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April 27, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-04-27

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See Page 4

C, r

Sir igaux


Continued warm
through tonight

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom


Banks To Establish
Loans for Students
Michigan Students May Receive
$250,000 in Funds at Low Rate
It is very likely that loans totaling $250,000 will be made available
next fall by local banks to college students living in Michigan.
The Michigan Higher Education Assistance Authority established
by the Legislature in 1960 will guarantee 80 per cent of the loans which
will be made by local banks at a low interest rate of five per cent per
nnThe authority which has not yet received any appropriations from
the state is currently working on plans to initiate a college loan pro-
gram by Sept. I applied to the Legislature for an $89,452 appropriation

. .. views proposals
Rules Status
Still Unclear
Acting. Dean of Women Eliza-
beth M. Davenport said yesterday
that the proposed changes in wo-
men's rules submitted by the Wo-
men's Judiciary Council are being
given great consideration.
"Their implementation requires
much discussion with the people
who will be putting them into op-
eration. It is too early to say
whether any, some or all can be
implemented by next Sept.," she
The report cannot be discussed
in its entirety since some of the
recommendations had to do with
all campus regulations and some
of them with internal mechanics
of housing, Dean Davenport said.
Not Controversial
"The idea that many of these
changes are controversial is not
true. A number of them will help
to straighten out communication
between students and the admin-
Dean Davenport said that the
report is well done and is very
comprehensive. Any final recom-
mendations will be discussed very
thoroughly with Judic Council.
"Students- get the feeling that
the- administration panics every
time it hears from them," Dean
Davenport added.
"This is not a bargaining table,
and we must make sure there is
full understanding all the way
around," she explained.
Deborah Cowles, '62, former
chairman of Woman's Judiciary,
said that discussion would con-
tinue with the new Judic Council
Work of 6,000 Women
"Every woman was given a
chance to voice her opinion, and
this report is actually the work
of 6,000 women, whether they took
part or not. Several of the recom-
mended changes came from the
houses directly," she said.
Miss Cowles stated that basical-
ly these changes are good, and
they must be implemented while
still insuring necessary growth
and maturity.
"There was little apathy and the
students showed marvelous re-
sponsibility in helping us to for-
mulate this report," she said.
Jddic Council will be conducting
discussions with Dean Davenport,
Assistant Dean of Women Eliza-
bth Leslie and vice-President for
Student Affairs James A. Lewis.
Project Gets
Project Welcome has gotten
over 1,000 signatures during the
last three days.
Since Monday the project has
been endorsed by campus leaders
and South and West Quadrangle

Othat it felt it would need for its
guarantee fund. However, the
State Budget division lowered the
request to $15,000. Since the Au-
thority would like to begin with at
least $50,000, it has appealed to
the public for contributions tol
make up the difference.
According to Dr. Lynn M. Bart-
lett, chairman of the Authority,
the response from the public to
this request for contributions has
been encouraging. Two $1,000
donations have already been re-
If the appropriation is obtained
by July 1, 'the program will be able
to go into effect in Sept. In the
meantime, the Authority is con-
ducting planning operations and
sending out a brochure to partici-
pating colleges and' banks with
funds obtained from other sources.
Available to Residents
Any student will be able to apply
for the loan who has been a legal
resident of Michigan for at least
one year, who is attending or plan-
ning to attend a qualified institu-
tion of higher learning, who shows
financial need for the loan, and
who has indicated a sense of re-
sponsibility to repay it.
A schedule has been set up that
defines the maximum amount of
loan for which the student body
may apply. The limits depend
upon his class standing. Fresh-
men may have a maximum of
$500, sophomores may borrow up
to $650, juniors up to $800, sen-
iors up to $950, and graduates have
a maximum of $1,100.
Limitation on Loan
No student can borrow more
than the cumulative amount
available to him. Thus, a graduate
who has not yet received a loan
can apply for $4,000 his first year
and $1,100 each year after that.
Each request will be granted for
the expenses that the student will
incur during a single school year.
The Authority was set up in or-
der to insure that no qualified stu-
dent living in Michigan find it ne-
cessary to forfeit college training
because he lacks the necessary fi-
nances to pay for it, and it gives
local banks the opportunity to in-
vest in the education of its citi-
At present 35 per cent of the
graduates from Michigan's high
schools who are, qualified do not
attend a college or university.
With the expected increase in col-
lege expenses in the near future
this number is bound to increase.
At the same time the state's need
for professionals and trained tech-
nicians will be increasing at a rap-
id date.'
In a report entitled "Student
Borrowers, Their Needs and Re-
sources" the NDEA reports that
slightly more than nine out of
ten borrowers indicated that the
availability of a student loan made
it possible for them to start or
continue in college on a full-time
basis. Approximately half the bor-
rowers were able to reduce the
hours spent on part-time jobs in

Of Speech
MINNEAPOLIS (') - President
0. Meredith Wilson of the Uni-
versity of Minnesota yesterday re-
fused to cancel a scheduled speech
by Benjamin J. Davis, a leading
United States Communist.
"The University is .the product
of a free society,, Wilson said. "It
is neither afraid of freedom, nor
can it serve society well if it casts
doubt on the ability of our free
institutions to meet the challenge
of doctrines foreign to our own."
Invited by Socialists
Davis, of New York, was invited
by the University Socialist Club
to speak at Coffman Memorial
Union next Wednesday, during a
Freedom Week observance. An un-
named committee, formed Monday
night, protested it would be a
"travesty of free speech to allow
Davis or any other Communist to
speak on our university campus."
The group asked Wilson to bar
In rejecting the pleas, Wilson
said the university had a policy
that approved student organiza-
tions can sponsor speakers before
their members and friends. Such
organizations, he said, include the
Socialist Club and the "more gen-
erally supported Republican and
Democratic clubs."
Free Speech
Wilson said it should be clear
that Davis' appearance, or the ap-
pearance of other persons in sim-
ilar circumstances, would not im-
ply university endorsement of the
speaker's views.
"It is rather," he said, "an ex-
pression of the principles of free
speech which is a very precious
principle in a truly free society,
and which, by the way, is a part
of the American way of life ex-
plicitly guaranteed by the Federal
Wilson added, "The objections
advanced to Davis' appearance on
our campus arise either from a
lack of confidence in our students
or from a lack of faith in our free
institutions. We have confidence
in both."
Delta College
Proposal Held
In Committee
The Delta College bill to make
the community college a four-year
institution is still in the House
Ways and Means Committee. ]
The bill, which unanimouslyI
passed the Senate in March, is
still "alive" according to Delta
College president Samuel Marble.
"We are still hopeful that it will
get through the House," he said.
Maurice Brown, a member of1
Delta's Board of Trustees, said
"there are several education bills1
in the House Ways and Means
Committee, including the Delta
College four-year bill.
"These bills are awaiting the1
solution of the state's tax prob-;
lem," he continued.
Brown said that the bill also
provides for the college to become
two separate institutions - one
for the two years that now exists
and one for the remaining two
,years that would make Delta a
four-year. degree granting institu-]
"Right now, the tri-county area
of Bay, Saginaw, Midland is un-
dersupplied in higher education,"
Marble said.]





Plan Suits
On City Levy
Vigilence Group Hits
Detroit Squeeze Play
Their constituents caught in a
"squeeze play" betweencity and
state income taxes, the mayors of
60 suburban Detroit area commu-
nities plan to lash back at the De-
troit city income tax.
The Vigilance Tax Committee of
Michigan, composed of 60 area
mayors and 15 city attorneys, will
meet tomorrow to plan legal stra-
tegy against the one-per-cent-tax
on Detroit residents and businesses
and non-resident workers passed
by the Detroit Common Council
yesterday morning and signed by
Mayor Jerome Cavanagh 21 min-
utes later.
"The committee plans a multi-
plicity of suits to tie up any reve-
nue for some time," Berkley May-
cr George Kuhn, the head of the
committee, said. A Detroit resi-
dent's citizen's suit challenging
the validity of the $35 million tax
will be heard today in Wayne
County Circuit Court.
Not Enough Revenue
James Trainor, Cavanagh's
press secretary said Detroit was
forced to pass the tax as the state
had not provided enough revenue.
"The proposed tax package left
Detroit out completely this year.
It would not get part of a one per
cent split of sales tax receipts un-
til July 1963. Then it goes to the
county to be split up many differ-
ent ways," he said.
Cavanagh declared he was
"pleased because this gives Detroit
an opportunity to move off dead
center and begin to extricate our-
selves from the financial mess we
found when we took office." De-
troit has a debt of $8 million.
Asks Signature
In Lansing, Rep. John T. Bow-
man (D-Roseville), author of a
bill to prohibit cities from taxing
non-resident income, asked Gov.
John B. Swainson to sign the
measure now on his desk.
"In view of the fact that the
legislature is presently considering
an income tax package, it would
have seemed advisable that De-
troit delay its action in this mat-
ter," a letter signed by Bowman
and 11 other suburban Democrats
Swainson said he had not seen
the Detroit measure and was un-
able to comment on it.
"The Detroit Common Council
members have obviously done
what, in their view, is the best
for the people of that city," he
If the governor signs the Bow-
man bill, Detroit would lose at
least $5 million a year, it was es-
"If we are legally prohibited
from taxing outside residents we
will be able to colect taxes from
Detroiters," Cavanagh declared.

House Defeats Bill
On Reapportionment
LANSING (I:)-The House defeated yesterday a Senate approved
Congressional reapportionment plan for Michigan.
It was defeated 61-45, opposed mainly by Republicans and Upper
Peninsula Representatives-four out of five of them Democrats. The
plan would reduce Upper Peninsula representation. It generally was
backed by Gov. John B. Swainson and Democrats.
Proponents argued that although the bill left much to be desired
it was a considerable improvement over present apportionment and

Panel Views
CMU Press
Role, Policy
A panel discussion was held at
Central Michigan University Tues-
day night among students, faculty
and administrators to discuss the
possibility of setting up an inde-
pendent student newspaper on the
At present the Central Michigan
Life, the campus paper, is an of-
ficial university publication and
CMU President Judson Foust has
ultimate control.
In addition to university stu-
dents, the paper serves the admin-
istration, the faculty and all of
the departments. The President is
responsible to the Board of Educa-
tion for the paper because CMU
is a state university.
Issue Aroused in Fall
The issue of an independent
newspaper arose last fall when
complaints were registered over
the problem of leters-to-the-edi-
tor. The administration asked that
less space be given for these let-
A special committee set up by
the Student Senate to study the
problem and the Committee for
Student Rights which has infor-
mal recognition from the senate
have recommended that an advi -
ory board be established to replace
the single advisor positicn under
the present system.
This new board would consist of
five faculty, five students and the
president and a vice-president of
the university. They would have
complete authority on all issues
concerning the Life.
Students To Meet Today
Students are scheduled to meet
with Foust agair today to work
out more detailed plans for a new
advisory board.
The Committee for Student
Rights has formulated a series of
demands in other campus issues
a few weeks ago based on the
United States Naional Student
Association Declaration of Student
Rights. The Student Senate had
endorsed the NSA declaration.
The administration has agreed
to hold open forums similar to the
one held Tuesday right to discuss
wkth students CMU policies and
procedures regarding social proba-
tion and expulsion.



would avoid. the evils of electing
Michigan's new 19th Congress-
Reduced Population Spread
The bill at least reduced the
spread between populations in
Congressional districts to a mini-
mum of about 250,000 and a maxi-
mum of about 540,000, Rep. Fred-
erick D. Yates, (D-Det.) said.
"We've been at this for two ses-
sions now," Rep. George Mont-
gomery, (D-Det) said. "It's impos-
sible to please everybody. We're
running out .of time even for the
the candidates for Congress'to
prepare for an election."
Complains of Reduction
Rep. Marie Hager, (R-Lansing)
complained it reduced the Ingham
District by a scant 100,000 in pop-
The bill would have made a sin-
gle district out of all of the Upper
Peninsula except for Chippewa
and Mackinac counties on the
Eastern end. These, plus 22 coun-
ties in the Northeastern Lower
Peninsula would form another,
consolidating all but Bay and
Midland Counties in the present
10th District.
The 19th district would be
carved from Livingston and West-
ern Oakland Counties and the
Northeast corner of Wayne Coun-
Defeats Recommendation
The House also defeated over-
whelmingly a recommendation by
the State Supreme Court that
Probate Judge Henderson Graham
of Tuscola County be removed
from office.
The 105-3 vote toppled a unani-
mous Supreme Court decision.
Graham was accused of trying
to negotiate a $20,000 loan from
an estate he was probating.
Rep. Walter Nakkula (R-Glad-
win), whose rules and Resolutions
Committee conducted a three-day
hearing in the matter, said he was
convinced by committee findings
that the judge had committed no

. ..income tax
Fill Post
On Board
The Michigan Union Board of
Directors last night appointed
Bruce Groom, '63, to fill the posi-
tion left vacant when one of the
elected student members was
found to be ineligible to serve as
a director.
Edward Berger, '64, had been
elected in the board election
March 21 and 22, but was de-
clared ineligible under provisions
of the Union constitution requir-
ing junior standing or two semes-
ters of completed work at the
The board also created a Union-
League Merger Study Committee
consisting of Prof. Richard E.
Balzhiser of the chemical en-
gineering department; John E.
Tirrell, Alumni Association gen-
eral secretary; Groom, and the
three Union senior officers.
Richard Rossman, '65L, and
James Seff, '63, are new members
of the long-range planning com-
mittee. Prof. Robert L. Dixon of
the accounting department of the
business administration school,
was appointed to fill a vacancy
on the same committee caused by
the inability of a member of the
Office of Business Affairs to fill
the position.

Income Tax
Fate Hinges
On Outcome
Tax Rise on Alcohol,
Tobacco, Telegrams,
Telephone Service
Special To The Daily
LANSING - The Senate began
heated debate yesterday on a
package of tax bills on which the
future of a state income tax de-
The proposed measures inc'lude
a rebate of one cent of the sales
tax to local units, repeal of the
Business Activities Tax, addition-
al nuisance taxes on alcoholic bev-
erages, cigarettes, telephone calls
and telegrams and removal of the
sales tax from prescription drugs.
On a motion by Sen. Haskell L.
Nichols (R-Jackson), one of the
moderate Republicans, reconsider-
ation of the flat rate income levy
passed by the Senate Wednesday
was put off from day to day until
consideration of the total package
is complete. The motion followed
an unsuccessful attempt to delay
reconsideration until Tuesday.
Hope To Delay Talks
According to one old guard Re-
publican Senator, the conserva-
tives hoped to delay discussion of
the tax package until next week.
The strategy, he said, was to ex-
pose moderate Republicans to
grass root criticism of their ac-
tions by their own constituents.
A motion by Sen. Harry Lito-
wich (R-Benton Harbor), which
would have adjourned the Senate
yesterday until Tuesday was ruled
incompatible with a Joint House
Senate resolution limiting time
out of session.
In debate on the reconsideration
motion, Sen. Carlton H. Morris
(R -Kalamazoo) called the income
tax a "monstrosity."
Only Outline of Tax
"This is nothing more than an
outline of a theoretical income
tax. It, in effect, gives the Reve-
nue Department the authority to
make law."
The heat of the argument cli-
maxed in a 45-minute running
stream of comments, points of or-
der, and insults between Lt. Gov.
T. John Lesinsti. President of the
Senate, and various members of
the GOP anti-rcome tax group.
Late in the day, after procedur-
al problems had been overcome,
lengthy discussion began on the
various individual tax bills. How-
ever, conservative speakers em-
phasized that they would not vote
for any part of a program tied to
an income tax.
Doubts Solving Powers
Sen. Clyde H. Geerlings (R-
Holland) said that "I want it un-
derstood that as long as there are
any tax bills on the general orders
tied to the income tax, I will op-
pose each and every one. I don't
believe they would solve Michi-
gan's fiscal or business problems."
Morris emphasized that Michi-
gan's fiscal problems are caused
primarily by Wayne County and
that it is not the responsibility of
the out-state citizens to bail them
Viewing the effect of the income
tax on appropriations for the Uni-
versity Litowich said that it would
probably result in more money.

This opinion was opposed by Sen.'
Frederic Hilbert (R-Wayland) who
said that if it stuck the new tax
would result in little or no addi-
tional money for the University.
All was not well within the
Democratic moderate camp. Two
problems plaguing the overall plan
are whether to reduce the corpor-
ation income tax from five per
cent to three or three and a half
per cent and how to provide re-
lief for business through lowering
the personal property tax on ma-
chinery and equipment.
Court Decision
Ends Du Pont Case


Panel Explains Role of Teach in~

SGC Leaves Seat, Unfilled
.After Queryingy NominOees
Student Government Council decided late Wednesday night not
to fill the Council's vacant seat.
The Council had interviewed four nominees for the seat. These
four-Gordon Elicker, '62; Mark Houser, '64; Herbert Heidenreich,
Grad; and Robert Rhodes, '63-had been selected from eight original
petitioners as best meeting the Council's criteria for membership.
"The lack of information and knowledge of Council's operations
displayed by the petitioners is the main determinant of Council's
decision not to fill its vacancy," the statement released by the
nCouncil after an hour long execu-
tive session, explained.
Council had listed adequate
knowledge of its operations as the
first of its criteria. The other
criteria included "understanding
vFelloW of student government, the ability
to be analytical, and a clear un-
derstanding of the problems of
the University."
ment said the department chooses Thomas Brown, '63, Howard
from among the best of many qua- Abrams, '63, Robert Geary, '63,
lified applicants. The problem. re- Robert Finke, '63, Richard Noel,
mains not one of iecruitment but '62BAd., Ann McMillan, '63, Fred
of choice. Training and supervi- Battle, '63A&D, Richard G'sell,
sion remain a part of the depart- '63, and John Meyerholz, '63BAd.,
ment's responsibilities t o w a r d voted to leave the seat vacant,
teaching fellows, he said. while Kenneth Miller, '64, Robert
Departmental Study Ross,x'63, Mary Beth Norton, '64,
According to a current study Katherine Ford, '64, Sharon Jef-
conducted in 10 departments, most frey, '63, and Margaret Skiles, '63,
teaching fellows view the experi- opposed the move.
ence as an opportunity to obtain SGC member Robert Ross, '63,
teaching experience, Prof. Allan O. said that he felt Council had
Pfnister, visiting from the Carne- placed "undo stress on information
gie Ceiter for the Study of Higher and not enough on intellectual
Education, said. ability." He said it was "not a
Prof. William R. Steinhoff of bad decision," but "there were
the English department noted the one or two petitioners who were
InnL int~raPt mafPaA t in +h qualified."

The role and effectiveness of
teaching fellows was discussed
yesterday by a six member panel
moderated by Prof. James H.
Robertson, dean of the literary
TheUniversity has always been
in a defensive position concerning
teaching fellows, Dean Robertson
sa The easy generality that
teachnig fellows exist as lower
class citizens is belied, he feels, by
the number of students who list
junior staff members and teaching
fellows as sources of inspiration.
Teaching fellows bear one-third
of the teaching load in all under-
graduate courses and teach 45 per
cent of the freshman and cnhn.-

of a small liberal arts college, it
must develop a teaching system
best fitted to its particular needs.
Speaking for the economics de-
partment, Prof. Fusfeld cited the
obligation to train professionals
and to extend the frontiers of
knowledge in the field of econ-
omics. People dedicated to re-
search and scholarship are essen-
tial to meet these goals. For a spe-
cialist to teach effectively in a
lower generalized course, a com-
promise of this ideal would be nec-
essary, he said.
'Not Isolated'
The best way to use the best
people in the Univerrity remains
the imnortant auestion. Teaching



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