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May 06, 1962 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-06

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See Page 4

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom

Fair and cooler today;
thundershowers likely

VOL LXX1I, No. 156




Presidents Consider
Discrimination, NSA
Bi Te Stdents LeaderCondemn
The Big Ten Student Body Presidents yesterday passed resolu-
tions on discrimination in student organizations, on the United States
National Student Association and agreed upon a plan to exchange
information regularly on topics that are of general interest to the
They agreed to "reaffirm the principle that no student organi-
zation or other student group should be allowed to restrict member-

Alles Announce Accord on Pla





Unity Plans
For Europe
ATHENS (P)-A sharp and per-
sistent split among the six Com-
mon Market nations has again de-
Eropean tpolitical union rofficia
sources said yesterday.
A six-nation experts' meeting
scheduled yesterday was can-
celled, and European officials' said
there would be no session along-
side the annual NATO Spring
At best, they said, there would
possibly be some talks aimed at
narrowing, if possible, the differ-
ences on the shape and powers of
a future European political au-
Issue of Great Britain
This issue, and the question of
whether Britain should be invited
to sit on current political negotia-
tions, deadlocked the foreign
ministers of the six countries held
last month in Paris.
The ministers said then they
*would take advantage of their
presence in Athens to continue dis-
cussions on the problem which pit-
ted Belgium and Tihe Netherlands
against France, West Germany,
Italy, and Luxembourg.
To Meet Again
However, the six ministers will
mneet again next week in Brussels
as part of negotiations with Lon-
don on Britain's possible entry into
may then be able to resume ta.ks
on the political issue.
In negotiations thus far, France',
West Germany and Italy, with
support from Luxembourg, have
held out for a loose confederation,
short of European union. Each
member would wield a veto on
important Issues.Hoan hae
Belgium and Hlad av
sought a tighter, more federal-
type structure to which member
states would delegate a portion of
sovereignty. This would be pat-
terned after the existing steel-coal
pool and the Common Market,
where decisions are made by a
majority vote.
ADA ejects
Southern Move
As 'Vindictive'
feo Dmocratic Action yestra
A and callous the sending of Negroes
to the North with one-way tickets
by segregationist7 groups in the
The liberal organization's new
national chairman, John P. Roche,
chairman of the politics depart-
ment at Brandeis University, is-
sued a statement which said.:'
"The Citizens' Councils of New
Orleans, Baton Rouge, Little Rock
and Montgomery who are shipping
--or preparing to ship-human be-
ings out of the South have reached
the height of vindictiveness. ADA
viewg with abhorrence these ac-
tions of the Councils and their
eploitation of human beinngs for
"The fact that these travelers
may, in the long run, lead fuller
and better lives because of their
move does not diminish the sordid-
ness of the act of the Citizens
Councils. For them to use fellow
humani beings as pawns in their
own fight against civil rights is
the most base form of callousness "
Roche called for the full utli-
ization of fair housing ordinances,
low income housing programs and
the recently enacted Federal re-

training program to help in the
"slto of the economic and
social problems resulting from the
uner. migration of Southern Ne-

pship on the basis of race or color;
or on the basis of religion or na-
tional origin, unless such a criter-
ion is judged, by an appropriate
of the organiation and is coss
tent with the goals of the univer-
Define NSA Functions
The presidents, expressing con-
fidence that NSA can advance the
welfare of college students, also
stated that they believe, "the pri-
mar'y function of NSA 'is to pro-
vide worthwhile service programs
on the local, regional, national and
iernational levies.".
The resolution said, however,
that NSA's service function need
not detract from its vital but over-
emphasized task of expressing
student opinion.
"It is our intention to re-evalu-
ate periedlically our participation
in NSA," the resolution coneluded.
Discrimination Exchange
The presidents also approved a
plan to exchange Information on
discrimination policies, student
services, the student's role in pol-
icy making, recognition of student
organizations, student judiciaries,
policies on women's hours and
NSA services.
Student body presidents attend-
ing the conference were Michael
Donovan Indiana University:
Mark Schantz, State University of
Iowa; 3Robert Howard, Michigan
State University; Norman Uphoff,
University of Minnesota; James
Gross, Ohio State University; Her-
bert Louk, Purdue University;
and Steve Stockmeyer, '63.
Two Sessions '
They met along with other dele-
gates in the morning to discuss
several topics of student concern.
In the afternoon, they held a
closed session during which the
resolutions were passed, while the
rest of the delegates continued
discussions in another room.
In the morning session, there
was a consensus that, in most
cases, regulation of speakers and
speeches is detrimental to an aca-
demic community and ought to
be eliminated.
Two delegates pointed out that
their schools, Minnesota and SUI,
have no policy limiting those who'
tnay speak at the institution.
Speaker Bans
At OSU, Gross said, a civil lib-
erties union speaker was sched-
uled, but the president postponed
the speech {Indefinitely. Student
government is protesting this ac-
tion, and the faculty has set a
meeting with a vice-president to
discuss the issue.
Turning to another area, all of
the delegates supported in theory
a plan whereby a student paying
in-state fees at one Big Ten insti-
tution would be able to spend his
junior year at another school in
the Big Ten without having to pay
a higher tuition. Exchange of stu-
dents would be reciprocal.
This would reduce the economic
barrier facing students who wish
to attend another school for a
year to take specialized courses in
in theirs field of concentration
or wish to take classes from cer-
tamn professors.

...attacks Republicans

DETROIT (P)-Vowing to expose
what he termed "the disgraceful
Republican record of obstruction-
ism and reaction,'' Gov. John B.
Swainson declared formally last
night his intention to seek re-
election this year. -
Swainson's decision, which had
been anticipated, was announce d
in a fiery Jefferson-Jackson Day
speech in which he told a gather-
ing of Michigan Democrats:
"The record proves that the
GOP (in Michigan) has been and is
today a cabal of unreconstructed
reactionaries, a band of economic
freebooters, wvhich has throttled
progress, cut into the vitals of
democracy in Michigan and chok-
ed every constructive effort to
solve the problems facing us."
Swainson said .he did not know
what the product of the state's
current constitutional convention
will be, but added:
"I would like to go on record
at this time to assert that if the
convention does not produce a just
and fair reapportionment of our
state legislative districts, I will
do all in my power to see to ft
that the document is rejected by
the people of Michigan.
"I would do this reluctantly,
but I would do it in the knowledge
that unless we return government
to the voters, we will have avoided
the crucial challenge facing us.
Anticipate Vote
OnFinal Draft
Of Constitution
LANSING -Co Co dele-
gates are expected to take their
final vote on the proposed com-
pleted document Friday and mi-
nority Democrats may object to
its approval. .
The convention will begins the
third reading of the proposed doc-
ument's 12 articies tomorrow and
plan to spend three days on it.
The draft will be sent Thursday
to a Styles and Drafting Commit-
tee for rewriting third reading
changes into the document.
Democrats failing to get provi-
sion for separate approval of sec-
tions by voters accepted by the
convention may be forced to vote
against the entire document Fri-
The convention hopes to adjourn
until Aug. 1 when they will re-
convene for a formal session.
"Delegates have done a ter-
rific job," Con-con president Ste-
phen Nisbet commented. "They
have devoted considerable time
and effort and have come up with
a good constitution."

Send Polaris
Americanis Suggest
More Ground Troops
ATHENS (11P) -Five United
States missile-armed Polaris sub-
marines were assigned yesterday
to the defenses of the. Atlantic
Alliance and more will be available
as they come into service, Sec-
retary of Defense Robert S. Mc-.
Namara announced yesterday.
powred Polarisisubmarinues we
placed under North Atlantic
Treaty Organization command as
of yesterday.
The disclosure came at a secretl
meeting of NATO defense andc
foreign ministers.
Eight in Service
Eight of the submarines are inr
service, including five on stationr
in the eastern Atlantic. Nineteer
others are under construction or
See Related Story, Page 3

- -Daily-Kenneth Winter
ATHENS-Like the Delian League of ancient times, the alliance
of the West meets to consider its defense against the East. Instead
of dealin'g in galleyships and cavajrymen, the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization heard the United States offer Polaris sub-
:marines and atomic secrets to its allies. (The two North American
members of NATO - the United States and Canada - are not
shown on the map.)

under contract. Each of the Polaris
submarines carries 16 missiles
armed with nuclear warheads.
The submarines will remain un-
der operational United States com-
mand at every level, while under
NATO defense assignments. The
United States promised to consult
its allies before changing the as-
The five submarines would be-
come part of the NATO Atlantic
Ocean commanid, under U. S. Adm.
R. L. Dennison.Ahriy
Since the submarines will re-
main under United States coin-
mand, their assignment to NATO
duties will not run afoul of the
United States law which vests
solely in the president authority
for handling and use of nuclear
The United States pledged to put
its entire Atlantic fleet of Polaris
submarines at the disposal ofl
NATO as they are commissioned.
The United States will build 41
Polaris submarines, most of them
for duty in the Atlantic.
The Polaris offer bolstered
American appeals for the Western
allies to beef up their conven-
tional ground forces, which the
United States considers an essen-
tial part of any deterrent force.
The Polaris missile is a com-
plete weapons system designed to
deliver a nuclear warhead to a
target several thousand miles away
from a submerged submarine.
The possible introduction of this
weapons system to the NATO
bases caused much concern and
demonstrations among B r i t i s h
TWA, APA Avert
TraendO Stike O
tors for Trans World Airlines and
the Airline Pilots Association an-
nounced agreement early this
morning on a new contract, avert-
ing a walkout.
Leverett Edsards, hcairman of
the national mediation board, who
sat in on the final talks said it was
"an excellent agreement." A state-
ment will be issued today.

Tax Comite Plan
To File Six-Point Suit
SThe Vigilence Tax Committee plans to file a six-point suit in
Wayne County Circuit Court next week as part of its drive to void
the Detroit City income tax.
The group continued its pressure campaign to force Governor
John B. Swainson to sign the Bowman bill which prohibits cities
from taxing non-residents.
The committee, at a Garden City meeting yesterday, approved

carryng the IKennedyhAdmi
tion's political blessing, sn
primary opposition last ni
win his way into the June 2
for the Democratic nominat
Connally, former Secret
the Navy in the Kennedy c
and close political associ
son rolle up dan substanti
gin over five opponents.
Two of these still were b
it out In a nip-and-tuck fi
oppose him in thes runoff.
Surprising Race
Don Yarborough, 36-y
Houston attorney backed b
ty liberals and union eade:
edge over Gov. Price Daniel
ing an unprecedented fourti
Among three other asj
dumped overboard was
Mai. Gen. Edwin A. Wal
John Birch Society membe
campaigned as an extremi
was proud of it.
Partial returns from 172
counties, with 37 complete
Connally 170,272, Yarb
15,557, Darniel 97,285,
58,280, State Atty. Gen. Wi
son 66,950 and former State
way Commissioner M a r
Formby 55,978.
Claim Victory
On the basis of somewha
ger returns, James Cox, Br
ridge oil man, claimed he h~
the Republican nomination
pose the man finally pick
the Democrats June 2.
Cox, a former Democra
opposed by Roy Whit te
Amarillo rancher and borge
lisher, who trailed throughc
C 0 n n a 11l y, 45-year-oh
Worth attorney who m
Johnson's unsuccessful bid:
1960 Democratic presidentia
ination, was jubilant at th
come of his first personal 1
Gratifying Lead
He said he was gratified
"leading in the liberal cc
conservative counties and
ate counties -- in the big
and in the small towns."
Yarborough, no kin to
Ralph Yarborough (D-Tex.)
his surprise showing in ea
southern Texas, where Dan
maintained his prime p

(To Furnish
eOn Weapons
Ministers Consider
Confidential Estimate
nnsta- OfWestern Strength
aashed ATHN ('-The Western Al-
ght to Ilies approved yesterday a far-
runoff reaching American plan to share
ion for atomic secrets, then turned to
evaluating their- military strength
along the frontiers of the Coin
ary of munist world.
abie o The foreign and defense minis-
John-f ters of the 15-nation Atlantic Pact
m ar accepted a United States offer to
1furnish tactical and strategic nu-
attling clear information thus far stamped
ght to "top secret."
In principle, the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization also agreed
to formalize guide lines on the
ear-old possible. use of tactical atomic
y par- weapons in a- war.
rs, ran Concerns Targets
seek- IThe secret information concerns
h term, such delicate matters as possib1e
:irants targets, technical evaluation of the
former destructive capabilities of various
ker, a weapons but not data on actual
~r who bomb constructions.
st who Following Western agreement
Friday to support President John
of 254 F. Kennedy's diplomatic probe of
,gave Soviet intentions on Berlin, the
orough atomic accord completed the sec-
Walker ond masjor task set for this year's
11 Wil- annual spring policy review by
High- NATO.
s h a II Having completed this business,
the ministers went, into a. more
restricted secret session to discuss
t mea- evaluations of Western and Soviet
'ecken- strength. Most of their aides were
ad won excluded.
to op- Outline Troop Strength
~ed by An informed source, while de-
-dcining to go into detail, said the
t, was session ranged over an up-to-date
n~burg, outline of troop strength facing
'r pub- Russia, counterespionage problems
~ut the and the continuing lag in NATO'S
buildups of conventional forces.
d Fort United States Defense Secretary
anaged Robert S. McNamara reportedly
for the made a strong plea for the build-
1 nom- up in NATO's conventional forces.
ie out- These, he contends, are just as
bid for vital as nuclear forces in any ef-
fective deterrent.
Detailed Discussions
he was Informed speculation Indicated
unties, the ministers went into frank de-
noder- tail in discussing the West's lag
cities in bolstering conventional forces.
Despite the buildup since Premier
Sen. INikita S. Khrushchev precipitated
,made the Berlin crisis, NATO's troop
st and strength still numbers only about
iel has 25 divisions instead of the aimed-
olitical for 30.
The secret defense meetings
came at the end of the session
which started here two days ago.
A final communique will be issued
today after a morning session to
approve the final text.
State West's Determination
. The communique will include,
informed sources said, a firm
statement of .Western determina-
tion to maintain the freedom of
DaeWest Berlin. But it will also cx-
* ael tend an 'olive branch' to en-
thea curage negotiated settlements
Swith the Soviet Union on a nu-
clear test ban, Berlin and dis-
th thw 1armament, the sources added.
posses- The agreement on sharing atom-
he Big ic information among the allies
was contained in a report that
n both was presented by NATO Secre-
marksThe report was greeted with
n their general acceptance save for Italy

a full and France.
French Foreign Minister Maur-
ice Couve de Murville, reflectn
Presient harle de aulleside

the filing of the class-action su
'Maize~ Wins
Fosh Contest
The Maize Team won the tra-
ditional contest of Frosh Weekend
last night at the League Ballroom.
The team's original skit "La
Maiza Grande" depicted the love
of an Indian maiden Jaundice, for
a new frontiersman who stumbles
into her Maizetex camp.
After her tribe nearly kills her
lover, the cowboys and Indians re-
solve their feud, and agree to be
friends, singing "Cowboys and In-
dians Should Be Friends."
The Blue team's skit "Sky Blue
Chip's Stock" showed the love of
a gangster for his chorus girl
friend Daisy West.
Frosh Weekend is an annual
evnt esponsored by the Women's
add spirit to the freshman class.
It is organized at the end of the
fall semester. Women petition for I
the various positions including
Chairman, who organizes al e-
Their work culminates in a
dance and presentation of the
skits, for which awards are given.

it by 40 to 50 non-residents of
'Detroit who work in the city. The
suit questions Detroit's right to
pass the tax as there is a lack
of enabling state legislation, as
the 'tax violates the home-rule
provisions- of the state constitu-
tion and as there is no authority
for it in the Detroit City Charter.
It calls the tax unconstitutional
on the basis of equal proteetion
and due process sections. of the
Bill of Rights.
The committee resolution urging
Swainson to'sign the Bowman bill
was presented to Swainson by Rep.
John Bowman (D-Roseville), its
author, at a Jefferson-Jackson
Day dinner both attended.
-"If each side would pass a city
income tax, it would create chaos."

Behind John Kerr's three hitter in the first game and
Roebuck's six hit allowance in the nightcap the Michigan b~
team downed Michigan State 4-0 and 14-1 yesterday to sweep a
game series *
The Wolverine victories coupled with the Illinois split wi
Noirthwe stern Wildcats in their tw in bill gives Michigan sole
sion of first place atop t]
Ten standings. .
Going into today's actio
teams were tied with 6-1
but the Illini's 4-3 setback i
nightcap puts Michigan
game ahead.
;.-n rwk

Alexander Grant Ruthven, 1929-1951

"A LI HAD to do was keep
the University in good
shape and hand it over to Presi-
dent Hatcher."
But things weren't as simple
as that sounds for former Pres-
ident Alexander Grant Ruth-
yen. Now 80 and living on his
farm just outside Ann Arbor,
President Ruthven took office
during 1929 in the midst of a
faculty feud over former Pre~si-
dent Clarence Cook Little's pro-
posed University college. That
was to be the least of his
A depression, a war, a post-
war enrollment boom and the

When President Little re-
signed, the Regents had no need
of committees or long -search-
ing for a successor; on Oct. 4,
1929, the Regents unanimously
selected Ruthven.
P RE SI DE NT Ruthven
handled the faculty dispute
simply and diplomatically; he
turned it back to the faculty
for further consideration of
the university college's advis-
ability and administration.
Looking back at the contro-
versy, he notes that President
Little's proposal is "largely
what we have today'' minus the
04f a vv, can-A In +1,a

to the Legislature but on the
whole the state was very fair
during my regime and the Leg-
islature took care of the Uni-
* * *
IN SPITE of President Ruth-
yen's efforts and the fairness
of the Legislature, revenue be-
gan falling substantially in
1932-33. In those days. the Uni-
versity's appropriation we ~
based upon a percentage value
of real estate in the state and
appropriations were made out
of a real estate tax.
In 1933, President PRuthven
went up to Lansing and con-
vinced the Legislature to give

auto magnate Henry Fotd. died,
Ieaving the University $4 mil-
lion for the construction of a
graduate school. His widow,
Mary A. Rackham, also helped
the University out withi sub-
stantial gifts running into the
millions of dollars.
The federal government also
began to chip mn. Health Serv-
ice, for example was consiruct-
ed by the Work Projects Ad-
THE NEXT major phase of
President Ruthven's regime was
World War II. The University
cooperated with the armed
covvir~'g wmrn mit itir trn in -

Sophomore Kerr registered his termsinatinto blesde Ghis n-
fifth straight win without a de- cle0ar re, termed the repor in-
feat and stymied the Spartan tellectually dishonest," according
batsen y neer llowng ru- to one informed source. It Is the
batmenby eve alowig arunFrench view that the atom shar-
ner o rachsecod bse.ing should include technical mat-
A six-run cushion supplied the Iter on bomb-building, which the
Wolverines in the first two innings IUnited States refuses.
of the second game, gave Dave________
Roebuck all the runs he needed to N r m h L t
take his second decision in two N r m h L t
days. The win made the Wolverine
hurler the leading winner in the1.
Conference with a 6-0 mark al- D e ai ee-G
though he suffered one loss in non-
Big Ten play. ACCRA, Ghana () -President
' Winning Run Kwame Nkrumah said in a nation-


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