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May 26, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-26

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Seventy-Second Year
aWhere Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. . ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.


Mind and Idea:


A University Philosophy

r7-- "N

IT'S FASHIONABLE these days to try to ar-
ticulate the University's purpose, and one
of the ideas being employed is that old shib-
boleth, the "University community."
This notion is construed in a couple of ways:
-A geographic designation- of students,
professors and administrators, scholars all,
living in or around Ann Arbor, Michigan,
each possessing certain rights and responsi-
-A more meaningful but still inadequate no-
tion of a peer group of intellectual seekers
pursuing Truth.
Neither of these ideas provides the basis
for a convincing philosophy of what the Uni-
versity is and ought to be. They fail to define
the true "University Community"-an idea,
perhaps better designated as "community of
the University."
The essential community is not between dif-
ferent- individuals, but between a single mind
and an idea. The mind must be in an analyti-
cal and enthusiastic relation to the idea. It
doesn't make any difference whether this idea
has to do with Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata,
an artificial human heart or the price of eggs
in Denmark. The relationship must be analy-
ti'al in the sense that the mind must work
on the idea, understanding it, weighing it,
drawing implications, agreeing or disagreeing.
The relationship must be single because the
mind must finally work on its own.
W HEN MIND and idea come into communion,
drudge work ceases to be such. And the
prospect of such communion carries the schol-
ar over much of the dull, factual preparatory
This community is a fleeting thing: various
individuals participate in such a community
for some of the time. I felt part of the com-
munity the other night when reading R. G.
Colingwood's "The Idea of History." I was
enthusiastic and analytical but I was neither
the day I read a newspaper during a lecture.
BASIC purpose of the 'University is to
ensure that the community between a mind
and an idea exists as often as possible.
A university is an institution specifically or-
ganized for such activities to go on at an in-
tensive level.'
If the purpose is defined in these terms,
specific activities within the geographical Uni-
versity community are not differentiated from
similar ones outside, nor should they be.
It is therefore obvious that any differentia-
tion of the basis of subject matter is also in'
adequate. .
If there is any differentiation at all it is
in terms of intensity and extent, of the com-
munity of men and ideas. A University ought
solely to be dedicated to this end; a corporation
or a government, although vitally concerned
with consideration of ideas, has other more
general purposes to which it bends the ideas.
And, in ordinary life outside the university,
ideas are hardly at the premium they are
GIVEN THE overall importance of ideas in
the world, the university, in this basic way,
Is neither a parenthesis in life for its students
nor seclusion for its professors. It is very much
a part of the essence of civilized life,the more
intense an experience the university offers, the
closer it is to the essence.
All efforts must be bent to create this union
of man and idea, an object more profound
and, in contemporary society, more meaningful,
than stimulation of the "Examined Life," an-
other suggested university goal.
J P LEAD such a life, as it is generally con-
strued, one must possess certain sorts of
subject knowledge, like philosophy or litera-
ture, that many people can never gain. The rea-
son for this is the specialization forced by the
immense expansion of knowledge. An engineer
simply hasn't time to prepare himself in the
Creation of an intense, enthusiastic and ana-
lytical relationship between any man and any
idea is a simpler notion and less heroic than
the Exam'nined Life. But it is as difficult, and
as noble. And it provides a common goal that
every unit in this universal institution can
strive for.
ANOTHER University goal, often suggested,
1s that it should aid undergraduate students

to mature, to graduate prepared for life. This is
valid, certainly. But, although it implies some
emotional growth not subsumed in the over-
riding goal of the community of man and
idea, it is surprising how related this second
goal is to the primary one.
To promote both goals, to put both philoso-
phies into practice, there are certain things the
University ought to do. First of all, opportunity
must be provided.
Since minds are stimulated on an individual
basis, and since their variety of interest and
ability is so vast, it follows that the stimuliil
ought to be as varied. Offering anything from
a Medical School to a history of art department
to an experimental high school, the University
is in a favorable position here. Almost any mind
ought to find its niche.
The variety of smaller units is also advan-.
tageous because it is easier to find a stimulat-
ing and meaningful intellectual role in a small

Another sort of intellectual offering, appeal-
ing to me personally, would be the chance,
for instance, to consider whether the University
should raise tuition. On such policy matters
student opinion needs to be consulted in order
to get information often needed for decision-
making, but as good a reason as any to interest
students in the University as such is that this
offers them another opportunity to use their
minds. It is an opportunity few will choose.
But it will be valuable to those few.
This essentially educational justification is
applicable to student activities: many of them
offer another sort of opportunity to use the
mind. An opportunity which appeals to a par-
ticular sort of student.
A FREE STUDENT press, irritating as it may
sometimes be, is justifiable primarily on the
grounds that it encourages analytical thinking
and formation of opinions. Within limits, the
freer it is, the better it can accomplish its edu-
cational task.
The methods of teaching and the incentives
to learn also need to be varied. Some people
may be struck by an idea delivered in a large
lecture, others by a seminar discussion. Since
students often stimulate each other most, per-
haps the "bull session" could be institutional-
ized as a class, with upperclassmen leading
seminars of underclassmen on whatever they
wanted to talk about. (I don't know how this
might be graded!)
THE CREDIT hour system could, at least,
be made more flexible. Right now a student
taking five three-hour courses ought, logically
to devote one-fifth of his time to each. But if he
is struck by some idea in one ofthem, he can-
not, given the grading system based on the
credit hour, spend much extra time pursuing
that idea. Why not allow a professor to grant
this student some extra hours for extra work?
The student would then no longer have to
divide his time into fifths.
And he could broaden tie community be-
tween himself and his idea.
More independent study can be encouraged.
STUDENTS' MINDS aren't the only ones that
need stimulation. It is the student's duty to
keep the professor on his toes, to prevent
stereotyped teaching and thinking. Students
and faculty both can serve this function for
the administration.
Perhaps, as has been suggested, faculty and
administrative tenure and peck orders ought
to be beat down to allow more opportunity, to
keep men and women alert. More inter-dis-
ciplinary contact might provide new vistas for
a facultyman who has been researchin'g one
minute area for the last five years.
Since each mind essentially starts itself, con-
siderable freedom is needed in the University.
This already exists in considerable measure.
Personally, I've always chosen where I want
to live (as a freshman, the quad did not repel
me) 'what courses I wanted, and what I want-
-ed to do with my time. (I picked working hard
for The Daily instead of working hard in a
lot of courses.)
HERE ARE some questions, however. One
revolves around the freedom of one's per-
sonal life. This is perhaps more relevant to the
goal of personal, as against intellectual, matur-
ity, because ,there is a lot of creative thinking
by people who have to be in their dormitories by
midnight. Yet within certain reasonable limits,
it seems desirable from thestandpoint of in-
tellectual development to allow considerable
personal freedom, perhaps more than at pres-
ent. Freedom in one area of life ought to stim-
ulate freedom in another. And, certainly, living
conditions affect personal attitudes, which af-
fect mental performance.
THE SECOND question is more sticky, and
paradoxical. Since people, particularly stu-
dents, are often quite lazy, apathetic, non-
intellectually oriented, ought not the University
provide more direct stimulus to minds than
simply offering opportunities? To answer yes
is certainly to run counter to the argument
about students' personal freedom. I don't know
the answer.
There are several factors that interfere with
the stimulation of individual minds.
The first, of course, is the nature of the
students and, also, the professors. Another is
the immense pressure of work - there is just
so much to do, for some people at least, that

there is no time to think, only to act. There
are pressures from the outside, to ban a speaker
for instance. And there is the internal pres-
sure to make a good image before the state to
get more. support. But, even though such sup-
port is necessary, the University is not a Ford
car and it has got to be true to itself first,
offering as many intellectual opportunities and
as much individual freedom as is possible.
IN HIS CONFERENCE on the University
lack of leadership. On the institution-wide
level, I would argue more of the problem is
caused by lack of funds than Prof. Eastman
would allow, and I have seen both good and bad
leadership in individual units. The leadership
I am most concerned about is that in the
I have had some inspiring leadership and
some poor leadership. Under a good professor,
I have learned more than under a bad one.

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47 .

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Last Year at Marienbad
Defines New Art
"LAST YEAR at Marienbad" is one of those all too rare experiences
in film art where the diverse elements at its disposal fuse into a
totality which comes near to overwhelming consciousness.
The story is simple: it concerns a woman and two men, identified
only as "A," "X," and "M." "A" has been living with "M". "X" comes
into her life, claiming to have known her, to have shared some of the
past with her. Conflicts and tensions develop between "A" and "X",
But the plot is only a springboard. Out of it is created a composi-
tion of images of pellucid clarity, an imperceptible blending of past and
present, a linking of reality and fantasy which is so transcendent that
the senses of the spectator are engaged and transformed to the extent
that he becomes as one with the experience and is himself the arbiter
of its development.
* * * *
ONCE AND FOR ALL the tyranny of Dick-and-Jane logic to which
we have all too long been subjected is triumphantly defied. Our dear,
sweet reality is dissected as it should be (for it has been dead for a
long time) and its decayed carcass cast off to reveal a work which is
finally and ultimately consonant with and expressive of the modern
human experience. Which means that in this slipping world of ours no
thought, no image, no emotion can exist comfortably and singularly in
time and space but brings.with it into being a whole galaxy of associated
thoughts, images, and feelings which are summoned from the past,
snatched from the present, or projected into fantasy.
It is precisely this wondrous and terrifying cosmos which Resnais
and Robbe-Grillet succeed in presenting us in their film and one cannot
be grateful enough for the grain of human revelation he finds in it
and the magnificent form in which it comes.
* * * 1*
THROUGH ALL its strangenesses, through all its uncertainties the
images and sounds impose themselves with such force, with such evi-
dent necessity that they define a whole new art and indeed a whole
new world which, however reluctant we may be to do so, we must in-
evitably accept as our own.
-Peter Goldfarb


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Elvis Is Back,

7 tu. 1V s

7t'R6"2. $' .ltx.iiS }'c6 '-Uis pdtcl; ,



Greeks Quet Jurisdiction

THE MARQUEE of the Michigan
Theatre blares forth, "In Howl-
ing Color-Elvis Presley in 'Fol-
low That Dream'." I think tlat this
should be corrected; the movie is
on the whole well-photographed,
with some good scenic shots ("This,
motion picture was filned in the
State of Florida" say the credits),
but Elvis and his acting are just
as drab as ever.
If the last Elvis movie you've
seen was more than two years'ago,
and you liked it, be. prepared to be
disappointed. "The' King," sad, t6
say, has tamed down. No more
does he do the shimmy as he
sings his seven songs, and the
tunes themselves are much less
raucous. They are all sung while
Elvis is in a horizontal position,
watched over by this or that
moon-struck girl. These "im-
provements,' however, don't count
for much.
As the picture' opens, Elvis as
Toby Quimper and Arthur O'Con-
nell 'as Pa Quimper are jogging
along in their old broken-down
Stutz. With them are-Holly, play-
ed by Ann Helm, a homeless waif

whom Pa took in when she we
thirteen, and the twins, who ar
in about the same situation excep
that they're younger.
velop for the Quimper family et a
as they are trying to follow thei
dream, which is, in this case, I
set up a fishing pier on a fe
square feet of homestead lan
The "gummint" (read, govern
anent), as Pa puts it, is always o:
their back. Highway officials tr
to push them off 'their land. We]
fare bureau agents, one of whoi
is a curvaceous dark-hahi'ed gir
use more subtle methods.
The Welfare Department come
in when the highway officia
piqued by the family's insistent
in staying on the land, tells ther
that the kids are not legally Pa'
A court trial is the culmination c
the show, and; it provides Elv
with a marvelous chance to prov
his mettle as a, backwoods Clar
ence Darrow.
The coming attractions are ex
-Steven Hendel

S TUDENT Government Council's
right to review membership
selection statements of sororities
and fraternities and punish viola-
tors of University and Council
regulations is being questioned.
Sororities on the national and
local level are asking whether
they should be considered student
organizations, since they are a
national group made up of stu-
dents and alumnae. And if they
are not student organizations, why,
should they be subject to Council's
regulation on membership?
According to University regula-
tions, to receive recognitions as a
student organization the body's
"program and its direction" must
be in the hands of students. Soror-
ities maintain that as part of a
national group with nation-wide
policies, they should not be clas-
sified as a student organization.
four sororities have already failed
to meet their deadlines for sub-
mitting amendments to their orig-
inal statements which were deem-
to the
Protest ,. ,
To the Editor:
BELOW is a copy of the petition
circulated in our house. This
petition was signed by 130 of the
131 girls residing in the house.
The original was sent to Dean
Davenport and a copy was sent
to Vice-President Lewis.
Acting Dean Davenport:
"We, the women of Hinsdale
House, Alice Lloyd, submit our
protest to your dismissal of our
housemother, Mrs. Upgren. Her
associations with the house in the
past year have been both pleasant
and productive. She has encour-
aged us in independent, creative,
and responsible thinking, and the
active expression of these
thoughts. She has realized that
these values, so stressed in the
academic situation, are equally
important in all facets of life.
"We, the undersigned, wish to
express our gratitude to Mrs. Up-
gren for the contributions she has
made to our growth and develop-.
ment as mature women. We feel
that the reasons for her dismissal,
as we understand them, do not
warrant such action.
"We protest not only this ac-
tion, but also the policies of the
dormitory system which it demon-
SINCE the time of the circula-
tion of this petition, inquiries have
been submitted to the dean's office
as to the reasons and policy un-
rl.o-ohi t~ a Ac o. -nmi .i

ed inadequate. Other sororities
have come before SGC and asked
for extensions and even extensions
of extensions of their deadlines.
At Wednesday's Council meet-
ing the apparent reason that so-
rorities have been reluctant to
submit statements was revealed.
At a meeting of many National
Panhellenic delegates in Chicago
during spring vacation a non-
binding consensus seemingly was
reached not to comply with SGC's.
deadline. The reasoning behind
this idea was the question whether
the groups are really student or-
Certainly, however, sororities do
not want to break away from the
University community. They enjoy
the use of the Student Activities
Building, University facilities for
mass rush meetings, .assistance
from the Dean of Women's office,
and SGC calendaring of their ac-
tivities-all benefits of being a
student organization. What they
would like, according to Panhel-
lenic Association President Ann
McMillan, would be a distinction
between student activities groups
and sororities.
* * *
MISS McMILLAN emphasized
the point that when the sororities
received recognition the present
criteria forrrecognition did not
exist. However, these apply not
only to the original recognition
but to maintaining recognition.
Therefore, ever since the change'
in University regulations sororities
have been existing under these
It seems inconsistant for Soror-
ities to accept the standing defini-
tion of a student organization and
the benefits concurrent with the
definition up until the point where
it means that they will have to
comply with University and'Coun-
cil regulations. It seems wrong for
the groups to accept the benefits
and not the responsibilities of be-
ing a student group.
Actually, what the problem boils
down to, is that sororities do not
want a student council whose
membership is constantly chang-
ing, to have access to quotations
from their private constitutions,
by-laws and rituals. And it is for
this reason that they are opposed
to being catagorized as a student
* * *
HOWEVER, the fact 'is that un-
der present interpretation sorori-
ties are student organizations. Jur-
isdiction over membership selec-
tion practices of student organiza-
tions is inherent in the power dele-
gated to Council by the Regents.
Miss McMillan claims that one
of the reasons the nationals have
been hesitant to approve submis-
sion of statements to Council, is
that Council has never handled
such a question before at any uni-
versity. Usually this responsibility
is held by the administration and
In fact from the questioning of

Council was concerned with soror-
ity membership practices.
As in the past 17 months SGC
has been especially concerned with
membership practices in student
organizations. Past Council Presi-
dent Richard Nohl said that SGC
has bent over backwards to pro-
vide locals with ample informa-
tion. He also stressed that every
sorority has acknowledged the reg-
ulation by submitting a statement,
inadequate though it might have
Past and present Panhel presi-
dents have stated that they took
every action possible to keep the
locals informed of the regulation
and council's interpretations.
* *
IF IT IS TRUE that the locals
had complete information, and the
nationals did not, then communi-
cation between, the two had been
sorely lacking.
Council is preparing to take ac-
tion against violators. What will,
the sororities next move be? Cer-
tainly, they must have realized the
risks they were taking by not
complying with the deadline.
The only alternative sororities
have, if they do. not want a stu-
dent council to handle the mem-
bership problem, is to approach
the Regents. The Regents must
be asked to change the definition
of a student organization to in-
clude a special status for sororities
and fraternities, and to take the
membership practice question out
of student hands. Sororities will
probably ask that the administra-
tion or a faculty committee deal
with the issue.
- * .
HOWEVER, the Regents have
given no indication that they
would favor such an arrangement.
Even if the Regents would, it is
doubtful that sororities would get
more lenient treatment from the
faculty or the administration.
After SGC withdrew recognition
of Sigma Kappa on November 11,
1958, and the Board in Review of
Council's action reversed the de-
cision, the Faculty Senate passed
a resolution condemning the
Board's action as being "contrary
to the University's educational
policy." Certainly, a faculty who
would pass such as resolution
would not be lenient.
At Michigan State University
the urging and influence of Presi-
dent John Hannah was instru-
mental in setting a Sept. -1962
deadline for sororities and fra-
ternities to get rid of bias clauses
or face automatic withdrawal of
recognition. This does not demon-
strate a tendency towards leniency
on the part of other college ad-
ministrations. Would the Univer-
sity administration be more len-
IF THE REGENTS, validate
Council's right to handle the
membership issue, sororities that
did not submit statements are in



AIDA, the first of Verdi's three greatest (or at any rate last) operas,
was done full theatrical justice by the Metropolitan Opera Company
Thursday night. Gabriella Tucci sang Aida, and warmed the blood of
more than Radames. Frank Guarrera, as Amonasro, gave one of his
very finest performances. There are certainly very few who have seen
him sing or act with greater elegance and power than he had Thurs-
day night.
Carlo Bergonzi (Radames) sang with rare integrity; well and un-
adorned. Time and again he passed up opportunities for easy tricks
and extra-musical affectations which would have endeared him to the
audience, but not to the composer.
Irene Dalis (Amneris) began the evening singing solidly but mod-
estly, and got better and better as the opera progressed, until the
fourth act where she was radiant. The fourth act is probably as good
opera as Verdi ever wrote, and wasn't undermined by. any lack in the
* * * *
MASONIC TEMPLE'S STAGE is too small for the whole work in
the triumphal scene, nonetheless every extra in sight was squeezed
onto it, not to mention the chorus, ballet, and one; spear carrier who
had to stand at attention but who watched the dancing girls from the
corner of his eye with a matchless dedication. There was no room for
horses, and considering their usual consequences, perhaps it was just
as well.
Fortunately, Detroit was spared also the additional excitement of a
troupe of dancing children. They spun merrily through Amneris's
chambers (Act II, Scene 1) in New York performances earlier this year
but couldn't seem to delight Amneris, or anyone else, for that matter.
Thursday night's Aida was the best production presented this sea-
son in Detroit.
--Rchard Pollinger

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which- The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices
Regents' Meeting: Fri., June 15. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than June 5.
*Students: If you need to order a
transcript without grades for the pres-
ent semester, call in person at 515 Ad-
min. Bldg., not later than May 30, 1962.
* o.s n+ oannal to dntin

Sat., May 26, 3003 Chemistry Bldg., at
9:00 a.m. Chairman, Bruno Jaselskis.
Social security Office: New England
Area: William Jones, Personnel Dept.,
wants graduate students for social re-
search analysts. Will interview at Bu-
reau Thurs., May 31.
212 SAB-
Camp Tamerack,HOrtonville, Mich.-
Coed camnp. Carl Hartman will inter-
view-1:30-4:30 Mon., May 28, for male
counselors only.
Corning Glass Works, Corning, N.Y.-
Has summer_ positions open for men
within a year of Mech., Indust. Electri-
cal or Chem. Engineering degrees. Orig-
inal information available in Engineer-
ing Placement Office, Boom 128-H West
Engin. Bldg.

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