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October 12, 1961 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-10-12

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World Series

MI- Ewingall :Badl
Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Vhere Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. 0 ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The.Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

'LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Musical Salute
To M-MSU Good Will

RSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1961

NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL HARRAH

Macliac Bridge Rusts
After $100 Million

UP NORTH, there's a grand bit of steel-
* and-concrete which is another example
of public works gone wild.
When the Mackinac Bridge was built at a'
cost of $100 million, people were pretty happy.
Now, at last, the Upper, Peninsula would see
a new burst of life; and this gleaming engi-
neering wonder would bring cheers for the
State of Michigan.
And so it did. The ,first year, a lot of people
took d spin up to look at the spectacle; but
then business began to slow down a little. And
by last year, despite predictions that two
million cars a year would cross the Mackinac,
business just managed to creep over the one
million mark.
BY INCREASING toll rates, the state has
managed to keep its finger in a dike
holding back pools of red ink. Prentis Brown,
chairman of the Mackinac Bridge Authority,
reports toll receipts for the first eight months
of 1961 total'$3,365,000, which probably means
$4 million will be paid in by next January 1.
A little quick arithmetic reveals that this'
has 'little meaning in terms of the state's
indebtedness. When the bridge furor was at
its height, voices of solid reputation predicted
business -would be in excess of four million
cars by the end of the decade. As it is, the
trickle of traffic is netting just about enough
money to pay back the interest due on the
bonds. The principal of the loan remains
remains largely untouched.
It's -possible tolls can be raised again without

cutting down traffic, since the group of cus-
tomers has settled down now to the bed-rock
tourists and businessmen who will cross the4
Straits regardless of price.t
WHEN THE BRIDGE idea was formed, the
state G.O.P., normally over-careful about
where money goes, jumped on the bandwagon
in an effort to build up a rural (and hence
Republican) section. Some Democrats balked
at first, but eventually welfare-itis took over
and the huge project was OK'd.
Unfortunately, the grand plans left out
most concepts of sociological importance. This
is a typical fallacy of welfare spenders, who
presume that new expenditures will create a
good situation (such as a new boom in the
UP), whereas careful study often can lead to
different conclusions. The UP was destined
to lose population and business, and no amout
of Lansing pump-priming could change this
trend.
TODAY, THE BRIDGE is less an attractor
of new prosperity than an escape hatch-
for disillusioned citizens.
If the state was really anxious to go in debt
on the grand scale, it might have spent the
money on its universities. Of course, the results
of spending on education aren't quite so "con-
crete" and pictures of bright young students
don't make good subjects for post cards. But
here is where the future of Michigan lies, not
in ill-advised public works plums.
-RICHARD OSTLING
Associate Editorial Director

To the Editor:
E VERY YEAR about this time
the very air is blued with as-
persions regarding the charcter
and sophistication of this state's
two largest universities. There are
those who, during the year, would
point out the relative merits of
the two and the mutual benefits
to be derived from people to people
cultural exchange Jrograms.
The U of M image in East Lan-
sing approaches an ivory tower
cult of intellectual snobs. The MSU
image in Ann Arbor, when any one
bothers to care, tends to recall
something about cows . . . and
milkmaids.
* * *
THERE WAS A TIME when
the Ann Arbor faction took the
offensive and rubbed in the na-
ture of Michigan State's child-
hood era. But as MSU has emerg-
ed as a football power and have
not allowed a Michigan victory in
several years, the Ann Arbor stu-
dents have tended to withdraw
from the competition and seclude
themselves in their apartments
with more enjoyable companions
(self-explanatory).
Now the State students take the
offensive, being drunk and uneasy
in the light of their new-found
strength.
* * *
IN A STATE where an elemen-
tary school student is expected
to commit his allegiance -publicly
to one university or the other; see-
ing every weekend composed of
"them guys" and "us," as the day
of testing comes due, the older
college children of the lot can
be expected to assign metaphysical
importance to the event.
Each of us feels moved to con-

tribute his bit to

the cause, be-

'ESQUIRE' ARTICLE:
Local Greeks Deny Eclipse

TODAY AND TOMORROW
The Berlin Talks
By WALTER LIPPMANN

S I MAKE it out from what I have heard,
the, situation at this point in the talks
about Berlin is that while the important is-
sues have been identified, they are not as yet
clearly defined. No settlement is as yet in
sight. Indeed, on the hard core of the problem
there has as yet been no negotiations and
almost certainly no thorough exploration.
In fact, neither side has as yet disclosed in.
the concrete what it will regard as an ac-
ceptable settlement.
THERE HAS, however, been progress in re-
duing certain highly inflammable secon-
dary issues. So far as I know this has not
been done by formal agreement but tacitly.
The Soviet government is ,by way of accepting
the indisputable fact that the United States
and its allies will not sign a peace treaty with
East Germany, but they will not open up
diplomatic intercourse with it and treat it
as a lawful government.
The counterpart on our side is the tacit ad-
mission that there are two German States, and
that it is no longer a practical objective of
American policy to unify them by the inte-
gration of East Germany into West Germany.
As a corollary of the Soviet recession on the
demand that we must sign a peace treaty,
there is evidence of an understanding which
is of sgreat importance although there is not
yet formal agreement The understanding is
that Moscow, having negotiated withus a bill
of rights for West Berlin, will incorporate
this bill of i rights in its own treaty which
it intends to sign with East Germany. This is
a concession from the position I often taken
by Soviet officials in the past that we would
have to negotiate about our rights in West
Berlin npt with them but with the Ulbricht
government.
On our side, the counterpart of the Com-
munist concession is that we will not refuse
to let East German officials replace Soviet
officials on the access route. In this con-
nection we must remenmber that for some
years East Germany has been administering
control of West German and civilian access
except in the air corridors.
ALL OF THIS does not, however, bring us
to the hard core of the issues. The Soviet
government has notified us that it will guaran-
tee access to West Berlin on condition that
West Berlin becomes a demilitarized free city,
as they define these words. This is the hard
core of the controversy, and, it is important
that we should know as exactly as possible
what the issues are.
The Soviet government wants to sever the
connection between West Berlin and Bonn,
and also the connection between West Berlin
and NATO. No doubt Moscow would prefer
to have no separate city of West Berlin. But
irs immediate objective is not to absorb West
Berlin into East Germany, which would meant
war, but to isolate West Berlin. It would be
isolated politically altogether and in some
negotiable degree it would be isolated econom-
ically.

coup. But the immediate objective. is to di-
vorce the internal derense of Berlin from the
competence of NATO.
AS AGAINST these Soviet demands for a
radical change in the status of West Berlin,
our policy has been to maintain the status
quo, or as much 'of it as we can maintain
without making concessions that would be
regarded as surrender or appeasement. We
have never had and we do not now have a
positive American and Western proposal for
giving West Berlin a more durable and a
more secure status than it now has. The
policy of standing pat firmly means that
Berlin is in a condition of perpetual crisis.
THE GAP iswide between the Soviet demand
for a radical change and the Western ad-
herence to the status quo. President Kennedy
is in a very difficult position and he deserves
and needs the understanding and support of
his own people. He is being squeezed by his
adversary in Moscow, by his allies in Bonn
and Paris, and by the right wing here at
home. The net result of these multiple con-
flicting pressures could be to immobilize him
on the brink of thermonuclear war. The Presi-
dent's responsibilities are grave. But so also
grave are the responsibilities of those Germans,
Frenchmen and Americans who are tying his
hands and are doing what they can to prevent
negotiations and to precipitate a show-down.
To want to avert a show-down is not to
lack nerve. It is to possess a realization of
what thermonuclear war would really mean
'and what are the imperatives of diplomacy
in this nuclear 'age. The President of the
United States must not be driven into a
corner where the only alternatives open to
him are dishonor or surrender.
AS I READ the situation today, 'a failure
to negotiate a settlement will mean, at
the least, that West Berlin will have no
emotional security whatever. It will never
know what the East Germans will do to
harass or to close down the access routes.
Thus.the Communists might do nothing for
an indefinite time and that would be quite
enough to keep Berlin and the world sitting
on the anxious seat. This is the way to create
a panic in West Berlin and an intolerable
frustration elsewhere.
At the worst, if there is no positive settle-
ment, the Communists will narrow down,
even if they do not close down, access to
West Berlin, and this will bring us all to the
brink of a thermonuclear war. I do not think
anyone can now foresee how Europe and
America and the rest of the world would act
if it were in fact on the brink of thermonu-
clear war. It has never been on the brink
of thermonuclear war. The world does not
now believe that there will be a thernmonu-
clear war and that is why so many who
ought to know better talk about it so glibly.
THE PRESIDENT will have to lift the dis-
pute above the issue of whether West

By MARJORIE BRAHMS
Daily Staff Writer
ALONG FRATERNITY ROW,
more and more chapters are
"gleefully potshotting the na-
tional, ,threatening to go local"
unless "this Caucasian-Christian
crap" ends, Brock Brower claims
in the October issue of "Esquire."
"There seems little doubt that
the 'Society System' they (the
fraternities) have so stoutly de-
fended over the last one hundred
and thirty-six years is going to
perish, either through complete
metamorphosis or by sudden
crumbling within the next decade,"
Brower says. . ,
The crux of his argument deals
with the current civil war between
locals, who demand autonomy in
choosing their members and the
right to choose them on personal
merit, and their nationals, who re-
fuse them this right and retain
written bias clauses.
DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before2 p.m., two days preceding
publication.'
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12
General Notices
Woodrow Wilson'Fellowships. Nomina-
tions for Woodrow Wilson fellowships
for the academic year 1962-63 for first
year graduate work leading to a career
in research and college, teaching are
due Oct. 31, 1961., Only members of
the faculty may nominate candidates.
Letters of nomination should be sent
to Dean Richard -Armitage, Graduate
School, Ohio State University, 164 W.
19th Ave., Columbus, O. For additional
information consult Prof. M. Greenhut,
2634 Haven Hall.
All Choral Union ushers who did not
get a chance to sign to usher at the
Four Freshmen Concert on Friday Oct.
13th, and who desire to usher at this
event, please report for duty at 7:30
p.m. at the east door of Hill Aud.
(Continued on Page 5)

Brower says locals ~ are "re-
writing the sacred rituals, pledg-
ing whomever they please and
beating the national instead of
the dean." Forcing this attack are
"'unfriendly college administra-
tors'" and "'student organiza-
tions.'"
Will the result of this internal
battle and external pressure be the
end of the fraternity system as
it exists now?
* * *
ROBERT PETERSON, '62, pres-
ident of Interfraternity Council,
declares the conflict will not de-
stroy the fraternity system.
Not enough nationals have writ-
ten bias clauses to significantly
affect their relationships with
their locals, he explains.
"The death of the system, if
anything, would be 'total oppor-
tunity' or 'one-hundred percent-
ism, rather than bias clauses.
"In time, the clauses will be
eliminated. Since World War II
approximately 19 or. 20 clauses
have been dropped from frater-
nity constitutions by nationals
and locals working together with
limited pressure or interference.
from the outside."
Both Peterson and Arthur Ros-
enbaum, '62, president of Zeta
Beta Tau, said the statements in
the "Esquire" article are atypical,
on the whole, for the University.
* * *
ROSENBAUM POINTED OUT
that one "must look at all sides
of the problem before deciding if
the fraternity system is dying.
Brower's charges are superficiali-
ties. If fraternities do die, it will
because the members no longer
accept the responsibilities of run-
ning them.
"This possible lack of concern,
shown by the lack of capable
leadership throughout the campus,
is a potential cause for the death
of fraternities."
Rosenbaum agreed with Peter-
son on the relative unimportance
of the discrimination;question as
a cause of the imminent death of
fraternities, adding that much of
the problem is due to neither writ-

ten nor unwritten clauses but to
individual prejudices.
"However, if fraternities do not
meet the challenge of ending bias
clauses with more speed and ef-
ficency than they are showing
now, the discrimination question
will have a definitely weakening
effect on the system."
He stressed that the problem is,
not insurmountable, but must be
met.
*et* *
"AT THIS UNIVERSITY," he'
added, "Student Government
Council is attempting to solve the
discrimination problem by legis-
lative action, ruling that choice
of members in student organiza-
tions be on the basis of personal
merit and interest.
"Of course, personal opinion
can't be changed by legislative
action, but SGC can give fra-
ternities and sororities, as well as
other organizations, the right to
have free opinion. Some do not
have that right now. Out of this
conflict between local and na-
tional will emerge a stronger fra-
ternity system."
BROWER ALSO CITED "a
growing feeling among under-
graduates, even fraternity mem-
bers, that is anti-fraternity . ."
He reports a study from a group
of fraternity men at Brown Uni-
versity suggesting the abolition .of
the fraternity system on that cam-
pus. Amherst, Williams and Ham-
ilton have all established "one-
hundred percentism."
At Amherst, a national-gone-
local has initiated a unique, sys-
tem: "the first 20 guys over the
threshold before 10:35 p.m. Thurs-
day" constitute the° new pledge
class. On some campuses, Grinell
College for example, fraternities
have withered away into "social
dormitories," Brower claims.
What is causing this anti-fra-
ternity-ism? According to the
Brown study, criticism of rushing
procedures and the pressures
which mold individuals to the
group pattern are main sources
of discontent.
In answer to these charges,

Peterson denies an overall anti-
fraternity feeling. "There are
many strong supporters of the
fraternity system-on this campus
and all over the country."
Rosenhaum cited growth-more,
chapters, construction of new
houses, repairs on old houses-as
ample evidence of a strong system.
* . *
THE RUSHING SYSTEM is a
problem, he admits, "but not an
insurmountable one. It will be
met and solved."
As for pressures to conform,
Peterson acknowledges certain'
basic norms members must uphold
but did not see the overall validity
of a conformity charge. Rosen-
baum agreed that "fraternities do
not limit you. A dorm or apart-
ment can limit you as much or
more, if you yourself choose to
be limited."dI
Pledging, a widelydcriticized
practice and a childish one in
Brower's opinion, "is becoming
more mature," Rosenbaum says.
"Hazing has been almost elim-
inated and the charges of cruelty
which Brower makes are rarely
relevant to the University, he has
found.
"The purpose of pledging is to
teach the pledge the responsibili-
ties and privileges of ;raternity
membership."
THE IMPORTANT QUESTION,
Brower says, is "whether they
(the new generation) will succeed
in reforming the fraternity sys-
tem or simply reduce it to sham-
bles ..
Can its worth be re-evaluated,
its accusers answered, its prin-
ciples of brotherhood and respon-
sibility for one another cleared
of all charges of "hypocrisy?" Will
the system emerge from the dis-
honor of bias charges unchanged?
Whatever the answers, "fra-
ternities must face the real prob-
lems themselves and not allow out-
siders to control their actions,"
Peterson stated. "In this way,
they will disprove Brower's charges
and those of similar opponents
of the fraternity system."

ing totally unable to control events
on the field. Superstition runs
havoc. But crude insults in the
are of one-ups-manship reflects
more on one's generic derivation
than articulatory agility.
* * *
SHOULD the doubtful situation
arise that an Ann Arbor student
thinks his position so insecure
that he feels moved to reply to
an MSU comment, instead of an
ugly retort, relate the lyrics of
this simple song, sung to the rune
of "Home on the Range":
OH GIVE ME a school
Where the students play
pool
And the cows roam the
campus all day.
Where seldom is heard
An intelligent word
And the athletes all get high
pay.
MOO, Moo M-S-U
Oh, that's the cow college
for you
Where a chimpanzee
Can get a degree
And even a Phi Beta key.
-Frank Starkweather,'61
(MSU Spec,'62)
New Look?
To the Editor:
AS ANOTHER football season
advances, it is pleasant to be
able to observe a few changes on
Saturday afternoons. These
changes range from the subtle
(those guys wearing blue got big-
ger) to the obvious (the left hand
column on the scoreboard has be-
come operative). But the half
times are dreadfully the same.
What has been one of the main
attractions during the lean years
seems to have fallen into obsoles-
ence as rapidly as the Michigan
line penetrated to the secondary
of UCLA.
Though from all reports, the
Russians loved our band, Is it
necessary to subscribe to "what's
good enough for the Russians is
good enough for us?" At any rate,
it is doubtful that the Russians
were subjected to five years of
drums and fire extinguishers. Let's
face it, "Sing, Sing Sing" was nice
(was it '56 that Krupa was here?);
and the "Hawaiian War Chant"-
that Son of Frankenstein - was
.even enjoyable the first ten times,
but isn't it about time to give some
of the other boys a chance? Like
the piccolos maybe?
In short, what used to sport the
best lines on the field now looks
(and sometimes plays) as ragged
as Mr. Elliott hopes MSU will be;
thus we suggest they dress up with
some new distractios-like, some
leggy majorettes, maybe. or even
better, let's replace the band with
140 short-skirted cheerleaders.
--Charles J. G. Barr, '62 LSA
-David B. Spaan, Grad LSA
New 'Life..
To the Editor:
I WAS particularly impressed
with the student activities at
the Michigan-Army game. The
band performed well, as was to
be expected from such an honored
group. The team was great, in
the tradition of' Michiganteams.
The surprise was the Block M
performance. These students stole
my attention, as well as that of
most persons about me, from the
show on the field. I do rot recall
such a show last year. The ideas
were clearly displayed as well as
precisely performed.
My cheers for Block M. Keep
it going! J am looking forward to
an even better show next year.
-Anthony J. Finouki
Yonkers, N. Y.
Polittics?
"yOU KNO wha e Aei

"YU KNOW what the Artier!-
can people will buy, what
they will take as far as a point
of view is concerned."
-Asst. White House Press
Secretary Andrew Hatcher
to a conference of public
relations men.

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