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May 22, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

TUE SDAY MAY 22,19$2-





Trade Program

Passes Committee Action

Hong Kong Riot Tries
To Stop Repatriation
Villagers Push Children Into Trucks
As Nationalists Offer Refugee Aid
By The Associated Press
HONG KONG-Angry Chinese villages thrust their own children
into the patch of a truck convoy to try to halt force repatriation of
refugees into Red China yesterday as Nationalist China offered to
take in refugees on Formosa and the United States ponders what to
do in the situation.
Truck drivers slammed on their brakes but two children were
knocked down and injured slightly. Then the crowd fell upon a Brit-



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Canada Asks
GENEVA (M)-Canada proposed
yesterday that the United States
and the Soviet Union begin direct
negotiations on banning nuclear
weapons from outer space.
The Canadian delegate, Gen. E.
L. M. Burns, said the United
States and Soviet co-chairmen of
the 17-nation disarmament con-
ference could draft a declaration
forbidding the military use of out-
er space pending the conclusion of
a world disarmament treaty.
"If the two great powers could
agree on this the conference at
least would achieve something,"
Burns told a news conference.
A similar American proposal put
forward last week was cold-
shouldered by the Soviets.
United States Ambassador Ar-
thur H. Dean told the conference
disarmament will not mean a uto-
pia without discord and peace-
keeping machinery is vital in a
disarmed world.
Outlining United States pro-
posals for a United Nations force
and other peacekeeping measures,
Dean said if disarmament is
achieved, the world will still be
faced with conflicting ideologies
and "social systems will be subject
to disruptive pressures from within
and without."
"General and complete disarm-
ament, on the one hand, and im-
proved peacekeeping machinery on
the other are but two sides of the
same coin. We cannot have one
without the other," Dean said.
Nasser Sets
Socialist Goal
CAIRO (AP) - President Gamal
Abdel Nasser declared yesterday
that Arab socialism. would lead
Egypt to true democracy under
collective revolutionary leadership.
He proclaimed a classless socie-
ty as the goal of his socialist
plans and said his revolt against
Egypt's rulers 10 years ago had
freed the nation's people from the
chains of exploitation.

MEDICORE-Former President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Pres-
ident John F. Kennedy differed sharply over the value of the
King-Anderson bill-the administration plan for medical care for
the aged.
AMA Denounces PFlan
For Agedl Medical Care

By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-Leaders of the
American Medical Association yes-
terday denounced President John
F. Kennedy's medical-care-for-
the-aged plan as a "cruel hoax"
aimed at establishing "welfare
state medicine" for everyone.
The AMArepresentatives said
the public was in danger of being
"blitzed, brainwashed and band-
wagoned into swallowing" a plan
that would disrupt health services
and turn individual patients into
impersonal "numbers."
Dr. Leonard W. Larson, of Bis-
marck, N.D., association president,
said the administration's program
would deprive older people of "the
American system of medicine, bas-
ed upon the private doctor treating
the private patient."
'Serves Public Interest'
The administration - backed
King-Anderson bill "serves the
public interest. It involves the gov-
ernment because it involves the
public welfare. The Constitution of
the United States did not make
the president or Congress power-
less. It gave them definite respon-
sibilities to advance the general.
welfare and that is what we are
attempting to do, Kennedy told
an overflow crowd of 20,000 at
Madison Square Garden Sunday.
He said the bill which would


have the government partially pay
the hospitalization of persons over
65 under the Social Security sys-
tem would avoid the personal
tragedy of wiped-out savings due
to illness and the indignity of sign-
ing a relief roll to get aid.
Former President Dwight D. Ei-
senhower underscored at a Gettys-
burg news conference Kennedy's
medical help plan.
Proper Approach
"I think the proper approach to
this problem is the voluntary and
not compulsory approach under
the Social Security system," Eisen-
hower replied.
Eisenhower said that as Presi-
dent he made recommendations
which led eventually to the enact-
ment of the Kerr-Mills bill. Un-
der this measure the federal gov-
ernment matches state funds to
provide health care for needy el-
derly persons.
The Kerr-Mills medical aid for
the aged law, passed last year by
Congress, is contingent on supple-
mentary action by individual
Urge Business
To Drop Label
Aid Economy
WASHINGTON () - President
John F. Kennedy appealed person-
ally yesterday to industry and la-
bor leaders to "drop party labels"
and pitch in to help the govern-
ment solve crucial economic prob-
"There is no presidential elec-
tion until 1964," Kennedy told the
200 conferees he brought here for
a town-meeting approach to the
issues of wage-price stability, eco-
nomic growth, and the payments
Kennedy suggested that the
foremost objective of both indus-
try and labor should be to cooper-
ate in raising the national output
so that there would be more to
share among workers, manage-
ment and stockholders.
"If we can operate this econo-
my at full blast, then the division
that comes out of that full blast
is going to be a much easier task,"
he said.
"If you don't like our proposals,"
Kennedy said, in specific refer-
ence to his tax program, "what
are your suggestions-and what
are they specifically, not in a gen-
eral way."
"The fact of the matter is that
most of the problems, or at least
many of them that we now face,
are technical problems and admin-
istrative problems."

House Unit
Ends Work
On Proposal
Major Provisions
Escape Revisions
WASHINGTON (P)-All the ele-
ments of President John F. Ken-
nedy's sweeping new tariff-cut-'
ting and trade promoting program
came through intact as the House
Ways and Means Committee fin-
ished compiling a bill yesterday.
These include authority for the
President to eliminate some tar-
iffs and to provide special read-
justment aid for businesses and
workers who might be hard hit by
imports increased through recip-
rocal agreements.
The committee split on a num-
ber of the provisions, but admin-
istration supporters won on each
test. The whole bill is subject to
reconsideration by the committee
after its staff puts is in final lan-
guage, but the chances now are
heavily against any changes in
Committee Lead
If Congress follows the commit-
tee's lead, Kennedy will get the
authority for the "trade or fade"
program he says is needed to hold
and expand United States foreign
markets despite the economic
challenge of Europe's formidably
successful Common Market. The
next big test comes in the House,
probably the first week of June.
The committee set a meeting
Thursday to- review a finished
draft of the bill.
Reciprocal Agreements
Some tariffs, under the bill's
major provisions, notably those on
articles of which 80 per cent of
world exports are supplied by the
United States and its trading part-
ners, could be eliminated entirely
under reciprocal agreements. Oth-
ers could be cut as much as 50
per cent. Reductions would be
spaced over five years. This au-
thority would substitute for the
present tariff negotiating author-
ity which expires June 30.
The President also would retain
discriminatory power to cancel
tariff cuts in whole or in part if
the tariff commission found they
had worked considerable damage
to a United States industry. But
the bill's emphasis is on a new
form of aid-
Seek Funds
For A-T esting
WASHINGTON (P) - President
John F. Kennedy asked Congress
yesterday to appropriate addition-
al money to help cover costs of
nuclear weapons tests and to pro-
duce atomic weapons.
Kennedy sent Congress a pro-
posed change in the proposed
1962-63 budget, including $120 mil-
lion to restore current funds now
being spent in connection with the
test program. He recommended
an increase of $44.5 million for
production and for a detailed
study of a new approach to the
design of nuclear power reactors.

ish policeman and beat him be-
fore a police riot squad arrived
and restored order.
This was the first violence in the
sad drama of Hong Kong, where
the British say the hungry stream-
ing in from Red China must be

sent back because the colony can WASHINGTON (P)-The SenateI

accommodate no more.
In Taipei, Nationalist China of-
fered to help solve the refugee
problem threatening to overwhelm
Hong Kong, saying it is ready to
accept all fugitives from Red
China who wish to come to For-
This will furnish no quick solu-
tion, however. Repatriation will be
a slow and costly process and
many of the Chinese in Hong Kong
do not want to come to Formosa.
Officials in Hong Kong declined,
comment on th'e Nationalist pro-
posal until more details are avail-
United States officials in Wash-
ington pondered what course to
take in regard to hordes of hun-
gry refugees fleeing Red China.
And at least one congressman had
a .ready answer.
Rep. Francis E. Walter (D-Pa),
chairman of the House Committee
on Un-American Activities, said
Nationalist China should admit at
least some of the refugees who are
trying to get into Hong Kong and
the United States should help
feed them.
If this were done, he told the
House, Nationalist President Chi-
ang Kai-Shek could "deal an al-
most mortal blow" to the Chinese
Communists by dramatizing the
Red regime's inability to feed its

Investigations Subcommittee yes-
terday plunged into closed hear-
ings on the Billie Sol Estes case
then imposed a tight lid of secrecy
on what it had heard.
N. Battle Hales, Agriculture De-
partment official who has charged
that Estes profited hugely from
favored treatment in that agency,
and Walter Berger, who was a top
Agriculture Department official
under the Eisenhower administra-
tion, were quizzed separately and
alternately for 4%jz hours.
Forbid Talk
Sen. John L. McClellan (D-
Ark), the subcommittee chairman,
forbade either man to discuss the
testimony, and the senator him-
self refused to acknowledge that
they had been the witnesses.
But McClellan said transcripts
of any testimony taken in secret
will be released if the witness does
not later tell his story in public
hearings expected to begin next
month. He called that part of the
cards-on-the-table probe he has
Answer Questions.
McClellan said both witnesses
'had answered every question.
"What we heard here today,"
the senator said, "clearly estab-
lishes the fact that this committee
has a long row to hoe. It will be
neither smooth nor straight, and
the endis a long way away."
McClellan said the questioning
had dealt mainly with grain stor-
age and cotton acreage allotments
involving the 37-year-old Texan.



Made by Pizza Specialist

Estes Case
Probe Begins



world News

See "Help Wanted" Classified

By The Associated Press
PARIS-Official French sources
.said yesterday a Secret Army plot
to assassinate President Charles
de Gaulle has been discovered and
about 15 persons have been arrest-
ed in connection with it.
PARIS-The last of more than
40 defense witnesses wound up
testimony yesterday at the trial
of ex-Gen. Ra'ul Salan, depicting
the captured Secret Army boss as
a man who turned to treason out
of patriotism. The court scheduled
closing arguments for Wednesday.
S* * *
Foreign Relations Committee yes-
terday restored most of a previous
$270-million cut in aid to India
and approved a 4-year, $3-billion
alliance for progress program in
Latin America.
NEW YORK-Stock prices de-
clined as the Stock Market exper-
ienced its slowest trading since
last July. The 30 Dow-Jones In-
dustrials lost 2.11, the 20 Rail-
roads, .11, the 15 Utilities, .12 and
the 65 Stocks, .50.

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