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May 05, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-05

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Seventy-Second Year
"Where 4Opinions Are reSTUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"

Besmirches Own Nest

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staf writers
s _ or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.


AY, MAY 5, 1962



Prgrammed Learning.
May Threaten Freedom


N A RECENT panel discussion, Professors
Harlan Lane and F. Rand Morton advocated
the use of programmed instruction for teaching
attitudes and values as well as facts.
Programmed learning places the responsi-
bility for learning on the programmer, rather
than on the student as -is traditional. The pro-
grammer controls the material to be taught by
progressing in tiny steps.
The program involves a series of questions
set up in sequence so that the student can
only give, one logical response which he im-
niediately is assured is right. Anything can be
taught using this pattern if the sequence as-
sures that the student will always answer the
questions right.
HIS POSES the greatest threat to our most
fundamental right, freedom of thought. The
implications of changing attitudes at a sub-
conscious level canot be viewed in any other
The very essence of learning is inquiry. Pro-
grammed instruction provides answers, not
stinulation for doubt. If the student accepts
without questioning, he has not learned but
has accepted on faith.
FOR YEARS, The Daily, in explaining its
open-forum editorial policy, has alluded to
the maxim at the top of this page, "When
Opinions Are Free, Truth Will $Prevail." At-
tributing it to John Stuart Mill, editorial di-
rectors have explained how his philosophy is
of pertinence.
While this has been going on, Daily staffers
have searched through -the writings of Mill
to find theexact context of the words.
It turns out, from this search for the source,
of the saying, that the saying is not always
true; that free opinions alone do not, guaran-
tee truth; and that accurate attribution is
also a prerequisite.
FOR, IT TURNS OUT, the words were not
those of Mill (though he professed their
philosophy) but those of Thomas Paine! Be-
fore Mills was born. Paine, in his "Age of Rea-
son," said:
"Certain I am that when opinions are free,
either in matter of government or religion,
truth will finally and powerfully prevail."
It follows that when references are real,
then truth will prevail.

With programmed instruction, f there is no
way to separate opinion from fact. The two
are merged as far as the student can tell. This
places the utmost responsibility on the pro-
grammer. He is no longer a fallible human be-
ing, but is the written word of fact.
PROF. LANE said that the program can be
perfected to teach all that a live professor,
can, for it is the product of a human teacher.
However, when a teacher stands up' in front
of a class to instruct, he is accepted as anoth-
er human being. When he talks, he' does not
follow a pattern so as to leave no room for
doubt. He talks in terms of opinions and usually
offers contrasting views. Members of the class
alsoare free to inject questions and opinions.
A well educated student understands the' rea-
sons- behind different stands on any given
subject. He is not dogmatic and does not ac-
cept on faith. He weighs the given informa-
tion and chooses for himself. This is the learn-
ing process.
PROGRAMMED instruction assumes that the
learning process can be simplified into one
easy step.
Not only did Prof. Lane discuss programming
as a teaching device, but he also pointed to it
as a method for behavioral change. In an ex-
periment in an elementary school, the popular-
ity pattern of the class was changed by pro-
gramming verbal patterns. The least popular
boy in the class became the most in demand.
The implications of this are even more ap-
palling. It gives power to one individual to
control the entire selection process of another.
PROGRAMMED learning puts into the hands
of the programmer dictatorial powers of the
most dangerous sort, those controlling the
thinking process of the individual.
Programmed instruction offers a new door
for, learning the preliminary facts in a given
area of study. It can be'very useful in teaching
elementary mathematical, scientific, and lin-
guistic concepts. It has proven especially sue-
cessful in learning new languages.
Using it in this way can speed up the ele-
mentary background so that the learning pro-
cess can start.
HOWEVER, programmed instruction is a
threat when it is considered for other pur-
poses, for once developed it can be used by any-
one for any purpose.
Programming leaves the door open to thought
control, which is the greatest possible threat
to freedom and individualism.

To the Editor:
[N HIS EDITORIAL "Disgusting
Quad Experience" Michael Har-
rah painted a shocking picture of
the eating habits, language 9,nd
general manners of Michigan men
in the Residence Halls. He le-
scribes the prevailing atmosphere
in the dining rooms as one that
would "disgrace a pigsty" and he
labels his fellow students as
"swine in a meal line." Rather
than referring to specific instances
in specific dining rooms Harrah
generalizes by saying: "This is the
usual, run-of-the-millsstate of the
My own experience with men's
residence halls which dates back
to the -days before Harrh was
born, weekly lunches at West
Quadrangle and ample observa-
tions in the various men 's resi-
dence halls fortunately, offer a
rather more favorable, and I feel,
a truer, image of the manners of
our men in the residence halls. In-
deed, I am proud to be associated
with them.
Of the rare and isolated quad
man who steps out of line, but also
of him who with a gross lack of
perspective sets up the occasional
juvenile misfit as typical it may
be said: It is a sad bird who be-
smirches his own nest.
-Prof. Frank X. Braun
Faculty Associate,
Wenley House
To the Editor:
EASILY THE most disgusting ex-
perience on this campus is the
use of press for ill-informed and
irresponsible editorials whose pre-
cepts do not fall far short of lies.
The editor of any newspaper has
the responsibility to at least
make assertions in his editorials
that have a reasonable probability
of being true.
It is not clear when the time
last was when Mr. Harrah ate with
the men in the quadrangles. If it
was when he was a freshmen, then
his criticisms are far outdated. If
it was a recent single experience
he certainly has no background
for the base accusations of con-
duct unbecoming a gentleman in
the dining halls. Throwing food,
upsetting dishes, and excessive
noise are judiciary offences. At
least in the S o u t h Quadrangle
where I live it is required that
"the men shall dress in good taste
and be clean shaven."
MR. HARRAH clearly implicates
every man in, the Quadrangles in
his base indictment. Mr. Harrah
clearly owes every man in the
Quadrangles his sincere apology.
We may at least be assured that
the great majority 'of us will pay
Mr. Harrah's editorial the type
of consideration it so 'richly de-
serve-a hearty laugh. We can-
not, after all, assign much value
to a moral condemnation of over
three thousand men, particularly
when it is based on an extremely
limited experience.
It is a sobering experience to
learn that there are those who
will use the precious freedom of
the press to desecrate the integrity
of individuals of the constituency
that grant this right.
-James P. Starks
Administrative Assistant
Distortion:. .
To the Editor:
IT IS MOST unfortunate that at
a time when so many people are
fighting against encrochments on
the Daily's freedom, Michael Har-
'rah chooses to write an editorial
which is a flagrant and malicious
distortion of the facts. His edi-
torial on meals in the residence
halls shows a greater contempt for
responsibility, truth, and accurate
reporting than most others which
I have seen since I came to the

-Daily-James Keson
MEALTIME MANNERS-Daily Acting City Editor Michael Harrah
hangs in effigy on the Diag.

Program Offers
Eng lish Music
THE SECOND May Festival program, including works by two British
composers, Sir William Walton and Sir Ralph Vaughn Williams,
was representative of the main stream of contemporary English music.
The style of both men is ingratiating and directly appealing. Wal-
ton is not an innovator by his own admission, but rather a painstaking
craftsman, whose small catalogue of works is distinguished by its brief
excursions into various musical forms (two symphonies, one opera, one
string quartet, etc.).
The two works heard in the concert stand as considerable testa-
"ent to Walton's gifts as a melodist and orchestrator.
* * *
HIS ARTISTIC heritage stems from the 19th century romantic
tradition in general, and specifically from the French Impressionist
The composer's genius lies in his handling of orchestral nuances
and effects. This skill was more obvious in the sparking "Partita for
Orchestra," a bagatelle originally commissioned by the Cleveland Sym-
phony, but technically more masterful in the excerpts from the opera,
Troilus and Cressida.
Here, the orchestra acted not merely as a background accompani-
ment but rather as a contrapuntal commentary for the text. Walton's
penchant for lyricism extends to his vocal writing which offers the
soloist opportunities. for display of virtuosity.
* * *
PHYLLIS CURTIN, when her voice could penetrate the all-envel-
oping shrouds of Thor Johnson's ambitious orchestra, dazzled the audi-
ence with her purity of tone, effortles production, and unaffected dic-
Richard Lewis, on the other hand, seemed to be dividing his at-
tentions between controlling a certain throaty quality and a 'quaver-
ing falsetto. He succeeded in managing neither.
Sir Ralph Vaughn Williams, during his lifetime the dean of Eng-
lish composers, produced a large assortment of works in virtually every
musical category.
He received artistic impetus from such varied influences as German
Romanticism, French Impressionism, and English folk song.
* * *
FROM THESE various sources he synthesized a style of his own.
The cantata, "Dona Nobis Pacem," is a product of the English large-
choir tradition, a movement started in the early nineteenth century.
It is a majestic paean to peace, written in 1936 for the Hudders-
field Choral Society and conceived as a multi-sectioned musical canvas.
The texts are drawn from Walt Whitman, John Bright, and The Bible.
The alternate moods of the work, whether frantic, calm, or plain-
tive, blend and shift into one another smoothly.
The performances of the two soloists, Donald Gramm and Phyllis
Curtin, were excellent. Surprisingly the huge Choral Union Society
sang with a conviction which served to elicit a sound that nearly ap-
proximated the mass of mankind assembled onstage at Hill Auditorium.
-David Schwartz
--Ed White
Veneer of Ciiization
THE VENEER OF civilization over a man will cover the emotional
party only so long as those feelings and people he holds dear
remain safe within his heart.
The movie, "A View From the Bridge" which opened last night
at the Campus Theatre is a study of a man slowly disintegrating as
he watches the woman he loves fall in love with another man.
At the beginning, Eddie, played by Raf Vallone, is a 'strong,
healthy, happy man, who is the informal leader of the rest of the
men, loved and respected by all. At the end he is a half-crazed animal
with few of the vestiges of humanity.

Mr. Harrah says there is "noth-
ing unusual" in students throwing
and spitting food at one another,
throwing salt shakers through the
air, and justling and stripping stu-
dents carrying trays.
* * *
THIS STATEMENT is not mere-
ly somewhat of an exaggeration, it
is simply untrue. After living in
the residence halls for three years,
I have never witnessed most of
these supposedly common inci-
dents, and those which have oc-
curred did so very rarely. d r
With a complete disregard for
the truth, Harrah goes on to say
that residents come to dinner in
a "state of undress". If he had
taker the trouble to do a mini-
mal amount of investigation he
would have found that in South
Quadrange a resident without
socks and with a shirt open to the
navel couldn't even get through
the doors of the dining room. Yet
just the same, Harrah declares
that this is a "run-of-the-mill"
situation, and generalizes his sup-
posed observations to the entire,
men's residence hall system.
* * *
HE MANAGES to work up to a
fever pitch of self-righteousness
towards the end of the editorial,
asking the University to inter-
vene in the situation. I agree
with Mr. Harrah insofar as I be-
lieve that the University does have
a responsibility to install certain
values in its students, and if the
situation were as he describes it,
I would join him in urging ap-
propriate action.
But the facts and Mr. Harrah's
editorial inst do not coincide. Nei-
ther gross inaccuracies nor rant-
ing and raving are very adequate
subsitutes for truthful and ac-
curate reporting.
Editorials such as this serve only
those interests opposed to the kind
of University which we all desire.
Daniel Gold, '63
To the Editor:
DISMISS Michael Harrah's re-
marks concerning the carnal re-
sidence hall dining rooms as ob-
vious exaggerations prompted not
by any obJective invistigation on
his part, nor even a sincere con-
cern for any priblem you may
believe to exist. ,
Mather, it would appear to me
that he is in search of an issue
upon which he can build contro-
versy as a stimulus to interest
in his editorials.
Through his pandering, the
Daily takes on the complexion of
a tabloid scandal sheet.
Kent Bourland, '63

Honesty ' .
To the Editor:
MIGHT I suggest that Michael
Harrah, Acting City Editor, use
some of his "Honesty" in report-
ing the conditions of s t u d e n t
dining in the Quadrangles? After
two and a half years on West
Quad's cafeteria staff I must ad-
mit that most of these things have
happened. However, Mr. Harrah
implies that they, are common
happenings at every meal which
they are not!
Fel Brunett, '64
To the Editor:
YOUR EDITORIAL p a g e con-'
tains a quote, "Where opinions
are free, truth shall prevail". If
the editorial on quadrange dining
rooms by Mr. Harrah is an ex-
ample of his concept of "truth"
or of his concept of the correct,
use of the Daily's much defended
editorial freedom, I shudder to
think what the paper will be like
if he continues on the senior
Mr. Harrah's editorial was the
largest collection of outright dis-
tortion and exaggeration of fact
I have ever seen or heard of being
printed for public distribution.
. * * *
I'M NOT SURE of the exact
purpose of the editorial unless the
conflict between the Daily and the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations has lost its sensationalism,.
and'he is looking for another scan-
dal to print even at the cost of
having to create one.
In. my four years in residence
halls on this campus I have never
witnessed conduct in the dining
rooms such as described by Mr.
Harrah. Since I would be the last
one to question the veracity of the
statements of a Daily senior-editor,
I can only come to the conclusion
that Mr. Harrah is a catalyst or,
nucleus for such actions. And I
Would suggest that he would bene-
fit residence halls g r e a t l y by
moving to an apartment.
Thomas Moch, '62E
Guardian ...
To the Editor:
REFRESHING indeed it is to
know that public morality has
at least two staunch guardians:
minuet-promoting President Eis-
enhower and antiseptic-mouthed
Michael Harrah.
And now let's get the fringes
ready for all those barelegged
tables that flaunt themselves all
over the place!
-David A. Ward, Grad.

* I

* *

Adjournment Unearned

business through Wednesday night with un-
ual efficiency, adjourning at the unprece-
ented time of 9:20 p.m.
But Council efficiency was not the only un-
;ual thing that night. The reason given for
e early adjournment was that Council was
view the SGC-sponsored movie "Operation
>rrection," the American Civil Liberties Union
m showing distortions in "Operation Aboli-
>n," a film put out by the House Committee
a Unamerican Activities.
However, there was a more pressing ulterior'
ason. Wednesday was Council President Ste-
ien Stockmeyer's twenty-first birthday.
LTHOUGH COUNCIL approved a motion
earlier this year saying it would view the
ovie, Stockmeyer and four other Council
embers were not to be found in the Union
llroom where it was showing. They were
lebrating at a local restaurant.
Such irresponsible use of what ought to ha ve
yen Council time' is inexcusable. By rights
mncil should have viewed the movie and then
turned to the meeting, since there was other
siness which could have used consideration.
Council's action cannot only be condemned
principle, but also in the specific instance.
he Daily motion placed on the table last week
a parliamentary attempt' to kill it was suc-
ssfully raised from the table. But because of
e shortage of time, the only action that could
taken was to postpone it another week.
The next SGC meeting will be the last one
fore petitioning closes for senior editorial
sitions. If Council is going to take a stand
d not just ignore the seriousness of the
aily-Board controversy, action will probably,
ye to come out of next Wednesday's meet-

THIS IS A huge task for one session, since
Council members do not agree about the
motion. If SGC fails to formulate and adopt
a motion next week because one meeting is
not long enough for proper consideration,
Council will have.avoided an important ques-
When SGC has an issue before it, the body
ought to have a fair opportunity to determine
when and for how long it will discuss it. This
decision should not be influenced by petty and
personal considerations. Obviously, Council
cannot afford to adjourn early every time a
member has a birthday' on Wednesday. The
precedent is extremely disturbing.
Blame should not be levelled at Stockmeyer
alone. It took a majority of the members of
Council to approve the early adjournment and
most attended the movie. Hopefully this epi-
sode does not indicate that Council members
will make a practice of putting parties before
consideration of campus issues.
Speak Up
ICE PRESIDENT for Student Affairs James
A. Lewis will meet with the OSA Study Com-
mittee this week to discuss his final recommen-
dations on restructuring of his office.
Lewis' report will go to the Regents for dis-
cussion and action at their May 18 -meeting.
The Regents are expected to take definite ac-
tion then if any changes are to occur in stu-
dent personnel services and policies for next
The Study Committee's report and the Re-
gents action on it climax nearly two years of
active work on repairing the OSA and many
years of concern about the practices of the
office. During that time, the OSA has been
in and out of the headlines as it has been in
and out of campus conversation and specula-
The OSA Study Report has lost its position
as the number one campus issue during the
last month and many people have simply for-
gotten about it.
There is but one brief week in which those
who have not spoken out on the report and
its philosophy and structure of extracurricular
life may contribute their comment. Every mem-
ber of the University community will be affect.

THE STAYiNG force of his life has been his niece whom he has
reared as a daughter, but who has become his ideal of pure and almost
holy womanhood.
He greets Catherine, "With your hair like that you look like a
Madonna." He never hopes to satify his desire for her, but it is asking
too much for him to give her to another man.
He battles his rival, the young illegal immigrant Rudolfo, who
has taken shelter in his home, with all the "civilized" weapons. He
tries the law and appealing to his wife and friends for aid, but find-
ing himself alone in wanting Catherine to remain with him, he starts
his reversion.
In mock boxing lessons he satisfies his urge to do physical harm
to his opponent. The glint in his eye as he draws blood is more reminis-
cent of a wolf than a man, and that is what Eddie is now. No longer
is he the man loved by his friends and family; he is totally shunned
by all.
THE POWER of Arthur Miller as a playwright is translated with-
out loss to the srceen. Throughout it is impossible not to be moved
by the strength and potential goodness of all those involved because
they are always trying so hard.
The tightly knit construction, which makes each scene obviously
sequential to the previous, contributes to the compactness and im-
portance of each move or word, as does the unique camera technique.
Hollywood, in its search for a "meariingful" movie with a "mes-
sage" can rest on its laurels for which another long dry stretch now, as it
has finally produced one which makes use of its facilities.
-Malinda Berry

Votes Created from Dirt'

(EDJITOR'S NOTE: This is the
last of three articles on apportion
Daily Staff Writer
THE MINORITY members of the
Legislative Organization Com-
mittee decided that the majority
proposal on apportionment was
not a significant enough reap-
praisal of Michigan's representa-
tive system and withdrew from
most of the majority considera-
Their own proposal was geared
to the philosophy of 'one man, one
vote' and they felt that the ma-
jority proposal did not right the
wrong but only succeeded in ra-
tionalizing it.
However, the minority did not
want changes made unless the
proponents showed that change is
needed and that the proposed
changes meet the need. "In our
opinion, the majority proposal
fails to carry these burdens."
* * *
THE MINORITY proposal is
similar to the majority proposal

is compatible with the bipartisan
representative system.
The essential difference lies in
the minority proposal for a bi-
partisan Senate with a 'tote-vote'
system. "Thus we believe we have
accomplished everything which
the majority proposal seeks to do,
except one thing - and that is
to guarantee perpetual inequality
of representation with a perpetual
bias in favor of rural and Repub-
lican voters," the minority said.
"WE DISSENT from the ma-
jority opinion for the Senate (be-
cause) it is too little; and it is too
late." The minority feels that. the
majority proposes only half a solu-
They cannot see the reason for
an eight-year delay before making
an ultimate Senate reapportion-
ment especially when that "solu-
tion' merely attempts to freeze the
disproportion then existing in the
Senate. "What the majority in-
tends to do is not to right the
wrong, but rather to rationalize
the wrong."
Tho minn.i+.?l. fh +f +h,..

mula which equates people with
square miles . . . We have always
thought that only God could make
a man from. dirt, but now we see
that some delegates have arrogat-
ed that function for themselves.
Where there were people, the for-
mula acts as though many of them
weren't there: it conceptually de-
stroys them. And where there were
'wide open space' the formula cre-
ates fictfious people . . . in the
image of the Republican party."
The majority plan does not rep-
resent people but 80 per cent peo-
ple plus 20 per cent area. tn ef-
tect this +ends toward the creation
of what Prof. Melvin Nord (D-De-
troit) the minority leader for the
Legislative Organization Commit-
tee calls 'pseudo-people.'
+ s 9
"WE FIND 'pseudo-people' pre-
'posterous. We recognize them for
what they are; figments of the
imagination, invented especially
for the occasion in order to ra-
tionalize a wrong by making it
look as though at least something
is equal, when in fact all that is
rmalyn vi . r is fa nm- - - -n

Disney Spo
tasy, "Moon Pilot," orbited into
the Michigan Theater last night
and registered "A-OK" with its
perhaps atypical Ann Arbor audi-
ence, 50 percent of whose mem-
bers were under 12 years of age.
The rather timely sequence of
events all begins when -Richmond
(Tom Tryon) an astronaut who
really doesn't like to fly, finds,
himself volunteered for a space
the same penetrating space rays
shot destined to hurl him through
that have made Charlie, the orbit-
ing. chimpanzee, go berserk.
* * *
saved from his dire 'fate only by
the consistently mysterious ap-
pearance of Lyrae i (Dany Savel),
a traveler from a distant planet
(whose appeal is easily measured
by worldly standards), who final-
ly succeeds in giving him the for-
mula for the protective shielding
that will preserve man in space..
Strong points in the produc-
tion are by far the habile screen-
play and its inherent humor,
which includes, a cigar-chewing
senator who c a n 't understand'

)f Takes Off
cover what it is.
Walt Disney may be credited
with another successful film of
,the "good, 1i g h t entertainment"
variety. For those who want more
in a motion picture, there are
some good shots of rocket take-
offs and a hint of a moral tag-
about interplanetary peace and
Louise Lind
(Continued from Page 2)
Academic Costume: Can be rented at
Moe Sport Shop, North University Ave.,
Ann Arbor.
Assembly for Graduates: at 4:30 p.m.
In area, east of Stadium. Marshals will
directgraduates to proper stations. If
siren indicates (at intervals from 4:00
to 4:i5 p.m.) that exercises are to be
held in Yost ~ Field House, graduates
should go directly. there and be seated
by, Marshals.
Spectators: Stadium: Enter by Main
Street gates only. All should be seated
by 5:00 p.m., when procession enters

Editorial Stafff
HAEL BURNS....................Sports Editor
[D ANDREWS ...........Associate Sports Editor
F MARKS.............Associate Sports Editor
Business Staff
CHARLES JUDGE, Business Manager

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