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October 03, 1961 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-10-03

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DBER 3,1961

THE MICHIGAN DATIN

)BER 3, 1961 THE MTCUIGI~N DAIlY
S

PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT:
De Gaulle Outlines Program
For Referendum in Algeria

By The Associated Presssd
PARIS-President Charles de security force to conduct .a long-
Gaulle told the nation last night deferred referendum on Algeria's
he plans to create a provisional future.
Algerian government with its own In a nationwide radio-TV ad-

ALGERIAN INDEPENDENCE - French President Charles de
Gaulle informed his nation last night of his plans for Algerian
autonomy.,

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dress, de Gaulle also appealed to
the Algerian rebel National Lib-
eration Front (FLN) to partici-
pate in the provisional regime
pending the referendum.
He expressed belief that the Al-
gerians undoubtedly will choose
an independent Algerian state and
urged Algeria's European popula-
tion to swallow its bitterness and
cooperate in the establishment of
a free Algeria closely associated
with France.
Warns Critics
He warned his political critics
he will not hesitate to invoke
emergency powers again to rule
by decree if parliamentary oppo-
sition threatens the nation with
chaos. De Gaulle Saturday gave up
special emergency powers he had
assumed during the generals'
revolt in Algeria last April.
In Oran, Algeria, an explosion
interrupted TV transmission a few
minutes before de Gaulle's speech
was to be carried. The speech was
carried normally in Algiers. Sev-
eral times previously TV and radio
have been cut off in Algeria with
explosive charges set by the An-
ti-Gaullist secret army organiza-
tion.
Merchants Strike
Meanwhile, most European mer-
chants in Algeria's major cities
closed their doors yesterday in a
half hour solidaity strike called
by the right-wing secret army or-
ganization.
On the other hand, most civil
servants in the capital stayed on
the job in the face of government
threats of severe penalties. The
post office, city bus lines and rail-
way and port facilities operated as
usual, but control tower person-
nel at Maison Blanche Airport
here struck for a symbolic five
minutes. Moslem dock workers
continued to work.
The president said he plans to
begin organizing a "strictly Al-
gerian" security force immediate-
ly. He did not spell out what he
meant by such a force but de
Gaulle recently told a meeting of
Socialist party leaders it would
total about 50,000 men.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Soviet
Union fired yesterday its 16th
nuclear detonation since resum-
ing atomic tests Sept. 1.
* * *
WASHINGTON-Chairman Paul
,Rand Nixon of the Federal Trade
Commission yesterday strongly
backed heavier fines and manda-
tory jail sentences for repeated
offenders under the nation's anti-
trust laws.
ELISABETHVILLE - Interna-
tional Red Cross representatives
have told United Nations and Ka-
tangan authorities that both sides
are technically violating the Ge-
neva convention on treatment of
prisoners, an authoritative source
reported yesterday.
* s *
DETROIT-Ford Motor Co. and
the United Auto Workers headed
into an all-night bargaining ses-
sion yesterday with a strike dead-
line for 120,000 Ford production
workers only a few hours away.
RIO DE JANEIRO - Capt.
Henrigge Galvao and Gen. Hum-
berto Delgado, foes of Premier
Antonio Salazar's Portuguese gov-
ernment, have left Brazil amid
reports that they plan to lead an
armed revolt in Portugal.
. . .

SAN JUAN - The Dominican
Republic was alerted for a contin-
ued hurricane watch last night as
tropical storm Frances churned
westward in the Caribbean. j
CAPE CANAVERAL-A power-
ful Atlas missile bristling with
bonus experiments which made it
a virtual flying space laboratory
successfully streaked 5,000 miles
over the Atlantic yesterday.
* * *
NEW YORK-A strong current
of speculative activity was be-
hind a mixed and sluggish market
yesterday. Standard and Poor's
500 Index closed up .04, with 425
industrials off .02, 25 rails up .09
and 50 utilities up .35.

High Court
To Consider
Major Cases
WASHINGTON () - The Su-
preme Court opened a new term
yesterday with its calendar al-
ready crowded with an all-time
high of 1,050 cases touching on
such major issues as reapportion-
ment, racial discrimination and
labor relations.
Chief Justice Earl Warren made
a brief address during the open-
ing ceremony, then the Court met
in closed conferences to consider
appeals filed since it recessed for
summer vacation June 19.
First arguments will be heard
next Monday, involving the long
pending issue of whether Federal
courts have the right to order re-
apportioning of state legislative
districts.
Tennessee Case
The case involved was appealed
to 'the Supreme Court by a group
of Tennessee voters who are ask-
ing that the Federal judiciary
compel Tennessee to redraw its
legislative districts to end claimed
discrimination against city elec-
tors.
The justees heard the first argu-
ments on this appeal last April
but did hot reach a decision. They
asked for reargument Oct. 9,
Numerous states could be affected
by the outcome. Many have state
laws requiring periodic redistrict-
ing that has not been carried out.
Southern States
Legal issues by sit-in demon-
strations in the South will come
up in an appeal scheduled for
hearing in the third week of the
month.
Sixteen Negroes jailed for lunch
counter sit-in demonstrations in
Baton Rouge carried their case
to the Supreme Court.
The Negroes' attorneys say that
if the convictions are allowed to
stand such action would be "com-
pletely subversive of the numerous
decisions throughout the Federal
judiciary outlawing state enforced
racial distinctions."
They claim further the case pre-
sents issues posed by numerous
similar student demonstrations
throughout the country. The dem-
onstrations have ended racial dis-
crimination in some restaurants
and produced court cases in others.
Two sit-in cases from Maryland,
two from Virginia and three from
North Carolina are awaiting Su-
preme Court decision on whether
they will be heard,
The Court has already agreed to
review two other racial issues:
(1) a decision that the National
Association for Advancement of
Colored People unlawfully solici-
ted legal business for its attorneys
in Virginia, and (2) a contempt
conviction of the president of the
Florida NAACP for refusing to
bring membership lists of the
Miami NAACP to a Florida legis-
lative investigation committee
hearing.
Knight To Tell
Bribe Details
LOS ANGELES (R) - Former
Gov. Goodwin Knight has charged
that Richard M. Nixon sent a
man to lure him out of the gover-
nor's race with big job offers.
Meanwhile, a Los Angeles fin-
ancier, J. Oward Edgerton, said
he believes he is the man Knight
will name.
"The only statement I will make
at this time," Edgerton said, "is
that I have never been an emis-
sary of Dick Nixon on any matter
in my entire life."

Knight says a friend of Nixon
telephoned him Sept. 7 in Sacra-
mento and told him he could
have any job in the state-even
become chief justice of the Cali-
fornia Supreme Court-it he would
withdraw from the 1962 guberna-
torial picture.
To Put Pressure
On Steel Workers
WASHINGTON (MP)-Secretary
of Labor Arthur J. Goldberg said
yesterday the Kennedy adminis-
tration will turn just as much
heat on steel workers to restrain
their wage demands as it has ap-
plied to the steel companies to
avert a price increase.
Goldberg also reported in a
news conference that the nation
made some September g a i n s
against joblessness. There are in-
dications, re said, that the Sep-
tember job report due today will
show a "more than seasonal" Im-
provement in unemployment and
some inroads into long-term job-
lessness.'

Non-Aligned
Nations Ask
Study Time
USSR Solution Called
No Real Compromise
UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The
United States yesterday rejected
a Soviet'formula for resolving the
deadlock over the naming of a
temporary United National Secre-
try-General.
Delegates from the so-called
non-aligned nations said they
wanted more time to study the
Soviet proposal, but there was in-
creasing concern that without big
power agreement there is little
chance of speedily resolving the
issue.
Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson,
Chief United States delegate, said
the Soviet plan is not a real com-
promise and its adoption "would
seriously undermine the integrity
of the Secretariat."
Recommend Appointment
Under the Soviet plan the UN
Security Council would recommend
to the General Assembly the ap-
pointment of a man well-known
in U1 circles who would work in
co-operation with three' deputies
now in the Secretariat.
He would serve until April, 1963,
which would have been the ex-
piration of the second five-year
term held by Secretary-General
Dag Hammarskjold.
No Veto
The Soviet Union declared it did
not have in mind utilization of
the veto by any of the deputies,
but added that the temporary UN
head must maintain daily co-
operation with them, and "must
seek to achieve mutual agreement
with them on the major questions
of the work of the Secretariat."
In apparent objection to this
stipulation, Stevenson declared in
a statement that the Soviet plan
"does not give the Interim Secre-
tary-General a mandate to carry
out the full functions of the of-,
fice."

By HARRY PERLSTADT
The United States is in a
strong position to prevent the
adoption of the Soviet Union's
'troika' plan for the United Na-
tions Secretariat," Prof. Inis L.
Claude of the political science de-
partment said recently.
He also commented on the late
UN Secretary-General Dag Ham-
marskjold's actions in Katanga
just before his death and indicat-
ed that a temporary successor,
whether a single man, a troika, or
a combination, could become per-
manent.
"The adoption of the troika plan
would necessitate an amendment
to the UN Charter. In addition to
a two-thirds vote in the General
Assembly, each of the 'big five'
(United States, Nationalist China,
France, United Kingdom, and the
Soviet Union) must ratify the
amendment.
No Addition
"If the United States does not
ratify or veto the amendment, the
troika plan will not be added,"
Prof. Claude explained.
Re-state Soviet
Berlin Stand
BONN (-The Soviet onion re-
iterated yesterday its stand that
the western claim to unrestricted
use of the Berlin air corridors by
American, British and French air-
craft is without foundation or le-
gal basis.
An article in Soviet Union yes-
terday, a publication of the So-
viet Embassy in Bonn, contended
the Soviet Union agreed only mil-
itary planes of the three western
powers could use the airlanes to
supply the Berlin garrisons.
The article said the Soviet rep-
resentative declared at a meeting
of the Allied Control Council on
Nov. 9, 1945 that two types of
corridors be established, one to
supply the allied garrisons, the
other to handle the "usual" tran-
sit traffic between states.

He speculated that the Rus-
sians did not expect to get final
acceptance for the troika plan
but are willing to settle for a
secretary-general more acceptable
to them.
This means that Scandinavians
are considered "pro-West" by the
Russians and therefore unaccept-
able.
, Neutral Enough
"Only Asians or Africans seem
neutral enough to be acceptable
to the Soviet Union as secretary-
general," Prof. Claude said.
The United Nations could fill
the post temporarily -or for a full
term. "The joker is that the tem-
porary appointment may turn out
Free Delivery Free D

'STRONG POSITION':
Claude Views U.S. Secretariat Stanu

Stevenson Rejects
Secretary- General

If

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