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February 22, 1962 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-02-22

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
reativi INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE:
rea m yssociates'
,:Writers Judge ViewsEuropean Court Week Long
v K"^?- Mn- t .' -f--'--t" .. ' r "-a

By JEAN TENANDER
Although not an actuality until
the conclusion of the Treaty of
Rome in 1958, the Court of Justice
of the European Communities has
existed in principle since 1952,
Andreas M. Donner, Chief Justice
of the Court, said yesterday.
The concept of the Court ini-
tially took root with the establish-
ment of the European Coal and
Steel Community, and it has since
grown to become the legal body
of the three European communi-
ties: the European Coal and Steel
Community, the Common Market
and Euratom.
The seven judges to the Court
are chosen by unanimous consent
of the six member nations and
represent these nations. The Court
has its base in Luxembourg and
has handled about 130 cases since
its foundation.
Court Structure
Sketching briefly the structure
of the Court, Donner placed the
cases it handles into three cate-
gories. The first deals with the
complaints of member nations or
private parties who feel the trea-
ties of the Communities are not
being observed or justly handled
by the communities. Surprisingly,
the Chief Justice said that most
of the cases have been brought
up by private parties.
The second covers complaints
that the member nations are vio-
lating the treaties. In this cate-
gory the executive body of each
Community( has a right to sue tne
member countries.
The third category, which the
Chief Justice listed as an excep-
tion, includes those cases which
demand that treaties be observed
between private persons. In a
case involving a dispute between
two Dutchmen about a ruling of
the Common Market for example,
the national courts must suspend
proceedings and apply to the
Court of Justice.
Won't Predict
When asked to make a predic-
tion about Europe's future as
either unified. or disunited, the
Chief Justice smiled and said he
would have to exercise "judicial
restraint" and declined to answer.
Donner did say, however, that
Hannon Tracks
U.S. Confusion
On Russians
By SANDRA SANDELL.
"The recent wave of attacks on
thie' American school system, the
consumer society, the national
purpose and widespread apathy
have resulted in hypochondria and
bravado, self-criticism and flag-
gelation, guilt and confusion,"
Stuart L. Hannon said Tuesday at
a lecture on the national intellect
sponsored by the journalism de-
partment.
Hannon, the assistant to the
president of the company which
runs Radio Free Europe, said that
the confused concern over Ameri-
can goals and purposes is a result
of the national purpose of the
USSR. Some social or political
critics "sound like Pravda or Dos-
toevsky's master neurotics," he
continued.
Semantic Needles
"Some of our most prominent
writers search for every needle in
the haystack of semantics to ex-
plain Soviet behavior, but Jthey
have not' studied the destructive
weapon of dialectics. Rather, they
speak of inconsistencies in Soviet
policy, zigs and zags, ambiguities
and contradictions," he said.
Hannon felt that seminars
which are intended to probe the

substance of an issue frequently
only leave it fragmented-result-
ing in two problems where one was
originally..
Discussing recent peace demon-
strations, Hannon said that send-
ing thousands of telegrams to the
President and parading before the
White House are forms of "in-
fantile communication." Persons
who use these methods "disavow
the process of communication
through elected representatives,"
he explained.
Birthright Kept
"We must keep our birthright of
to those without it. Peace without
freedom and help spread freedom
freedom is meaningless. We must
reduce our commitment so that
what we do, we do well," he said.
"Our national intellect must be
shaped to face realities. One can
be disillusioned only if one has
had illusions. It is no longer a
matter of what we stand for but of
standing for our deals to the best
advantage. The real challenge is
the potential of ideals. It is not
to pommell ourselves for our fail-
ures or to commemorate freedom
with monuments or to substitute
protocol for diplomacy," Hannon
said.

the Court has advanced more to-
ward a federal structure than any
international organization bring-
ing together international states.
In rendering its judgements, the
Court draws upon the legal systems
of all the memner nations and is
thus developing a. European com-
mon law.
The difficulties that would re-
sult if the Common Market were
to be united with the European
Free Trade Association nations
can be exaggerated said the Chief
Justice. It would be difficult to
join the continental legal notions
and the common law of the United
Kingdom, but the law in which
the Court deals is primarily eco-
nomic law and as such is a rela-
tively new field. Since this new law
is not steeped in tradition, the
main differences would be pro-
cedural rather than theoretical.

ACWR SEMINAR
Panel Cites as Beneficial
Idea of UN University
By BARBARA PASH graduate school and then gre
A United Nations University ally become an undergradi
would be beneficial for world u4- school or vice versa was discu
derstanding, but the problems'in- by the panel.
volved in establishing and admin- "I believe it should start as
istrating it would be manifold, the undergraduate school because
three panelists discussing the sooner you mix young people e
United Nations University agreed cationally, the better," Lunds
Tuesday night. explained.
The participants in the Ameri- -xp__med.
cans Committed to World Re-
sponsibility - sponsored seminar
were James H. Robertson, asso-
wee J m s H ob rs n so ate dean of the literary college,
Prof. Arnold S. Kaufman, of the Press Prize
philosophy department and Sven
Lundstedt, assistant director for The Daily received second P
the Foundation for Research on from the Inland Daily Press A.
Human Behavior. ciation for excellence in typo
The University would contain phy and makeup Monday at
three divisions: one concerned Association's winter meeting.
with basic disciplines, another de- Winners were chosen on
voted to major international prob- 'basis of effective news, adve:
lems and the third on arts and ing and picture display, reada
sciences pertaining to particular ity and general eye-appeal.
areas of the world. The Daily placed in the cate
Major Problem of newspapers printed on ro
A major problem in implement- presses with a circulation of
ing this plan would be the selec- der 10,000. The first place wii
tion of a staff. "It would be very was the Goshen (Ind.) News
difficult to obtain a staff of well- Second place winner in the :
rounded adequately - tr a i n e d of newspapers with over 75
teachers for this university," Rob- circulation was the Detroit
ertson said. Press.
This also relates to the approach
to be used in teaching the courses
and the content of the courses. DAL A
One solution is to have a large[2-6264
committee decide what interna-
tional courses will be offered,
Lundstedt noted. THE GRE
However, curricular problems
are set by one's value orientation,
Kaufman added. "With such a di- H UM AN
versity of students and staff, who
is to choose what should be taught T lE WOR
and what should not?"
Other ProblemsH-
A different type of problem was
brought out by Lundstedt,' who
asked "What do humanities and KNOW N
social sciences mean in a cross-
cultural setting?" There is a dis-
crepancy in the definition of so- .'
cial sciences in different coun-'"N'k
tries. Thus the school (of basic
disciplines) must determine what
its objectives are and how it in-
tends to accomplish these. Y
The basic question of whether
to start the UN University as a

Seminar To View
Developing Areas
The political science depart-
ment is sponsoring a seoninar to
examine the conditions of stabil-
ity in developing areas of South-
ern Asia, Africa, and Latin Amer-
ica at 8 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham assembly hall. Panel mem-
bers will be Prof. Samuel H.
Barnes of the political science de-
partment, chairman; Prof. Rich-
ard L. Park, director .f the Cen-
ter for Southern Asian Studies,
and Martin Needler of the politi-
cal science department.

i

I

LE TRETEAU DE PARIS
presents
huis-clos (No exit) by SARTRE
la cantatrice chauve by IONESCO
Friday, Feb. 23 ... 8:00 P.M.
at the LYDIA MENDELSSOHN THEATRE
Box office open Feb. 19-23 from 10-3-Tickets at door
Tickets $3.75, 2.50, 1.75, 1.25
Sponsored by the Cercie Franca is

CROSS CULTURAL ENCOUNTER

A DISCUSSION on the potential factors of tension in intercultural
dating and marriage.

A-- "THE JEWISH BACKG(ROUND OF

11

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