potential politi-
cal power. They have set up a "citizenship
committee" to help in the registration drive
and decide which candidates to support. They
refer to Tent City as Freedom Village.
N TENT CITY they call it Tent' City. Here
there is not nearly the energy, the hope or
the sense of the future that the Civic League
people have. Here 98 people live without land
to farm-cut off from their roots, resigned,.
placid. A little booklet put out by the Indus-
trial Union Department of the AFL-CIO says.
"Surprisingly, there is little bitterness in Tent
City." This is true-there is little bitterness.
What there is, however, is something worse
than bitterness-a-kind-of despair which comes
from never having had much hope. Nobody
knows quite what to do with these people-un-
less the government steps in with some kind
of re-development project, they will probably
never get back land to farm. Even the Civic
League speaks of them hopelessly.
So-they live off the government, work when
they can, send their 'children to school, and
THIS IS -THE ONE THING they have-the
one faint spark of hope that keeps them
from, being virtually dumb animals. They will
talk about their vote-diffidently, almost shy-
ly. "Well, yes," one said, "I imagine I will vote
this year. We didn't even know about voting
until last year." . A grandmother declared:
"Lord spare me, I voted last time and I'll vote
What resentment there is is not directed
against the whites, but against McFerren and
the Civic League. "We get all our help from
the government," one mother said, "we don't
get no help from McFerren at all."
These families in Tent City are the dis-
placed persons of a, war between Negroes ai
whites in Fayette County. Like most war vic-
tims, they aren't quite sure what has happened
to them.
In the Somerville area, the vote may begin
to make a difference for the Negro-already
the efforts of the Civic League seem to be hav-
ing some results. But in Tent City, where people
have given up virtually everything for their
right. to vote, reform may never come as long
as they live. In the mid-Twentieth Century, in
the United States of America, this had to be
done in an attempt to get the right to vote.

Grads' Voice Still Weak

Daily Staff Writer
a lonely position on this cam-
pus. There are approximately 11,-
000 of them, yet they have little
interrelationship with each oth-
er. Marriage, part-time jobs, and
a heavy academic load contribute
to the social detachment of the
graduate student.
Aside from these intrinsic,
largely unchangeable factors there
are a number of other reasons
why graduate students are frag-
mented. The attitude of many of
the departments tends to discour-
age extra-curricular campus ac-
tivities and communications with
students studying in areas unre-
lated to his own. Also, there is
little communication among grad-
uate students, so that many do
not know what is happening to
other graduate students and the
University in general.
AS A RESULT, the. graduate
student is apathetic about the is-
sues and- problems that occur out-
side of his department. Aside from
Alan and Judith Guskin and M.
A. Hyder Shah, there have been
no graduate students recently who
were leaders on this campus. .
This is unfortunate for both
graduate students and the Uni-
versity at large. The graduate Stu-
dent has much to contribute in
the way of maturity and experi-
ence. Their four undergraduate
years have cooled the emotional-
ism that tends to effect under-
graduates, enabling the graduate
student to provide a much more
analytical approach to student is-
sues and problems.
Council is faced with these kind
of problems. It is supposed to be
the representative of the gradu-
ate students in all the departments
of the graduate and professional
schools except ,themedical, den-
tal, and law schools.
In the past, the GSC has been
a moribund organization making
little progress in easing the bar-
riers of fragmentation, solving
problems peculiar to graduate
students, or representing the un-
heard graduate students on vital
issues that effect all students.
IN THE LAST several months
the council has made some prog-
ress in meeting these problems, but
it has a long way to go if it is to
be even relatively successful.
Having finally defined itself as
a worthwhile organization that is
going to aid the graduate student
effectively, the GSC has decided
to tackle, several pressing prob-
lems-communication, income tax
relief and required language class
Unfortunately, the council is at-
tacking these problems with a
weak-kneed, hesitating approach
which is unlikely to solve them.
* * *

made on the problem of commu-'
nication. This summer and fall
the GSC ran an orientation pro-
gram for incoming graduate stu-
dents. The council sent handbooks
to all incoming students and set
up an information booth in the
Rackham Bldg.
Further, the council held a se-
ries of mixers this summer and
fall to reduce the immense frag-
mentation. In summer, with all the
teachers who, with a relatively
slight academic load were here for
conferences, the mixers were suc-
cessful in both aim and financ-
ing. In the fall, however, experi-
ence has shown that these affairs
fail and only serve to pull the
council into debt.
A MONTHLY bulletin board an-,
nouncing all scheduled seminars
and colloquia was proposed as an-
other means of increasing com-
munication. Such a listing would
allow graduate students to find out
about programs in other fields
than the one they are studying,
and would allow them to plan work
ahead to attend it. It would also
stimulate interdisciplinary semin-
ars and colloquia and would help.
put highly specialized knowledge
into context.
Unfortunately, the council has
failed to act on the proposal. Al-
though it received favorable com-
ment from the council, no action
was taken.
BEFORE the GSC can under-
take more definitive programs in
this area, it has to solve a major
communications problem within
itself. The council is supposed to
have at least one representative
from every department in the
graduate and professional schools.
However, it is not sure of the to-
tal number of .departments nor
does it have a standard procedure
for selecting representatives. Due,
to this and a record of usually un-
inspiring programs, the council
has a hard core of only 20 mem-
ber's that attend its meetings. Less
than 10 actually work on GSC
This hampers the effect and
representative status of the coun-
cil. How to speak or act for grad-
uate students when only a third
of the students have representa-
tives who attend meetings is a
question the council often pon-
ders before making any decision.
Also, 10 members are not suffi-
cient to carry out any program,
especially considering the other
responsibilities of these members.
It is sometimes surprising that
the GSC does anything at all since
it is so severely hampered.
Some progress is being made.
More people are attending meet-
ings than last year, when no more
than 18 ever appeared at a meet-
ing. Last Thursday, 27 were pres-
ent. A council committee head-,
ed by Edwin Sasaki is contacting
the various departments to set up
elections or appointments of rep-
resentatives to the GSC. So far,
33 departments are represented.

tones of control or limitations on
honesty and effectiveness. It may
be more of a hindrance than a
Graduate Association of the Uni-
versity of California, the GSC has
started a petitioning drive to seek
income tax relief for graduate
students. It circulated petitions
asking the Congress to allow an
extra $600 exemption for gradu-
ate, students who are entirely self-
supporting and that scholarships,
fellowships, and research assist-
antships be made tax free. Hav-
ing gained several hundred signa-
tures on such petitions the coun-
cil is planning to explore other
means of effecting this legislation.
Here the GSC has made con-
structive progress in helping the
graduate student. It is an indica-
tion of the possible usefulness of
the council as an instrument rep-
resenting graduate student opin-
ion. It is unfortunate that the GSC
does not voice opinions on other
issues which effect all students so
that all University students can
be 'epresented to the world.
PERHAPS the council's weak-
ness and hesitancy can be best ii-
lustrated by its handling of the
recent curtailing of classes in re-
quired languages. Ronald Savoy
brought the issue up at last
Thursday's meeting with a reso-
lution protesting the action and
requesting that something be done
about it. However, the, council
balked at taking any kind of im-'
mediate action. This has some jus-
tification, for research ,may be
needed to precede effective action,
but the manner in which this is-
sue was handled indicates it was
more hesitancy and fear of being
The council created a special
committee of four to investigate
the situation and to submit a pro-
test letter at the next GSC meet-
ing. By November, the issue will
be cold, the students resigned to
their fate, and the psychological
advantage and enthusiasm neces-
sary to make progress will be lost.
If the council wishes to deal
with this problem in earnest, as it
must, it should schedule a spe-
cial meeting this week or next to
deal with this issue. At that time,
the committee could report a plan
of action and have a letter of pro-
test ready for council approval."
* * *
BUT the apathetic approach
typifies the way the GSC acts.
If it is going to successfully deal
with the immense problems that
are before it, the council must
stiffen its attitude and, attack its
issues with greater conviction.
Vigorous leadership will help the
council solve its internal prob-
lems and draw interested graduate
students to it.
If the council is to become a
meaningful student organization,
it must adopt this approach. Oth-
erwise, even with.the best inten-
tions, it will sink back into obliv-

To the Editor:
THE DAILY'S writer B. Pash
was really groping for editor-
ial material when she attacked
me for my abstention last week
at the SGC meeting. This absten-
tion, she indicates, was on a sub-
stitution amendment to the mo-
tion expressing approval of "pink
slips" in the quadrangles. Her edi-
tWrial merely adds to the irrespon-
sible reports that have been flow-
ing from The Daily quite regularly
as of late.
When I was interviewed on this
matter, I indicated I was "op-
posed to 'pink slips' in any way,
shape or form.' I further pointed
out I was one of the six that vot-
ed against the main motion. (It
failed nine to six.),
Either Miss Pash didn't hear
me, didn't read the minutes or
didn't think. I will assume she
can both hear and see.
HER ASSERTION of incompe-
tence in not making a stand is
fallacious. When one abstains from
voting on an issue, he is neither
for or against that issue. In the
case of this substitution submit-
ted by Mr. McEldowney, I was
n e i t h e r completely "for" or
'against" it. I was in favor of the
substitution because it attempted
to 'destroy )the original intent of
the main motion, but I was op-
posed to it because it was worded
very poorly and still included
'uses" of these evaluations (e.g.
let employers see them) to which
I was opposed. I therefore, ab-
stained- because I was neither
"for" or "against" this mis-word-
ed minor substitution.
I was against the main motion
(expressing approval of "pink
slips") and this is the way I voted.
Why doesn't Miss Pash clearly
indicate that this substitution was
not the main motion? Why doesn't
Miss Pash clearly point out that
I voted against "pink slips?"
Again, I will assume she can
both hear and see.
-John vas, Member
Student Government Council
To the Editor:
IT IS unfortunate that Student
Government Council members'
time always comes so late in the
meetings because often it is one of
the most important parts of the
meeting. Under discussion recently
was the hostile atmosphere pre-
vailing at Council meetings, rec-
ommendations for improving this
atmosphere and possible causes of
Arthur Rosenbaum and James
Yost stated that the antagonism
was caused by the polarity of po-
litical beliefs on the Council. Ro-
senbaum and Yost both blamed
Voice Political Party for causing
some of the polarities that they
charged were harmful to the Coun-
cil. But the fallacy of these argu-
ments is that' they confuse the
difference in point of view that
exists in any representative body
with the actual antagonisms of
the meeting that results from the
childish behavior of some mem-
MEMBERS also discussed what
could be stone about the existing
differences. Rosenbaum and treas-
urer William Gleason proposed
more Council social events such
as informal parties and meetings
between individual members dur-
ing the week. Both of these sug-
gestions are good but I'm 'not
sure from the tone of their re-
marks that Rosenbaum in par-
tiular and perhaps Gleason are
being realistic about the value of
such meetings.
It is certainly a good thing for
Council members to meet in a

more relaxed atmosphere and dis-
cuss the issues more completely
than they are discussed at the
Council table. The benefit of such
meetings, however, is not primar-
ily that differences of opinion will
disappear but that positions will
be more clearly defined and the
actual differences brought out.
This is a marked contrast to the
situation at the Council table
where differences of opinion are
less a result of profound intel-
lectual differences than they are
the result of positions quickly tak-
en in a bid for votes.
FOR THESE reasons Voice Par-
ty is to be congratulated because

it has made students and Council
members aware of the fact that
there are complex issues facing
the Council and that members
should have some set of broad cri-
teria for determining their stand
on a given issue.
The next question is what the
Council does with the existing dif-
ferences and this is why conduct
at the meeting is vital. The differ-
ence between a good and a hostile
atmosphere at Council meetings is
not that in the smooth meeting
there are no differences in opinion
but that these differences are re-
spected. When the differences are
not respected, then the existing
polarity merges into antagonism
and such meetings drastically lim-
it the constructive business which
the Council can accomplish.'°
-Ralph Kaplan, '3
Chandler ..
To the Editor:
IT SHOULD BE obvious to all
football enthusiasts that we
were beaten by a vastly superior
football team this past weekend.
I, for one, do not think that we
could have won this game under
any circumstances. However, this
does not in any way justify the
idiotic understanding of the sport
of football exhibited by the Uni-
versity of Michigan coaching staff.
Since I have been at this uni-
versity we have never beaten MSU
in football, and at the rate we
are going, we never will. For sev-
eral years the students had to
contend with the ultra-conserva-
tive football of Mr. Oosterbaan,
who apparently hadn't heard the
fact that the forward pass had
been discovered. Despite the fact
that we had the two best football
ends in the country in Ron Kram-
er and Tom Maentz, and Jim Van
Pelt who suddenly "developed" in-
to the star passer of theCanadian
pro league, we weren't able to
beat State in 1956 or 1957. Let us
not even mention All-American
Jim Pace, another member of this
Now, we have to contend with
Mr. Elliott and his staff. Maybe
his brand of football isn't as con-
servative as Bennie's. I am not
going to criticize our team's selec-
tion of plays. We do throw a
forward pass every now and then.
BUT, it is rather unfortunate
that the man tossing, the ball is
not a quarterback. He proved that
last year, by folding under Big 10
pressure in every instance. I am
not saying that Dave Glinka is a
bad quarterback, but I believe that
we have a better one who isn't
even given the chance to play.
This past weekend when we were
being trounced 21-0 at halftime
and going nowhere, any funda-
mental student (much less the
coaching staff) could have told
you that it was time for a change.
The only "chance" we had of even
attempting a comeback was to
score quickly and not grind out
the yardage a la Glinka and Elliott
and eat up much valuable playing
time. This meant the gamble of a
long pass, which we don't use
for reasons of greatfootball strat-
The only man on the Michigan
football team capable of throw-
ing a, decent long pass is Bob
Chandler. He hasn't even been giv-
en the chance of proving he is
100 times the quarterback that
Glinka is or ever will be. Why
doesn't Bob Chandler play? Ask
Mr. Elliott. He'll tell you it's Bob's
knee. If his knee is so bad, why
does he practice? He shouldn't be
allowed to play football at all.
Undoubtedly Mr. Glinka has
more alumni behind him than Mr.
Chandler. Let's give Bob a chance
to play and prove himself. The
way things are going the oply log-
ical thing to do is to put Mr. Fritz
Crisler back on the coaching lines.

Those "Roses", are wilting. We
have been "Bumped" long enough.
What do you say? Let's give
Chandler a chance.
-Reuben L. Baumgarten
Skin ...
To the Editor:
O N PAGE FOUR of you "Fash-
ions for Fall" supplement, did
Barbara Pash really mean "Leider-
hosen," which must be pretty
tight, or "Liederhosen," which,
being confected of corduroy,
whistle while you walk?
-David A. Ward, Grad





Presidential Ice Capades

THE AMERICAN PEOPLE will pay a high
price for a good spectacle. They incur a
price in terms of national and international'
hazard for the form the White House press
conference has taken.
Events and influences in the last few years
and months have tended to make of this con-
ference a kind of televised extravaganza in
which questions of the most delicate diplo-
matic import are asked and an impromptu
answer expected.
This inquisition may have partly been in-
} y
Editorial Staff
City Editor Editorial Director
SUSAN FARRELL. ........ Personnel Director
FAITH WEINSTEIN.............Magazine Editor
MICHAEL BURNS....................Sports Editor
PAT GOLDEN................ Associate City Editor
RICHARD OSTLING .....Associate Editorial Director
DAVID ANDREWS............Associat Sports Editor
CLIFF MARKS_... A..nn.. soia nnrtsEditor

vited by the President, it may be demanded
by the public, or it may in part result fron the
commercial competition of hungry new media.
Whatever the origins it tends to elevate press
and network correspondents into a quasi-
governmental function.
DESCEND to a cliche, their inquiries
force the Chief Executive to skate on thin
ice. Even the skilled performers on that solid
artificial glaze which supports the Ice Follies
do not go into :their acts unrehearsed. And
if the President of the United States should
momentarily lose his footing on a slippery
question, millions would share his fall.
There were objections some administrations
ago when one President required questions in
writing. Yet under present circumstances there
might be virtue in such a practice. In Britain,
where the interrogatory process is carried out
by members of Parliament, the Prime Minister
has at least a day in which to prepare a
IN WASHINGTON the range of subjects on
which an extemporaneous comment may be






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