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May 02, 1962 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-02

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Seventy-Second Year
DTED AD MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are ee STUDENT PUBLICATIONs BLDG. * ANN ARmoR, Micn. " Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Comments on Yoga

DNtSDAY, MAY 2, 1962

NIGHT EDITOR: JUDITH OPPENHEIM

'Salan's Future Depends
Upon Political Expedieney

LAST WEEK the most decorated French
military man, former General Raoul Salan,
was arrested as a traitor. Salan has been the
leader of the bloody Secret Army Organization
in Algeria since the unsuccessful military coup
in April, 1961. Salan has a death sentence
hanging over him now and only President
de Gaulle can grant his clemency.
Certainly Salan is guilty of leading and
giving support to an organization which has
wantonly murdered hundreds of Moslem men,
women and children. The sole purpose of the
O.A.. is to prolong the Algerian crisis so
that Algerian independence is impossible. This
is subversion of government policy in its most
violent, tragic form. The execution of Salan
and all captured O.A.S. leaders may be the
weapon needed to break the organization.
E GAULLE'S DECISION will not be an easy
one, though. The French military hirarchy
has always had a strong political influence. De
Gaulle came to power in 1958 through the
efforts of Salan and another captured O.A.S.
leader, Edmond Jouhoud. De Gaulle's policy
has changed from keeping Algeria French to
giving Algeria independence. The unsuccessful
military coup in 1961, after which Salan re-
tired into secrecy and O.A.S. control, was based
'on the same principle that brought de Gaulle
to power. In a sense, Salan is a traitor to
the regime and not the country of France.
The O.A.S. is not out of business yet. The
real political and strategic brains of the O.A.S.
are a group of colonels and semi-fascist
civilians. Salan, was important to the O.A.S. as
a figurehead which lent respectability. His
importance is still only symbolical. The Euro-
Hlouse Plan'I
3;H.
THE MICHIGAN HOUSING PLAN, written by
the director of residence halls two decades
ago, is the official administrative statement
of' purpose for the University residence halls.
This .report maintains that the dorms 'and
quads ought to be "more than rooming and
boarding houses . .. and also that the resi-
dence halls "can contribute directly (though
informally) to the social, recreational, in-
tellectual and cultural development of their
residents." The word "can" is skillfully used
here because there is -no guarantee that the
residences will accomplish these lofty aims.
But, have the women's residence halls ac-
Domplished the goals set forth in the initial
plan?
The social and recreational opportunities
which incoming freshmen may find in the
Women's dorms can be very helpful. Because
of the large turnover in the dorms, the per-
centage of freshmen in houses are not specifi-
cally designated upperclass is quite high. The
dorms offer a real opportunity for freshmen
o get to know people, cultivate friends aid
generally ease their adjustment difficulties.
There is always somebody who will listen to
problems, and since everyone is going through
he same process, a great deal of socialization
s common among freshmen.
ROWEVER, the social development of upper-
class women is, if anything, hindered by
he residence hall situation. Because it is
onvenient to maintain friendships with those
lying next door or across the hall, there is a
endency to stagnate socially. Upper-class wo-
nen have made it through the first difficult
rear; they should be able to learn from and
nix with the campus, not just a small group
)f individuals which the dormitory conven-
ently makes available. In another situation,
vomen might feel the necessity of participat-
ng in extra-curricular activities because of
nterest and in order to meet people. But
he dorm offers a convenient sort of escape
nd many upper-class women socially vegitate
here.
The mixers and dances the dorms periodi-
ally give have notoriously poor attendance
amiong upper-class women. This is the great
lomain of freshman boys and girls, and sopho-
nore and junior women usually stay away.
A great many freshman and sophomore
omen openly admit that one of the major
'easons they are pledging sororities is because
he dorm has done virtually nothing for their
ocial development.

It seems apparent that the residence halls
o serve an almost uniformly necessary social
unction for freshman women. However, for
ipperclass women the dorms, have failed
niserably in their "social development" goal.
F WE ARE considering the "intellectual and
cultural development" which the women's
lorms offer their residents, we can take to-
ether the progress achieved for both fresh-
rien and upper-class women: it is nil. The
)bvious fault is that informative speakers, dis-
ussion formus or cultural events are seldom
,ssociated with dormitory groups. However,
iere one is getting to the very root of the
Business Staff
CHARLES JUDOE, Business Manager
AAR AD 'Arrg heiatea+Businesa sManaer

peans of Algeria were depressed at his capture,
but the O.A.S. was not crippled. Salan can
be an important propaganda tool.
DE GAULLE'S basic problem is reconciling
two adamantly opposed forces. If there is
to be a peaceful and independent Algeria, the
Moslems and Europeans must be capable of
compromise. Moslem, F.L.N. terrorists have been
given leniency in order to prevent the develop-
ment of further hatred. Animosity in the
European camp may be decreased by leniency
for Salan.
But lack of political concensus is a ubiqui-
tous problem in all French politics. The
authoratarian rule of the Fifth French Re-
public is a direct result of having an un-
compromising far left and far right. France
has more than liberals, it has anti-government
parties. Salan is an extreme example of this.
If de Gaulle soft peddles here, he may have
to work hard later on to keep extremists from
damaging governmental effectiveness. If de
Gaulle doesn't execute Salan for an attempt
at violent overthrow of the government, how
harsh can he be with other uncooperative
forces?
DE GAULLE THEN, will have to keep two
major considerations in mind:
1) To what degree can he allow anti-
government forces to go unpunished?
2) What action would be more beneficial to
realizing an independent Algeria?
,After being the head of the bloodiest terror
group since the Nazis, Salan will live or die
according to political expediency.
-THOMAS DRAPER
Goals Missed
lack of correlation between what the Housing
Plan says the dorms can do and what they
are doing.
The dormitories are large, efficient and
necessarily regimented. Except for the small
groups of close friends a women resident
usually has in the dorm, she is little more
than an IBM card here. Many housemothers'
sincerely try to maintain an intellectually
spirited atmosphere and are honestly interested
in "their girls." Also, the women in smaller
dorms have a better chance to escape the
feeling of anonymity. Still, the resident hall is
part of the "system"; it is large and formalized
and concerned mainly with efficiency.
Within this atmosphere, the intellect and
aesthetic sensibilities rarely develop. Intel-
lectual and cultural development implies a
going out from oneself, an attempt to master
something unknown. The dormitories function
mainly as housing units, and are, in fact, the
very "rooming and boarding houses" which the
Housing Plan says they ought not to be. When
individuals are seeking intellectual and cul-
tural growth they rarely turn to units of
regimentation. And, the dormitories are im-
possible without regimentation.
THEREFORE, residents who seek this sort of
development reach out to the campus or-
ganizations which will foster in them the
knowledge and growth they are seeking.
The residence halls, hence, by the very nature
of their existence, preclude opportunities for
significant intellectual and cultural develop-
ment. The women students who desire this
usually must travel outside the world of the
dorm to obtain it.
The women's dorms do not only fail to
comply with the administration's stated goals
for them, but also they often hinder the growth
and development ideally specified for residents.
IF ONE is to participate in extra-curricular
activities in order to try to grow intel-
lectually, she will find that the dormitory
situation is annoying and not at all helpful to
her in this area. Discussion groups often last
through meal time, and if one is too late
she simply doesn't eat or must go out to
dinner, which means that she is paying double.
A woman student may want to entertain people
informally in her home if a particular question
or discussion has not been decided during the
regular meeting time. The familiar words of
the apartment dwellers, "Well, why don't you
all come over to my house now?" can never
come from the woman in the dorm.

Further, the cold dormitory room is off-
limits to males, however fascinating and pla-
tonic they may be. A girl is thus seldom free
to entertain informally the people she may
encounter in intellectually-oriented activities.
Thus, women's residence halls are an active
hindrance to many women's "intellectual and
cultural development."
What, then, can the University do in the
way of housing for women students that will
tend to make the lofty goals enumerated in
the Michigan Housing Plan possible?
A LARGE PART of the answer seems to lie
in building small apartments and coopera-
tive units. Here residents would encounter a
minimum of regimentation. They would
exercise more control over areas of their lives
significant to their development. The Oxford
nMA1:- a F will .arilvn mvietiP t+i knd of

SPRING-

OAS DOOMED:
.'What Future For France?

By H. NEIL BERKSON industries. Once the Algerian war
Daily Staff writer is over the government intends to
THE ALGERIAN turmoil, which use for welfare programs the cap-
has left France in a state of ital no longer needed to fight that
continual crisis ever since the war. It will be able to provide
Front de Liberation Nationale more health benefits, increased
(FLN) opened fire Nov. 1, 1954, housing and school construction.
is not quite over. The long-awaited From an economic standpoint,
cease-fire, in effect only six weeks, France will easily assimilate the
has merely turned the French high number of Europeans (a
army from one foe to another. conservative guess is 300,000) ex-
This new enemy, the outlawed pected to return from Algeria once
Secret Army Organization, leaves the settlement is final. Politically,
the prospect of final peace un- they present quite another prob-
certain. Yet it may well be time lem.
to ponder future developments,
particularly from the French point THE PIED-NOIRS, as they are
of view, should such a peace en- called, have no love for the home-
sue. land which they feel betrayed
Even after the capture of its them. When they leave Algeria it
demigod, General Salan, the OAS will be in bitterness. Once in
constitutes, and will continue for France they promise to form right
some time to constitute, a serious wing parties which will splinter
brake on Franco-Algerian accord. the French political system even
Nevertheless, it is plain now that more. The less willing they are to
the OAS can only fight a de- except Algerian independence, the-
fensive war. The pipedream of more dangerous they may be.
"Algerie francais" rested on five * * *
major premises, all of which have CERTAINLY, the pied-noirs will
failed. not help de Gaulle stabilize the'
1) The OAS swore that there political system of the country.
would never be a cease-fire. He has ruled as a dictator, cur-
2) The OAS promised that Ab- tailing many basic freedoms upon
derrahmane Fares, interim Moslem which Frenchmen thrive. The left
executive until " Algeria becomes is disenchanted with Le Grand
free, would never set foot in the Charles, and as he liberalizes his
country. He has now been operat- regime he will no doubt infuriate
ing the government from Algeria the Right.
for a month. The President would like to see
3) The OAS depended upon sev- a revival of political parties once
eral French Army units joining the country is at peace, but such
their cause. The army has remain-
ed completely loyal.
4) The OAS counted on its ter-
rorist tactics to provoke the Mos-
lems into race riots against the
Europeans. It figured that the
French Army would be forced to:
put down the Moslems, thus end-
ing the cease fire. The FLN has
so far been able to hold the Mos-
lem community in check..
5) The OAS planned to use mass:
street demonstrations by unarmed
Europeans as the spearhead of its
movement. Such demonstrations ;
actually toppled one French Re-
public, the fourth, because the *
army never put them down. But
the army, sickened by OAS mur-
der, fired into the crowds the very *
first time they marched. They have rr"
not marched again.

FRANCE will have an increased
role in NATO now that she can
fulfill her troop commitments. De
Gaulle, however, will push even
harder for a Franco-British-
American trimvirate to supercede
all the other nations In the al-
liance.
The President opposes Stage II
which the Common Market has
now embarked upon. This is the
stage which will eventually lead to
political integration of Europe.
Rather than a supranational struc-
ture, de Gaulle wants a structure
where all nations remain sov-
eriegn, but France dominates.
There are signs that de Gaulle
plans to restore France to the
position of Big Brother in the
Middle East, which could certainly
use a pacifier. While fighting a
colonial war in Moslem Algeria,
he could not hope to regain that
status. Since the cease-fire; how-
ever, there have been signs of a
rapprochement between France
and the Arab world. In an un-
precedented move, Egypt recently
released the French diplomats
which it had jailed on charges of
spying.
b* *
AN END to the Algerian prob-
lem will unquestionably give
France new impetus on the inter-
national scene. This does not mean
that de Gaulle has a clear road
ahead of him. Any attempt on
his part to exert more authority
in the Western Alliance will cer-
tainly be frowned upon by the
United States and Britain. Neither
country wants a NATO triumvir-
ate. Neither wants a nuclear armed
France.
De Gaulle is willing to pay
plenty for United States atom and
missile secrets and equipment, but,
so far, he has been rebuffed. It
is not likely that President Ken-
nedy's position on this matter will
change.
The other members of the Com-
mon Market strongly favor even-
tual political unity; it is doubtful
that de Gaulle can. sway them.
One serious obstacle to de
Gaulle's Middle East plans is the
Arab-Israel feud. France has def-
inite political-military commit-
ments to Israel. She cannot get
deeply involved in Arab affairs un-
til that source of tension eases.
IN THE FINAL analysis, one
question superimposes itself over
any Algerian settlement, over any
events which might follow that
settlement. What will happen to
France after Charles de Gaulle
goes? He is an old man-72. His
term of office expires in 1966. Is
the Fifth French Republic merely
synonymous with its president, or
can it remain stable in the hands
of his successors? If it cannot,
France will remain weak.
There is much to be said for a
strong France. Geographically,
economically, she is necessary to a
strong, united Europe. Without an
Algerian war, she can assume such
a role. Hopefully she can assume
it without de Gaulle.
Principles ..
"THE WORLD has known 21
civilizations, and 18 of these
have already passed away because

To the Editor:
I WONDER, for purely linguistic
reasons, whether anybody -_
monk or layman - can "abjure
certain death' as Miss Roediger
seems to aver in her report on my
lecture at Michigan League Ap-
ril 27. The fact of the matter is
Just this much; the orthodox,
learned monks of India feel that
their way of life has little official
sympathy and no official support
-and the more pessimistic among
them express their estimate that
classical, quietistic monasticism
may not survive in India.
"Yogi" is a person; what he
does is 'yoga'; the official attitude
toward it is not that it is nonsense,
as Miss Roediger writes; on the
contrary, most Hindus, official
and private alike, are convinced
that there is much more to it than
they would - officially - admit;
but they want to play down its
importance for themselves and
for others - too much of India's
attention has been deflected from
practical and more important pur-
suits by 'yoga', and its quetistic
implications have hampered In-
dia's growth alongside that of
more secular countries; this is the
official attitude I tried to adum-
brate.
'GHEE' IS clarified butter;
though some traditionalists may
feel that using up a hundred or
more pounds of this precious sub-
stance for ritualistic purposes may
be desirable, there are few who
would resent the _ government's
critical attitude about such waste.
Orthodox resentment against the
secular state is much subtler and
much deeper.
The canonical notion is that the
person who has undergone sym-
bolic cremation in the wake of tak-
ing monastic orders no longer eats
and drinks. But clearly, this is
meant to be a hyperbolic state-
ment, and I had hoped that I
could, convey the metaphorical
wealth of"traditional Hindu par-
lance through a somewhat face-
tiousdiction: without such diction,
the lecture would have had to be
a lecture series.
It might be advisable to consult
and verify with the speaker wher-
ever the topic is somewhat ab-
struse or esoteric; such procedure
would prevent much ennui among
the lecturers reported upon.
- Prof A. Rharati
Department of Anthropology
Syracuse University
Testing...
To the Editor
THE onset of United
States atmospheric testing, a
specious, if not unfamiliar, barrage
of doublethink is being doled out
to the people. Its theme is that,
although reluctant to do so, we
are being forced to test. Further-
more, since the average citizen is
inexpert in nuclear technology,
he is advised to leave all discus-
loon of testing, disarmament, etc.
to an elite. of advisors.
Reluctant? It is well known that
Edward Teller and the Pentagon
were urging United States tests
long before the Russians violated
the moratorium. Forced to test?
That this is blatantly false is prov-
en by Kennedy's assurance that
we currently remain far ahead of
the Russians in nuclear technol-
ogy. However, Secretary of De-
fense McNamara assures us that
we are farahead of Russia in both
conventional and missile delivery
systems. No, the truth is that
Russia's test series has not endan-
gered our security. Rather, our
decision to heighten the arms spir-
al reflects the urgings of the mill-
tarists, both in and out of uniform.
* * *
BUT PERHAPS the most im-
portant question is the notion of
leaving the crucial decisions to an
elite. The implication is that citi-
zens are to be yes-sayers, that
they should serve the government
rather than be served by it. Could

anything be a greater perversion
of democracy, which depends up-
on an informed, vocal constituen-
cy? The retort to this statement
is that the layman cannot under-,
stand the physics of the Bomb.
But it is equally true that he can
understand the often suppressed
facts concerning the chances of
accidental war, the vicious conse-
quences of the arms spiral, the im-
potence of bomb shelters, the hor-
rors of fallout, and so on. He can

also understand the physical and
moral impossibility of war and of
its logical antecedent, preparation
for war.
Do we live under a dictatorship
where an elite makes the decisions
of life or death, or do we live in a
democracy where the government
is of, by, and for the people? If
the latter be true, it is the obliga-
tion of each person to demand a
sane and humane policy of our
government. Such a policy pre-
cludes United States atmospheric
tests; it requires disarmament.
-Barton Meyers
Cleavage...
To the Editor:
WTHEREAS one mast acknowl-
edge a cleavage between
ideals and the realities of poli-
tics, David Marcus' analysis in his
editorial reeks of cynicism, and his
conclusion advocates passivity.
Essentially, his thesis calls for
activists, who would not com-
promise their principles, to aban-
don their corner. In other words,
forfeit rather than making one's
pure values accessable to corrupt
influences.
Politics and ideals are, however,
not so mutually exclusive as Mar-
cus would suggest. He has, in a
manner, confused content and
structure. But even hypothetically
accepting his dichotomy, an im-
mutable stand on principle can-
not possibly be anything but pas-
sive. The informed student whose
effectiveness is totally destroyed
by a holier-than-thou attitude
might better spend his time stu-
dying ethical philosophy rather
than reading newspapers.
* *i.
BEHIND the student move-
ment is a profound moral sense.
To manifest this deep concern for
what is right in our society, some
have clearly seen the need for po-
litical mobilization. Even' allow-
ing Marcus' assumption that the
political machinery per se is amor-
al, his conclusion is unjust. For
certainly, the substance,' those
ideals which students would see
implemented, is desperately moral,
and ultimately the structure can-
not suffocate it. Politics for poli-
tic's sake is a meaningless phrase.
Disassociating from an amoral
structure will avoid all comprom-
ise, but it is an abdication of re-
sponsibility that will see political
apathy and its result, bad govern-
ment, triumph.
-Ron Newman, '63
Big Splash...
To the Editor:
WOULD like to forward my
hearty congratulations to the
person who cleverly proposed the
sale of water pistols to implement
other Michigras merriment. He
certainly helped make these last
few days full of fun and excite-
ment. In fact it was so much so
that at times I felt Michigan had
become a kind of high school or
grade school. Previously I had
feared that' I had left all that
good, clean fun behind, but I
needn't have worried, for every-
one was running about happily
squirting other people.
It really didn't matter too much
if some extraneous persons got in
the way because if they weren't
joining in the frolics they certain-
ly should have been doing so. Oh,
it was great sport, and it was
amusing! (Pardon my mirth.) An-
other practice woefully absent
from the campus for some time,
that the water pistols apparently
revived, was the use of water bal-
loons.
Suddenly all about one are gaily
colored globes flying through the
air. How festive can you get? All
in all, I sincerely believe that the
water pistols et' al. added a cer-
tain aspect of abandon to the fes-
tive weekend. After all, in the im-
mortal thoughts of N. Bates,
"Man's diversions are of greater
importance 'than Man."

-Robert D. Dahlin, '63
RewUs . .
"ANY SYSTEM of government
that offers the same rewards
to the man who loafs as to the
man who works is going to kill
the greatest force that has made
the United States the country the
whole world envies."
-Coronet Magazine

SO THE OAS, losing men and
morale, falling back daily, appears
doomed. Its cause, colonialism,
belongs to another century. The
FLN, the French government, and
the majority of French people
want an end to the bloodshed
which has cost $20 billion and
consumed a quarter of a million
lives in seven years. Leaders of
both sides are cooperating to an
extent once thought impossible in
order to achieve this end.
If, as planned, the Algerian
problem is finally settled by the
end of this year, France will face
a future very different from her
past. Whole generations will know
peace for the first time.
Currently in the midst of Presi-
dent de Gaulle's seven year plan,
the country is already facing a
boom. Wages have been rising,
full employment is virtually a
reality, and industry and com-
merce are expanding.
So far, de Gaulle's economic pol-
.ne lm _ ,l -- a __tn _s~2 a i _eli

CHARLES DE GAULLE
... after Algeria?

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

a revival would most likely weak-
en, rather than strengthen his
government. It is evident even
now that he is hesitant to call for
new elections because of a fear
that his party might do poorly.
* * *
INTERNATIONALLY, de Gaulle
has big plans. He has never for-
gotten for a moment the historical
predominance of France in Eur-
ope. He has never strayed for a
moment from his goal of restor-
ing France to her former glory.
The Algerian war has consider-
ably hampered de Gaulle's efforts
to again make France a power of
the first 'magnitude. It has tied
him down economically and mili-
tarily; it has embarrassed him on
the diplomatic front. Without that
war his ambitions will be bound-

(Continued from Page 2)
will be shown in the Multi-Purpose
room of the UGLI at 4:05 p.m. on May
2 by the Arnold Air Society.
Carillon Recitals: Percival Price, Uni-
versity carillonneur, will present a ser-
ies of carillon concerts beginning
Thurs., May 3, 7:15 p.m., on the Charles
Baird Carillon, Burton Memorial' Tow-
er. These concerts will continue on suc-
ceeding Thursdays, May 10, 17, 24 and
31, at the same hour.
The Henry Russel Lecture will be de-
livered by Herbert C. Youtie, Research
Prof. 'of Papyrology, Thurs., May 3, at
4:15 p.m., in the Rackham Amphithea-
ter. His lecture topic is "Papyrologist:
Artificer of Fact."
University Lecture: "Michel Adanson
and His Position in 18th Century Bot-
any in France," May 3, 4:15 p.m., East
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg. Dr.
Frans A. Stafleu. International Asso-

ence, Carleton University, Ottawa, Can-
ada, will speak on "American and Brit-
ish Influences on Canadian Pubic Ad-
ministration." Refreshments will be
served after the meeting. Everyone is
welcome.
Applied rgathematics Joint Seminar:
Dr. Joseph B. Keller, Courant Institute
of Mathematical Sciences, New York
University, will speak on "Elastic Wave
Propagation," Thurs., May 3, at 4:00
p.m. in 229 West Engineering. Coffee
at 3;30 p.m. in the Faculty Lounge, 214
West Engineering.
Symposium on Vitalizing Class Pre-
sentation, sponsored- by the University
Senate Sub-committee on Improvement
of Instruction, May 3, atn4:10 p.m. in
And. C, Angell Hall. Panel: H. Harlan
Bloomer, Richard D. Judge, Fred L.
Lemler, Edgar E. Willis. Moderator: Ar-
thur M. Eastman. Faculty and students
invited to attend and participate in the
discussion.

i

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